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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Estudo da ocratoxina em soro sangu?neo de su?nos confinados em diferentes estados brasileiros

KRUGER, Cesar Daniel 11 February 2010 (has links)
Submitted by Sandra Pereira (srpereira@ufrrj.br) on 2016-08-05T12:02:02Z No. of bitstreams: 1 2010 - Cesar Daniel Kruger.pdf: 4305938 bytes, checksum: b0a2db06d6603a1f3b55d1c934d1f418 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2016-08-05T12:02:02Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 2010 - Cesar Daniel Kruger.pdf: 4305938 bytes, checksum: b0a2db06d6603a1f3b55d1c934d1f418 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2010-02-11 / Coordena??o de Aperfei?oamento de Pessoal de N?vel Superior, CAPES / Interest in fungi and the mycotoxins is enormous, not only from the scientific point of view, but also in the economic outlook. There are many problems arising from the farmer to the consumer. Low yields, deteriorating levels in commercial husbandry of animals and disease in them, changes in food, loss of sensory and nutritional characteristics, increased costs resulting from the prevention and treatment of decontamination are among some of the disorders generated by the presence of fungi and their matab?litos. Ochratoxin A occupies every day a major role in the setting of Mycotoxicology due to its importance. Many efforts have been undertaken to define the global situation of occurrence of this mycotoxin. This study focused on a set in specific areas the occurrence of this mycotoxin, which not long ago was ignored in the setting of contaminants in Brazil as well as putting into practice the methods of detection of OTA in pig serum. We collected 400 samples of blood serum from pig slaughterhouses in four different states. These samples were processed and subjected to techniques for determining liquid chromatography with high efficiency to determine concentrations of the toxin in the study. RESULTS: The mean concentration of ochratoxin A in pig blood serum samples with levels above the limit of detection was 23.729 ?g/L. CONCLUSIONS: Ochratoxin A is present in the pork produced in Brazil. All the samples surveyed were above the limit of detection and quantification. The colder climate favors the development of ochratoxin A, demonstrated the highest level of positive samples with limits above 5 ?g/L in the State of Santa Catarina (52%). The state of Mato Grosso showed the highest number of positive samples for ochratoxin A above the limit detectable by the technique used (69%). The State of Bahia showed the greatest number of samples below the detectable limit (64%). / O interesse pelos fungos e pelas micotoxinas ? enorme, n?o s? do ponto de vista cient?fico, como tamb?m sob a perspectiva econ?mica. S?o muitos os problemas gerados desde o agricultor at? o consumidor final. Baixos rendimentos da colheita, deterioramento de n?veis zoot?cnicos na produ??o comercial de animais e doen?a nos mesmos, altera??es nos alimentos, perdas de caracter?sticas sensoriais e nutricionais, aumento dos custos derivados da preven??o e do tratamento descontaminante est?o entre alguns dos transtornos gerados pela presen?a dos fungos e seus matab?litos. A ocratoxina A ocupa a cada dia um papel de destaque no cen?rio da micotoxicologia devido a sua import?ncia. Muitos esfor?os t?m sido empreendidos para se definir a situa??o mundial da ocorr?ncia desta micotoxina. Este trabalho teve como foco principal definir em algumas ?reas espec?ficas a ocorr?ncia desta micotoxina, que h? pouco tempo atr?s era ignorada dentro do cen?rio dos contaminantes nos produtos brasileiros, al?m de colocar em pr?tica a metodologia de detec??o de OTA em soro su?no. Foram coletadas 400 amostras de soro sangu?neo su?no em diferentes matadouros de quatro estados brasileiros. Estas amostras foram processadas e submetidas a t?cnicas de determina??o por cromatografia l?quida de alta efici?ncia para se determinar suas concentra??es da toxina em estudo. RESULTADOS: A concentra??o m?dia de ocratoxina A no soro sangu?neo su?no das amostras com n?veis acima do limite de detec??o foi de 23,729 ?g/L. CONCLUS?ES: A ocratoxina A est? presente no su?no produzido no Brasil. Todos os Estados pesquisados apresentaram amostras acima do limite de detec??o e quantifica??o. O clima mais frio favorece o aparecimento de ocratoxina A, demonstrado no maior n?vel de amostras positivas com limites acima de 5 ?g/L no Estado de Santa Catarina (52%). O Estado de Mato Grosso apresentou o maior n?mero de amostras positivas para ocratoxina A acima do limite detect?vel pela t?cnica utilizada (69%). O Estado da Bahia foi o que apresentou maior quantidade de amostras abaixo do limite detect?vel (64%).

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