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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Upper mantle seismic structure beneath the central Rio Grande rift and beneath eastern Mexico and their implications

Gao, Wei, January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2006. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references.

A seismographic study of mid-continental primary wave travel times

Holmes, Jon Ferrell. January 1964 (has links)
Call number: LD2668 .T4 1964 H75 / Master of Science

Automatic near real-time characterisation of large earthquakes

Rößler, Dirk, Krüger, Frank, Ohrnberger, Matthias January 2008 (has links)
We use seismic array methods (semblance analysis) to image areas of seismic energy release in the Sunda Arc region and world-wide. Broadband seismograms at teleseismic distances (30° ≤ Δ ≤ 100°) are compared at several subarrays. Semblance maps of different subarrays are multiplied. High semblance tracked over long time (10s of second to minutes) and long distances indicate locations of earthquakes. The method allows resolution of rupture characteristics important for tsunami early warning: start and duration, velocity and direction, length and area. The method has been successfully applied to recent and historic events (M>6.5) and is now operational in real time. Results are obtained shortly after source time, see http://www.geo.uni-potsdam.de/Forschung/Geophysik/GITEWS/tsunami.htm). Comparison of manual and automatic processing are in good agreement. Computational effort is small. Automatic results may be obtained within 15 - 20 minutes after event occurrence.

Seismic noise in the shallow subsurface methods for using it in earthquake hazard assessment /

Scott, James B. January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Nevada, Reno, 2007. / "May, 2007." Includes bibliographical references (leaves 84-95). Online version available on the World Wide Web.

Finite fault stochastic modeling of the 1999 Chi-Chi Taiwan earthquake /

Liu, Chengxiang. January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (M.Sc.) - Carleton University, 2006. / Includes bibliographical references (p. 138-142). Also available in electronic format on the Internet.

Simulation of large earthquake motions from smaller earthquake records

Fahmi, Khalid J. January 1980 (has links)
No description available.

A seismic investigation of the Kenya Rift Valley

Henry, William John January 1987 (has links)
In August of 1985 the crustal structure underlying the Kenya rift valley was investigated by long range explosion seismology. The experiment (KRISP85) consisted of two seismic lines in the central sector of the rift, one along the axis (140 km) and the other across it (50 km). Interpretation of the data, including time-term analysis and ray tracing has yielded the following information. The thickness of rift infill varies from about 6 km below Lake Naivasha to about 2 km and 1.5 km below Lake Magadi and Lake Bogoria respectively. The underlying material has a P-wave velocity of 6.05 +/- 0.03 km/s which suggests the rift is underlain by Precambrian metamorphic basement. A localised high velocity zone identified to the east of Nakuru may be associated with basic intrusive material. The P-wave velocity increases discontinuously to 6.45 +/- 0.05 km/s at a depth of 12.5 +/- 1-0 km. This depth is similar to that inferred for the brittle-ductile transition zone from a study of local seismicity in the Lake Bogoria region. A high P-wave velocity layer (7.1 +/- 0.15 km/s) occurs at 22 +/- 2 km depth which might be associated with a sill-like basic intrusion in the lower crust. An upper mantle velocity of 7.5 +/- 0.2 km/s (unreversed) is reached at a depth of 34.0 +/- 2.0 km. This implies that only moderate crustal attenuation has occurred beneath the central sector of the rift. No evidence was obtained for the existence of an "axial intrusion" reaching to shallow levels below the rift and causing crustal separation as suggested by previous studies. Relative residuals determined for 46 teleseismic events recorded by a 15 station, small aperture seismic array in the vicinity of Lake Bogoria indicate considerable lateral heterogeneity in the upper crust. An Aki inversion of the relative residuals has revealed the existence of two distinct low velocity zones which may be associated with magma chambers.

Interval velocities from moveout velocities over a seismic reflection survey area

Allen, G. F. January 1985 (has links)
Moveout velocities sampled frequently along seismic horizons on a selection of seismic lines are used to derive interval velocities in an 'inversion' algorithm developed from work published by Hubral. This inversion is based on zero-offset raytrace modelling in a simplistic local ground model. The 'Hubral algorithm' is incorporated into a database which allows spatial smoothing of velocities. The spatial consistency of derived interval velocities can then be assessed by reference to mis-ties at line intersections, while interval velocities from well data can be used to check their validity. These principles have been used to derive interval velocities both from real data and from 'synthetic' data generated by common mid-point raytracing over schematic ground models. The latter study reveals that the procedure performs well if the local subsurface sampled by the CMP gather conforms approximately to the simplistic ground model assumed by the Hubral algorithm. The method is unsuitable in areas of faulting and interval velocity heterogeneity, and may yield spurious results over fold axes. Application of the procedure to real data indicates that it is generally desirable to smooth both moveout velocities before inversion and interval velocities after inversion. Comparison with well information shows that interval velocities derived by the Hubral algorithm are consistently higher than those measured from calibrated velocity logs. This observation is disturbing, since the derived interval velocities require a correction if they are to be used for depth conversions, but the discrepancy cannot be explained by ray theoretical considerations. No advantage appears to be gained by the 'layer-by-layer' mode of inversion over the 'direct' inversion, despite the greater potential for error propagation anticipated in the latter. Further work on different data sets is required to justify general use of the layer-by-layer mode of inversion.

Shear-wave polarizations from local seismic events

Roberts, Graham January 1985 (has links)
No description available.

Seismotectonics and seismic hazard in areas of differing crustal deformation rates

Main, Ian Graham January 1985 (has links)
No description available.

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