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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The making of a gay Muslim : social constructions of religion, sexuality and identity in Malaysia and Britain

Mohd Sidik, Shanon Shah 2015 (has links)
This study challenges many popular views and some academic perspectives on the role of Islam and gay sexuality in personal identity construction. By investigating the lived experiences of Muslim sexual minorities, it examines the complex ways in which individuals can come to identify themselves as ‘gay’ and ‘Muslim’, how they negotiate belonging to the wider society that tends to marginalise them, and the consequences of holding these identities. It examines their experiences in two national contexts – Malaysia and Britain. Based on ethnographic research conducted between October 2012 and September 2013, this study involved participant observation and in-depth interviews with gay Muslims, supplemented by media analysis for context-setting. The study shows that in constructing their sexual and religious identities, gay Muslims adjust their responses – rebelling, conforming, innovating, retreating or merely keeping up appearances – based on how strongly anti-gay or anti-Muslim sentiments inform their immediate surroundings. As a minority within the religious majority in Malaysia, they contend with religiously-motivated, state-sanctioned moral policing. In Britain, they enjoy legal protection as sexual and religious minorities but are sometimes affected by stereotypes equating Islam with violence or extremism. In both countries, these conditions contribute to Islam becoming a primary referent in the construction of gay Muslim identities. However, gay Muslims form their own religious self-understandings through engagement with multiple social authorities, spaces and available interpretations of Islam. Islam therefore becomes a ‘cultural resource’ while the concept of ‘gay’ serves as an umbrella category in the construction of their self-identities. The outcomes of this study challenge the notions that Islam is ‘inherently’ homophobic and that there is essentially a divide between ‘Islam’ and the ‘West’. Rather, it suggests that the experiences of gay Muslims illustrate the fluid and variable roles of religion and sexuality in constructions of individual and collective identity.

Constructing a queer haven : sexuality and nationhood in discourses on LGBT asylum in the UK

Raboin, T. 2013 (has links)
The relationship between nationhood and sexuality has been increasingly examined in recent years, both in academia and by activists. This thesis analyses UK discourses on LGBT asylum in this context, focussing on heterogeneous corpora ranging from Home Office directives to media narratives. A first chapter is dedicated to a conceptualisation of LGBT asylum as a social problem; doing so, it conceives of the social problem as a travelling concept that can be applied productively in post-structuralist discourse theory. A threefold argument is built using this methodology. Firstly, the second chapter demonstrates how LGBT asylum is a central part of a larger discursive environment, which articulates human rights with a civilisation-related discourse linking sexual tolerance to modernity and liberalism. This chapter argues that LGBT asylum rights and the asylum seekers themselves bear particular significance in these larger discourses for they provide examples of victims of non-Western sexual intolerance that allow for the repetition of narratives about civilisation. The third chapter examines the consequences of these discursive articulations on how asylum is managed by the state. It proposes that the biopolitics of asylum are based on an apparatus of recognition of LGBT subjects that owes much to homonationalist representations. Finally the fourth and last chapter examines more closely the production of LGBT asylum seekers’ subjectivities by focusing on the testimonial speeches that can be found in news media and NGO discourses. It argues that testimonies are part of a discursive economy in which the testimonies' truthfulness has a value that is used strategically by competing enunciators in public arenas. By engaging with the testimonial production of victims to be saved by the liberal state, this part makes connections between findings from the previous chapters. It concludes by looking at potential subversions of this discursive economy in an art project with lesbian asylum seekers.

Homosexuality and invisibility in revolutionary Cuba : Reinaldo Arenas and Tomás Gutiérrez Alea

Lopez, M. E. 2013 (has links)
This thesis is an attempt to demonstrate that the discourse of the homosexual community to preserve their sexual identity has survived in Cuba, in spite of the institutionalized homophobia ushered in by Fidel Castro’s regime. I will centre part of my analysis on Reinaldo Arenas’s irreverent discourse on sexuality and national identity as developed in extremis in Cuba and in exile. I will refer to Arenas’s status in terms of visibility and invisibility. These terms are essential to an understanding of Arenas’s struggle to secure the publication of his books abroad since his books have been censored in Cuba where he is considered a persona non grata. I will also tackle Gutiérrez Alea’s allegorical portrait of the issue of homosexuality and homophobia in revolutionary Cuba in his film Fresa y chocolate (1993). I take both Arenas’s discourse on defence of sexual and intellectual freedom and Gutiérrez Alea’s film as indicatives that all attempts to silence the issue of homophobia in Cuba have had the opposite effect since they have increased the discrepancies between dissidents and supporters of the Castro system and made visible the issue for the population in general. In my work it has been essential to consult Arenas’s long correspondence with family, friends and editors, the interviews with him in Cuba and in exile and the manuscripts of his works, which are at the Firestone Library’s Rare Books Collection at Princeton University. My correspondence with the person who seems to have inspired the plot of Fresa y chocolate, the Cuban writer Roger Salas, has been essential in order to approach Gutiérrez Alea’s film. Salas’s own account of the events in his short story ‘Helados de pasión: el cordero, la lluvia y el hombre desnudo’ (1998) offers an alternative meaning to Gutiérrez Alea’s portrait in Fresa y chocolate of how ideological intolerance operated in Cuba during the 1990s.

'A different kind of girl' : young women's experiences of growing up and 'coming out' in Northern Ireland

Neill, Gail Ann 2016 (has links)
This study explores the experiences of young women, growing up and coming out as other than heterosexual in contemporary Northern Ireland as a means of examining ways in which sexualities are 'organised through economic, religious, political, familial and social conditions' (Plummer, 2003:515). Informed by an interactionist approach it considers the 'everyday' ways in which young women construct non-conventional sexualities within a hostile social context, and how their interactions with significant others, particularly through processes of coming out, shape constructions of difference. It further explores their experiences with key social institutions and their influence on the construction of personal identity and sense of self in society. In seeking to hear the experiences of those regularly overlooked within LGBT research, a feminist methodology was implemented. The research suggests a number of ways in which young women understand their sexual selves, the categorization used to explain this to others and the range of ways in which these identities are managed and negotiated in everyday life. It demonstrates that age and gender are crucial in the construction of sexual identities. Based on developmental age-related assumptions about sexuality, young women's same-sex attractions are often discredited and demeaned during this period. Further, so closely tied are expectations regarding gender and sexuality that non-heterosexual young women can experience profound feelings of 'difference' and 'failure' growing up as a ‘different kind of girl'. Overall the research demonstrates the prevalence of normative gendered heterosexuality in contemporary Northern Ireland. Such norms conferring status on particular presentations of selfhood were reflected, reproduced and privileged across many institutions with which young women interact. The pervasiveness of this, and the authority of these institutions at a time when young people are so heavily involved in, and monitored by them, it is demonstrated, makes experiences of growing up and 'coming out' complex.

'Orgasm machines, even stevens and sexy monsters' : accounting for straight sex

McLuckie, Cassandra Joanna 2016 (has links)
“Heterosex” occupies a contradictory position in academic feminism. While much research has been done through the decades, the substantive research focus, and the theoretical approaches used to conceptualise and explain it, have remained more limited. This has produced significant empirical gaps and limitations, and while feminists have remarked on this for some time (Albury, 2008, Segal, 1994), it has not been seriously addressed. The diversity of knowledge production has continued to remain “strangely repressed” (Smart, 1996). This thesis represents an intervention in relation to this landscape. Firstly, it identifies and traces the methodological and theoretical limitations within the contemporary and historical body of work on heterosex, and through this develops an alternative conceptual framework and analytical ground, offering the possibility to render it more expansively. Secondly, through the accounts of 27 middle and working-class heterosexual men and women, it theorises heterosex and provides insight into its experience clustered along four areas. These areas are informed by theoretical work on phenomenology, intersubjectivity and ethics, and strongly account for experiential aspects of heterosex. The research findings highlight the significance of practice and learning in determining how heterosex is experienced: participants asynchronously develop capacities, knowledges and skills that are indivisibly connected to the experiential over time. This then also constitutes subjectivity as sedimented through time, yet, as able to change. Rather than gender or class providing the primary explanatory ground for the experience of heterosex, age (youth) and in/experience figure as the most salient variables in how participants’ make sense of heterosex at any given point in time. Crucially also, women and men’s experiences of heterosex often challenge the portrayal offered by much of the feminist/queer literature on heterosex. The thesis thus urges for further interrogation of the limits of focus/approach for supposed “proper” political/ethical feminist research on heterosex, and for a proliferation of knowledges on this research object. It concludes that heterosex cannot be adequately captured through categories of gender or normativity alone - as commonly foundational to much feminist and queer work - and that feminist “disciplinarity” (Wiegman, 2012) enacts limitations on the possibilities for knowledge production on heterosex today.

Claiming the right to health for women who have sex with women : analysing South Africa's National Strategic Plans on HIV and STIs

Daly, M. F. 2015 (has links)
Introduction: Evidence has emerged that women who have sex with women (WSW) in South Africa face multiple vulnerabilities to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV. This health policy analysis seeks to understand why and how interventions to improve sexual health of WSW were initially proposed in the HIV & AIDS and STI Strategic Plan for South Africa 2007-2011, what was implemented and how issues were reframed in the National Strategic Plan (NSP) on HIV, STIs and TB 2012-2016. Methodology: Qualitative methods were used to analyse changes over time in policy discourse around WSW sexual health. A conceptual framework considered four factors determining political priority setting for WSW issues in NSP development processes: actor power, ideas, political context and issue characteristics. 25 semi-structured key informant interviews were conducted in South Africa in 2013 and findings were triangulated through document analysis. Results: Breakthrough in participation in policy making on HIV/AIDS in 2007 enabled the women’s sector of the South African National AIDS Council (SANAC) to present testimony from WSW affected by HIV. Policy content of the 2007-2011 NSP included WSW issues but no activities were implemented in the public health system. Policy actors were mandated to redevelop an evidence based NSP for 2012-2016 and discourse on key populations vulnerable to HIV, including men who have sex with men (MSM), shaped policy content. Data on HIV and STIs among WSW existed but resources to disseminate or undertake further research were limited. The SANAC LGBTI sector, created to represent community interests, became preoccupied with MSM programming. Focus on WSW was not maintained in the 2012-2016 NSP due to limited health metrics, limits on participation and growing social conservatism. Conclusion: In the future advocates must reiterate rights based arguments on the vulnerabilities of WSW and call for a revised research agenda on the epidemiology of WSW sexual health.

Playing in the dark : performing (im)possible lesbian subjects

Pakis, Elisavet 2010 (has links)
No description available.

Liberalism and multiculturalism : heterosexist injustices within minorities

Rodrigues, Luis 2014 (has links)
My key question is whether granting rights to minority cultural groups can undermine the interests of lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals (LGBs) within those groups. Put differently, this thesis is an investigation about whether the interests of LGBs within minorities are damaged by granting rights to minority cultural groups. I argue that LGBs have the following interests; in family life, sexual freedom, basic civil and political rights, participation in cultural and political life, bodily and psychological integrity, employment equality and equal access to welfare. In order to answer to this question, I engage with the contemporary political philosophy of multiculturalism and I approach the research by critically analysing five different accounts, which can be categorised as: multicultural citizenship, liberal feminism, negative universalism, deliberation and dialogue, and joint governance. My contribution to the debate is by making a variety of critical and positive claims. I make critical claims about the approaches taken by some authors by affirming that they may not fully protect LGBs within minorities from heterosexism. I make positive claims by suggesting innovative policy alternatives for tackling heterosexism within minorities. Three of the positive claims stand out. First, in order to tackle heterosexism it is important to eliminate stereotypes about LGBs. Second, it is possible to have a set of criteria in favour of group rights that does not imply the reinforcement and/or the facilitation of heterosexism within minorities. Third, the oppression of LGBs within minorities is not the logical extension of engaging in multicultural policies. These claims lead me to defend a model that combines aspects of associative and deliberative democracy. I defend that this model deals adequately with the potential threats of granting rights to cultural groups because it has a variety of mechanisms to prevent and tackle heterosexism.

Making lesbian families in Taiwan

Pai, Erh-Ya 2013 (has links)
Benefitting from social changes in the last few decades, single Taiwanese women seem to have gained greater sexual autonomy and freer lifestyle choices. Single lesbians can now more easily pass as heterosexual; however, this is not an easy choice once they form a relationship. Despite increased freedoms, it is difficult for lesbian erotic relationships to be acknowledged in patriarchal families. I argue for an understanding of lesbian relationships that takes account of families of origin and lesbians’ negotiation of the wider social context of Taiwanese Confucian patriarchy. Drawing on a qualitative study of 15 lesbian couples, with data from couple interviews and individual interview for each (i.e. 45 interviews in total), this research explores how lesbians form their relationships and develop their notion of family. Participants were aged between 28 and 40 and most had attended higher education. At the time of the interviews, the length of relationships averaged at seven years and varied from six months to sixteen years. Most couples were living together while two were temporarily in long distance relationships. Individual interviews focused on personal sexual stories, how lesbians developed their sexual identities in various social settings and the ways they negotiated their sexuality with their families of origin. Couple interviews then focused on relationship histories, the ways they committed to and conducted their relationships. Four main areas of analysis emerged from accounts: how lesbians recognised same sex attraction, how that differed from identifying as lesbian and the ways they built up communities and group norms; negotiating sexuality in their families of origin and their relations with their partner’s families of origin; lesbian couples’ relationship practices and their varying experiences of commitment; lesbian couples’ domestic arrangements, including differing degrees of equality that they achieved and how gender role-playing influenced these decisions. By highlighting the specific issues in Taiwan, I argue that it is possible for lesbians to make their lives outside patriarchal families and this is understandable only in their situational contexts.

Maputo has no marriage material : sexual relationships in the politics of social affirmation and emotional stability amongst cosmopolitans in an African city

Manuel, Sandra 2014 (has links)
This study explores the dynamics of sexuality amongst relatively wealthier urban young adults in the capital of Mozambique, Maputo. How class works in shaping sexuality and gender dynamics constitute some of the questions tackled here. Such questions have not received much attention on studies regarding these topics in the African continent. Based on 15 months of fieldwork, the thesis analyses how young adults use sexuality to give a sense of self and personhood in a context marked by rapid transformations occurring in the country intertwined with the legacy of colonialism, socialism, civil war and liberalisation of the economy. Tactical agency emerges as a critical concept to explain the ways in which both men and women manoeuvre to reach emotional stability and social recognition in the city. Questions of identity, which are negotiated in regards to diverse modernities and African heritage, are at the core of radical contradictions that characterise the everyday dynamics, expectations of young cosmopolitans in the city. Amongst young adults there is a constant (re-)shaping of perceptions and ways of living femininities and masculinities. These are fuelled by internal logics of sexual and intimate relationships as well as the management of emotions within them. However, class and its dispositions permeate these processes. Marriage is the key means to socially recognized adulthood however; the process towards it is perilous as it involves a constant negotiation of expectations. Finally, love emerges as a space of catharsis in which individuals feel at ease and distant from social pressures and the desire to 'fit in'. Paradoxically it is a space of stress it is perceived as a source of profound unhappiness when things go wrong.

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