Keehner, Charles Larry
13 July 1972
A study was made of the effects of temperatures and chemicals on the unsporulated and sporulated oocysts of Eimeria stiedae. In general, oocysts were affected by temperatures lower than -10 C and above +39 C, while normal development occurred between these temperatures. Unsporulated oocysts were more tolerant to temperature extremes, as they survived up to 8 days at 39 C and 12 days at -28 C. Sporulated oocysts were killed after 24 hours storage at 39 C and 4 days at -28 C. Oocyst resistance to low temperatures was not improved if unsporulated and sporulated oocysts were conditioned before and after storage at a low temperature. Presumably, the conditioning period only increased the time oocysts were exposed to cold temperatures and, therefore, reduced their development. Most chemicals and bactericidal agents had little effect on the oocysts. Only ethyl alcohol (95%), ammonium hydroxide (1 M), phenol (.1 M), and mercuric chloride (10-5 M) of those tested prevented sporulation of unsporulated oocysts. With the exception of ammonium hydroxide (1 M), sporulated oocysts developed after treatment with these chemicals.
Avaliação fisiopatológica de coelhos (Oryctolagus cuniculus) infectados experimentalmente com oocistos esporulados de Eimeria stiedae (APICOMPLEXA: EIMERIIDAE)Freitas, Fagner Luiz da Costa [UNESP] 02 February 2009 (has links) (PDF)
Made available in DSpace on 2014-06-11T19:33:26Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0 Previous issue date: 2009-02-02Bitstream added on 2014-06-13T21:06:05Z : No. of bitstreams: 1 freitas_flc_dr_jabo.pdf: 1139081 bytes, checksum: 856bf3c96a6f7eed40da1a35b470f7ae (MD5) / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) / A infecção experimental por Eimeria stiedae em coelhos foi realizada com o objetivo de avaliar os sinais clínicos, alterações hematológicas, metabólicas e anatomopatológicas. Foram utilizados 50 coelhos, raça Nova Zelândia, brancos, com idade entre 40 - 60 dias e de pesos semelhantes. Os animais foram randomizados com relação ao peso e distribuídos em 2 grupos experimentais: grupo infectado, inoculado com 1ml de solução contendo 1x104 oocistos esporulados de E. stiedae; grupo controle, inoculado 1 ml de água destilada. Os animais foram avaliados semanalmente, durante 28 dias, a partir da data de inoculação. Os dados foram avaliados utilizando-se método estatístico não paramétrico pelo teste de Wilcoxon ao nível de 5% de significância. Coelhos infectados com oocistos esporulados de Eimeria stiedae tiveram cirrose hepática que afetou o funcionamento normal do referido órgão repercutindo em produção de proteínas de fase aguda e ocasionando consideráveis alterações metabólicas. / The experimental infection by Eimeria stiedae in rabbits was performed to evaluate the clinical signs, hematological, metabolic and pathological changes. Fifty rabbits were used, New Zealand race, white, aged 40 to 60 days and of similar weight. The animals were randomized to the weight and distributed into 2 experimental groups: infected group, inoculated with 1 ml of solution containing 1x104 sporulated oocysts of Eimeria stiedae; control group, inoculated 1 ml of distilled water. The animals were evaluated weekly, for 28 days from the date of inoculation. A statistical was used non-parametric Wilcoxon test method at 5% level of significance. Rabbits infected with sporulated oocysts of Eimeria stiedae had liver cirrhosis that affected the normal functioning of the body resulting in production of acute phase proteins and cause considerable metabolic changes.
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