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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Descrição pontual de maré, perfil de correntes e suas inter-relações em um ponto do estuário do Rio Mearim, São Luis, Maranhão

Bitencourt, Diego Mello January 2016 (has links)
Este estudo visa à descrição pontual do comportamento hidrodinâmico do estuário do Rio Mearim, analisando os padrões de corrente de maré, do registro de marés e das possíveis relações entre eles. Durante novembro e dezembro de 2012 um ADCP foi fundeado no canal do estuário, onde coletou dados por 31 dias. Os dados foram qualificados e processados para futura análise e inter-relações. Foi observado que a coluna de água estuarina no ponto de medição move-se como uma coluna de água homogênea com fluxo bidirecional no eixo NE-SW. As medições ocorreram no período de baixo índice de pluviosidade. O espectro de energia de velocidade de correntes indicou contribuições parciais dos harmônicos M2, M4, M6 e M8 no padrão de correntes encontrados. Defasagens no tempo entre os picos de máxima velocidade de corrente durante enchente e vazante mostraram a dominância do processo de maré vazante sobre a enchente no estuário. A análise integrada apresentada permitiu uma melhor compreensão no entendimento do comportamento das correntes forçadas pela maré, as chamadas correntes de maré, no estuário do Rio Mearim. / This study aim to describe the punctual hydrodynamic behavior of Mearim River estuary, analyzing the pattern of the tidal current, the tidal data and possible relationship between them. During 2012 november and december an ADCP was deployed in the estuary channel, where it collected data for 31 days. The data were qualified and processed for further analysis and inter-comparisons. It was observed the estuarine water column in the point of deployment moved as a homogeneous water column with bidirectional flux in axis NE-SW. The deployment was made in a period of low pluviosity index. The energy spectrum of current velocity indicated partial contribution of harmonics M2, M4, M6 e M8 in the current pattern found. Delays between the maximum velocity during flood and ebb conditions, showed the dominance of the edd process over the flood in the estuary. An analysis integrated presented on this paper allowed a better understanding of the behavior of the current forced by tides, called the tidal current in the Mearim River estuary.
2

Descrição pontual de maré, perfil de correntes e suas inter-relações em um ponto do estuário do Rio Mearim, São Luis, Maranhão

Bitencourt, Diego Mello January 2016 (has links)
Este estudo visa à descrição pontual do comportamento hidrodinâmico do estuário do Rio Mearim, analisando os padrões de corrente de maré, do registro de marés e das possíveis relações entre eles. Durante novembro e dezembro de 2012 um ADCP foi fundeado no canal do estuário, onde coletou dados por 31 dias. Os dados foram qualificados e processados para futura análise e inter-relações. Foi observado que a coluna de água estuarina no ponto de medição move-se como uma coluna de água homogênea com fluxo bidirecional no eixo NE-SW. As medições ocorreram no período de baixo índice de pluviosidade. O espectro de energia de velocidade de correntes indicou contribuições parciais dos harmônicos M2, M4, M6 e M8 no padrão de correntes encontrados. Defasagens no tempo entre os picos de máxima velocidade de corrente durante enchente e vazante mostraram a dominância do processo de maré vazante sobre a enchente no estuário. A análise integrada apresentada permitiu uma melhor compreensão no entendimento do comportamento das correntes forçadas pela maré, as chamadas correntes de maré, no estuário do Rio Mearim. / This study aim to describe the punctual hydrodynamic behavior of Mearim River estuary, analyzing the pattern of the tidal current, the tidal data and possible relationship between them. During 2012 november and december an ADCP was deployed in the estuary channel, where it collected data for 31 days. The data were qualified and processed for further analysis and inter-comparisons. It was observed the estuarine water column in the point of deployment moved as a homogeneous water column with bidirectional flux in axis NE-SW. The deployment was made in a period of low pluviosity index. The energy spectrum of current velocity indicated partial contribution of harmonics M2, M4, M6 e M8 in the current pattern found. Delays between the maximum velocity during flood and ebb conditions, showed the dominance of the edd process over the flood in the estuary. An analysis integrated presented on this paper allowed a better understanding of the behavior of the current forced by tides, called the tidal current in the Mearim River estuary.
3

Descrição pontual de maré, perfil de correntes e suas inter-relações em um ponto do estuário do Rio Mearim, São Luis, Maranhão

Bitencourt, Diego Mello January 2016 (has links)
Este estudo visa à descrição pontual do comportamento hidrodinâmico do estuário do Rio Mearim, analisando os padrões de corrente de maré, do registro de marés e das possíveis relações entre eles. Durante novembro e dezembro de 2012 um ADCP foi fundeado no canal do estuário, onde coletou dados por 31 dias. Os dados foram qualificados e processados para futura análise e inter-relações. Foi observado que a coluna de água estuarina no ponto de medição move-se como uma coluna de água homogênea com fluxo bidirecional no eixo NE-SW. As medições ocorreram no período de baixo índice de pluviosidade. O espectro de energia de velocidade de correntes indicou contribuições parciais dos harmônicos M2, M4, M6 e M8 no padrão de correntes encontrados. Defasagens no tempo entre os picos de máxima velocidade de corrente durante enchente e vazante mostraram a dominância do processo de maré vazante sobre a enchente no estuário. A análise integrada apresentada permitiu uma melhor compreensão no entendimento do comportamento das correntes forçadas pela maré, as chamadas correntes de maré, no estuário do Rio Mearim. / This study aim to describe the punctual hydrodynamic behavior of Mearim River estuary, analyzing the pattern of the tidal current, the tidal data and possible relationship between them. During 2012 november and december an ADCP was deployed in the estuary channel, where it collected data for 31 days. The data were qualified and processed for further analysis and inter-comparisons. It was observed the estuarine water column in the point of deployment moved as a homogeneous water column with bidirectional flux in axis NE-SW. The deployment was made in a period of low pluviosity index. The energy spectrum of current velocity indicated partial contribution of harmonics M2, M4, M6 e M8 in the current pattern found. Delays between the maximum velocity during flood and ebb conditions, showed the dominance of the edd process over the flood in the estuary. An analysis integrated presented on this paper allowed a better understanding of the behavior of the current forced by tides, called the tidal current in the Mearim River estuary.
4

Modelo não-linear para as forças de sustentação de mancais hidrodinâmicos em rotores verticais / Non-linear model for hydrodynamic sustaining forces on vertical rotors journal bearings

Lima, Everton Nogueira 19 August 2018 (has links)
Orientador: Katia Lucchesi Cavalca Dedini / Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica / Made available in DSpace on 2018-08-19T16:37:25Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Lima_EvertonNogueira_M.pdf: 5132802 bytes, checksum: 225e85d3342a471d6630511c11ffdf77 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1996 / Resumo: As máquinas rotativas cujos eixos são suportados ou direcionados por mancais hidrodinâmicos possuem certos comportamentos dinâmicos característicos. Quando o rotor está em movimento o atrito viscoso do filme de óleo e o movimento relativo entre as partes internas do eixo e do mancal produzem uma distribuição de pressões. A pressão atuando sobre a superfície do rotor provoca uma força hidrodinâmica não-linear, dependente de sua posição no mancal, da velocidade de rotação e das condições do fluido. O conhecimento dessas forças é de fundamental importância na análise do movimento vibratório para os equipamentos. O trabalho consiste na apresentação da dedução de modelos matemáticos não-lineares que possam representar a força hidrodinâmica exercida pelo óleo dos mancais sobre uma máquina rotativa vertical de rotor flexível. As forças não lineares são avaliadas por um método analítico baseado na posição orbital do eixo do rotor. Essas forças, assim como o desbalanceamento excêntrico, são as fontes de excitação do sistema, e estão incluídas na equação de seu movimento. Uma característica particular do método é a rapidez da solução para as forças não-lineares. Para complementar o trabalho, o comportamento dinâmico característico do sistema à esta excitação é analisado pelas amplitudes das órbitas mostradas graficamente para algumas condições de operação / Abstract: Rotating machinery possessing rotors which are supported or guided by journal bearings has certain characteristic dynamical behavior. When a rotor is running, the viscous friction in the oil film and the relative movement among the internal part generates a pressure distribution inside. This pressure acting upon the rotor surface yields a non-linear hydrodynamic force which depends on its position and the fluid condition in the journal bearings. The acknowledgment of these forces is of fundamental importance in the analysis of the vibratory motion for the equipments. This work consists in the presentation of non-linear mathematical models that are able to represent the hydrodynamic force exerted by the oil in the bearings of a rotating machine, assembled on a vertical and flexible shaft. The non-linear forces are evaluated using an analytical method based in the orbital position of the rotor axis. These forces, as well as those from eccentric unbalance, are the excitation sources for the system and are included in its equation of motion. A particular characteristic of this method is the speed obtained to calculate the non-linear forces. In order to complete the work, the characteristic dynamical behavior of the system to this excitation is analyzed by means of the orbits graphically plotted for some running conditions / Mestrado / Mecanica dos Sólidos e Projeto Mecanico / Mestre em Engenharia Mecânica
5

Mesh-Free Methods for Dynamic Problems. Incompressibility and Large Strain

Vidal Seguí, Yolanda 17 January 2005 (has links)
This thesis makes two noteworthy contributions in the are of mesh-free methods: a Pseudo-Divergence-Free (PDF) Element Free Galerkin (EFG) method which alleviates the volumetric locking and a Stabilized Updated Lagrangian formulation which allows to solve fast-transient dynamic problems involving large distortions. The thesis is organized in the following way. First of all, this thesis dedicates one chapter to the state of the art of mesh-free methods. The main reason is because there are many mesh-free methods that can be found in the literature which can be based on different ideas and with different properties. There is a real need of classifying, ordering and comparing these methods: in fact, the same or almost the same method can be found with different names in the literature. Secondly, a novel improved formulation of the (EFG) method is proposed in order to alleviate volumetric locking. It is based on a pseudo-divergence-free interpolation. Using the concept of diffuse derivatives an a convergence theorem of these derivatives to the ones of the exact solution, the new approximation proposed is obtained imposing a zero diffuse divergence. In this way is guaranteed that the method verifies asymptotically the incompressibility condition and in addition the imposition can be done a priori. This means that the main difference between standard EFG and the improved method is how is chosen the interpolation basis. Modal analysis and numerical results for two classical benchmark tests in solids corroborate that, as expected, diffuse derivatives converge to the derivatives of the exact solution when the discretization is refined (for a fixed dilation parameter) and, of course, that diffuse divergence converges to the exact divergence with the expected theoretical rate. For standard EFG the typical convergence rate is degrade as the incompressible limit is approached but with the improved method good results are obtained even for a nearly incompressible case and a moderately fine discretization. The improved method has also been used to solve the Stokes equations. In this case the LBB condition is not explicitly satisfied because the pseudo-divergence-free approximation is employed. Reasonable results are obtained in spite of the equal order interpolation for velocity and pressure. Finally, several techniques have been developed in the past to solve the well known tensile instability in the SPH (Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics) mesh-free method. It has been proved that a Lagrangian formulation removes completely the instability (but zero energy modes exist). In fact, Lagrangian SPH works even better than the Finite Element Method in problems involving distortions. Nevertheless, in problems with very large distortions a Lagrangian formulation will need of frequent updates of the reference configuration. When such updates are incorporated then zero energy modes are more likely to be activated. When few updates are carried out the error is small but when updates are performed frequently the solution is completely spoilt because of the zero energy modes. In this thesis an updated Lagrangian formulation is developed. It allows to carry out updates of the reference configuration without suffering the appearance of spurious modes. To update the Lagrangian formulation an incremental approach is used: an intermediate configuration will be the new reference configuration for the next time steps. It has been observed that this updated formulation suffers from similar numerical fracture to the Eulerian case. A modal analysis has proven that there exist zero energy modes. In the paper the updated Lagrangian method is exposed in detail, a stability analysis is performed and finally a stabilization technique is incorporated to preclude spurious modes.

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