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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

"I have the right to my desires" : que(e)rying heterosexuality and feminism in practice

Edwards, Nichole K. 2014 (has links)
This thesis considers the relationship between feminism and heterosexuality in practice. It aims to explore how feminist values and beliefs help to shape or inform (hetero)sexual practices, identities and relationships. In turn, it highlights how lived experiences of (hetero)sexuality influence feminist politics. Seventeen feminist-identified women explored this complex relationship through solicited diaries and semi-structured (follow-up) interviews. Theoretically informed by a feminist phenomenological poststructuralist framework, this research argues for the importance of lived experience as a way of making meaning. Equally, it recognizes the narratives presented as part of a much broader social world – a world with already established meanings. Participants are understood as both producers and carriers of meaning, where the social world is constructed through their actions (and stories), but who are, in turn, being constructed by them. Plummer notes that sexual stories work in many ways - they reinforce the dominant culture, and at the same time, put it into question. These women’s experiences have proven to produce both. The findings of the research suggest that feminist values not only influence experiences of heterosexuality within the context of a sexual encounter, but also between instances of sex (through everyday interactions that occur outside a sexual encounter) and beyond the context of sex. This three-part approach supports the idea that meaning-making is fluid, unstable, and subject to change as participants move through different contexts of sex; as such, the findings present an understanding of plural feminisms and multiple heterosexualities, where feminist values and identities are just as various in meaning as the (hetero)sexual experiences from which they emerge. Grounded in often complicated and contradictory narratives, this research explores a relationship between feminism and heterosexuality that acknowledges its complexities and possibilities, tensions and potentialities, and in doing so, presents a nuanced understanding of feminist heterosexualities.

In the shadow of the gay capital : lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans equalities in 'rural' and 'non-urban' East Sussex

McGlynn, Nick 2014 (has links)
The Equality Act 2010 ended a decade of legislation addressing discrimination and social exclusion on the basis of gender or sexual difference. This was followed by the economic and social climate of ‘austerity’ under the Conservative/Liberal Democrat coalition government. I bring together social policy scholars who have critically interrogated austerity and the Conservative ‘Big Society’, with geographers of sexualities who have challenged rural imaginaries of sexual and gendered oppression. Using poststructural approaches to space, sexuality, the state and society, I understand such phenomena to be fluid, porous and co-constitutive, and aim to explore public sector/community partnership work for LGBT equalities in rural and non-urban areas.

Discourses of homophobia and homosexuality in English professional men's football

Bury, Jonah 2015 (has links)
This thesis provides a queer analysis of the visuality and visibility of homophobia and homosexuality (i.e. non-heterosexuality) as they are discursively articulated by key stakeholders of English professional men's football: governing bodies, the print media and anti-homophobia campaigns. Against the background of growing public and scholarly attention devoted to this subject, the thesis contributes to existing scholarship in the sociology of sports and queer theory by explaining, and unpacking, how visuality and visibility shape thinking about homophobia and homosexuality in the footballing context. Some of the key discursive sites associated with homophobia and homosexuality in English professional men's football- the figure of the gay footballer, the football stadium and the English Football Association - are largely constructed through visual means such as videos, posters and images. Thus, gay (i.e. non-heterosexual) footballers are made sense of through 'coming out', and consequently being visible as 'gay; homophobia in the stadium is visually made familiar through the individual homophobe; and the FA visually communicate their commitment and ability to address homophobia through institutional spokespeople and the declining visibility of racism. The data material is comprised of semi-structured interview data with individuals affiliated with football governing bodies, anti-homophobia/discrimination campaign groups, journalists/bloggers, as well as campaign documents and print media articles. The data is analysed by drawing on Foucault's writings on discourse and queer theory's analytical concern of destabilising social categories, knowledge, and norms. It is argued that the discursive sites of the gay footballer, the stadium and the FA are constituted through tensions between visibility and invisibility that signify and reveal how existing discourses are continuously challenged by alternative knowledge and subjects. This offers the possibility for thinking about future directions for discourses on homophobia and homosexuality in and beyond football.

Transographic inquiry : ain't I a trans-woman?

Pyrsou, Bubukee Chloe Aggelos 2015 (has links)
This thesis investigates trans-embodiment by outlining diverse forms of understanding of what it means to become trans- through various theoretical frameworks, drawing from queer and transtheory, medical discourse, the philosophical preconditions of their emergence and their interrelation. As such it explores and discusses different discursive positions- often contradictory and conflicting - that I as a transgendering subject have found myself "in between" at various spaces and times, in order to sketch a plethora of perspectives. It offers an alternative to the current deadlock between essentialist theories of the subject and queer appropriations oftransgender experience, by showing both their limitations and their strengths in addressing transgender embodiment. This is accomplished by my writing alongside specific events and their consequences in my understanding and positionality of self. Furthermore, I juxtapose and intertwine this life -writing with an analytics of power that investigates the particularities which usually go unacknowledged, as a response to the homologous positions in which the trans-subject has been traditionally positioned. Using an authoethnographic methodology that is situated within the narrative turn in the social sciences, this project aims to address socio-political issues in relation to embodiment, as these are understood through a range of poststructuralist authors. In effect, it documents and problematises the process of transitioning between genders, by arguing that the 'I' that seems in authority in an investigation of its subject position is instead contingent on the availability of social narratives and spaces that a body transverses. In order to explore such contingency, the thesis employs diverse conceptualizations in a genealogical journey through the various discourses that together form a practice that reflects a rhizomatic sensibility of the parallel movement of entanglement between theory and embodiment. Consequently, by elevating the importance of located knowledges within a terrain monopolised by dominant abstractions, the study concludes in an open-ended manner, whilst remaining firmly situated in the value of local and specific, reflexive and performative accounts.

Intimate relationships : the experiences of lesbian and gay people living with severe mental health difficulties

Robertson, Jennie 2013 (has links)
Authors have suggested that people living with severe mental health difficulties may experience problems in intimate relationships (IRs) (e.g. McCann, 2003). However, the quality and meaning of IR experiences in this population are relatively unknown. Five studies have addressed this gap in the literature (Davison & Huntington, 2010; McCann, 2000, 2010; 65tman, 2008; Volman & Landeen, 2007). Although these studies offer important insights, they do not account for the specific experiences of sexual minority service users, the effects of institutionalisation on IRs, or the role of IRs in recovery from mental health difficulties. This study addresses these gaps and explores the inpatient experiences of lesbian and gay (LG) service users in relation to their IRs/IR needs, and their experiences of the relationship between their IRs/ IR needs and recovery. The study employed a qualitative design and Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three gay men and three lesbians (aged 31•57 years), all of whom had been resident on an inpatient ward within the last five years. Bisexual people did not participate. Five master themes emerged from the data analysis which characterised IR experiences for these participants: 'redefining intimacy'; 'a reciprocal relationship in recovery: IRs and mental health'; 'the ward environment: a barrier to forming and maintaining IRs'; 'prejudice and discrimination: barriers to forming and maintaining IRs'; and 'being a service user: the loss of power and personal identity'. These themes are discussed in relation to the research questions and existing theory and research, and potential theoretical and clinical implications and areas for future research are considered.

Cruising the Village : a visual ethnography of public sex between men in Manchester city centre

Atkins, Michael John 2013 (has links)
This thesis explores the forms of movement and modes of perception of men seeking sex with other men along a stretch of canal, approaching the city centre of Manchester in the UK. It deals with two types of activity that were colloquially known as ʻcruisingʼ, a term which refers to the seeking of anonymous public sex by men wishing to meet other men and ʻbusinessʼ which describes a variety of exchanges of intimacy, for money, goods and/or services. My study incorporated a variety of places along the banks of the Rochdale Canal, including Manchesterʼs ʻGay Villageʼ. The Manchester Gay Village is well known locally, nationally and internationally for its late night hedonistic party scene and the annual Gay pride celebration that brings thousands of tourists to the city. However cruising and business were less well known, occurring in the out of sight corners of the village and sections of towpath along the canal. This research explores the forms of mobility by which these activities took place and through which the men made sense of their interactions. The first aim of this thesis is therefore to create an ethnography of these under- researched activities. A critical secondary contribution is the use of a combination of drawings, photography and text as an ethnographic novella integrated into the text. These ethno-graphics incorporate testimony from informants, experiences of fieldwork and recounted stories from informants. In addition to respecting the need to anonymise the identities of informants, they are particularly useful for revealing the qualities of uncertainty and of ʻflowʼ in the experiences they describe. A third and final aim of the thesis is to create an ethnography that could be useful to policy makers, outreach workers and informants. As such, these are forms of ethnographic representation and a means of collaborative intervention that can be the basis for considerations of how informants may change their lives and how their lives may be made safer.

The making of a gay Muslim : social constructions of religion, sexuality and identity in Malaysia and Britain

Mohd Sidik, Shanon Shah 2015 (has links)
This study challenges many popular views and some academic perspectives on the role of Islam and gay sexuality in personal identity construction. By investigating the lived experiences of Muslim sexual minorities, it examines the complex ways in which individuals can come to identify themselves as ‘gay’ and ‘Muslim’, how they negotiate belonging to the wider society that tends to marginalise them, and the consequences of holding these identities. It examines their experiences in two national contexts – Malaysia and Britain. Based on ethnographic research conducted between October 2012 and September 2013, this study involved participant observation and in-depth interviews with gay Muslims, supplemented by media analysis for context-setting. The study shows that in constructing their sexual and religious identities, gay Muslims adjust their responses – rebelling, conforming, innovating, retreating or merely keeping up appearances – based on how strongly anti-gay or anti-Muslim sentiments inform their immediate surroundings. As a minority within the religious majority in Malaysia, they contend with religiously-motivated, state-sanctioned moral policing. In Britain, they enjoy legal protection as sexual and religious minorities but are sometimes affected by stereotypes equating Islam with violence or extremism. In both countries, these conditions contribute to Islam becoming a primary referent in the construction of gay Muslim identities. However, gay Muslims form their own religious self-understandings through engagement with multiple social authorities, spaces and available interpretations of Islam. Islam therefore becomes a ‘cultural resource’ while the concept of ‘gay’ serves as an umbrella category in the construction of their self-identities. The outcomes of this study challenge the notions that Islam is ‘inherently’ homophobic and that there is essentially a divide between ‘Islam’ and the ‘West’. Rather, it suggests that the experiences of gay Muslims illustrate the fluid and variable roles of religion and sexuality in constructions of individual and collective identity.

Changing homophobia : a global perspective

Bartos, Sebastian-Eric 2016 (has links)
The present thesis aims to understand the global decrease of homophobia over the last few decades. In Chapter 1, I summarise previous research on homophobia, especially in the context of Romania and the UK. The next two chapters focus on psychological interventions to reduce homophobia. A systematic review and set of meta-analyses in Chapter 2 found that education and contact with LGB people were effective interventions. The same review found that most research was conducted with American college students, and that some high-quality research performed by postgraduates was left unpublished. In Chapter 3, a systematic qualitative review found that these interventions were often described by participants as ‘eye-opening’, but were sometimes criticised as ‘out of context’. In the following chapter (Chapter 4), I looked at the change in homophobia on a societal level. Reanalysing data from a large scale international survey, I found that the same model could explain homophobia in the US, the UK and Romania, but the decrease of homophobia over a 20-year period remained unexplained. In the next two chapters, I turned from the causes to the consequences of the decrease in homophobia, asking whether the acceptance of LGB people may have negative implications for ethnic prejudice. In Chapter 5, I performed discourse analysis on media reports of a gay pride parade in Romania, finding that LGB people were excluded from constructions of Romanian national identity. In Chapter 6, I proposed a questionnaire and an experimental task to study sexualised nationalism, a set of ideologies that either include or exclude LGB people from national identities. I found that more acceptance of LGB people in Romania and the UK was not linked to exclusion of ethnic minorities. In the conclusion (Chapter 7), I propose that reducing homophobia can be achieved within a plurality of theoretical and practical frameworks.

Lesbians as family elder carers

Parslow-Breen, Orla M. 2016 (has links)
Extant caregiving research indicates family caring as being a female gendered task and the family caregiver as a related, heterosexual, female. On the other hand, research examining caregiving by the LGBT population is focused on partner caregiving or parenting. Taken together, the experiences of lesbian family caregivers remain unexamined by both caregiving research and LGBT psychological research. To redress this omission four empirical studies were undertaken. Study One was a Foucauldian genealogy, which aimed to establish how the current construction of the informal carer concept came into being. The analysis highlighted how the current carer concept influences research leading to some carers being considered more valid than others. Study Two examined the elder caregiving experiences of lesbian women (n = 10) using grounded theory methodology. Issues pertaining to lesbian identity, privacy and living as an “out” lesbian were raised. Study Three explored the anticipated future caregiving involvement with aging families of young lesbian women (n = 20) using thematic analysis. The young women anticipated future, unproblematic, connectedness with their families, as well as future lesbian created families of their own. Study Four examined how a general population (n = 324) perceived lesbian family caregiving using a vignette questionnaire with 8 conditions. Overall an effect of modern homonegativity was found. In sum, the lesbian caregiver experience is elided due to the dominant heteronormative family discourse that dictates the focus of caregiver research. Examining the lesbian caregiver experience indicates unique issues for lesbian carers around the loss of lesbian identity, loss of lesbian social networks, and difficulties in lesbian identity performance within the home. Younger women anticipated providing family elder care, but did not envisage sexual orientation related problems. While general perceptions of lesbian caregiving are mediated by modern homonegativity that work to deny the lesbian carer agency.

Sensing the invisible white Gestalt in gay spaces : phenomenology and affect

Suffee, Reshad 2013 (has links)
This thesis looks at the racialized experiences of gay black minority ethnic (GBME) men in white gay spaces within England. This thesis makes an original contribution to the field of racialized embodied subjectivity and racialized spaces by theorizing the lived-Body using Edmund Husserl's phenomenology of embodied sense to develop Frantz Fanon's concept of embodied dissonance in relation to racialized information present within the invisible white Gestalt in white gay spaces. This approach is important where the racialized discursive formations and practices around whiteness in gay spaces are often "invisible‟ or strategically obscured, whilst being simultaneously visible and understood by GBME men as implicating racialized Othering. This sensed pattern of perceptual information is defined as the invisible white Gestalt. The empirical research involved face-to-face semi-structured interviews with 11 GBME men and 3 gay support officers who were GWME (gay white majority ethnic) men. The locations for the interviews were London and the north of England. The ages of my respondents ranged from 21 to 56 years. This thesis begins by exploring how interpellation and the interpellative gaze respectively impact upon the discursive and affective attributes of embodied subjectivity. Here for example racist behaviour not expressed verbally will require sensing through feelings of being unwelcomed or understanding particular language as „invisibly‟ referring to "race‟. I then explore how embodied subjectivity around the whole self and the penis interprets and understands the racialized information circulating within the white gay space. Here I show how sense can enable complex understandings of the social interactions. Finally this thesis explores how atmospheres in white gay spaces can be sensed by GBME men, here I show how atmospheres may be racialized to exclude GBME men. This thesis argues that whiteness can be experienced as an affective sense of whiteness by GBME men in white gay spaces.

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