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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Crime and the press : a study of the reporting of crime in the English national daily press

Roshier, Robert January 1971 (has links)
No description available.

Education, migration, and social mobility in rural Scotland : a study of school leavers

Synge, Jane January 1971 (has links)
No description available.

Approved probation hostels : a qualitative and statistical study

Sinclair, I. A. C. January 1971 (has links)
No description available.

The Apex project : an evaluation of an experimental employment agency for ex-prisoners

Soothill, Keith January 1971 (has links)
No description available.

The dougla poetics of Indianness : negotiating race and gender in Trinidad

Raghunandan, Keerti Kavyta January 2014 (has links)
This thesis explores the meaning and negotiation of the category ‘Indianness’ for a group of Indian Trinidadian young women through a dougla poetics framework. It looks at the intersecting categories of race and gender as lived and configured through discursive processes and through an engagement with a raced gender performativity (Butler, 1990, 1993; Tate, 2004). Using data drawn from interviews, the focus will be on the young women’s racialised, gendered identities and identifications. Through each of the chapters, I unpick the poetics of dougla to show how hybridity, creolisation and mixing are part of Indianness but also removed from these concepts. The dougla poetics of Indianness shows how while on one hand race and racialisation are erased under the deployment of hybridity and creolisation as meta narratives and fluidity is invoked under the national slogan ‘all we is ‘one’ where mixing is seen as quintessentially Trinidadian, race also continues to operate as a distinctive marker of difference across domains such as trans-religious practices, desires and sexuality, beauty culture, carnival activity and music consumption. All of these areas which are explored in the chapters carry a racialised component. While I am not talking about the dougla (mixed Indian-African) body as such, the main discussion throughout the thesis speaks to how the poetics of dougla works at the level of culture and nation and interrogates the limits of creolisation and hybridity in the Indian Trinidadian context. Through a black feminist ethnography, I draw on individual interviews and group conversations, to explore how the young women construct their identities and identifications as linked to socially constructed norms and practices. Their talk revealed fluidity in varying ways with respect to their raced gendered subject positions but they also spoke about their fixity along the lines of racial and gendered hierarchies. I argue that in Butler’s performativity theorising, discussions of race have been largely absent and I turn to dougla poetics (Puri, 2004), a specifically Caribbean take on mixing, as a more nuanced and significant way of opening up thinking about identity and raced gender in Trinidad. Through this combination of dougla poetics and performativity, I use this as a way of responding critically to ways of understanding Indianness and the fluidity and fixity present in this. For instance, Indian as a specific identity category holds specific privileges and oppressions as well as norms that if one transgresses from carries sanctions and if followed carried rewards. Given the colonial history and present day context of Trinidad, this makes us question Butler’s theorisation of fluid identifications and based on these considerations, I use dougla poetics to explore all of these connotations. While I theorise raced gender in its shifting and performative sense, I also wish to foreground the fluidity and fixity in the young women’s talk. To that end, I use dougla poetics, as a 21st century notion, to attend to this double positioning and in combination with race gender performativity and to explore how such poetics re-inserts Indianness into Trinidad and Tobago as a nation across these five areas.

Queer feminine disidentificatory orientations : occupying liminal spaces of queer fem(me)inine (un)belonging

Athelstan-Price, Alexandra January 2014 (has links)
This thesis develops fresh critical insights regarding dynamics of queer feminine identity construction and community (un)belonging, with a specific focus on the rhetorics and realities of inclusion and exclusion occurring within queer feminine identities, communities and representations. The project takes a intersectional approach to exploring these dynamics by interrogating how various positionalities (e.g. “race”, disability, class etc.) interact with queer feminine genders and sexualities. Synthesising insights from Sara Ahmed’s (2006) queer phenomenology regarding processes of orientation with José Esteban Muñoz’s (1999) theory of disidentifications, the project explores the possibilities that experiences and articulations of queer feminine disidentificatory orientations offer for a critical take on queer femininities from within. The key research question that this project addresses is: How and why are disidentificatory orientations experienced by various differently positioned queer feminine subjects and what can queer feminine disidentificatory orientations tell us about dynamics of inclusion, exclusion and (un)belonging within queer feminine subjectivities, communities and representations? The project developed a collaborative queer fem(me)inist ethnographic approach that combined questionnaires, interviews and visual materials (collages and photographs) produced by a diverse sample of 15 queer feminine participants in the UK, with insights gained from a discursive analysis of three major contemporary femme anthologies: Chloë Brushwood Rose and Anna Camilleri’s (2002) Brazen Femme, Ulrika Dahl and Del LaGrace Volcano’s (2008) Femmes of Power and Jennifer Clare Burke’s (2009) Visible. The project presents a significant new data set which demonstrates the complexities, politics and cultures of femme subjectivities and the ranges of (sub)cultural capitals that one has to either already be invested in, or actively invest in, to access queer feminine identities, recognition and community belonging. Thus, the project argues for the continued necessity of engaging in positioned reflexive work on the lived experiences of minority subjects within our own queer, feminist and femme communities.

The poverty and riches of social citizenship in the UK : how lived experiences affect attitudes towards welfare, rights and responsibilities

Edmiston, Daniel David January 2015 (has links)
The civil-political character of citizenship makes the attitudes and experiences of citizens central to an effective examination of social citizenship and inequality. With this in mind, this thesis explores the differing ways in which those marginalised and validated by the existing citizenship configuration, negotiate the institutions and ideals that have come to structure welfare and inequality. The thesis draws on secondary quantitative data analysis of a large-scale national survey and qualitative interviews undertaken in a Northern city of England. To examine the ‘divergent discourses and practices of poor and better-off citizens’ (Jordan and Redley, 1994: 156), the attitudes and experiences of two distinct groups are explored: employed individuals living in affluent areas on an income well above the national average, and unemployed individuals living in deprived areas below the relative poverty line. Through a structured dialogue about their experiences, attitudes and behaviours, this thesis examines the everyday language, ideals and practices that underpin social citizenship, welfare and inequality. The findings of this study confirm that the topographies of social citizenship are reflected in the attitudes and identities of those experiencing deprivation and affluence. Lived experiences of inequality generate unique forms of knowledge about the relationship between structure and agency. This appears to inform conceptions of social citizenship, in particular attitudes towards welfare, rights and responsibilities. The fixed fragmentation of social politics has benefited those validated by the prevailing citizenship paradigm. Those able and desiring to proactively engage can alter the terms of citizenship in ways that serve their material and discursive ends. By contrast, lived experiences of deprivation tend to lead to defensive forms of (dis-) engagement without challenging the existing socio-political settlement. The findings of this thesis are considered with respect to their significance for social policy design and delivery as well as the character of public deliberation surrounding inequality.

Tainted love : a critical analysis of participation in contemporary English patriot and loyalist movement, as exemplified by the English Defence League

Quinn, Caroline Mary January 2015 (has links)
When the English Defence League emerged in 2009 they were rapidly situated by British media, opponents, and academics as a far right, nationalist, proto fascist organisation – a standard manifestation of the traditional far right, motivated by racism and hate. From my first encounter with the EDL in 2009, I have situated them differently. Taking a very literal 'standpoint' - a small Irish anarchist feminist standing on top of a large church wall in West Yorkshire - I watched the EDL emerge into the streets and recognised parallels with Ulster loyalism. In this research I argue that the EDL's ritualised claiming of public space, their open proclamations of pride and protectionism about identity, their particular use of symbolism, and the specific way they mobilise through denunciation of Islamic extremists and terrorists, can usefully be understood as racialized religious sectarianism. My interest lies in the exploration of the grievances and emotions that have propelled people into activism within the EDL. Through first-hand accounts I explore the complexities surrounding the intersection of dominant and non-dominant identities of EDL activists, their connection with Ulster loyalism and the creation of a racialized sectarian social movement in twenty-first century England. Much research to date has either drawn on online studies of social media used by the EDL or limited covert research. In contrast, I have engaged directly with EDL activists utilising ethnographic techniques over a fourteen month period, December 2011 - January 2013. By getting down off my wall and becoming accepted as the EDL's visiting 'lefty', my fieldwork was able to achieve overt observations before, during and after protests, and at meetings and social gatherings. Most critically this work draws upon in-depth interviews with thirty-two EDL activists from across England's nine regions. Participants include leaders, regional and local division organisers, and grass roots activists including extended work with women from the 'EDL Angels'. The research critically addresses issues of identity and belonging, loyalty to the armed forces and the motivations of women activists within this predominately male movement. Providing nuanced definitions of social movements, nationalism and patriotism, the EDL is finally located in this research as a predominantly working class English patriot social movement. Having distinct differences from the traditional far right, I argue the EDL exhibits an unambiguous racialized sectarianism that stems from emotional responses to a changing, (d)evolving England. I situate this within the context of their strong identification as 'defenders' and explore their troubled allegiance to dominant discourses of the British state. Employing a distinctive anarchist methodological approach and critical framework, this research offers answers to why activists participate in the EDL and what informs and maintains their participation. I argue it is loyalty as much as protestation; love as much as hate.

Colour strategies : negotiations of black mixed race women's identities in colonial and postcolonial Italy

Pesarini, Angelica January 2015 (has links)
Starting from autobiographical accounts, this thesis represents the first study on black ‘mixed race’ Italian women using ‘race’, ‘gender’ and ‘Nation’ as markers for identity negotiations. It investigates phenomenological experiences of ‘mixed race’ embodiment lived by two generations of women born from a white Italian and a black East-African parent in the ex-Italian East African colonies (1890-1941) and who migrated to Italy in the 1970s. Using black feminist epistemology and qualitative research methods, the thesis interrogates the limits of Fanon’s idea of the ‘white look’ and it develops the ‘white female look’ as a tool to highlight the gendered connotations clearly neglected by Fanon and useful in this thesis to understand the construction of the racialised and gendered ‘mixed race’ body in colonial and postcolonial Italy. Furthermore, the analysis of the white (female) look in relations to the life histories collected, brought about the notion of ‘colour strategies’, which refers to the historical and contingent deployment of the racialised gaze capable of constructing the ‘mixed race’ body and used by ‘mixed race’ subjects themselves in order to build a narrative enabling them to justify their position in the world. The thesis argues that the complexities of ‘mixed race’ identifications for the women interviewed can be traced at the cracks of (post)colonial discourse on: 1) love and intimacy 2) violence and shame 3) home and belonging. The oral testimonies uncovered ambiguities and internal contradictions at the core of the Italian colonial discourse on ‘race’, gender and identity and shed light on everyday life negotiations. The data also reveals transgression of (post)colonial racial discursive boundaries often accompanied by practices of racialisation that may trigger shame, pain and violence. The original contribution to knowledge of this thesis is as follows. Firstly, it fills a gap in ‘critical mixed race studies’ addressing for the first time discussions of mixedness in relation to Italy. Secondly, it contributes to the development of Italian postcolonial studies in which mixedness appears as a severely under-investigated field. Thirdly, the study reveals unexplored negotiations of mixedness and sheds light on some hidden inscriptions of Italian colonial violence and resistance not investigated before.

The politics of climate change in the Caribbean : a sociological investigation into policy responses, public engagement and activism

Sealey-Higgins, Leon Ayo January 2013 (has links)
Debate abounds over whether or not the lack of adequate political action on climate change can be explained by reference to a ‘post-democratic’ and ‘postpolitical’ consensus. While there has been scholarship that looks at neoliberalism and environmental concerns in the Caribbean, a region commonly represented as being particularly vulnerable to climate change, there is little that explores responses to climate change there sociologically, and in terms of debate around the post-political consensus. This thesis, therefore, constitutes an ethnographic investigation into the politics of responses to climate change, concentrating on representations of public engagement, activism and policy responses, in three case-study sites in different contexts, all relevant to the Caribbean region as a whole. These are: 1) the regional context, focusing on climate change policies and responses in the Caribbean; 2) the international context, exploring policy-making, public engagement and social movement activism at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 16th Conference of Parties in Cancún, Mexico; and 3) the national context, examining the relationships between community engagement around conservation, development and the governance of protected areas, and climate change in Belize. The contributions of the thesis are as follows. Firstly the research details the specific dynamics of tendencies towards neoliberal development, and hence depoliticisation, in responses to climate change in each of the case-study contexts. Nevertheless, the theory of the post-political is elaborated on where it is shown that these tendencies can be better understood with reference to the legacies of colonialism in the region, and the forms of development established and enforced in their wake. Hence, secondly, the research considers depoliticisation processes in the post-colonial contexts of the Caribbean, indicating that pressures towards neoliberal development shape responses to climate change there. Thirdly, the study adds texture to existing discussions by moving beyond overly monolithic theoretical accounts of post-politics, via a nuanced engagement with ethnographic data, to highlight the ambivalent dimensions of people’s accounts, and the pragmatic actions they take in response. An evaluation of the latter reveals challenges to tendencies towards depoliticisation, as well as some of the tensions involved in trying to implement depoliticized responses. Finally, I demonstrate that different responses toclimate change imply contrasting models of society, and human action. The data points towards there being an affinity between post-political and individualised, or ‘unsociological’ accounts of climate change.

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