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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The study of fabrication, microstructure and functions of SnO2 thin films.

Chen, Chi-San 23 June 2003 (has links)
The tin oxide thin films were deposited on the Corning 7059 glass by sputtering, chemical mist deposition and spin coating. The influences of different process parameters on the microstructure, electrical-optical and gas-sensing properties were studied to establish their interrelation. During the sputtering, the total pressure, the partial pressure of oxygen and substrate temperature were varied and dense thin films were obtained. The films possess (110) preferred orientation along with {011} twins. As no doping was attempted, transmittance of the films in the range of visible light is > 85 %. The lowest resistivity is ~1.4¡Ñ10-2 £[-cm. Therefore , they can be used as transparent conductive films. On the contrary, these dense films are not suitable for gas-sensor application. Chemical Mist Deposition (CMD) method employs SnCl4¡D5H2O dissolved ethanol as starting solution. The flow rate of carrier gas, substrate temperature and deposition time were varied to obtain films of different features. Below 350¢J of substrate temperature, the deposition films are amorphous, while SnO2 crystalline films are obtained when temperature above 400¢J. As (110) preferred orientation increases with deposition temperature. The films transmittance decrease with increasing thickness as well as porosity and maintains at a level around 85 %. The lowest resistivity of undoped films is 1.2¡Ñ10-2 £[-cm. These characteristic render them as good transparent conductive films. As dense films with negligible porosity, the sensitivity for CO gas detection of these films is less than 2 when thickness is less than 100 nm and can not serve as a decent gas sensor. Porous films were obtained using spin-coating. No preferred orientation is found in these films. As porosity is high, the optical transmittance and electrical conductance are low. SnCl4¡D5H2O dissolve in DI water (with NH3(aq) added for promotion of hydrolysis) was used as starting solution. The starting solution contains large amounts of electrolytes of NH4+ and Cl-, and the resultant films contain large amounts of small cracks with low surface area. The sensitivity of CO gas is 3~4. If the electrolytes are eliminated before deposition, finer cracks are obtained in the films with increased surface area, and the sensitivity for CO gas detection can reach 12.9. Meso-structure precipitates were obtained when the starting solution was mixed with CTAB(aq). The resultant solution yield films of high surface area and sensitivity for CO gas can reach 16.1, rendering them as good gas sensors.

The gas sensitive material Cr(2-x) Ti(x)←3

Niemeyer, Dirk January 2001 (has links)
No description available.

Tin(IV) oxide gas sensors : Surface chemistry and electrical conductance effects

Willett, M. J. January 1987 (has links)
No description available.

Synthesis of ZnO nanowires and applications as gas sensors

Liu, Mintang 13 September 2010 (has links)
Gas sensors are devices that can convert the concentration of an analyte gas into an electronic signal. Zinc oxide (ZnO) is an important n-type metal oxide semiconductor which has been utilized as sensor for several decades. In recent years, there have been extensive investigations of nanoscale semiconductor gas sensors. The size reduction of ZnO sensors to nanometer scale provides a good opportunity to dramatically increase their sensing properties in comparison with their macroscale counterparts.<p> In this work, two kinds of ZnO nanostructures (nanowires and nanorods) were studied. ZnO nanowires were synthesized by electrodeposition while porous anodic aluminum oxide served as a growth template. Three types of ZnO nanowires with different diameters were obtained. Meanwhile, ZnO nanorods were prepared by a hydrothermal route from ZnO nanoparticle seeds. However, the aspect ratio (length/width) of nanorods was significantly smaller than that of nanowires. Both nanowires and nanorods were characterized by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy.<p> The sensing performance of the synthetic ZnO nanostructures were investigated by three gases: saturated water vapour in air, saturated ethanol vapour in air, and carbon monoxide in air. Both ZnO nanostructures showed good sensitivity and selectivity to ethanol vapour. At high temperature, the ZnO nanosensors were up to seven times more responsive to ethanol vapour than water vapour and over 200 times more responsive to ethanol vapour than CO. Due to the size dependence, ZnO nanowires with the smallest diameter is considered the best sensor candidate among ZnO nanowires.<p> On the basis of previous work, Au/ZnO/Au multimetallic nanobarcodes were also synthesized by electrodeposition, and their sensing characteristics are to be investigated in the future.

Analysis and classification of drift susceptible chemosensory responses

Bansal, Puneet, active 21st century 17 February 2015 (has links)
This report presents machine learning models that can accurately classify gases by analyzing data from an array of 16 sensors. More specifically, the report presents basic decision tree models and advanced ensemble versions. The contribution of this report is to show that basic decision trees perform reasonably well on the gas sensor data, however their accuracy can be drastically improved by employing ensemble decision tree classifiers. The report presents bagged trees, Adaboost trees and Random Forest models in addition to basic entropy and Gini based trees. It is shown that ensemble classifiers achieve a very high degree of accuracy of 99% in classifying gases even when the sensor data is drift ridden. Finally, the report compares the accuracy of all the models developed. / text


Poudel Chhetri, Tej Bahadur 04 August 2017 (has links)
No description available.

Characterisation of nanocrystalline tin oxide sensor materials

Davis, Steven January 1997 (has links)
No description available.

Study of Niobium Doped TiO2 Films Prepared by Liquid Phase Deposition

Fang, Shih-chang 19 July 2005 (has links)
TiO2 is a fascinating material proving its usefulness in a wide range of applications. In photocatalytic and gas sensitization applications, it has been utilized as a stable semiconductor for the organic matter of waste water cleaning and impetus on environmental consciousness the need for highly efficient combustion engines, controlled industrial processes and monitoring the hazardous gas level in the environment. Nanocrystalline TiO2 modified with Nb incorporation has been produced by LPD technique that deposited at 40 oC with (NH4)2TiF6 for 0.2 M, and 0.6 M for boric acid and a few mount of Nb solution. The deposition rate can be controlled perfectly about 40-50 nm/h. The addition of Nb stabilizes the anatase phase and retards the grain growth during high temperature annealing. XRD and RAMAN spectra of undoped and Nb doped samples show that the undoped one has converted to rutile at 900 oC, meanwhile the doped one remains anatase phase. Nanocrystalline films stabilize at 800 oC with grain size of about 7 nm have successfully been synthesized by the additives of Nb, which appear to be an adequate dopant to improve the photocatalytic and gas sensor performances. The ability of niobium introduction is of retarding the anatase to rutile transformation and hindering its grain growth.

Deposition of SnO2 thin films as gas sensor by EAVD method

Ke, Jih-Hung 10 January 2006 (has links)
Electrostatic Assisted Vapor Deposition method was adopted to deposit SnO2 thin films in this work using either SnCl4 or DBTDC (C12H24O4Sn) as precursors. Appropriate deposition parameters were identified for deposition of porous and dense films . A post-deposition calcination of 600¢XC/2h yielded well crystalline rutile phase. Electrical resistance measurement indicated that the most porous films ,derived from the precursor solution of ethanol solvent, were not continuous. Instead, films derived from precursor solution of mixed ethanol-carbitol solvent were less porous allowing stable resistance values to be measured. A detection sensitivity of 2.55 for 100ppm CO gas was obtained from films derived from a 30% ethanol-70% carbitol solution. A higher sensitivity of 6.55 was obtained from films derived from solutions containing Di-n-butyltin diacetate (DBTDC) as precursor.

Scanning Electron Microscopy To Probe Working Nanowire Gas Sensors

Liu, Yangmingyue 01 August 2013 (has links)
This study is dedicated to the implementing of Electron-Beam-Induced Current (EBIC) microscopy to study the behavior of metal oxide semiconducting (MOS) nanowire (NW) gas sensor in situ under exposure to different environment. First, we reported the development of a single nanowire gas sensor compatible with an environmental cell. The major component of the device we use in this study is a single SnO2 nanowire attached to an electron transparent SiN membrane (50-100 nm thick), which was used for mounting nanowire working electrodes and surface imaging of NW. First the NW's conductivity is investigated in different temperatures. Higher temperature is proved to cause higher conductivity of NW. We also found that often the Schottky barrier is formed at the nanowire's contacts with Au and Au/Cr electrodes. Then NW's responses to gas and electron beam (from SEM) are analyzed quantitatively by current measurement. Electron-Beam-Induced Current technique was introduced for the first time to characterize the conductivity behavior of the nanowire during the gas sensing process. Resistive contrast was observed in the EBIC image.

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