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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Retrospective analysis of bevacizumab and cetuximab in advanced Asian colorectal cancer patients

Zhang, Qian, 张茜 January 2015 (has links)
Colorectal cancer is a serious health problem that has concerned people for decades. In Hong Kong, it is the most common cancer and the second leading cause of death. Among colorectal cancer patients, around 40-50% of them will develop metastatic disease. Chemotherapy is playing an important role all the time in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. In the past decade, the application of targeted therapies in treatment has largely improved efficacy and prolonged survival. Bevacizumab and cetuximab are two commonly used targeted agents in daily clinical practice of Hong Kong. Since multiple clinical trials have studied bevacizumab and cetuximab in combination with other chemotherapies, limited data is available in Asian patients. Therefore, we conduct three 5-year retrospective analyses based on patients received treatment in Hong Kong Queen Mary Hospital, to investigate the clinical efficacy and toxicity of those two drugs. The first study examined the use of bevacizumab in treating KRAS mutated type patients. We found the efficacy and results were consistent with historical data. In the next analysis of cetuximab, comparable data were shown which suggested the consistency with previous studies. The last study is aim to compare bevacizumab and cetuximab in previously untreated wild-type KRAS patients. Identical response rates, progression-free survival and overall survival were finally reported. / published_or_final_version / Medicine / Master / Master of Philosophy

Anticancer effects of hexamethylene bisacetamide on human colon carcinoma cells in vitro

張子臣, Zhang, Zichen. January 1999 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Anatomy / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy

A study of proteoglycan production during suppressed cell proliferation of a human colon carcinoma cell line

Liao, Ximan., 廖喜漫. January 1999 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Biochemistry / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy

Effects of Timing of Adjuvant Treatment on Survival of Patients with Stage III Colon Cancer and Stage II/III Rectal Cancer in Alberta

Lima, Isac da S F Unknown Date
No description available.

Reversal of multidrug resistance in colon cancer cells by tanshinones: 丹參酮對結腸癌細胞多藥耐藥的逆轉 / 丹參酮對結腸癌細胞多藥耐藥的逆轉 / CUHK electronic theses & dissertations collection / Reversal of multidrug resistance in colon cancer cells by tanshinones: Dan shen tong dui jie chang ai xi bao duo yao nai yao de ni zhuan / Dan shen tong dui jie chang ai xi bao duo yao nai yao de ni zhuan

January 2014 (has links)
Colon cancer, a disease in which malignant tumors form in the tissues of colon, is the first commonest cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in Hong Kong. The standard treatment options for colon cancer include surgery and chemotherapy. However, multidrug resistance (MDR) develops in nearly all patients with colon cancer. In fact, most of the cancer-related deaths are due to chemotherapy failure caused by MDR, which occurs during the course of cancer progression and chemotherapy. Thus, the reversal of MDR plays an important role in the successful chemotherapy for colon cancer. This study investigated such a pharmacological action in reversing MDR in colon cancer cells by tanshinones, targeting the two common mechanisms responsible for MDR, i.e. overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters and suppression of apoptosis. / Overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), one of the most important ABC transporters, can mediate the efflux of drugs out of cancer cells, leading to MDR and chemotherapy failure. The reversal of P-gp-mediated MDR by five tanshinones including tanshinone I, tanshinone IIA, cryptotanshinone, dihydrotanshinone and miltirone was evaluated in colon cancer cells. Bi-directional transport assay showed that only cryptotanshinone and dihydrotanshinone decreased the P-gp-mediated digoxin efflux in Caco-2 cells. The two tanshinones potentiated the cytotoxicities of doxorubicin and irinotecan in P-gp overexpressing colon cancer SW620 Ad300 cells. Moreover, these two tanshinones also increased intracellular accumulation of P-gp substrate in SW620 Ad300 cells, presumably by down-regulating P-gp mRNA and protein levels, as well as inhibiting P-gp ATPase activity. / Suppression of apoptosis can lead to MDR in cancer cells to anticancer agents with pro-apoptotic property. Hence, this study also investigated the circumvention of resistance to apoptosis in drug resistant colon cancer cells by cryptotanshinone and dihydrotanshinone, two potential MDR-reversing tanshinones. The drug resistant SW620 Ad300 cells were still sensitive to both cryptotanshinone and dihydrotanshinone in the promotion of cell death. When compared with the parental SW620 cells, the two tanshinones induced less apoptosis but more autophagy in the drug resistant cells. Further studies showed that cell viability was increased after inhibition of autophagy by siRNA interference or autophagy inhibitor. Thus, autophagy induced by the two tanshinones was pro-cell death in SW620 Ad300 cells, which could overcome resistance to apoptosis. / In addition, suppression of apoptosis can be caused by p53 defects/mutations, which were found in more than 50% of all human cancers. Our results also showed that apoptosis and autophagy induced by cryptotanshinone and dihydrotanshinone were independent of the status of p53 in colon cancer cells. The p53-independent cytotoxic actions of the two tanshinones could be useful in overcoming resistance to apoptosis in cancer cells caused by p53 defects/mutations. / Taken together, the current findings indicate a great potential of cryptotanshinone and dihydrotanshinone in the reversal of MDR caused by P-gp overexpression and suppression of apoptosis. They are promising candidates to be further developed as therapeutic agents in the adjuvant therapy for colon cancer, especially for the multidrug resistant cancer types. / 結腸癌是指形成在結腸組織的惡性腫瘤,在香港常見的癌症中排第一位,亦是香港排第二位的致死癌症。結腸癌的標準治療方案主要包括手術和化療。然而,多藥耐藥是結腸癌成功化療的一個障礙。事實上,大多數癌症引起的死亡都和在癌症的發展和化療的過程中產生的多藥耐藥有關。因此,多藥耐藥的逆轉對於結腸癌的成功化療非常重要。本研究旨在通過針對多藥耐藥兩種常見的機制ABC跨膜蛋白的過表達和抑制的細胞凋亡來探討丹參酮對結腸癌細胞多藥耐藥的逆轉。 / P-gp的過表達可介導藥物排出癌細胞,從而導致多藥耐藥和化療失敗。本研究評價了tanshinone I,tanshinone IIA,cryptotanshinone,dihydrotanshinone和miltirone對P-gp介導的結腸癌細胞多藥耐藥的逆轉。雙向轉運實驗表明,只有cryptotanshinone和dihydrotanshinone可以減少P-gp介導的digoxin外排。這兩個丹參酮可以增加doxorubicin和irinotecan在P-gp過表達的結腸癌SW620 Ad300細胞中的毒性。此外,這兩個丹參酮也增加P-gp底物在SW620 Ad300細胞內的積累,推測是通過下調P-gp的mRNA和蛋白水平,以及抑制P-gp的ATP酶活性。 / 抑制的細胞凋亡可導致腫瘤細胞對促凋亡的抗癌藥物产生多藥耐藥。因此,本研究也探討了cryptotanshinone和dihydrotanshinone能否克服結腸癌細胞的凋亡耐受。結果表明cryptotanshinone和dihydrotanshinone仍然能够杀死耐藥的SW620 Ad300細胞。當與SW620細胞相比,這兩個丹參酮在耐藥細胞中誘導的細胞凋亡較少,但自噬增多。進一步研究表明,這兩個丹參酮誘導的自噬是促進細胞死亡的,從而可以克服細胞的凋亡耐受。 / 此外,p53的缺陷/突變存在於50%以上的人類癌症中,并可以抑制細胞產生凋亡。結果表明,cryptotanshinone和dihydrotanshinone誘導的凋亡和自噬與p53在結腸癌細胞中的表達無關。這兩個丹參酮不依賴於p53的細胞毒性可以用於克服p53缺陷/突變引起的凋亡耐受。 / 綜上所述,本研究結果表明cryptotanshinone和dihydrotanshinone在逆轉P-gp的過表達和抑制的細胞凋亡引起的多藥耐藥中具有巨大潛力。它們可以進一步發展為有前途的治療劑并用於結腸癌的輔助治療,尤其是用於多藥耐藥的結腸癌。 / Hu, Tao. / Thesis (Ph.D.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2014. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 163-182). / Abstracts also in Chinese. / Title from PDF title page (viewed on 06, December, 2016). / Hu, Tao. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only.

A hemagglutinin isolated from northeast China black beans aggregated the Golgi apparatus and induced cell apoptosis in colorectal cancer cells / CUHK electronic theses & dissertations collection

January 2015 (has links)
Lectins (hemagglutinins) are a type of proteins that could recognize different sugar structures and specifically initiate reversible binding with them. Though they have been universally found in a variety of organisms, they are exceptionally abundant in legumes. From the initial finding of agglutinating red blood cells to the discovery of recognizing carbohydrates on cell membranes, multiple functions of lectins have been gradually unveiled by numerous researchers across a century. Based on its carbohydrate-binding property, lectins have found great value in the study of glycomics. Many lectin-based biological tools, like lectin affinity chromatography, lectin blotting, lectin histochemistry, lectin microarray and lectin-based biosensor have been developed and applied to the study of glycoproteins. Besides, lectins are also reported to be potential agents for anti-insect, anti-fungi, anti-HIV, anti-bacterial and anti-tumor applications. / The present study focuses on the isolation of a new hemagglutinin from an edible legume, exploration of its anti-colorectal cancer effect and mechanisms, its cytokine inducing function and anti-HIV activities. The protein was purified by liquid chromatography techniques which entailed affinity chromatography on Affi-Gel Blue Gel, ion exchange chromatography on Mono Q and gel filtration on Superdex 75 with an FPLC system. The hemagglutinating activity of this hemagglutinin was demonstrated to be ion-dependent and stable over a wide range of temperatures (20-60℃) and pH (2-11) values. Like most of the lectins or hemagglutinins, this novel hemagglutinin could also attenuate the activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. / This hemagglutinin could potently suppress the proliferation of colorectal carcinoma HCT116 cells and colorectal adenocarcinoma HT29 cells. It induced cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase, downregulated the expression of Cyclin D1 and upregulated P21expression. The protein initially bound on the cell membranes most probably through glycoproteins and subsequently entered the cytoplasm, which was achieved as early as 3h post treatment. The hemagglutinin was found to be preferentially localized in Golgi apparatus and initiated aggregation of the Golgi apparatus, which may possibly attenuate its protein processing capacity by reducing total superficial area or even partially blocking the transportation of proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The impaired protein reception ability of Golgi apparatus may lead to the protein accumulation in the ER and induce cell apoptosis. Accordingly, two ER stress sensors (IRE1α and ATF6) and one late product of ER stress (CHOP) were found to up-regulated. Apoptosis-inducing effect of this hemagglutinin on HT29 and HCT116 cells were further confirmed using methods based on different principles. Cells treated with the hemagglutinin were observed to undergo obvious chromatin condensation, mitochondrial membrane depolarization and phosphatidylserine exposure. An apoptosis initiator (Apaf-1) and one important indicator (cleaved PARP) of cell apoptosis were accordingly detected. Besides, intraperitoneal administration of this hemagglutinin to colorectal tumor bearing nude mice could slow down the growth of tumors. / At last, this hemagglutinin exerted an immunomodulatory function on splenocytes by stimulating the mRNA expression level of interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), interferon- gamma (IFN-γ), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Secretion of IL-1β and IL-2 from splenocytes also increased with the concentration of this hemagglutinin. / In a short conclusion, we have isolated a new hemagglutinin with anti-HIV RT, anti-colorectal cancer and immunomodulatory activities. / 凝集素(血凝素)是一类能够识别不同糖结构并能和它们发生可逆性结合的蛋白。虽然他们在许多生物体内均有发现,但这类蛋白在豆科植物中的含量尤其丰富。经过一个多世纪来众多研究者的努力,从最初认识到其具有红血细胞凝集功能到糖类识别作用,凝集素的诸多功能已被逐步挖掘。基于其独特的糖结构识别特性,凝集素在糖组学的研究中具有重大意义。许多基于凝集素的生物方法,如凝集素亲和层析法,凝集素印迹法,凝集素组织化学,凝集素生物芯片以及基于凝集素的生物传感器已被研究出来, 并用于研究糖蛋白。除此之外,研究表明,凝集素还具有抗虫,抗真菌,抗HIV,抗细菌和抗癌等活性。 / 该凝集素可以极大抑制结肠直肠癌HCT116细胞和结直肠腺癌HT29细胞增殖,引发细胞周期停滞,分别下调和上调Cyclin D1和P21的表达。该蛋白极有可能首先通过和细胞表面的糖蛋白结合而附在细胞膜上,然后进入细胞内。该过程可在往细胞培养液内加入该蛋白后的3小时内完成。该凝集素优先与细胞内的高尔基体结合,随后引发高尔基体聚集。该聚集作用可能会通过减少高尔基体总表面积甚至阻塞内质网和高尔基体间的蛋白运输,进而减弱高尔基体处理蛋白质的能力。当高尔基体接受蛋白的能力降低时,蛋白可能会堆积在内质网上并进一步引发细胞程序性死亡。相应地,两个内质网应激感受蛋白IRE1α和 ATF6以及内质网应激后期产物CHOP均被发现上调。该凝集素对HT29细胞和HCT116细胞的凋亡诱导作用采用不同的方法进行了进一步的确认,这些方法都是基于不同检测原理进行的。结果表明,该凝集素可导致细胞产生明显的染色质凝缩,线粒体膜电位去极化和磷脂酰丝氨酸外翻。与此相应地,凋亡启动蛋白Apaf-1和凋亡后期蛋白(被剪切的PARP)可在处理后的细胞中检测到。通过腹腔注射的方法给接种大肠癌细胞的裸鼠给药可降低肿瘤的生长速度。 / 本研究的工作包括:从一种可食用豆类中提取一种新的凝集素;检测其抗大肠癌的作用和机制;研究其细胞素诱导作用以及抗HIV活性。该蛋白采用液相色谱法分离提纯,其中包括亲和层析柱Affi-Gel Blue Gel, 离子交换层析柱Mono Q 和凝胶层析柱Superdex 75,后两种层析法在FPLC系统上操作。该蛋白的红血细胞凝集作用具有金属阳离子依赖性,并在20-60℃和pH2-11范围内保持活性稳定。像许多其它的凝集素一样,该蛋白也可以削弱HIV逆转录酶活性。 / 最后,该蛋白还具有免疫调节作用,它可促进白细胞介素-2,白细胞介素-6,白细胞介素-1β,干扰素-γ和肿瘤坏死因数-α在mRNA水平上的表达并刺激白细胞介素-2和细胞介素-1β的分泌。 / 综上所诉,本研究分离提纯了一种新凝集素,它具有抗HIV,抗大肠癌和免疫调节作用。 / Dan, Xiuli. / Thesis Ph.D. Chinese University of Hong Kong 2015. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 153-170). / Abstracts also in Chinese. / Title from PDF title page (viewed on 05, October, 2016). / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only.

An exploration of patients' perceived control, self efficacy and involvement in self care during chemotherapy for colorectal cancer

Kidd, Lisa January 2007 (has links)
This thesis describes a three year study which explored perceptions and experiences of being involved in self care and perceptions of control and self-efficacy over time amongst patients receiving a six month course of chemotherapy treatment for colorectal cancer. The study was underpinned by Leventhal’s Self Regulation Model and aimed to explore how patients undergoing chemotherapy for colorectal cancer perceived the meaning of self care, what they did as part of their self care in managing the effects of their treatment and whether this changed between the beginning and end of their six month course of chemotherapy. The study also set out to explore the relationship between patients’ perceptions of control and self efficacy and their involvement in self care. The study adopted a patient focussed, mixed method, longitudinal approach for complementarity and expansion purposes in which the qualitative findings formed the focus of the investigation, supplemented by the quantitative findings. This was important to provide a greater breadth and range to the study and to obtain a realistic understanding of patients’ perceptions and experiences of being involved in self care during their six month course of chemotherapy treatment and the influence of their perceptions of control and self efficacy on their involvement in self care. Thirty one patients participated in the study and data were collected using qualitative semi structured interviews (with a subsample of patients who participated in the study) and quantitative questionnaires (Illness Perception Questionnaire-revised and the Strategies Used by People to Promote Health) and prospective self care diaries with the full study sample. Data were collected at several time points over the course of patients’ chemotherapy treatment (beginning, middle and end of treatment) and were analysed and integrated in accordance with Tashakkori and Teddlie (1998)’s guidance for integrating qualitative and quantitative findings in a mixed methods study. The study findings revealed that the use of a mixed method, longitudinal study design was a valuable approach for understanding patients’ involvement in self care during chemotherapy for colorectal cancer and the influence of factors, such as their perceptions of control, on their subsequent involvement in their self care. In particular, the principal findings suggested that self care held a range of meanings to the patients in this study. Principally, patients’ self care consisted of two components; physical self care, carried out to manage the physical impact of undergoing treatment, and emotional self care, carried out to manage their emotional response to being diagnosed with, and undergoing treatment for, cancer. The findings suggested that there was no association between patients’ perceptions of control and the degree of self care that they carried out identified in the quantitative analysis. However, in the qualitative analysis, it was revealed that patients’ perceptions of control were likely to influence their attitudes towards their active involvement in self care and the importance with which they viewed this role. In particular, patients who considered themselves to have a high degree of control during their treatment were more likely to believe that they could limit the impact of the treatment through their own actions, that being actively involved in their self care was important and were interested in taking on this role, and that they would use a greater range of self care strategies in helping to manage the impact of their treatment. Conversely patients who considered themselves to have a lower degree of control during their treatment were less likely to believe that they could limit the impact of the treatment through their own actions, that their active involvement in self care was important and were less likely to expect to take on an active role, preferring to leave the management of treatment-related effects to health professionals, whom they regarded as being the “experts”. The findings from this study have implications for nursing practice because they reinforce the importance of the listening to the patient’s experience and how this approach can contribute to a fuller and more accurate understanding of how patients become involved in their self care and the factors that influence this. This is important so that nurses can provide holistic care, tailored to meet their patients’ self care needs and preferences, and to encourage partnership working between patients, nurses, allied health professionals and other agencies in promoting involvement in self care. The findings also have implications for theories relating to self care in emphasising the importance of patient centred models of care and for Leventhal’s Self Regulation Model in adding further support for the components of the model yet also offering a greater understanding of how the model fits with patients’ emotional responses to the effects of illness and its’ treatments. Finally, the study findings have implications for future research, calling for further research to focus on the meaning of constructs such as self care and control from the patients’ perspective and to further explore the use of the mixed methodology in researching and understanding patients’ involvement in self care and the factors that influence this.

Clinical and pathological predictors of survival for stage II and III colon cancer patients treated with or without chemotherapy : a population-based study

Morris, Melinda January 2007 (has links)
[Truncated abstract] Clinical and pathological predictors of survival for stage II and III colon cancer patients treated with or without chemotherapy: a population-based study. Aim: Using a population-based cohort of colorectal cancer (CRC), the major aims of this study were to: 1. Identify clinico-pathological markers that can be used to define a subset of stage II colon cancer patients with excellent prognosis and who therefore do not require referral for adjuvant chemotherapy; 2. Investigate whether there is a survival benefit from the use of adjuvant chemotherapy in a population-based cohort of stage II colon cancer; 3. Investigate stage III colon cancer patients for evidence of predictive markers for response to 5FU chemotherapy; 4. Investigate CRC for age-related differences in clinico-pathological and molecular features. Hypotheses to be tested: 1. A subset of good prognosis stage II colon cancers can be defined using routine pathological markers; 2. Females colon cancer patients gain more survival advantage from 5FU chemotherapy than males; 3. Tumours from young CRC patients have different molecular characteristics to those from older patients; 4. The underlying molecular characteristics of tumour can impact upon the response to 5FU chemotherapy. Methods: The study cohort consisted of 5,971 cases diagnosed between 1993 and 2003 representing over 90% of the CRCs diagnosed in the state of Western Australia. Results: The major findings of this translational research into colon cancer can be summarized as follows: The morphological features of serosal and vascular invasion allow for prognostic stratification of stage II colon cancer into

Defining a phage-display peptide on its therapeutic applications in colon cancer: 一种噬菌体展示肽在结肠癌治疗中的应用. / 一种噬菌体展示肽在结肠癌治疗中的应用 / Defining a phage-display peptide on its therapeutic applications in colon cancer: Yi zhong shi jun ti zhan shi tai zai jie chang ai zhi liao zhong de ying yong. / Yi zhong shi jun ti zhan shi tai zai jie chang ai zhi liao zhong de ying yong

January 2014 (has links)
TCP-1是一种新型的定向于肿瘤血管的多肽,通过小鼠体内的噬菌体展示技术筛选得到。在之前的研究中,我们已证明TCP-1具有定向于肿瘤血管并有效靶向运输抗肿瘤药物和显像剂的特性。本研究的目的是进一步研究在原位结肠癌模型中定向运输抗肿瘤药物肿瘤坏死因子(TNFα),以及在结肠癌临床样本中运输显像剂异硫氰酸荧光素(FITC)的能力。并对TCP-1与肿瘤坏死因子的融合蛋白TCP-1/TNFα的抗肿瘤机制进行阐述。 / 本研究中,我们首先尝试用TCP-1作为载体,将增强绿色荧光蛋白靶向运输至肿瘤血管。结果证明TCP-1可以成功将蛋白运输到在肿瘤血管而非其它正常的组织器官上。TCP-1还可以靶向运输肿瘤坏死因子并增强其抗肿瘤作用。和肿瘤坏死因子比较,融合蛋白TCP-1/TNFα处理组的凋亡细胞数量增多,肿瘤微血管数目减少,并且无明显毒副作用。与结肠癌的一线化疗药物5-氟尿嘧啶(5-FU)联合给药后,与TNFα与5-FU联合给药相比较,融合蛋白TCP-1/TNFα联合5-FU在以下方面具有更明显的作用:抑制肿瘤生长,增加肿瘤细胞凋亡和抑制肿瘤细胞增殖,促进肿瘤血管正常化,升高瘤内免疫细胞以及减轻骨髓和脾内的免疫抑制反应。经检测TCP-1的靶向运输增加了瘤内的TNFα以及5-FU的浓度。这些都表明TCP-1不但可以靶向运输TCP-1/TNFα至肿瘤血管,还可以增加CD8+细胞的浸润增加瘤内免疫反应以及增加血管对抗肿瘤药物的通透性。以上都对抗肿瘤起到重要作用。 / 在临床的结肠癌样本中,TCP-1对肿瘤血管的结合能力也得到了证实。48.98%的结肠癌样本对TCP-1的结合为阳性。统计学分析显示TCP-1的结合与结肠癌的分期和肿瘤位置有关,对于N2期,位于乙状结肠的肿瘤的结合尤为明显。本研究的主要目的是将分离鉴定出的TCP-1发展成为结肠癌的生物标记,并且作为运输抗肿瘤药物和显像剂的载体应用于结肠癌的诊断和治疗中。鉴于TCP-1的靶向运输特点,将会有机会研发更多的抗肿瘤药物,同时增强传统化疗药的抗肿瘤作用。这些都可以优化肿瘤治疗的方案。综上所述,TCP-1是一种在结肠癌治疗诊断中具有广阔前景的多肽。 / TCP-1 is a novel vasculature-targeting peptide. It was discovered through the in vivo phage library selection in mice. It was demonstrated that TCP-1 peptide exhibited a homing ability to the neovasculature of colon tumors and was capable of efficiently delivering imaging agents and chemotherapeutic drugs to this target site. The current study is to further investigate the targeting ability of TCP-1 to deliver a known immunomodulator, tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) as an example of anti-cancer drug in an orthotopic colorectal cancer (CRC) model and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) as imaging agent for testing the binding capacity for tumors in colorectal cancer patients. The mechanisms for the action of this novel biologic TCP-1/TNFα in the treatment of colon cancer in mice were also defined. / In this study, we observed that TCP-1 peptide delivered enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) only to tumor blood vessel other than normal organs after TCP- 1/EGFP injection. This was not observed after EGFP injection. This finding showed that TCP-1 can deliver biologic protein to the tumor blood vessels. Furthermore, results from TNFα or TCP-1/TNFα targeted delivery experiments showed that TCP- 1/TNFα displayed stronger anti-cancer effects than TNFα alone on the induction of apoptosis and reduction in number of microvessels in the tumors, without significant effect in systemic toxicity. In the combined therapy with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), a standard drug for colon cancer treatment, pretreatment with low dose (1 ng TNFα /mouse) of TNFα or TCP-1/TNFα potentiated the anti-cancer action of 5-FU. In this regard, TCP-1/TNFα could significantly reduce tumor size and weight, increase number of apoptotic cells, inhibit tumor cell proliferation, normalize tumor blood vessels, facilitate infiltration of immune cells to tumor mass and attenuate immunosuppression in bone marrow and spleen. Moreover, TCP-1 could significantly increase intratumoral levels of TNFα and 5-FU. It was also suggested that TCP-1 could selectively deliver TNFα to the tumor blood vessels and modulate the immune response by increasing CD8+ cells infiltration to tumors and increase vascular permeability to 5-FU. These observations may be the key actions to reduce tumor growth. / The binding ability of TCP-1 was also detected in clinical samples from colorectal cancer patients in which 24/49 (48.98%) tumor tissues were positive with TCP-1 binding signal. Statistical analysis showed that TCP-1 had a strong and significant binding with colorectal cancer at the N2 stage among the different colorectal cancer stages (P=0.028) and location in the colon at the sigmoid (P<0.001). / Our study also focused on the isolation and identification of the binding molecule of TCP-1 in order to develop it into a biomarker for CRC and using TCP-1 as a carrier in delivering anti-cancer drugs and imaging agents to colon tumors for cancer therapy and diagnosis. With the homing property of TCP-1 on colon tumor blood vessels, new types of anti-cancer drugs will be developed and their combinations with conventional chemotherapy drugs will optimize the therapeutic outcome and improve regimen of treatment for CRC. Taken together, TCP-1 peptide appears to be a promising agent in molecular imaging and drug delivery for CRC diagnosis and therapy. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Detailed summary in vernacular field only. / Lu, Lan. / Thesis (Ph.D.) Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2014. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 157-177). / Abstracts also in Chinese. / Lu, Lan.

Biopanning, identification and application of peptides targeting the vasculature of orthotopic colorectal cancer based on in vivo phage display technology. / 基于体内噬菌体展示技术、靶向结肠直肠癌血管的多肽的筛选、鉴定及应用 / CUHK electronic theses & dissertations collection / Ji yu ti nei shi jun ti zhan shi ji shu, ba xiang jie chang zhi chang ai xue guan de duo tai de shai xuan, jian ding ji ying yong

January 2010 (has links)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide. However, adjuvant chemotherapeutic agents exhibit poor accumulation in the tumor mass and frequently result in serious side effects due to nonspecific damage to normal organs. Therefore, the development of more selective anticancer drugs with targeted delivery to tumor sites is the current trend in cancer therapies. Among these sites, tumor neovasculature is an attractive target for anticancer agents. It is because tumor growth is largely limited by blood supply which is dependent on the extent of angiogenesis in the tumor. / Experimental analysis suggested that TCP-1 phage and synthetic TCP-1 peptide specifically homed to colorectal cancer tissues and co-localized with the tumor vasculature. Moreover, TCP-1 peptide also recognized the vasculature of human colorectal cancer specimens. Subsequently, the homing abilities of TCP-1 phage were extensively tested in other cancer models. Results showed that TCP-1 peptide could also target the vasculature of orthotopic gastric cancer induced by human colon cancer cell line (MKN45) in BALB/c nude mice. Meanwhile, TCP-1 phage exhibited binding activity to colorectal cancer cells such as colon 26 and SW1116. TCP-1 peptide could carry a pro-apoptotic peptide into these cells and markedly enhanced its pro-apoptotic action. / In summary, we have used the phage display technology to isolate two unique peptides TCP-1 and TCP-2, which targeted the vasculature of orthotopic colorectal cancer and also recognized the vasculature of human colorectal cancer. Moreover, they could deliver fluorescein or pro-apoptotic peptide only to the tumor vasculature but not to other normal tissues, for imaging detection and targeted therapy. In conclusion, both TCP-1 and TCP-2 may have significant clinical applications as carriers in diagnostic imaging and ligand-mediated targeted therapy for human colorectal cancer. / Similarly, TCP-2 phage or its peptide also targeted specifically the orthotopic colorectal cancer, and co-localized with the tumor vasculature in mice. Meanwhile, TCP-2 peptide recognized the vasculature of human colorectal cancer specimens. FITC-labeled TCP-2 peptide could also be used to detect cancer tissues in tumor-bearing mice. / To identify specific ligands targeting the tumor neovasculature, in vivo phage display technology has been extensively used. Several dozens of peptides homing to normal or diseased vasculature have been identified through this technology. However, these peptides target mainly the tumors growing at distant sites but not at the primary organ, thus limiting their clinical application. To obtain specific peptides targeting the neovasculature of colorectal cancer growing in situ, we established an orthotopic colorectal cancer model in normal BALB/c mice by using syngeneic colon cancer cells (colon 26). Subsequently, in vivo phage display technology was utilized to isolate peptides which specifically recognized the vasculature of the cancer. Four peptides (termed TCP-1, 2, 3, 4) were enriched more than once after four-round selections. Further investigation disclosed that TCP-1 and TCP-2 phages had relatively stronger binding abilities to cancer tissues among the four phage clones. They were chosen for further study. / We further demonstrated that TCP-1 could serve as a carrier for image detection and drug delivery. FITC-labeled TCP-1 could specifically produce a strong fluorescence signal in the tumors after intravenous injection into the orthotopic tumor-bearing mice. Moreover TCP-1, when conjugated with a pro-apoptotic peptide, could also specifically induce apoptosis of tumor vasculature in vivo. / Li, Zhijie. / Adviser: Cho Chiltin. / Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 72-04, Section: B, page: . / Thesis (Ph.D.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2010. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 194-221). / Electronic reproduction. Hong Kong : Chinese University of Hong Kong, [2012] System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. Available via World Wide Web. / Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, MI : ProQuest Information and Learning Company, [200-] System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. Available via World Wide Web. / Abstract also in Chinese.

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