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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

A three-phase hybrid dc-ac inverter system utilizing hysteresis control /

White, Terence H. January 2004 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S. in Electrical Engineering)--Naval Postgraduate School, June 2004. / Thesis advisor(s): Robert Ashton. Includes bibliographical references (p. 73-74). Also available online.

Modelling and control of a novel hybrid multilevel inverter for photovoltaic integration.

Wanjekeche, Tom. January 2013 (has links)
D. Tech. Electrical Engineering. / Aims to : 1. Derive the analytical solutions for describing the spectral characteristics of multicarrier based multilevel PWM inverter using double Fourier transform. 2. To carry out a comprehensive modelling of a cascaded NPC/H-bridge for PV-Grid application. 3. To integrate the Cascaded NPC/H-bridge inverter, grid and PV model and analyze the power flow characteristics for varying PV source current and voltage. Detailed analysis of PV and development of MPPT algorithm are not part of this thesis. 4. To develop a novel hybrid phase shifted PWM control algorithm and test its superior harmonic suppression in MATLAB simulation. 5. To compare the developed control algorithm with conventional multicarrier approach in terms of harmonic suppression and component count 6. To develop a control scheme that is capable of injecting maximum power into the grid from the model at different environmental conditions. 7. To explore and develop analytical tools for DC- link voltage control of the model. 8. To design and built a scaled down. 9 Level cascaded NPC/H-bridge inverter for grid connected application.

Design synthesis of LCC HVDC control systems.

Chetty, Leon. January 2011 (has links)
From the early days of HVDC system applications, the importance of mathematical modelling of the dynamics of Line Commutated Converter (LCC) HVDC systems has been appreciated. There are essentially two methodologies used to develop mathematical models of dynamic systems. One methodology is to define the properties of the system by the “laws of nature” and other well-established relationships. Basic techniques of this methodology involve describing the system’s processes using differential equations. This methodology is called “Deductive Modelling”. The other methodology used to derive mathematical models of a dynamic system is based on experimentation. Input and output signals from the original system are recorded to infer a mathematical model of the system. This methodology is known as “Inductive Modelling”. A review of the current state of the art of modelling LCC HVDC systems indicates that majority of the techniques utilized to develop mathematical models of LCC HVDC systems have used the “Deductive Modelling” approach. This methodology requires accurate knowledge of the ac systems and the dc system and involves complicated mathematics. In practice, it is nearly impossible to obtain accurate knowledge of the ac systems connected to LCC HVDC systems. The main aim of this thesis is to present an “Inductive Modelling” methodology to calculate the plant transfer functions of LCC HVDC systems. Due to the uncertain nature of the effective short circuit ratio of rectifier and inverter converter stations, generic ranges of parametric uncertainties of the developed plant transfer functions were determined. Based on the determined range of HVDC plant parametric uncertainty, Quantitative Feedback Theory (QFT) methodology was used to design the parameters of the LCC HVDC control system. The stability of the start-up and step responses for varying ac system conditions validated the “Inductive Modelling” technique and the QFT design methodology. The thesis presents the following, which are considered to be scientific advancements and contributions to the body of knowledge: · Novel LCC HVDC Step Response (HSR) equations were developed using an “Inductive Modeling” technique. · The range of parametric variations of the LCC HSR equations were determined for various rectifier and inverter ac system effective short circuit ratios. · The LCC HSR equations were used to develop the LCC HVDC plant transfer functions for various rectifier and inverter effective short circuit ratios. · The LCC HVDC plant transfer functions were utilized to design an LCC HVDC control system for varying ac system conditions using Quantitative Feedback Theory (QFT) methodology. The main contributions of this thesis relate to LCC HVDC systems. This thesis does not attempt to advance control theory however this thesis does apply existing classical control theory to LCC HVDC control systems. Index Terms: Line Commutated Converter, HVDC, inductive modelling, power system, transient analysis. / Thesis (Ph.D.)-University of KwaZlu-Natal, Durban, 2011.

The application of controllable inverter-based series compensation to power oscillation damping.

Chonco, Nkosinathi Stanford. January 2000 (has links)
Poorly damped oscillations that occur between the generators in large interconnected power systems often limit the amount of power that can be transmitted through a transmission corridor and are a threat to secure system operation. Coordinated insertion and removal of capacitors in series with a transmission line is one of the approaches that has been known for many years to be capable of enhancing the damping of power system oscillations. Unfortunately however, this approach historically relied on the operation of mechanical circuit breakers which were too slow and unreliable for the high-speed and repetitive operation that such an application demands. Recently-emerged, high-speed power-electronic-based switching devices are finding increasing use in modem power systems in the so-called Flexible AC Transmission Systems (F ACTS) concept. One particular FACTS impedance controller, namely the inverter-based series compensator, can rapidly alter the magnitude of capacitive compensating reactance in series with the line to make it practically feasible to enhance the damping of power system oscillations via dynamically-controlled series compensation. This thesis identifies, in the literature, an insightful approach to the design of an idealised controllable series compensator (CSC) damping scheme; such an approach has been considered in the analyses of the thesis. Three mathematical models of a single-machine infinite bus (SMIB) system are developed and are subsequently used in the initial design and analysis of a CSC damping controller carried out in the thesis. The simple SMIB system case study is used to identify and investigate the factors that have a significant impact on the performance of a CSC damping controller before studying the more complex issue of inter-area mode damping using a CSC. This thesis successfully confirms the results of a previous analytical study in which an idealised representation of the CSC was used, and extends the scope of that previous study by also considering a detailed representation of one particular type of CSC: the inverter-based series compensator. The two key findings of this extended investigation are that the inverter-based form of controllable series compensator can successfully be used to damp power oscillations and that, where the damping of oscillations is the particular focus of study, an idealised representation of the inverterbased CSC is suitable for the analyses. In the case of the inter-area mode damping problem, the selection of an appropriate input signal to the CSC damping controller is a key issue, since the oscillations that are to be damped involve a number of participating generators. This thesis examines the suitability of a few candidate input signals that have been proposed in the literature using the conceptually simpler SMIB system analytical models that have been developed. Finally, the thesis applies the understanding of CSC damping controller design gained from the SMIB study to the problem of inter-area mode damping on a four-generator study system. Time-domain simulation results are presented to demonstrate the impact of the controlled inverter-based series compensator on the damping of the inter-area mode of this system. / Thesis (M.Sc.Eng.)-University of Natal, Durban, 2000.

Programmed harmonic reduction in inverters and controlled rectifiers

Deib, Deib Ali. January 1993 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Ohio University, August, 1993. / Title from PDF t.p.

A comparative study of capacitor voltage balancing techniques for flying capacitor multi-level power electronic converters

Yadhati, Vennela, January 2010 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S.)--Missouri University of Science and Technology, 2010. / Vita. The entire thesis text is included in file. Title from title screen of thesis/dissertation PDF file (viewed July 26, 2010) Includes bibliographical references (p. 96-102).

A multilevel inverter for DC reticulation

Molepo, Seaga Abram 03 1900 (has links)
Thesis (MScEng)--Stellenbosch University, 2003. / ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This report presents the design and development of a multilevel inverter for DC reticulation. Two main multilevel inverter topologies are introduced and discussed. The research focusses on the flying capacitor multilevel topology, since it became evident that it is more suitable for DC reticulation than the diode clamped multilevel topology. A bootstrap power supply for the gate drive circuits of a multilevel inverter is developed and its feasibility verified experimentally. A self-starting auxiliary power supply, that aims at addressing the power supply problem of DC to AC and DC to DC converters, is designed and its functionality demonstrated on a flying capacitor multilevel inverter. An FPGA based digital controller for implementing the inverter's control algorithms is also discussed. This controller incorporates a feed-forward output voltage regulation technique. Experimental results obtained with the four-level flying capacitor multilevel inverter, using the FPGA based digital controller and the self-starting auxiliary power supply, are presented in this report. / AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: In hierdie verslag word die ontwerp en ontwikkelling van 'n multivlak omsetter vir GS retikulasie bespreek. Twee hoof multivlak omsetter topologië word voorgestel en bespreek. Die navorsing fokus op die "vlieënde-kapasitor" multivlak topologië omdat dit duidelik geword het dat dit 'n beter opsie is vir die GS retikulasie as die diode-klamp multivlak topologië. 'n Kragbron vir die hekaandryfbane van die multivlak omsetter is ontwikkel en die werking daarvan is met experimentele toetse bevestig. 'n Self-begin kragbron, wat die probleem van die kragtoevoer aan die GS na WS en die GS na GS omsetters aanspreek, is ontwerp en die funksionaliteit is gedemonstreer met die "vlieënde-kapasitor" multivlak . omsetter. 'n Digitale beheerder, gebaseer op 'n FPGA, wat gebruik word om die omsetter se beheer algoritmes te implementeer, word ook bespreek. Hierdie beheerder inkorporeer 'n vorentoe-voer uittree spannings regulasie tegniek. Eksperimentele resultate wat gekry is met 'n vier-vlak "vlieënde-kapasitor" multivlak omsetter, wat van die FPGA gebaseerde digitale beheerder en die self-begin kragbron gebruik maak, word ook in die verslag bespreek.

Desenvolvimento da modulação Space Vector para um inversor trifásico multinível híbrido assimétrico de nove níveis por fase com Ponte-H em cascata

Rosito, Fernando Covolan 13 September 2017 (has links)
Esta dissertação de mestrado propõe desenvolver a modulação vetorial (space vector – SV) para um inversor trifásico multinível híbrido assimétrico de nove níveis por fase com ponte-H em cascata (cascaded H-bridge – CHB). A verificação do desempenho ocorre através de simulações em software de simulação matemática, e posterior comparações entre duas simulações realizadas, como também a comparação da simulação de melhor desempenho com simulações obtidas com a modulação por síntese de formas de onda quase-quadradas e a modulação híbrida. Para tanto, inicialmente são revisadas as topologias de inversores de frequência mais tradicionais na literatura, identificando as suas características para justificar a escolha da topologia híbrida assimétrica. Posteriomente são revisados os métodos de modulação para inversores de frequência, identificando na modulação vetorial vantagens para sintetização das tensões de linha. Após, são relacioanados trabalhos envolvendo a modulação space vector aplicada em inversores multiníveis. Em seguida, a modulação SV é desenvolvida para o inversor trifásico multinível híbrido assimétrico de nove níveis por fase com ponte-H em cascata, sendo realizadas as seguintes etapas: definição dos possíveis vetores de comutação (estados de chaveamento) do inversor proposto no espaço tridimensional e no plano α-β; identificação dos planos limites e dos planos de separação dos setores no plano α-β; obtenção das matrizes de decomposição e; definição da sequência de comutação. Os resultados, obtidos por meio de software de simulação matemática, dos gráficos das tensões de fase e tensões de linha, assim como os valores de distorção harmônica total (total harmonic distortion – THD), fator de distorção de primeira ordem (first order distortion factor – DF1), tensão de modo comum, espectro harmônico dos sinais das tensões (de fase e de linha) são analisados, sendo os índices de THD, DF1 e tensão de modo comum comparados entre duas sequências de comutação diferentes para o inversor proposto. Também, os valores desses índices são comparados com outras técnicas de modulação (modulação por síntese de formas de onda quase-quadradas (QQ) e a modulação híbrida). O desenvolvimento e os resultados das simulações da modulação SV na topologia híbrida assimétrica de nove níveis proposta, assim como as análises das comparações, apontam resultados satisfatórios, identificando um potencial grandioso da modulação SV desenvolvida. / Submitted by Ana Guimarães Pereira (agpereir@ucs.br) on 2017-09-29T13:33:41Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Dissertacao Fernando Covolan Rosito.pdf: 6134096 bytes, checksum: e34621dae75a6139302a387eb73107b7 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2017-09-29T13:33:41Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Dissertacao Fernando Covolan Rosito.pdf: 6134096 bytes, checksum: e34621dae75a6139302a387eb73107b7 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2017-09-29 / This dissertation proposes to develop the space vector (SV) modulation for a three phase hybrid asymmetric multilevel inverter of nine levels per phase with cascaded H-bridge (CHB). Performance verification occurs through software simulations, and subsequent comparisons between two simulations performed, as well as the comparison of the best performance simulation with simulations obtained with the step wave modulation and hybrid modulation. To do this, the topologies of more traditional frequency inverters are reviewed in the literature, identifying their characteristics to justify the choice of hybrid asymmetric topology. Subsequently, the modulation methods for frequency inverters are reviewed, identifying the advantages of vector modulation for the synthesis of line voltages. Afterwards, works involving the space vector modulation applied in multilevel inverters are related. Then, the SV modulation is developed for a three phase hybrid asymmetric multilevel inverter of nine levels per phase with cascaded H-bridge (CHB). The following steps are performed: definition of the possible switching vectors (switching states) of the proposed inverter in three-dimensional space and in the plane α-β; identification of boundary planes and separation plans of sectors in the α-β plane; obtaining the decomposition matrices e; definition of the switching sequence. The results, obtained through mathematical simulation software, of the phase voltages and line voltages graphs, as well as the values of total harmonic distortion (THD), first order distortion factor (DF1), common mode voltage, harmonic spectrum of the voltage signals (phase and line) are analyzed, with THD, DF1 and common mode voltage indices being compared between two different switching sequences for the proposed inverter. In addition, the values of these indices are compared with other modulation techniques (step wave modulation and hybrid modulation). The development and results of the SV modulation simulations in the nine-level hybrid asymmetric topology proposed, as well as the comparative analyzes, indicate satisfactory results, identifying a great potential for SV modulation developed.

Inversores monofásicos para conexão de sistemas fotovoltaicos à rede

Marangoni, Filipe 27 August 2012 (has links)
Esta pesquisa apresenta um estudo comparativo de inversores monofásicos conectados à rede (sem transformador de acoplamento), empregando geradores fotovoltaicos. Inicialmente é destacada a crescente demanda mundial por energia elétrica e o crescimento da utilização de geração através de fontes renováveis, impulsionando o desenvolvimento dessas tecnologias. Também é apresentado um resumo sobre a geração de energia elétrica fotovoltaica descentralizada, incluindo os principais tipos de sistemas e a sua conexão à rede de distribuição da concessionária. Em busca da redução do custo da energia elétrica produzida com geradores fotovoltaicos, a eliminação do transformador de baixa frequência que conecta o inversor à rede, foi apresentada como uma alternativa interessante. Porém associada à conexão direta do inversor podem surgir correntes de fuga devido à existência de capacitâncias parasitas entre as células fotovoltaicas do painel e o potencial de terra do sistema gerador-rede. Para evitar esses problemas várias modificações no circuito eletrônico dos inversores têm sido propostas visando eliminar variações na tensão de modo comum destes. Esse trabalho busca avaliar algumas destas topologias visando definir parâmetros de desempenho que possam servir como base para a escolha de uma topologia em detrimento as demais para um conjunto de especificações tais como a potência instalada do gerador ou a amplitude da tensão da rede, dentre outros. / This research presents a comparative study of single-phase transformerless grid connected inverters, employing photovoltaic generators. Initially is highlighted the increasing worldwide demand for electricity and the growth of the use of renewable sources, driving the development of these technologies. It is also presented an overview of the photovoltaic decentralized power generation, including the major types of systems and their connection to the utility grid. In order to reduce the electricity cost of photovoltaic generation, the elimination of low frequency transformer that connects the inverter to the grid, was presented as an interesting alternative. But associated with the direct inverter connection, leakage currents may arise due to the existence of parasitic capacitances between the panel photovoltaic cell and the system ground. To avoid these problems, several modifications in the electronic circuit of the inverter have been proposed to eliminate variations in the inverter common mode voltage. This research evaluates some of these topologies in order to define performance parameters that can serve as the basis for choosing a topology over the other for a set of specifications such as the installed power or the amplitude of grid voltage, among others.

Estudo e implementação de um filtro ativo de potência paralelo aplicado em sistemas trifásicos a quatro fios com controle e modulação vetorial

Acordi, Edson Junior 31 August 2012 (has links)
O presente trabalho realiza o estudo e implementação de um filtro ativo de potência paralelo (FAPP) aplicado em sistemas trifásicos a quatro fios utilizando a topologia de um inversor de tensão four-legs, visando a redução do conteúdo harmônico gerado por cargas não lineares e a compensação de reativos. A geração das correntes de referência de compensação é obtida através da estratégia de compensação baseada no sistema de eixos de referência síncrona (SRF) a qual utiliza conceitos de controle vetorial. O sincronismo do sistema SRF é realizado através de um circuito q-PLL (q-Phase Locked Loop) o qual é baseado no conceito da teoria da potência instantânea imaginária (teoria pq). A análise matemática da topologia four-legs é desenvolvida a fim de se obter um modelo linear em espaço de estados que represente o sistema físico para os sistemas de coordenadas abc, αβ0 e dq0. O método de controle proposto é implementado em eixos dq0, através de três controladores do tipo PI (Proporcional-Integral), os quais são projetados utilizando os conceitos de margem de estabilidade. Um estudo detalhado da modulação Space Vector aplicada a sistemas trifásicos four-legs é apresentado. Resultados de simulações são apresentados para validar o modelo do filtro proposto bem como a técnica de controle aplicada. Por fim, os resultados experimentais obtidos são avaliados considerando a a recomendação IEEE 519-1992 para mostrar a capacidade do FAPP na supressão de correntes harmônicas e compensação de potência reativa. / This work deals with the study and analysis of a parallel active power filter (APF) applied to three-phase four-wire systems using a four-leg inverter, aiming the suppresion of the harmonic content of non-linear loads and reactive power compensation. The generation of the compensation current references is obtained by means of the strategy based on the synchronous reference frame (SRF) system, which utilizes the concepts of vector control. The timing of the SRF system is performed through a q-PLL (q-Phase Locked Loop) circuit that is based on the imaginary instantaneous power theory. Mathematical analysis is developed in order to obtain a linear model in state space that represents the physical system in the coordinate systems abc, αβ0 and dq0. The proposed control method is implemented in dq0 axes through three Proportional-Integral (PI) controllers, which are designed using the concepts of stability margin. A detailed study of Space Vector modulation applied to three-phase four-leg inverter is presented. Simulation results are presented to validate the model of the APF and the control technique adopted. Finally, experimental results are obtained and evaluated considering the recommendation IEEE 519-1992 to show the capability of the parallel APF of current harmonic suppression and reactive power comensation.

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