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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The representation of the concept of personal growth by counselling psychologists : a longitudinal Foucauldin discourse analytic study

Grellier, Brett Paul 2007 (has links)
This piece of research investigated representations of the concept of 'Personal Growth'through the discourses that emanated from the talk of three Counselling Psychologists as they moved from their final year of study into chartered status. Previous research in this area has highlighted the confusion between the terms 'Personal Growth' and 'Personal Development' (e.g. Irving and Williams, 1999; Donati and Wafts, 2005). The research and literature looking purely at the 'Personal Growth' dimension is limited to a humanistic framework and in particular Carl Rogers' conceptions of self-actualisation emanating from his person centred approach (Rogers, 1957; Gillon, 2007). In this research a novel longitudinal methodology was applied to Foucauldian Discourse Analysis, with participants taking part in semi-structured interviews at three time points over a one-year period. Eight discourses were identified, four of which related to traditional conceptions of personal growth: Rogerian, Psychodynamic, Cognitive-Developmental and Self- Reflection/Self-Knowledge and four of which were identified as subjugated discourses of personal growth: Postmodern, Discipline, Institutions and Entitlement discourses. The emergence of the subjugated discourses provides an alternative view, which represents 'personal growth' as being relational, contextual and historical, with traditional discourses being implicated in the oppression of already marginalised groups in society. The implications for the training and practice of Counselling Psychologists in terms of the 'personal growth' element are considered.

An exploration of trainee clinical psychologists' experiences of engaging with psycho spiritual issues in clinical practice

Mills, Jayne 2010 (has links)
Purpose: The purpose of the research was two-fold: to determine the provision of religious and spirituality teaching within UK Clinical Psychology training courses and to explore the experiences of trainee clinical psychologists engagement with psycho-spiritual constructs in clinical practice. Method: Two studies were conducted. A preliminary survey involved a questionnaire survey of UK Doctorate in Clinical Psychology courses to determine the provision of religious and spiritual teaching currently provided. A qualitative study involved a semi-structured interview of third-year trainee clinical psychologists to explore their experiences of engaging in psycho-spiritual constructs in clinical practice. Results: Preliminary survey: Inconsistent findings were noted. Courses varied in the time allocated to religious and spirituality teaching, ranging from no teaching to two-and-half days over the three year course. Curriculum content also varied, with an inconsistency of opinion of what should be included in teaching. Qualitative study: Interviews were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Five super-ordinate themes emerged; provision of religious and spirituality training, trajectory of clinical practice, locus of control, existential issues and personal religion and spirituality ideology. Conclusion: Whilst many studies support the integration of religion and spirituality in clinical practice (Post & Wade, 2009; Knox et al., 2005) to date, there is little change in the training of clinical psychologists. Recommendations are suggested to influence change at organisational, academic and clinical levels.

Attempting an integrative approach to identifying and understanding the therapeutic process

Phillips, Penelope J. 2009 (has links)
No description available.

The Body as a Universal Gateway : Embodied Spirituality

Yusef, Dori Fatma 2008 (has links)
The main aims of the research examine the journey of spiritual embodiment, tracking the body's phenomenon, outlined in the brain, emotions, visions, histories, illness, experiences of alternate realities and connections between the self and other. Methodologies used encompass the vision of the bricoleur, where an intense gaze concentrates at personal lived experience, conversations with nine body-oriented practitioners and a writing-collaboration. The resulting bricolage is a pentimento (Denzin and Lincoln, 2005) of these experiences seen as gateways of: autoethnography, heuristic inquiry, transpersonal methodologies and the creative exploration of A/r/tography. Findings become Illuminations, drawn from the Conversations in great part and partly from the My Story and Collaboration. The 'findings' are illuminations bringing to the surface, even if ambiguously, lights of understanding, lightening darkness and making visible the invisible. The Conclusions are further Illuminations, distilling into four major realities of experience socially, personally, physically and spiritually, showing the connection between them and the problems of disconnection. They are the Macrocosm and the Global, looking at the universal principle, which brings the therapeutic relationship within the global community; the Individual and Relationship, looking at the connectivity between human beings underpinned by aeons of history and infinite memory in quantum mechanics (Schwartz, 2000); Research and Psychotherapy, reflecting on our struggle to evolve and be 'the person of tomorrow' as Rogers (1987) predicted; the Microcosm and The Personal Journey, a personal pilgrimage exploring connections between lived experiences, ancestral histories and connections within the body's tissues, speaking through illness and alternate realities. This translates into the psychotherapist who appreciates the ethical, connectivity and transpersonal aspects of living and reflecting that, in the body at a cellular level.

A phenomenological exploration of the process of optimal experiences

Wright, Jonathan James 2008 (has links)
No description available.

The indistinct image of the Golem : an aspect of the uncanny

Fowles, Shelley 2010 (has links)
The Golem is a creature formed by a rabbi out of mud or clay (although it can be made of wood). It is an enduring and favourite subject in Jewish folklore, and it has proved invaluable in its power to reflect the vicissitudes of history. The Golem can take many forms, but is always powered by a magic or holy word. The tale usually ends with the destruction of the creature, but hints of its probable return usually haunt and disrupt any sense of finality. The most famous and enduring version of the story was set in the Prague Ghetto, and was a favourite subject for German Expressionist artists. This is because it reflected a time when the old and the new combined in uncanny and disturbing ways. The Golem story was popular with Romantic writers like E.T.A. Hoffmann, who were similarly reacting to a world that was changing under the influence of Enlightenment thinking and war. Sigmund Freud’s famous essay, ‘The Uncanny’, (‘Das Unheimliche’) of 1919, used Hoffmann’s classic Golem tale, The Sandman, as its central focus, though Freud was never to acknowledge its Jewish origins.

A critical analysis of the discursive formation of suicide as pathological and medical

Marsh, Ian 2008 (has links)
The thesis critically examines contemporary approaches to the problem of suicide and suicide prevention. An analytic strategy broadly Foucauldian in orientation (focusing on relations of power, knowledge and the subject) is employed to map the formation, consolidation and expansion of a 'regime of truth' centred on a compulsory ontology of pathology in relation to suicide. The conditions of possibility for such a regime, the site of its formation, the means by which relations of power and of power-knowledge acted to produce its truths and justify its practices, and its effects in terms of the objects, concepts and subjects formed, are identified. It is argued that suicide came to be newly problematised in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Understood in relation to shifting 'economies of power', suicide comes to represent less a transgression against God or the Sovereign necessitating punishment, and more an affront to a biopolitical rationality that sought to foster life and disavow death. The asylum emerges as the site where new, medico-scientific, truths can be formed, and medical authority asserted, with regards to suicide and the suicidal. Constituted primarily as patients, in the asylum the suicidal are confined, constantly watched and restrained. Here they could also be examined, diagnosed, and treated, the knowledge. produced through such means justifying the practices employed. New truths of suicide come to be formed by reference to insanity, and concurrently emerging theories of mental pathology are defined in part by reference to suicide. Through, in part at least, such a productive configuration of power-knOWledge the nineteenth century sees suicide established as an act of madness, the insane constituted as dangerous, and the necessity of alienism (later psychiatry) confirmed. Suicide as an act, the suicidal patient, as well as the responsible, accountable and culpable clinician, all come to be formed in relation to the production and circulation of medical I psychiatric truths and such processes are mapped in the thesis up to the present day. Suicide is now read, almost always, as a tragedy, one caused primarily by pathological processes internal to the individual that require expert diagnosis and management. The possibilities for thought and action of such a 'regime' are analysed, as are the limitations imposed by its dominance. Other meanings of self-accomplished death - an act of protest or resistance, of self-determination, choice or will, an event of moral, criminal or political concern, even as a subject of philosophical debate - have come to be marginalised. Established as an act of path910gy, suicide prevention for the most part now involves the identification, treatment or containment of an internal destructive 'force', usually linked to various forms of mental illness. The effectiveness of the 'regime of truth' to utilise self-accomplished deaths as evidence for the necessity of maintaining and I or extending psychiatric practices, and for the production of more knowledge in terms of causation and prevention, is noted, as is the vulnerability of individual clinicians within such a system to criticism and blame. In seeking to problematise the effects of such a dominant 'regime of truth' this thesis offers an original analysis that can serve to open up new lines of enquiry in the study of suicide.

Psychotherapy is a Religious Movement rather than a scientific practice

Clifford, Vicki 2006 (has links)
No description available.

The experience of chronic pain : how communicative trigger decoding reveals new insights into the unconscious experience of pain

Gunton, Gabrielle 2001 (has links)
This dissertation explores the conscious and unconscious experience of chronic pain. The study undertaken by Vrancken (1989) is used as a basis for discussion upon the medical approach to chronic pain and five different schools of thought into which the many approaches and models for chronic pain can be placed are reviewed. Documented research shows that chronic pain has significant psychological and emotional impact upon the patient, the effect of which disrupts the patient's cognitive state and conscious functioning. However literature documenting the patient's experience of chronic pain is a poorly researched and neglected area. It is asserted that the experience of chronic pain and an unconscious perception of chronic pain might add further insight into the complex subject of chronic pain. The communicative approach to psychotherapy claims a framework and methodology whereby unconscious mental functioning can be accessed and the work of Robert Langs and the theory and methodology of the communicative approach is detailed. The psychotherapy sessions of a patient suffering with chronic pain are used to test this claim and gain insight into the unconscious perception of chronic pain. The session material is examined in detail according to the communicative framework and all observations confined entirely to communicative principles. Conclusions are drawn which show that communicative adaptive listening, and trigger decoding in the light of therapist interventions and frame related issues offers insight into the unconscious perception of pain and is an area worthy of further research. These findings suggest that communicative psychotherapy may have a role in gaining greater insight into the unconscious perception of chronic pain but further evaluation of this approach is clearly necessary, involving larger numbers of patients, before a more definitive conclusion can be reached. Although this is a very small particular study, there is a broader implication concerning the role that death anxiety plays in psychotherapy in general and in particular in the role that death anxiety plays in working therapeutically with patients who suffer from chronic pain. These areas are worthy of further research.

Psychotherapy as mutual encounter : a study of therapeutic conditions

Murphy, David 2010 (has links)
Rogers (1957; 1959) claim that the client's minimal perception of therapist empathy, unconditional positive regard and congruence as necessary and sufficient for constructive personality change has been supported equivocally. This necessary and sufficient hypothesis implies the therapeutic relationship is unilaterally therapist created via the provision of a set of specific therapeutic attitudes and delivered to the client. Recent research from the psychotherapy literature has pointed towards the role of reciprocal positive interaction between client and therapist. However, despite the common view of the therapeutic relationship as unilateral, Rogers (1959) referred to the reciprocal nature of the therapeutic conditions, therefore, suggesting the therapeutic relationship is a bidirectional process. The current study explores the mutual and reciprocal experiencing of the therapeutic conditions, their development over the early stages of the therapeutic relationship and subsequent association with an objective measure of outcome. The study analysed data relating to the quality of the mutual affective therapeutic environment from sixty two bona fide counselling/psychotherapy dyads in a naturalistic longitudinal design. Levels of the therapeutic conditions as provided and perceived by both clients and therapists were assessed using a shortened version of the B-L RI after the first and third session and clients also completed the CORE-OM at the first and third session. The results showed that the psychotherapy was generally effective and that client s views of the quality of the therapeutic relationship were a better predictor of outcome than therapists. Test of the effect of mutual experiencing of the therapeutic conditions were carried out using hierarchical linear multiple regression. The results showed a significant interaction between client and therapist views of the quality of the therapeutic relationship at session three with outcome at session three. This suggested that the association between the client view of the relationship and outcome was stronger when both clients and therapists rated mutually high levels of the therapeutic relationship conditions provided by the therapist. This result was also present when considering the mutual levels of the therapeutic conditions that client and therapist perceived in the other. These findings suggest that the perception of mutually high levels of the therapeutic conditions is able to predict outcome and supports the view that the mutual and reciprocal affective environment is associated with positive therapeutic change. The implications for practice are that clients must be considered as the central change agent in their own therapy. In effect, the study has shown that it is the client's own feelings towards the therapist and their interaction with how the therapist feels towards the client that is an important factor in predicting outcome. It would seem that even when clients have experienced significant psychological distress, the client's organismic striving for relationship remains and the extent this is perceived and received by the therapist is related to a positive outcome for the client. As a result of this, psychotherapy practitioners could benefit their clients by considering themselves as part of a bi-directional relational dyad. Further research is required as a result of the current findings and suggests the need to explore the nature, form and experience of mutuality within the therapeutic relationship.

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