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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Being-with Information Technology : Critical explorations beyond use and design

Croon Fors, Anna January 2006 (has links)
In the thesis a theoretical exploration concerning the significance of information technology in everyday life is conducted. The main question advanced is how the reflexive nature of information technology can be envisioned. By this question attention is directed to transformative, experiential and dynamic qualities of information technology,i.e. unknown mergers of information technology and human experience. It is tentatively suggested that it is within everyday life that such transformative abilities are due to be significant. That is, depending on if and how people experience otherness in their relationships with information technology different strategies and responses of being a part of the whole are achieved. The main purpose of the thesis is to establish a theoretical base that both reveals such reflexivity and allows for further studies of the significance of information technology in everyday life. An extended purpose is to provide the critical tradition of Informatics research with an alternative view on what might count as critical ideals as well as make some suggestions about what should be subject to further research within this tradition. The framework#being-with information technology#emerges as a result of my insistence on grasping the relationship between information technology and human experience as a whole. Informed primarily by Martin Heidegger’s %1977& thinking on technology the framework ascribes primacy to meaning-making and sense-making processes. The framework also aspire to reach beyond notions of use and design by emphasizing the role and importance of the potential of information technology to transform human experience in new and significant ways. This potential is referred to as information technology as lifeworlds. Throughout the thesis, information technology as lifeworlds is recognized in a number of ways. At the same time it is argued that this is a never-ending, dynamic, open,complex, and often contradictory object of study. It is suggested that a focus on aesthetic experiences entails the possibility to investigate ambiguous meanings of information technology, meanings that all are intrinsic to information technology, but so far has received little or no attention. This suggestion is also a move away from a view of information technology as an object, with certain features, qualities and properties, towards a view of information technology as a relation to the world, to itself,and towards being human. / I boken felaktigt ISBN 91-7305-117-9, skall vara 91-7264-054-5

Den fysiska arbetsmiljön och dess inverkan på IT-studenters arbetssätt

Nilsson, Tim, Ståhlgren, Sonny January 2007 (has links)
<p>Informationsteknologi branschen är enligt en omfattande arbetsmiljöundersökning sämst i</p><p>Sverige när det gäller att främja och aktivt arbeta för en god arbetsmiljö, ett fenomen som</p><p>även präglar vissa IT-utbildningar. Vi har med denna uppsats valt att undersöka huruvida en</p><p>student och dennes studiemetoder påverkas av sin arbetsmiljö. Vi har för att kunna få fram</p><p>studenters egna upplevelser och tankar gjort en kvalitativ fallstudie i form av</p><p>fokusgruppsundersökningar på två studieorter; den Matematiska och Systemtekniska</p><p>institutionen (MSI) på Växjö universitet samt Centrum för informationslogistik (CIL) i</p><p>Ljungby, två skolor som tillhandahåller olika IT-stöd för sina studenter. MSI har ett IT-stöd</p><p>bestående av klassiska datorsalar medans CIL som IT-stöd erbjuder studenterna på skolan att</p><p>leasa nya bärbara datorer. Vi påpekar och drar slutsatser kring skillnader i arbetsmiljön på de</p><p>olika studieorterna. Vi drar slutsatser kring och jämför även de undersökningsresultat vi fått</p><p>mot vår insamlade teori som behandlar värdet av bärbara datorer i undervisning, studenters</p><p>påverkan av fysisk och psykisk arbetsmiljö, arbetsmiljölagen samt vilka konsekvenser detta</p><p>kan få för en organisation.</p> / <p>The information technology industry is according to a large workplace environmental study</p><p>the business that finish last in place in Sweden when it comes to working actively for a</p><p>satisfying work environment. In this essay we have chosen to investigate whether a student</p><p>and his or hers study methods are affected by his or hers work environment. To be able to find</p><p>out what experiences and thoughts students have, we have done a qualitative case study. The</p><p>case study consists of two focus group interviews in two different locations, the first one at</p><p>the School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering (MSI) at Växjö University and the</p><p>second one at The Center for Information Logistics (CIL) in Ljungby. The two institutions</p><p>have different IT-solutions which they provide to their students, MSI with the classical</p><p>computer rooms and CIL who offer their students a leasing deal including new laptops. We</p><p>point out factors in the two institutions and draw conclusions about their differences. We also</p><p>draw conclusions about and compare our research data with our theory, including subjects as</p><p>the value of laptops in education, the physical and psychical work environments effects on</p><p>students, the work environment act and also the consequences these factors may have on an</p><p>organization.</p>

Informatik im Herstellungs- und Nutzungskontext ein technikbezogener Zugang zur fachübergreifenden Lehre /

Engbring, Dieter. January 2004 (has links) (PDF)
Paderborn, Univ., Diss., 2004. / Computerdatei im Fernzugriff.

Informatik im Herstellungs- und Nutzungskontext ein technikbezogener Zugang zur fachübergreifenden Lehre /

Engbring, Dieter. January 2004 (has links) (PDF)
Paderborn, Universiẗat, Diss., 2004.

Information and Communication Technology Applied for Developing Countries in a Rural Context : Towards a Framework for Analysing Factors Influencing Sustainable Use

Sundén, Susanne, Wicander, Gudrun January 2007 (has links)
<p>Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has been considered a tool that can be used to achieve development goals in developing countries. In the same time, the majority of people living in developing countries, and especially those in rural areas lack access to ICT. Even if there have been many attempts to introduce ICT, they have in general not been long-lasting.</p><p>A framework for studying factors that influence use of ICT is desirable. We see it necessary to bring a sustainability aspect into the picture of ICT. In this work the requirement of ‘sustainable ICT use’ stresses that ICT is long-lasting and that ICT meets the needs of the user. Thus, the aim of this work is to develop a tool for conceptualisation that can support the understanding of the conditions for sustainable, and therefore successful, ICT projects in developing countries.</p><p>Our theoretical starting point is taken in the Information System (IS) theories. The theoretical base is then broadened to include theories on international development, theories on sustainable development, and theories on diffusion of innovations and transfer of technology. The theoretical foundation, together with four empirical studies, is used to answer the two research questions in this thesis. The first question is: Which are the critical factors influencing sustainable ICT use in developing countries? By using ‘critical factors’ we emphasise a focus on factors which are crucial (even if possibly not sufficient) for bringing about sustainable ICT use. This question is followed by a second question: How would a framework be structured to properly include these factors in order to support analyses of sustainable ICT use?</p><p>The framework has evolved through the identification of factors from four empirical studies. Forty-one factors were identified and sorted into fifteen subcategories of five major capital assets. The main contribution of our study is that of a generic framework, which can be used as a guideline for planning, implementation, and evaluation of ICT projects in a rural developing country context achieving sustainable ICT. As argued in this thesis technology is not the key resource; it is the combination and system of different resources distributed along a time and space dimension that is the key. With our framework we have demonstrated that the ICT artefact is not the sustainability tool, it is the combination of different resources that makes it sustainable and competitive.</p>

Framgångsfaktorer hos framgångsrika e-handelsföretag i klädbranschen

Thörn, Pär January 2007 (has links)
<p>Omsättningen av försäljning av varor på Internet har ökat kraftigt de senaste åren. I takt med att försäljningen har ökat så har det även uppstått fler leverantörer/aktörer. Eftersom utbudet av leverantörer ökar innebär det att företagen måste differentiera sig i allt större utsträckning. Uppsatsen beskri-ver ett antal företag som framgångsrikt har lyckats att diffe-rentiera sig och vilka faktorer som dom själva anser har varit betydande för framgången.</p> / <p>The turnover for merchandise marketed in the Internet has seen a great increase over the last years. I rate with the in-crease in sales more suppliers has entered the market. Since the range of products has been raised the company’s are forced to take a more differentiated approach. This paper de-scribes a number of company’s that successfully has been able to differentiate themselves and what factors that was significant for this success.</p>

Informationsbehov : Hur tillfredställs patienters informationsbehov? Är fokusgrupper användbar som metod?

Jacobsson, Annie, Åkervall, Andreas January 2010 (has links)
<p>För att få fram rätt information krävs en metod som belyser patienters behov och på så sätt kan hjälpa sjukvården att på bättre sätt ta hjälp av patienters åsikt. Syftet med uppsatsen är därför att få fram hur patienter upplever att deras informationsbehov av hälsoinformation tillfredställs. Vi vill även ta reda på hur detta behov ser ut idag och på vilka sätt det kan tillfredställas bättre.</p><p>Vi vill även testa om fokusgrupper är lämplig som metod för att besvara vårt syfte.</p><p>För att uppfylla syftet har vi samlat in data genom två fokusgrupper. En grupp bestod av personer med mer kontakt med sjukvården medan den andra bestod av personer med mindre kontakt med sjukvården. Med hjälp av resultatet från fokusgrupperna genomfördes en analys där vi fann områden som var särskilt viktiga. Vi har även utvärderat fokusgrupper som metod genom att jämföra med tidigare forskning inom området. Utifrån det insamlade materialet har vi utarbetat en modell som visar hur patienters informationsbehov kan tillfredställas. Denna modell är indelad i fyra delar utifrån hur stort behov patienten har av egen samt allmän information.</p>

User-Technology-Acceptance Among Doctors : A Case Study Examining the Effects of Pre-Implementation Efforts MadeDuring a System-Implementation In Jönköping County Council

Radeskog, Jonas, Söderström, Olle, Strömstedt, Patrik January 2009 (has links)
<p> </p><p>This thesis is based on a case-study of an IT-system implementation within Jönköping County Council. This new IT-system will cover, and support, all health-care related activi-ties within the County Council. The thesis is concerned with aspects that happened within the pre-implementation phase, and the thesis is furthermore only concerned with so-called „soft‟ aspects- meaning aspects that are not of a technical nature. Instead, attitudes relating to the use of the system and various qualities of the system have been measured; and sub-sequently fit into the categories of the extended Technology Acceptance Model, or TAM2, proposed by Venkatesh & Davis (2000). We have limited our research to only look at the attitudes of doctors. The doctors are also divided into two distinct user-groups: where one group has received more training than the other, and have been assigned as „super-users‟, meant to support the regular users in their use of the system, and also to help train these other, „regular-users‟. The attitudes of the various users of the system have been measured by using a qualitative method, and more specifically interviews based on the elements of the TAM2 model. The results of the interviews were analysed using a number of models and theories relevant to the subject matter. The analysis of the results, and the subsequent conclusions which are drawn as answers to the research questions will be of use in future IT-system implementations, especially within the coming rounds of implementing the spe-cific IT-system which has been studied, in the rest of the Jönköping County Council. The main conclusions which have been drawn can be summarised as the following:</p><p>The overall user-technology-acceptance of the doctors towards this system is neutral, but has a strong tendency towards a negative attitude. This conclusion is drawn through combining the perceived usefulness, and its sub-elements, with the perceived ease of use, of the doc-tors- as described in the analysis section. One of the key causes for this is the low subjec-tive norm (or outside opinion affecting attitudes) which is spread about the system. One of the key proposals to avoid these low levels of user-technology-acceptance is to meet the negative subjective norm attitudes being spread, with positive responses; and to optimise the training of all users- but to specifically improve the attitudes and knowledge of the su-per-users, which has been proven to be critical for a successful implementation. This thesis shows the importance of managing the subjective norms of the participants in the imple-mentation project, negative press in the media should in our opinion be met by positive in-formation about the system and the implementation. We have also found that should the training be performed in a satisfactory way the opinions and attitudes of the users will be positively affected. The training of the super-users has been found to be of special impor-tance as the attitudes of colleagues have been shown to be the most important for users, when building early opinions about a system.</p><p> </p>

Skapandet av en berättelse

Wesslegård, Mattias January 2008 (has links)
<p>Uppsatsen beskriver hela arbetsprocessen över hur en prototyp för en presentationsvideo kan skapas med stöd av Klaus Fogs fyra element. Information till designen hämtas från en kvalitativ intervju. Intervjusvaren sammanställs därefter och grundstenarna till berättelsen plockades ut med hjälp av Klaus Fogs element. Därefter åskådliggörs elementen i ett storyboard, som därefter omarbetas till en prototyp för en presentationsvideo. Presentationsvideon är ett case åt ett företag med namnet Aktivt Uteliv. Prototypen som skapas i uppsatsen ligger som diskussionsgrund för det fortsatta arbetet med presentationsvideon.</p>

Webbdesign för synskadade

Johansson, Maria January 2009 (has links)
No description available.

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