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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
11

Optically-injected spin current and its scattering effect in semiconductor quantum wells

Hu, Kaige., 胡凱歌. January 2007 (has links)
published_or_final_version / abstract / Physics / Master / Master of Philosophy
12

Spin photocurrent induced by interband transition

Dai, Junfeng, 戴俊峰 January 2010 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Physics / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy
13

Spintronic sensor based microwave imaging

Fu, Lei 18 January 2013 (has links)
Novel characteristics of spin-based phenomena are intensively researched in the hope of discovering effects that could be used to develop new types of high-performance spintronic devices. Recent dynamics studies have revealed new principles for spintronic devices to sense microwaves. The capabilities for detecting both microwave electric field and magnetic field could make the spintronic microwave sensor as ubiquitous as semiconductor devices in microwave applications in the future. In this thesis, the feasibility of spintronic sensors in microwave applications has been researched and developed. Thanks to the high conversion efficiency of microwave rectification in the magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) based spintronic sensor, it can directly measure the coherent spatially scattered microwave field distribution and detect a hidden object by analyzing the reflected microwave amplitude pattern. To enable the “real-time” vector measurement of the microwave field, a sensor based rapid phase detection technique is also developed. Combining the rapid phase detection technique and the microwave holography principle, a two-dimensional microwave holographic imaging system using a spintronic sensor was built. The high sensitivity of the microwave phase measurement allows the coherent imaging of the target to be reconstructed in noisy environments. By adapting the broadband measurement, not only the shape but also the distance of the target can be determined, which implies that three-dimensional imaging is achievable using a spintronic device. Combining the broadband microwave measurement and a wavefront reconstruction algorithm with a spintronic microwave sensor in circular trajectory, the reconstructed images of targets are obtained. The reconstructed images clearly indicate the targets' positions even when the targets were immersed in a liquid to simulate an inhomogeneous tissue environment. Our spintronic techniques provide a promising approach for microwave imaging, with the potential to be used in various areas, such as biomedical applications, security services, and material characterization. / October 2016
14

Direct Atomic Level Controlled Growth and Characterization of h-BN and Graphene Heterostructures on Magnetic Substrates for Spintronic Applications

Beatty, John D. 08 1900 (has links)
Epitaxial multilayer h-BN(0001) heterostructures and graphene/h-BN heterostructures have many potential applications in spintronics. The use of h-BN and graphene require atomically precise control and azimuthal alignment of the individual layers in the structure. These in turn require fabrication of devices by direct scalable methods rather than physical transfer of BN and graphene flakes, and such scalable methods are also critical for industrially compatible development of 2D devices. The growth of h-BN(0001) multilayers on Co and Ni, and graphene/h-BN(0001) heterostructures on Co have been studied which meet these criteria. Atomic Layer Epitaxy (ALE) of BN was carried out resulting in the formation of macroscopically continuous h-BN(0001) multilayers using BCl3 and NH3 as precursors. X-ray photoemission spectra (XPS) show that the films are stoichiometric with an average film thickness linearly proportional to the number of BCl3/NH3 cycles. Molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) of C yielded few layer graphene in azimuthal registry with BN/Co(0001) substrate. Low energy electron diffraction (LEED) measurements indicate azimuthally oriented growth of both BN and graphene layers in registry with the substrate lattice. Photoemission data indicate B:N atomic ratios of 1:1. Direct growth temperatures of 600 K for BN and 800 to 900 K for graphene MBE indicate multiple integration schemes for applications in spintronics.
15

Spin transport in few-layer graphene

Yan, Wenjing January 2014 (has links)
No description available.
16

Charge and spin conductance fluctuation and distribution in electronic transport

Ren, Wei, January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hong Kong, 2007. / Title proper from title frame. Also available in printed format.
17

Materials physics of half-metallic magnetic oxide films by Pulsed Laser Deposition: Controlling the crystal structure and near-surface properties of Sr2FeMoO6 and CrO2 films

Jalili, Helia 15 January 2009 (has links)
The idea of half-metallic ferromagnets was first introduced by de Groot et al. in 1983 based on their calculations. The density of state at the Fermi level for half-metallic ferromagnet is completely polarized, meaning that only one of the spin up or spin down channel exists and has metallic behaviour while the other spin channel behaves as a semiconductor or insulator. This unusual electronic structure can be seen in different materials including Sr2FeMoO6, CrO2 and Mn-based Heusler alloys. The high spin polarization degree of the half-metallic ferromagnets makes them a perfect candidate to be used as a spin-injector/detector in spin-based electronics device (spintronics). However, the degree of spin polarization of these materials, particularly in the multilayered structure spintronic devices, strongly depends on the surface/interface quality and the presence of defects, which was the subject of the present study. Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) has been used to grow two examples of the half-metallic ferromagnets, namely, Sr2FeMoO6 and CrO2. The effects of the growth conditions (deposition temperature, gas pressure, laser power, target-to-substrate distance, post-annealing) and of the substrate lattice mismatch and thickness evolution have been studied. By optimizing the growth conditions, nanocrystalline Sr2FeMoO6 films have been grown on a Si(100) substrate for the first time. This single-phase Sr2FeMoO6 film was obtained at a temperature as low as 600°C, and it exhibits a high saturation magnetic moment of 3.4 μB per formula unit at 77 K. By using glancing-incidence X-ray diffraction with different incident beam angles, the crystal structure of the film was sampled as a function of depth. Despite the lack of good lattice matching with the Si substrate, a preferential orientation of the nanocrystals in the film was observed for the as-grown Sr2FeMoO6 films thicker than 60 nm. Furthermore, effects of the deposition temperature on the epitaxial growth of the Sr2FeMoO6 films on MgO(001) have been studied by means of high-resolution X-ray diffraction. The film grown at 800°C was post-annealed in oxygen, producing epitaxial films of SrMoO4 on top of the Sr2FeMoO6 film. The corresponding magnetization data showed that the post-annealing treatment lowered the saturation magnetic moment from 3.4 µB per formula unit (or /f.u.) for the as-grown Sr2FeMoO6 film to 1.4 µB/f.u. after annealing. X-ray photoemission measurements as a function of sputtering time further revealed the presence of SrMoO4 on both the as-grown and annealed films, and their corresponding depth profiles indicated a thicker SrMoO4 overlayer on the annealed film. The intensity ratios of the 3d features of Mo4+, Mo5+, and Mo6+ for Sr2FeMoO6 remained unchanged with sputtering depth (after 160 s of sputtering), supporting the conclusion that the observed secondary phase (SrMoO4) was formed predominantly on the surface and not in the sub-grain boundaries of the as-grown Sr2FeMoO6 film. The epitaxial growth evolution of Sr2FeMoO6 films of different thickness on substrates of MgO(001), SrTiO3(100) and LaAlO3(100) have also been studied. For each thickness, surface morphology, grain size, film epitaxy, and crystal quality were determined by atomic force microscopy and X-ray diffraction (-2θ scan and reciprocal space mapping). For thicker films (~120 nm), high resolution X-ray diffraction studies revealed that SrMoO4 and other parasitic phases tend to forms on SrTiO3 and LaAlO3 substrates, but not on those grown on MgO substrates. As a second part of the project, single-phase CrO2 nanostructured thin films have been grown for the first time directly on MgO(001) by PLD from a metallic Cr target in an O2 environment. X-ray diffraction shows that these films are strained and consist of CrO2 crystallites with two possible epitaxial relationships to the substrate: either CrO2(110) or CrO2(200) is parallel to MgO(001). X-ray photoemission further confirms that the films are primarily CrO2 covered with a thin CrO3 overlayer, and indicates its complete synthesis without any residual metallic Cr.
18

Materials physics of half-metallic magnetic oxide films by Pulsed Laser Deposition: Controlling the crystal structure and near-surface properties of Sr2FeMoO6 and CrO2 films

Jalili, Helia 15 January 2009 (has links)
The idea of half-metallic ferromagnets was first introduced by de Groot et al. in 1983 based on their calculations. The density of state at the Fermi level for half-metallic ferromagnet is completely polarized, meaning that only one of the spin up or spin down channel exists and has metallic behaviour while the other spin channel behaves as a semiconductor or insulator. This unusual electronic structure can be seen in different materials including Sr2FeMoO6, CrO2 and Mn-based Heusler alloys. The high spin polarization degree of the half-metallic ferromagnets makes them a perfect candidate to be used as a spin-injector/detector in spin-based electronics device (spintronics). However, the degree of spin polarization of these materials, particularly in the multilayered structure spintronic devices, strongly depends on the surface/interface quality and the presence of defects, which was the subject of the present study. Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) has been used to grow two examples of the half-metallic ferromagnets, namely, Sr2FeMoO6 and CrO2. The effects of the growth conditions (deposition temperature, gas pressure, laser power, target-to-substrate distance, post-annealing) and of the substrate lattice mismatch and thickness evolution have been studied. By optimizing the growth conditions, nanocrystalline Sr2FeMoO6 films have been grown on a Si(100) substrate for the first time. This single-phase Sr2FeMoO6 film was obtained at a temperature as low as 600°C, and it exhibits a high saturation magnetic moment of 3.4 μB per formula unit at 77 K. By using glancing-incidence X-ray diffraction with different incident beam angles, the crystal structure of the film was sampled as a function of depth. Despite the lack of good lattice matching with the Si substrate, a preferential orientation of the nanocrystals in the film was observed for the as-grown Sr2FeMoO6 films thicker than 60 nm. Furthermore, effects of the deposition temperature on the epitaxial growth of the Sr2FeMoO6 films on MgO(001) have been studied by means of high-resolution X-ray diffraction. The film grown at 800°C was post-annealed in oxygen, producing epitaxial films of SrMoO4 on top of the Sr2FeMoO6 film. The corresponding magnetization data showed that the post-annealing treatment lowered the saturation magnetic moment from 3.4 µB per formula unit (or /f.u.) for the as-grown Sr2FeMoO6 film to 1.4 µB/f.u. after annealing. X-ray photoemission measurements as a function of sputtering time further revealed the presence of SrMoO4 on both the as-grown and annealed films, and their corresponding depth profiles indicated a thicker SrMoO4 overlayer on the annealed film. The intensity ratios of the 3d features of Mo4+, Mo5+, and Mo6+ for Sr2FeMoO6 remained unchanged with sputtering depth (after 160 s of sputtering), supporting the conclusion that the observed secondary phase (SrMoO4) was formed predominantly on the surface and not in the sub-grain boundaries of the as-grown Sr2FeMoO6 film. The epitaxial growth evolution of Sr2FeMoO6 films of different thickness on substrates of MgO(001), SrTiO3(100) and LaAlO3(100) have also been studied. For each thickness, surface morphology, grain size, film epitaxy, and crystal quality were determined by atomic force microscopy and X-ray diffraction (-2θ scan and reciprocal space mapping). For thicker films (~120 nm), high resolution X-ray diffraction studies revealed that SrMoO4 and other parasitic phases tend to forms on SrTiO3 and LaAlO3 substrates, but not on those grown on MgO substrates. As a second part of the project, single-phase CrO2 nanostructured thin films have been grown for the first time directly on MgO(001) by PLD from a metallic Cr target in an O2 environment. X-ray diffraction shows that these films are strained and consist of CrO2 crystallites with two possible epitaxial relationships to the substrate: either CrO2(110) or CrO2(200) is parallel to MgO(001). X-ray photoemission further confirms that the films are primarily CrO2 covered with a thin CrO3 overlayer, and indicates its complete synthesis without any residual metallic Cr.
19

Expitaxial films of chromium dioxide from a new precursor (Cr8O21) and research on their application in spin-electronic devices

Ivanov, Pavel G. Lind, David. January 2002 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Florida State University, 2002. / Advisor: Dr. David Lind, Florida State University, College of Arts and Sciences, Dept. of Physics. Title and description from dissertation home page (viewed Sept. 29, 2003). Includes bibliographical references.
20

Spin transport in ferromagnet-semiconductor systems

Shen, Chen January 2012 (has links)
No description available.

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