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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Clarifying the utilitarian meaning in Alexander Bain's Association Psychology

Charpentier, C. 2002 (has links)
The present dissertation on the subject of Alexander Bain's mid-nineteenth century Association Psychology aims at providing an interpretive framework of importance to the clarification of the science's utilitarian meaning. Shared social attitudes and thought patterns associated with radical-utilitarians and fellow reformers John Stuart Mill and Alexander Bain serve as frames for defining the latter's position on psychological questions. Herein investigated are abstract, atomistic and mechanistic ways of thinking that joined Mill and Bain together in a community of intellect whose utilitarian perspective structured Bain's psychological ideas. Also explored are the ways in which these psychological ideas expressed the socio-political concerns shared by Mill and Bain alike, and were in fact worked into tools for fashioning social reality and bringing it into a desired form. Thus the object of the study is to determine how certain ways of thought as well as social attitudes common to Mill and Bain functioned as utilitarian influences in the latter's psychological texts. While serving as a case study for use in illuminating the subject of intellectual styles, the present research also draws interest by marking and spelling out psychology's past relevance to society.

The representation of the concept of personal growth by counselling psychologists : a longitudinal Foucauldin discourse analytic study

Grellier, Brett Paul 2007 (has links)
This piece of research investigated representations of the concept of 'Personal Growth'through the discourses that emanated from the talk of three Counselling Psychologists as they moved from their final year of study into chartered status. Previous research in this area has highlighted the confusion between the terms 'Personal Growth' and 'Personal Development' (e.g. Irving and Williams, 1999; Donati and Wafts, 2005). The research and literature looking purely at the 'Personal Growth' dimension is limited to a humanistic framework and in particular Carl Rogers' conceptions of self-actualisation emanating from his person centred approach (Rogers, 1957; Gillon, 2007). In this research a novel longitudinal methodology was applied to Foucauldian Discourse Analysis, with participants taking part in semi-structured interviews at three time points over a one-year period. Eight discourses were identified, four of which related to traditional conceptions of personal growth: Rogerian, Psychodynamic, Cognitive-Developmental and Self- Reflection/Self-Knowledge and four of which were identified as subjugated discourses of personal growth: Postmodern, Discipline, Institutions and Entitlement discourses. The emergence of the subjugated discourses provides an alternative view, which represents 'personal growth' as being relational, contextual and historical, with traditional discourses being implicated in the oppression of already marginalised groups in society. The implications for the training and practice of Counselling Psychologists in terms of the 'personal growth' element are considered.

An exploration of trainee clinical psychologists' experiences of engaging with psycho spiritual issues in clinical practice

Mills, Jayne 2010 (has links)
Purpose: The purpose of the research was two-fold: to determine the provision of religious and spirituality teaching within UK Clinical Psychology training courses and to explore the experiences of trainee clinical psychologists engagement with psycho-spiritual constructs in clinical practice. Method: Two studies were conducted. A preliminary survey involved a questionnaire survey of UK Doctorate in Clinical Psychology courses to determine the provision of religious and spiritual teaching currently provided. A qualitative study involved a semi-structured interview of third-year trainee clinical psychologists to explore their experiences of engaging in psycho-spiritual constructs in clinical practice. Results: Preliminary survey: Inconsistent findings were noted. Courses varied in the time allocated to religious and spirituality teaching, ranging from no teaching to two-and-half days over the three year course. Curriculum content also varied, with an inconsistency of opinion of what should be included in teaching. Qualitative study: Interviews were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Five super-ordinate themes emerged; provision of religious and spirituality training, trajectory of clinical practice, locus of control, existential issues and personal religion and spirituality ideology. Conclusion: Whilst many studies support the integration of religion and spirituality in clinical practice (Post & Wade, 2009; Knox et al., 2005) to date, there is little change in the training of clinical psychologists. Recommendations are suggested to influence change at organisational, academic and clinical levels.

Attempting an integrative approach to identifying and understanding the therapeutic process

Phillips, Penelope J. 2009 (has links)
No description available.

The Body as a Universal Gateway : Embodied Spirituality

Yusef, Dori Fatma 2008 (has links)
The main aims of the research examine the journey of spiritual embodiment, tracking the body's phenomenon, outlined in the brain, emotions, visions, histories, illness, experiences of alternate realities and connections between the self and other. Methodologies used encompass the vision of the bricoleur, where an intense gaze concentrates at personal lived experience, conversations with nine body-oriented practitioners and a writing-collaboration. The resulting bricolage is a pentimento (Denzin and Lincoln, 2005) of these experiences seen as gateways of: autoethnography, heuristic inquiry, transpersonal methodologies and the creative exploration of A/r/tography. Findings become Illuminations, drawn from the Conversations in great part and partly from the My Story and Collaboration. The 'findings' are illuminations bringing to the surface, even if ambiguously, lights of understanding, lightening darkness and making visible the invisible. The Conclusions are further Illuminations, distilling into four major realities of experience socially, personally, physically and spiritually, showing the connection between them and the problems of disconnection. They are the Macrocosm and the Global, looking at the universal principle, which brings the therapeutic relationship within the global community; the Individual and Relationship, looking at the connectivity between human beings underpinned by aeons of history and infinite memory in quantum mechanics (Schwartz, 2000); Research and Psychotherapy, reflecting on our struggle to evolve and be 'the person of tomorrow' as Rogers (1987) predicted; the Microcosm and The Personal Journey, a personal pilgrimage exploring connections between lived experiences, ancestral histories and connections within the body's tissues, speaking through illness and alternate realities. This translates into the psychotherapist who appreciates the ethical, connectivity and transpersonal aspects of living and reflecting that, in the body at a cellular level.

A phenomenological exploration of the process of optimal experiences

Wright, Jonathan James 2008 (has links)
No description available.

The indistinct image of the Golem : an aspect of the uncanny

Fowles, Shelley 2010 (has links)
The Golem is a creature formed by a rabbi out of mud or clay (although it can be made of wood). It is an enduring and favourite subject in Jewish folklore, and it has proved invaluable in its power to reflect the vicissitudes of history. The Golem can take many forms, but is always powered by a magic or holy word. The tale usually ends with the destruction of the creature, but hints of its probable return usually haunt and disrupt any sense of finality. The most famous and enduring version of the story was set in the Prague Ghetto, and was a favourite subject for German Expressionist artists. This is because it reflected a time when the old and the new combined in uncanny and disturbing ways. The Golem story was popular with Romantic writers like E.T.A. Hoffmann, who were similarly reacting to a world that was changing under the influence of Enlightenment thinking and war. Sigmund Freud’s famous essay, ‘The Uncanny’, (‘Das Unheimliche’) of 1919, used Hoffmann’s classic Golem tale, The Sandman, as its central focus, though Freud was never to acknowledge its Jewish origins.

A critical analysis of the discursive formation of suicide as pathological and medical

Marsh, Ian 2008 (has links)
The thesis critically examines contemporary approaches to the problem of suicide and suicide prevention. An analytic strategy broadly Foucauldian in orientation (focusing on relations of power, knowledge and the subject) is employed to map the formation, consolidation and expansion of a 'regime of truth' centred on a compulsory ontology of pathology in relation to suicide. The conditions of possibility for such a regime, the site of its formation, the means by which relations of power and of power-knowledge acted to produce its truths and justify its practices, and its effects in terms of the objects, concepts and subjects formed, are identified. It is argued that suicide came to be newly problematised in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Understood in relation to shifting 'economies of power', suicide comes to represent less a transgression against God or the Sovereign necessitating punishment, and more an affront to a biopolitical rationality that sought to foster life and disavow death. The asylum emerges as the site where new, medico-scientific, truths can be formed, and medical authority asserted, with regards to suicide and the suicidal. Constituted primarily as patients, in the asylum the suicidal are confined, constantly watched and restrained. Here they could also be examined, diagnosed, and treated, the knowledge. produced through such means justifying the practices employed. New truths of suicide come to be formed by reference to insanity, and concurrently emerging theories of mental pathology are defined in part by reference to suicide. Through, in part at least, such a productive configuration of power-knOWledge the nineteenth century sees suicide established as an act of madness, the insane constituted as dangerous, and the necessity of alienism (later psychiatry) confirmed. Suicide as an act, the suicidal patient, as well as the responsible, accountable and culpable clinician, all come to be formed in relation to the production and circulation of medical I psychiatric truths and such processes are mapped in the thesis up to the present day. Suicide is now read, almost always, as a tragedy, one caused primarily by pathological processes internal to the individual that require expert diagnosis and management. The possibilities for thought and action of such a 'regime' are analysed, as are the limitations imposed by its dominance. Other meanings of self-accomplished death - an act of protest or resistance, of self-determination, choice or will, an event of moral, criminal or political concern, even as a subject of philosophical debate - have come to be marginalised. Established as an act of path910gy, suicide prevention for the most part now involves the identification, treatment or containment of an internal destructive 'force', usually linked to various forms of mental illness. The effectiveness of the 'regime of truth' to utilise self-accomplished deaths as evidence for the necessity of maintaining and I or extending psychiatric practices, and for the production of more knowledge in terms of causation and prevention, is noted, as is the vulnerability of individual clinicians within such a system to criticism and blame. In seeking to problematise the effects of such a dominant 'regime of truth' this thesis offers an original analysis that can serve to open up new lines of enquiry in the study of suicide.

Models of the Mind in the Early Writings of Sigmund Freud 1885-1900

Reeves, A. C. 1978 (has links)
No description available.

Explanation in Psychology

Blair, R. G. 1976 (has links)
No description available.

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