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A numerical study of finite element calculations for incompressible materials under applied boundary displacementsNagarkal Venkatakrishnaiah, Vinay Kumar 23 August 2006
In this thesis, numerical experiments are performed to test the numerical stability of the finite element method for analyzing incompressible materials from boundary displacements. The significance of the study relies on the fact that incompressibility, or density preservation during deformation, is an important property of materials such as rubber and soft tissue.<p>It is well known that the finite element analysis (FEA) of incompressible materials is less straightforward than for materials which are compressible. The FEA of incompressible materials using the usual displacement based finite element method results in an unstable solution for the stress field. Hence, a different formulation called the mixed up formulation (u displacement, p pressure) is used for the analysis. The up formulation results in a stable solution but only when the forces and/or stress tractions acting on the structure are known. There are, however, certain situations in the real world where the forces or stress tractions acting on the structure are unknown, but the deformation (i.e. displacements) due to the forces can be measured. One example is the stress analysis of soft tissues. High resolution images of initial and deformed states of a tissue can be used to obtain the displacements along the boundary. In such cases, the only inputs to the finite element method are the structural geometry, material properties, and boundary displacements. When finite element analysis of incompressible materials with displacement boundary conditions is performed, even the mixed up formulation results in highly unstable calculations of the stress field. Here, a hypothesis for solving this problem is developed and tested. Theories of linear and nonlinear stress analysis are reviewed to demonstrate that it may be possible to determine the von Mises stress uniquely in spite of the numerical instability inherent in the calculations.<p>To validate this concept, four different numerical examples representing different deformation processes are considered using ANSYS®: a plate in simple shear; expansion of a thickwalled cylinder; a plate in uniform strain; and Cooks membrane. Numerical results show that, unlike the normal stress components Sx, Sy, and Sz, the calculated values of the von Mises stress are reasonably accurate if measurement errors in the displacement data are small. As the measurement error increases, the error in the von Mises stress increases approximately linearly for linear problems, but can become unacceptably large in nonlinear cases, to the point where solution process encounter fatal errors. A quasiDirichlet patch test in association with this problem is also introduced.

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A numerical study of finite element calculations for incompressible materials under applied boundary displacementsNagarkal Venkatakrishnaiah, Vinay Kumar 23 August 2006 (has links)
In this thesis, numerical experiments are performed to test the numerical stability of the finite element method for analyzing incompressible materials from boundary displacements. The significance of the study relies on the fact that incompressibility, or density preservation during deformation, is an important property of materials such as rubber and soft tissue.<p>It is well known that the finite element analysis (FEA) of incompressible materials is less straightforward than for materials which are compressible. The FEA of incompressible materials using the usual displacement based finite element method results in an unstable solution for the stress field. Hence, a different formulation called the mixed up formulation (u displacement, p pressure) is used for the analysis. The up formulation results in a stable solution but only when the forces and/or stress tractions acting on the structure are known. There are, however, certain situations in the real world where the forces or stress tractions acting on the structure are unknown, but the deformation (i.e. displacements) due to the forces can be measured. One example is the stress analysis of soft tissues. High resolution images of initial and deformed states of a tissue can be used to obtain the displacements along the boundary. In such cases, the only inputs to the finite element method are the structural geometry, material properties, and boundary displacements. When finite element analysis of incompressible materials with displacement boundary conditions is performed, even the mixed up formulation results in highly unstable calculations of the stress field. Here, a hypothesis for solving this problem is developed and tested. Theories of linear and nonlinear stress analysis are reviewed to demonstrate that it may be possible to determine the von Mises stress uniquely in spite of the numerical instability inherent in the calculations.<p>To validate this concept, four different numerical examples representing different deformation processes are considered using ANSYS®: a plate in simple shear; expansion of a thickwalled cylinder; a plate in uniform strain; and Cooks membrane. Numerical results show that, unlike the normal stress components Sx, Sy, and Sz, the calculated values of the von Mises stress are reasonably accurate if measurement errors in the displacement data are small. As the measurement error increases, the error in the von Mises stress increases approximately linearly for linear problems, but can become unacceptably large in nonlinear cases, to the point where solution process encounter fatal errors. A quasiDirichlet patch test in association with this problem is also introduced.

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[en] APPLICATION OF A CONTINUATED METHOD OF FINITE ELASTICITY PROBLEMS OF INCOMPRESSIBLE MATERIALS / [pt] APLICAÇÃO DO MÉTODO DE CONTINUAÇÃO A PROBLEMAS DE ELASTICIDADE FINITA DE MATERIAIS INCOMPRESSÍVEISEDGAR NOBUO MAMIYA 15 March 2018 (has links)
[pt] Apresentase aqui uma aplicação do método de continuação, baseado no algoritmo de EulerQuase Newton, a problemas de equilíbrio de materiais hiperelásticos incompressíveis sujeitos a grandes deformações. Discretizase o problema misto estado deformadocampo de pressão pela utilização do método dos elementos finitos, prevendose a compatibilidade LBB entre os espaços envolvidos. Propõese a utilização de uma função densidade de energia de deformação para o material de MooneyRivlin distinta daquela apresentada na literatura clássica, devido ao mal comportamento do Hessiano associado à formulação original. / [en] The application of a continuation method based on the EulerChord algorithm to equilibrium problems of incompressible, hyperelastic materials subjected to large deformations is here presented. The mixed strained statepressure field problem is discretized by means of the finite element method, taking into
account the LBB compatibility condition between the involved spaces. The utilization of a strain energy density function diverse from the one presented in the classical literature, is proposed, due to the ill behavior of the Hessian associated with the original formulation.

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