Vieli, Georg Anton.
The value of a legislated life an analysis of autonomy, coercion, and the ways agents respectfully interact /Rocha, Oliver James, January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D)--UCLA, 2007. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 153-158).
30 April 2009
Abstract The way bodies are perceived has not received much attention in ethical discourse. It has always been accepted that one of the fundamental principles in evaluating ethical dilemmas in bio ethics is the respect for autonomy. This notion has dominated medical ethics for several decades. Medical ethicists however have quite frankly forgotten about the perception of bodies. In this post modern era, ethicists and medical practitioners are challenging and considering in what ways the impact of disease has on an individuals “autonomous decision making”. This discourse considers current and historical thoughts on autonomy and challenges its relevance in bioethics today. Autonomy is viewed from a genuine and an ascriptional perspective. By reviewing various arguments it is concluded that autonomy is still an important, but not an absolute, consideration in bioethics. Embodiment is discussed from a phenomenological perspective with the various notions of embodiment reviewed and evaluated. The impact that various states of embodiment have, from its normal physiological state that includes different ages, racial makeup and gender, to diseased states, on autonomy is reflected and discussed. This impact, it is argued, questions the role that autonomy plays in decision making. Emphasis is placed on respect for embodiment to seek a resolution to the impasse presented by certain ethical dilemmas where the respect for autonomy is found to be flawed.
Walker, Steven R
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1995. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 256-262). / Microfiche. / xiv, 262 leaves, bound 29 cm
Lee, Ji-Eun, active 2013
24 February 2012
Representing one of the influential motivational variables on learning, interest includes both cognitive and affective components, arising from the interplay between an individual and a particular content and environment (Dewey, 1913; Hidi, Renninger, and Krapp, 2004). According to Hidi & Renninger (2004), interest can develop from situational to individual interest and be strengthened along with external support. On the basis of their propositions, this report explores how student interest may be intensified by enhancing cognitive facets of interest through the teacher’s instructional support. From the perspective of self-determination theory (SDT), support for autonomy as a contextual factor has been reported as a catalyst for student interest and engagement. In particular, Stefanou, Perencevich, DiCintio, and Turner (2004) stressed the importance of cognitive autonomy support as an instructional support in terms of deep-level thinking and cognitive engagement in comparison to other types of autonomy support such as by providing students choice in class. This report explores how different levels and types of student interest are associated with different types of autonomy support in an educational setting, focusing on cognitive aspects. Using a path analysis, this paper presents a full model to undergird a study of the direct and indirect relationships between student interest, different types of autonomy support, and cognitive engagement. / text
Di Domenico, Stefano
31 December 2010
Autonomy is defined as the subjective experience of congruence between one’s basic values and behavior. Research guided by SDT has focused on the socializing conditions that either foster or undermine the individual’s autonomy at the expense of considering the individual’s capacity to function autonomously by actively and purposively shaping his or her social ecology. The present research adopted a social-ecological approach to the problem of human autonomy, wherein people are presumed to strive for autonomy by relying on their traits and abilities to extract what they need from the social environment. After completing a range of individual difference measures, first-year female undergraduates engaged in a leaderless group discussion task and provided round-robin ratings of their group-members’ social power; self-reported autonomy satisfaction was also assessed. Findings revealed that the personality trait Openness to Experience held predictive relations to social power attainment and, through this association, was positively related to autonomy satisfaction.
14 July 2002
Regarding the effects brought out by China¡¦s joining World Trade Organization (WTO), apart from the investigation on the current wide economic aspect, there are some other aspects, such as the interaction among the political, social and national departments¡¦ independence, that are also worthy of further investigation. Ever since her reforms and opening to the world, China seems to be emerged step by step in a structure entirely different from her past systems. The highly independent and initiative natures of the original national organization have been weakened. In the process of China¡¦s becoming an official member of WTO and her substantial participation in the economic globalization, just because of the trend of international economic systems, the predictability of systems required by market economy, and also the independence bestowed on the mainframe of the market, China has to establish the relative applicable law system, and promise to act according to the international regulations and practices. Besides the relevant measures and conflicts of various industries, to China, her joining WTO is a catalytic media to accelerate the emergence of system crisis and the creation of system renovation. The study finds that concerning the independence of the national organization after China¡¦s joining WTO, aside from the political aspect where the originally high independence of the traditional party and national rules can still be preserved, there is a tendency that on the economic and social aspects, the independence of the national organization will first rise, and then fall. In the short run, in order to meet the fresh participation in WTO, the national organization naturally appears to have high independence in various aspects. But in the long run, the process of globalization has inevitably made China unable to sustain the high independence that she owned in the past, especially on the economic and social aspects.
23 February 2004
Since 1959, DaLai Lama established the Central Tibetan Administration at Dharamsala in India. The secessionism had been used to push the movement of Tibetan independence to separate away from China. Till now, it is very successful internationalized Tibetan questions in international society. But, the P.R.C. has rejected DaLai Lama returned to Tibet. For the Chinese, if Tibet accepted to be a part of China, there would be no problem since China would only be entering its own territory. Furthermore, DaLai Lama would to be change his subject whatever from Independence to Autonomy. It just willing to return Tibet. The PRC had always refused the reguest of DaLai Lama. This thesis discussed the argument had come from PRC and the Central Tibetan Administration. It tried to explained the Tibetan questions, and would be realized what is the movement of secessionism in Tibet.
Nguyen, Brenny B
04 May 2014
This discussion looks at immigration through philosophical debates of democracy, coercion, and autonomy. There seems to be a fundamental contradiction between democratic state's border control and democratic legitimacy. First, I discuss the democratic legitimacy and the need for democratic justifications with the invasion of autonomy.Then, I discuss Arash Abizadeh's argument that border control is coercive and invades personal autonomy, and David Miller's response that border control does not amount to coercion, but is prevention. I conclude border control invades autonomy even if it is not coercive, and thus, democratic justifications are needed. Ultimately, I suggest that open borders should be encouraged because it is the better alternative to what is required of democratic justification for close borders.
15 February 2010
The current study seeks to address some debates surrounding the imposition of mandatory volunteer programs in high schools by directly engaging students with interviews about their own reasoning surrounding matters of autonomy and the fostering of prosocial beliefs that are affected by the composition of a mandatory volunteer program. Participants were asked to evaluate five different vignettes depicting a different program. Results indicated that older youth tend to evaluate programs which offer choice more positively, while younger students make few distinctions. All age groups prefer mandatory programs to a voluntary program. No effect of program (service learning vs. community service) was present, although forced-choice data indicate a preference for service learning components. Implications for autonomy and prosocial development are discussed.
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