A qualitative analysis of transgender women's lived experiences of one-to-one psychosocial support in the context of presenting as femaleCallan, Emily 2014 (has links)
Literature Review : A systematic review was conducted to explore the psychological impact of surgical gender realignment procedures. The results appear suggestive of a better psychological adjustment for males-to-females regarding the functional outcomes of surgery, however more difficulty with integrating into society. Females-to-males report greater dissatisfaction with surgical outcomes but experience greater social integration, which in turn impacts positively on their psychological well-being. Contemporary studies appeared more inclusive of social and economic factors influencing successful gender transition. It is suggested that although there remains considerable psychological distress related to a range of factors, surgical intervention may help to alleviate psychological discomfort, though these results are taken as inferential rather than conclusive. A discussion of the clinical implications and future research discuss how research may further address the exploration of transgender psychological experience. Research Report : The present study provides a qualitative exploration of the experiences of transgender individuals who sought one to one psychosocial support through the process of changing their physical appearance to reflect their internal experience of gender. The findings illustrate how internalisation of distal societal attitudes often led to marked psychological distress. The women sought to illustrate their experiences of self and others beyond the borders of their physical appearance, and bring to light both the psychosocial experiences they have been expected to tolerate, and the impact this had on them. The power of being listened to was a valuable source of support for the women. Clinical implications and future recommendations are discussed in relation to further research opportunities and enhancing understanding in a relatively unexplored area of clinical practice. Critical Appraisal : A critical appraisal of the research process and learning outcomes of the researcher are described and discussed.
A portfolio of academic, therapeutic practice and research work: including an investigation into the experience of being gay in CyprusChristodoulidou, Stephanie 2014 (has links)
The present portfolio includes a selection of the work submitted for the completion of the PsychD in Psychotherapeutic and Counselling Psychology at the University of Sun-ey. It consists of three sections: an academic, a therapeutic practice and a research dossier. The academic dossier contains three essays, one drawn from each year of training. The first essay is a critical evaluation of Pete Sanders' chapter on "Empathy" ., from his book "The person centred counselling primer". The second essay explores some therapeutic avenues on how to work with anxiety, from a psychoanalytic perspective. The third essay examines the extant research on working with psychosis from a CBT framework and the implications of the therapeutic relationship on therapeutic outcomes. This is followed by the therapeutic practice dossier which aims to offer an overview of the clinical experience I obtained throughout the course of my training. It includes descriptions of my three clinical placements that I undertook as part of my training. It also includes my Final Clinical Paper, which outlines some of the key personal and professional experiences that have contributed in my development as a Counselling Psychologist. Finally, the research dossier contains three research projects, each corresponding to the culmination of each year's research work. The Literature Review consists of an examination of the existing literature on the experience of being gay in Turkey and Cyprus. Drawing from that, the first Research Report is an exploration into the subjective experiences of Greek-Cypriot gay men who resident in Cyprus. The second Research Report is a qualitative study, which aimed at constructing an integrative theory which can offer insight into the experience of being a Greek-Cypriot gay woman who lives in Cyprus.
Carey, Neil Martin
The dissertation is an autoethnographic exploration of some of the meanings available, from within a contemporary British urban context, in naming and locating male same-sex genital relations (Moran, 1996). In particular, the dissertation analyses some of the dynamics at stake in locating male samesex genital relations under the sign ‘gay’. An argument is made for the pervasiveness of this nomenclature in contemporary liberal western contexts in describing male same-sex desire/attraction/activity and, concomitantly, what might be lost in consigning male same-sex sexuality thus. Autoethnography is adopted as a methodological approach in (re)tracing some elements of my biography in order to disrupt the potentially assimilationist impulse attaching to ‘gay’ as a way of normativising male same-sex relations. I adopt this approach given the uneases by which I recognise my own same-sex sexual proclivities as fitting (or not) within the homonormative (Duggan, 2004) excesses of ‘gay’. The autoethnographic approach allows me to reflect on previous experience as a means of que(e)r(y)ing the seeming ease with which ‘gay’ might be seen as accounting for all those who labour under its sign. In particular, I explore (my) Irishness, (my) queered relation to gender, (my) in/disciplined engagements with psychology, (my) Class location and (my) early childhood sexuality in an attempt to explore how these might locate me more queerly in a contemporary socios that has a tendency to render (me as a) males with same-sex inclinations as identifiable and knowable. Alongside this autoethnographic work I explore how writing creative fictions might complement/supplement the impulse to queer ‘gay’. This aspect of the work is borne out of an interest in how Humanities-inspired academic discourses might be brought to bear in bending those Social Science discourses through which I became academic and through which I have come to understand (my) (homo)sexuality. Ultimately, the dissertation is an attempt to find a writing voice that speaks to and for the multiply queered (dis)locations that I have become subject to in ‘becoming’ (academic). It is an attempt to (re)write (my) (homo)sexuality into social science discourse without recourse to those discursive frames that tolerate and/or pathologise. This is my journey into doctoring myself.
Reconceiving cross-dressing : transphobia and support for MTF transgender people socialising in Manchester's gay villageMiddlehurst, Lee Robert Jack 2013 (has links)
This thesis presents investigations of Male-To-Female (MTF) transgender people, mostly those who are cross-dressers/transvestites, socialising in Manchester’s Gay Village. A systematic review of the academic literature related to transgender issues indicates that no previous extensive research has been presented which analyses contemporary gender divergent (trans*) people in Manchester. The incomplete academic knowledge on current transgenderism, particularly transvestic identities, has been recognised by representatives of the Equality and Human Rights Commission and the UK Government Home Office. These deficient understandings comprise transphobic discriminations. Therefore, this thesis enhances academic information of contemporary transgenderism. This thesis includes findings and developed theories, deriving from aspects of Grounded Theory and Template Analysis, which reflect the deconstructive methodologies developed in postmodern theory. Postmodernism rejects the ‘grand narratives' of truth and science, with a greater emphasis upon the lived experience and expertise of those studied. The investigations undertaken for this study include a reflective/reflexive ethnographic analysis of the assistance to trans* people in Manchester by individuals and support organisations. Thirty-seven interviews with key informants were conducted. This thesis also deploys digital ethnography to examine Internet trans* supportive discourses, which either relate to or emerge from social circles linked to the Gay Village. Additionally, related quantitative information concerning trans* matters is re-presented which is drawn from 390,227 international online data inputs. Moreover, this study documents the annual transgender Sparkle celebrations in Manchester from 2005 to 2012, which attracts thousands of MTF transgender people (trans* women). The analysis is further sustained by critical explorations of transgender supportive political actions by agents of trans* organisations, the Manchester City Council and the UK national Government. The thesis employs a mix of methods and critical methodology. It challenges conceptual hierarchies in which the trans* person is low down the scale of social acceptance, and instead deconstructs contemporary ‘scientific knowledge’ to provide innovative insights into the actual experiences of present-day trans* identities. The research contributes to knowledge concerning transgenderism and highlights the potentially harmful impacts from inadequate medical, legal and academic recognitions of trans* people.
Smith, Donna Louise
The changing representation of gay politicians in UK newspapers is an area which is under represented in political and media studies. It is an important subject because press representation of gay politicians has personal and public consequences; not only can the politicians concerned have their political and personal lives negatively affected, democracy can be compromised. Indeed, gay politicians may be less inclined to speak out on gay issues and free expression may be constrained. The thesis demonstrates: 1. How gay MPs in the UK are represented in newspapers 2. How representation has changed 3. An overarching frame of representation. Newspaper articles are analysed and politicians and campaigners interviewed. A literature/historical review contextualises analysis, taking into account socio-political factors. The thesis demonstrates that the press representation of gay politicians is governed by three interconnected frames: 1. The move towards recognition According to the premise of 'recognition,' marginalised groups are entitled to equal rights and respect, rather than a grudging tolerance, alongside recognition of their particularity. This thesis suggests society has moved from intolerance, to tolerance, to partial recognition of homosexuality; this process has been a halting one, although it is generally unidirectional. 2. Acceptability over time (in relation to heterosexual public space) Sexuality/sexual acts can be rated in terms of public acceptability (as in the acceptance of society) and heterosexual public space. Generally, public homosexuality has become more acceptable over the last fifty years (again, this has been a halting process), although still has some way to go to reach full acceptability. 3. Mediated personas as 'constructed reality' Gay politicians are represented in the media through the use of binary themes; using these themes, their personas (gradients of negative and positive) are created by and mediated through newspapers. The third frame helps to maintain negative and stereotypical representations of gay politicians.
This thesis explores the use and design of New York City (NYC)’s community gardens, and how the social processes that characterise community gardening influence gardeners’ notions of ethnicity. The study examines the dialectical relationship between nature and culture in community gardens from the theoretical perspectives of debates over ethnicity, the social construction of nature, and political ecology. The study’s analytical position directs attention to the rhetoric and behaviours of community gardeners as well as the socio-ecological and political-economic processes operating at broader and multiple scales. The three main aims of this dissertation are: first, to explore the influences of community gardening on how gardeners understand and express their ethnicity, second, to identify the main motivations for (re)configuring nature in gardens, and third, to understand how the elision between nature and culture in gardens shape and is shaped by societal power struggles. This dissertation draws empirically on a cross-case comparison of Puerto Rican gardeners across three community gardens in the South Bronx. Narrative and semi-structured interviews enabled gardeners to directly voice their sentiments of self and community, and in conjunction with active-participant observations and garden-related discourse analysis, the ‘triangulation’ of these qualitative research methods colours a rich picture of the ideological and political markers of ethnicity and nature in NYC. The study also incorporates state and non-state actors active in the community garden movement and in the provision of one or more of the case studies. I argue that community gardeners’ notions of ethnicity and nature are animated by questions of politics, resistance, class, and social positions.
In the shadow of the gay capital : lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans equalities in 'rural' and 'non-urban' East SussexMcGlynn, Nick 2014 (has links)
The Equality Act 2010 ended a decade of legislation addressing discrimination and social exclusion on the basis of gender or sexual difference. This was followed by the economic and social climate of ‘austerity’ under the Conservative/Liberal Democrat coalition government. I bring together social policy scholars who have critically interrogated austerity and the Conservative ‘Big Society’, with geographers of sexualities who have challenged rural imaginaries of sexual and gendered oppression. Using poststructural approaches to space, sexuality, the state and society, I understand such phenomena to be fluid, porous and co-constitutive, and aim to explore public sector/community partnership work for LGBT equalities in rural and non-urban areas.
This thesis provides a queer analysis of the visuality and visibility of homophobia and homosexuality (i.e. non-heterosexuality) as they are discursively articulated by key stakeholders of English professional men's football: governing bodies, the print media and anti-homophobia campaigns. Against the background of growing public and scholarly attention devoted to this subject, the thesis contributes to existing scholarship in the sociology of sports and queer theory by explaining, and unpacking, how visuality and visibility shape thinking about homophobia and homosexuality in the footballing context. Some of the key discursive sites associated with homophobia and homosexuality in English professional men's football- the figure of the gay footballer, the football stadium and the English Football Association - are largely constructed through visual means such as videos, posters and images. Thus, gay (i.e. non-heterosexual) footballers are made sense of through 'coming out', and consequently being visible as 'gay; homophobia in the stadium is visually made familiar through the individual homophobe; and the FA visually communicate their commitment and ability to address homophobia through institutional spokespeople and the declining visibility of racism. The data material is comprised of semi-structured interview data with individuals affiliated with football governing bodies, anti-homophobia/discrimination campaign groups, journalists/bloggers, as well as campaign documents and print media articles. The data is analysed by drawing on Foucault's writings on discourse and queer theory's analytical concern of destabilising social categories, knowledge, and norms. It is argued that the discursive sites of the gay footballer, the stadium and the FA are constituted through tensions between visibility and invisibility that signify and reveal how existing discourses are continuously challenged by alternative knowledge and subjects. This offers the possibility for thinking about future directions for discourses on homophobia and homosexuality in and beyond football.
Pyrsou, Bubukee Chloe Aggelos
This thesis investigates trans-embodiment by outlining diverse forms of understanding of what it means to become trans- through various theoretical frameworks, drawing from queer and transtheory, medical discourse, the philosophical preconditions of their emergence and their interrelation. As such it explores and discusses different discursive positions- often contradictory and conflicting - that I as a transgendering subject have found myself "in between" at various spaces and times, in order to sketch a plethora of perspectives. It offers an alternative to the current deadlock between essentialist theories of the subject and queer appropriations oftransgender experience, by showing both their limitations and their strengths in addressing transgender embodiment. This is accomplished by my writing alongside specific events and their consequences in my understanding and positionality of self. Furthermore, I juxtapose and intertwine this life -writing with an analytics of power that investigates the particularities which usually go unacknowledged, as a response to the homologous positions in which the trans-subject has been traditionally positioned. Using an authoethnographic methodology that is situated within the narrative turn in the social sciences, this project aims to address socio-political issues in relation to embodiment, as these are understood through a range of poststructuralist authors. In effect, it documents and problematises the process of transitioning between genders, by arguing that the 'I' that seems in authority in an investigation of its subject position is instead contingent on the availability of social narratives and spaces that a body transverses. In order to explore such contingency, the thesis employs diverse conceptualizations in a genealogical journey through the various discourses that together form a practice that reflects a rhizomatic sensibility of the parallel movement of entanglement between theory and embodiment. Consequently, by elevating the importance of located knowledges within a terrain monopolised by dominant abstractions, the study concludes in an open-ended manner, whilst remaining firmly situated in the value of local and specific, reflexive and performative accounts.
Intimate relationships : the experiences of lesbian and gay people living with severe mental health difficultiesRobertson, Jennie 2013 (has links)
Authors have suggested that people living with severe mental health difficulties may experience problems in intimate relationships (IRs) (e.g. McCann, 2003). However, the quality and meaning of IR experiences in this population are relatively unknown. Five studies have addressed this gap in the literature (Davison & Huntington, 2010; McCann, 2000, 2010; 65tman, 2008; Volman & Landeen, 2007). Although these studies offer important insights, they do not account for the specific experiences of sexual minority service users, the effects of institutionalisation on IRs, or the role of IRs in recovery from mental health difficulties. This study addresses these gaps and explores the inpatient experiences of lesbian and gay (LG) service users in relation to their IRs/IR needs, and their experiences of the relationship between their IRs/ IR needs and recovery. The study employed a qualitative design and Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three gay men and three lesbians (aged 31•57 years), all of whom had been resident on an inpatient ward within the last five years. Bisexual people did not participate. Five master themes emerged from the data analysis which characterised IR experiences for these participants: 'redefining intimacy'; 'a reciprocal relationship in recovery: IRs and mental health'; 'the ward environment: a barrier to forming and maintaining IRs'; 'prejudice and discrimination: barriers to forming and maintaining IRs'; and 'being a service user: the loss of power and personal identity'. These themes are discussed in relation to the research questions and existing theory and research, and potential theoretical and clinical implications and areas for future research are considered.
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