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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

A Robotic Platform for Student System Design

Rodhouse, Kathryn, Ziegler, Steven, Huttsell, Ryan 10 1900 (has links)
ITC/USA 2010 Conference Proceedings / The Forty-Sixth Annual International Telemetering Conference and Technical Exhibition / October 25-28, 2010 / Town and Country Resort & Convention Center, San Diego, California / The goal of the project described in this paper, is to develop a platform for undergraduate engineering students to use in system analysis and design courses. We chose to develop an inexpensive robotic platform. The robot is intended to be autonomous, under the control of an on-board microcontroller. In the first revision of the hardware, a three wheeled design will be used, with the intention of being used indoors, on smooth surfaces. Students in their first year of college education will purchase the components, and assemble the robot. After analyzing the baseline design, they will be encouraged to incorporate new sensors and actuators in the subsequent laboratory courses.
2

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Based Air Interfaces and Multiple Input Multiple Output Techniques in Cooperative Satellite Communications for 4th Generation Mobile Systems

Labrador, Yuri 12 November 2009 (has links)
Recently, wireless network technology has grown at such a pace that scientific research has become a practical reality in a very short time span. One mobile system that features high data rates and open network architecture is 4G. Currently, the research community and industry, in the field of wireless networks, are working on possible choices for solutions in the 4G system. The researcher considers one of the most important characteristics of future 4G mobile systems the ability to guarantee reliable communications at high data rates, in addition to high efficiency in the spectrum usage. On mobile wireless communication networks, one important factor is the coverage of large geographical areas. In 4G systems, a hybrid satellite/terrestrial network is crucial to providing users with coverage wherever needed. Subscribers thus require a reliable satellite link to access their services when they are in remote locations where a terrestrial infrastructure is unavailable. The results show that good modulation and access technique are also required in order to transmit high data rates over satellite links to mobile users. The dissertation proposes the use of OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Multiple Access) for the satellite link by increasing the time diversity. This technique will allow for an increase of the data rate, as primarily required by multimedia applications, and will also optimally use the available bandwidth. In addition, this dissertation approaches the use of Cooperative Satellite Communications for hybrid satellite/terrestrial networks. By using this technique, the satellite coverage can be extended to areas where there is no direct link to the satellite. The issue of Cooperative Satellite Communications is solved through a new algorithm that forwards the received data from the fixed node to the mobile node. This algorithm is very efficient because it does not allow unnecessary transmissions and is based on signal to noise ratio (SNR) measures.
3

Testing Challenges of Mobile Augmented Reality Systems

Lehman, Sarah, 0000-0002-9466-0688 January 2022 (has links)
Augmented reality systems are ones which insert virtual content into a user’s view of the real world, in response to environmental conditions and the user’s behavior within that environment. This virtual content can take the form of visual elements such as 2D labels or 3D models, auditory cues, or even haptics; content is generated and updated based on user behavior and environmental conditions, such as the user’s location, movement patterns, and the results of computer vision or machine learning operations. AR systems are used to solve problems in a range of domains, from tourism and retail, education and healthcare, to industry and entertainment. For example, apps from Lowe’s [82] and Houzz [81] support retail transactions by scanning a user’s environment and placing product models into the space, thus allowing the user to preview what the product might look like in her home. AR systems have also proven helpful in such areas as aiding industrial assembly tasks [155, 175], helping users overcome phobias [35], and reviving interest in cultural heritage sites [163]. Mobile AR systems are ones which run on portable handheld or wearable devices, such that the user is free to move around their environment without restric- tion. Examples of such devices include smartphones, tablets, and head-mounted dis- plays. This freedom of movement and usage, in combination with the application’s reliance on computer vision and machine learning logic to provide core function- ality, make mobile AR applications very difficult to test. In addition, as demand and prevalence of machine learning logic increases, the availability and power of commercially available third-party vision libraries introduces new and easy ways for developers to violate usability and end-user privacy. The goal of this dissertation, therefore, is to understand and mitigate the challenges involved in testing mobile AR systems, given the capabilities of today’s commercially available vision and machine learning libraries. We consider three related challenge areas: application behavior during unconstrained usage conditions, general usability, and end-user privacy. To address these challenge areas, we present three research efforts. The first presents a framework for collecting application performance and usability data in the wild. The second explores how commercial vision libraries can be exploited to conduct machine learning operations without user knowledge. The third presents a framework for leveraging the environment itself to enforce privacy and access control policies for mobile AR applications. / Computer and Information Science
4

Dynamically reconfigurable architecture for third generation mobile systems

Alsolaim, Ahmad M. January 2002 (has links)
No description available.
5

[pt] D-RAMA: UM NOVO PROTOCOLO DE ACESSO PARA SERVIÇOS INTEGRADOS EM SISTEMAS MÓVEIS DE TERCEIRA GERAÇÃO / [en] D-RAMA: A NEW ACCESS PROTOCOL FOR THIRD GENERATION WIRELESS INTEGRATED SERVICES

JAVIER GUSTAVO SANTIVANEZ GRAMAJO 18 November 2005 (has links)
[pt] Existe um crescente interesse na introdução de serviços integrados no ambiente de comunicações móveis e sem fio. Estes serviços podem incluir, em alguns casos, informação na forma de áudio, vídeo, imagens e dados simultaneamente junto com o serviço existente de voz nas redes celulares. Devido à necessidade por maior faixa, o aumento da capacidade da interface rádio continuará sendo um dos principais requisitos para a introdução destes novos serviços. Para atender esta necessidade, vários métodos de acesso estão sendo propostos. Esta tese propõe um novo protocolo de acesso, D-RAMA, que visa extender os métodos de acesso determinísticos TRAMA e FRAMA. A validação do algoritmo é feita por meio de simulação considerando diversas interfaces rádio, assim como diferentes tipos de tráfegos. / [en] Third generation systems will present several new enhancements while compared with current second generation technologies. Some of the most important ones are the support of integrated services (audio, video, data) as well as speech, operation in different radio environments with several propagation conditions and increased capacity. These features demand an efficient media access control (MAC) protocol, supporting both Constant Bit Rate (CBR) and Variable Bit Rate (VBR) traffic types with different Quality of Service (QoS) requeriments. In order to supply this demand, several packet access methods are being proposed. This thesis presents a new media access protocol, D-RAMA (Dynamic Priorities Resource Auction Multiple Access) and FRAMA (Fair resource Auction Multiple Access) methods, and is designed to fulfill the requirements of third generation systems. The protocol is validated through simulations, considering several radio interfaces and traffic sources.
6

Energy storage-aware prediction/control for mobile systems with unstructured loads

LeSage, Jonathan Robert, 1985- 26 September 2013 (has links)
Mobile systems, such as ground robots and electric vehicles, inherently operate in stochastic environments where load demands are largely unknown. Onboard energy storage, most commonly an electrochemical battery system, can significantly constrain operation. As such, mission planning and control of mobile systems can benefit from a priori knowledge about battery dynamics and constraints, especially the rate-capacity and recovery effects. To help overcome overly conservative predictions common with most existing battery remaining run-time algorithms, a prediction scheme was proposed. For characterization of a priori unknown power loads, an unsupervised Gaussian mixture routine identifies/clusters the measured power loads, and a jump-Markov chain characterizes the load transients. With the jump-Markov load forecasts, a model-based particle filter scheme predicts battery remaining run-time. Monte Carlo simulation studies demonstrate the marked improvement of the proposed technique. It was found that the increase in computational complexity from using a particle filter was justified for power load transient jumps greater than 13.4% of total system power. A multivariable reliability method was developed to assess the feasibility of a planned mission. The probability of mission completion is computed as the reliability integral of mission time exceeding the battery run-time. Because these random variables are inherently dependent, a bivariate characterization was necessary and a method is presented for online estimation of the process correlation via Bayesian updating. Finally, to abate transient shutdown of mobile systems, a model predictive control scheme is proposed that enforces battery terminal voltage constraints under stochastic loading conditions. A Monte Carlo simulation study of a small ground vehicle indicated significant improvement in both time and distance traveled as a result. For evaluation of the proposed methodologies, a laboratory terrain environment was designed and constructed for repeated mobile system discharge studies. The test environment consists of three distinct terrains. For each discharge study, a small unmanned ground vehicle traversed the stochastic terrain environment until battery exhaustion. Results from field tests with a Packbot ground vehicle in generic desert terrain were also used. Evaluation of the proposed prediction algorithms using the experimental studies, via relative accuracy and [alpha]-[lambda] prognostic metrics, indicated significant gains over existing methods. / text
7

Characterization and optimization of JavaScript programs for mobile systems

Srikanth, Aditya 09 October 2013 (has links)
JavaScript has permeated into every aspect of the web experience in today's world, making it highly crucial to process it as quickly as possible. With the proliferation of HTML5 and its associated mobile web applications, the world is slowly but surely moving into an age where majority of the webpages will involve complex computations and manipulations within the JavaScript engine. Recent techniques like Just-in-Time (JIT) compilation have become commonplace in popular browsers like Chrome and Firefox, and there is an ongoing effort to further optimize them in the context of mobile systems. In order to fully take advantage of JavaScript-heavy webpages, it is important to first characterize the interaction of these webpages (both existing pages and modern HTML5 pages) with the different components of the JavaScript engine, viz. the interpreter, the method JIT, the optimizing compiler and the garbage collector. In this thesis, the aforementioned characterization work was leveraged to identify the limits of JavaScript optimizations. Subsequently, a particular optimization, i.e. Register Allocation heuristics was explored in detail on different types of JavaScript programs. This was primarily because the majority of the time (an average of 52.81%) spent in the optimizing compiler is for the register allocation stage alone. By varying the heuristics for register assignment, interval priority and spill selection, a clear idea is obtained about how it impacts certain types of programs more than others. This thesis also gives a preliminary insight into JavaScript applications and benchmarks, showing that these applications tend to be register-intensive, with large live intervals and sparse uses, and sensitive to array and string manipulations. A statically-selected optimal register allocation scheme outperforms the default register allocation scheme resulting in 9.1% performance improvement and 11.23% reduction in execution time on a representative mobile system. / text
8

[en] DIVERSITY IN SPACES AND POLARIZATIN APPLIED ON URBAN CELLULAR MOBILE SYSTEMS / [pt] DIVERSIDADES EM ESPAÇO E POLARIZAÇÃO APLICADAS A SISTEMAS MÓVEIS CELULARES URBANOS

RENATO AFFONSO PIMENTEL 01 November 2005 (has links)
[pt] Neste trabalho foi desenvolvido um estudo experimental do uso de técnicas de diversidade para combater o efeito de desvanecimento em sistemas de comunicação móveis celulares. Uma revisão da teoria mostrou os principais métodos de diversidade existentes e as técnicas usadas para combinar os diferentes sinais dos braços da diversidade e assim produzir um ganho em relação ao sinal desvanecido. Um laboratório móvel foi montado e uma extensiva campanha de medidas foi realizada numa região urbana da cidade do Rio de Janeiro. Devido às perspectivas de implementação dos sistemas de comunicação pessoal e da terceira geração dos sistemas celulares, neste trabalho usou-se freqüências na faixa de 900 e de 1800 MHz. Deste modo pode se estabelecer uma comparação entre os ganhos de diversidade nestas duas freqüências. Resultados de medidas de diversidade em espaço e em polarização na estação rádio base mostraram que estas técnicas são comparáveis em termos dos ganhos proporcionados. Uma contribuição importante deste trabalho foi na determinação dos efeitos do uso de diversidade combinada entre espaço e polarização. Neste caso, duas portas em polarização cruzada de duas antenas separadas espacialmente foram utilizadas. / [en] This work presentes an experimental study of diversity techniques used to combat the effect of channel fading on mobile cellular systems. A comlete theoretical review have shown the main existent diversity methods and the techniques used to combine the different branches of diversity used. A mobile laboratory was assembled and an extensive measurement campaign was carried out on an urban region of the Rio de Janeiro city. Due to the perspectives of personal communication and third generation cellular systems to be deployed, frequecies on the 900 MHz and 1800 MHz band were used on this work. Hence, a comparision between diversity gain on these frequencies was obtained. Results of space and polarization diversity have shown similar behavior in terms of gain. An important contribution of this work was on the effects of a combined space polarization diversity where the crosspolar ports of two spatially spaced antennae were considered.
9

Τεχνικές λήψης δορυφορικών συστημάτων κινητής τηλεφωνίας

Ζωχιός, Αναστάσιος 03 October 2011 (has links)
Τα συστήματα κινητής τηλεφωνίας απαιτούν οι κινητές συσκευές να βρίσκονται στην περιοχή κάλυψης ενός σταθμού βάσης για να μπορεί να διεξαχθεί επικοινωνία. Τι συμβαίνει όμως όταν ένα κινητό τερματικό βρεθεί σε περιοχή που δεν καλύπτεται από σταθμό βάσης; Αυτό μπορεί να συμβεί είτε σε περίπτωση που η περιοχή είναι απομονωμένη ώστε να μη έχει καταστεί συμφέρον να αναπτυχθεί υποδομή κινητής επικοινωνίας, είτε αν βρίσκεται στην επικράτεια υποανάπτυκτης χώρας όπου οι υποδομές είναι απαρχαιωμένες ή ανύπαρκτες, είτε οι υποδομές της περιοχής έχουν καταστραφεί ή καταστεί πρακτικά μη λειτουργικές λόγω απρόσμενων συμβάντων (πόλεμοι, σεισμοί, παλίρροιες, κλπ). Τα κινητά συστήματα δορυφορικών επικοινωνιών αναπτύχθηκαν ακριβώς για να παρέχουν αξιόπιστες υπηρεσίες επικοινωνιών «παντού και πάντοτε». Ειδικά, την δεκαετία 1990 που άρχισε η ευρεία χρήση κινητών επικοινωνιών, αντιμετωπίστηκε το αρχικά το πρόβλημα περιορισμένης κάλυψης λόγω μη επαρκούς επίγειας υποδομής. Η ιδέα ήταν να εξυπηρετούνται οι συνδρομητές από δορυφόρους αντί σταθμών βάσης, οι οποίοι θα παρείχαν παγκόσμια κάλυψη και θα παρέμειναν ανεπηρέαστοι από τις εξελίξεις στην Γη. Συνεπώς, δεν θα απαιτούνταν πρόσθετες υποδομές για κάλυψη περιοχών αλλά οι αρχικοί αστερισμοί δορυφόρων να παρείχαν αδιάκοπη κάλυψη. Ωστόσο λόγω της υψηλής χρέωσης δορυφορικής επικοινωνίας, της αδυναμίας παροχής εξαρχής των διαφημιζόμενων υπηρεσιών και του ανταγωνισμού από τα επίγεια συστήματα κινητής τηλεφωνίας, κάποια από τα δορυφορικά κινητά συστήματα (Iridium, Globalstar) οδηγήθηκαν σε χρεωκοπία στις αρχές της δεκαετίας 2000. Τα συστήματα αυτά εξαγοράστηκαν και ανασυστάθηκαν, και εξυπηρετούν εκατοντάδες χιλιάδων συνδρομητών, ενώ ετοιμάζονται για την εκτόξευση νέας γενεάς δορυφόρων. Η παρούσα διπλωματική εργασία πραγματεύεται τις τεχνικές διαφορικής λήψης στα συστήματα κινητών δορυφορικών επικοινωνιών και γίνεται προσομοίωση της διαφορικής λήψης σήματος δορυφόρου από πλευράς χρήστη. Για να καταστούν όμως σαφέστερες στον χρήστη οι τεχνικές αυτές, προηγείται επισκόπηση των αρχών επικοινωνίας και της αρχιτεκτονικής των συστημάτων αυτών, ενώ μελετώνται και τεχνικές επεξεργασίας που εφαρμόζονται στο κινητό δορυφορικό σήμα. Συγκεκριμένα, στο Κεφάλαιο 1, αναφέρονται οι αρχές κινητών δορυφορικών επικοινωνιών, δηλαδή η συχνότητες επικοινωνίας, οι τροχιές των δορυφόρων, τα φαινόμενα διάδοσης στο ασύρματο δορυφορικό μονοπάτι, η κάλυψη των δορυφόρων κινητών επικοινωνιών, οι δορυφορικές ζεύξεις και οι τεχνικές μεταπομπής του κινητού σήματος. Στο Κεφάλαιο 2, αναλύεται η αρχιτεκτονική των δορυφορικών συστημάτων κινητών επικοινωνιών, δηλαδή όλες οι συνιστώσες διαστήματος και εδάφους από τις οποίες απαρτίζεται ένα δορυφορικό σύστημα που επιτελεί υπηρεσίες κινητών επικοινωνιών. Έμφαση δίνεται στα υποσυστήματα του τηλεπικοινωνιακού δορυφόρου που αποτελεί την κεντρική συνιστώσα κάθε δορυφορικού συστήματος. Γίνεται αναφορά και στην επίγεια υποδομή που παρέχει υποστήριξη στους δορυφόρους και διασύνδεση με τα άλλα δίκτυα επικοινωνιών. Ακολουθεί περιγραφή της αρχιτεκτονικής των δύο πιο δημοφιλών δορυφορικών συστημάτων υπηρεσιών κινητών επικοινωνιών, Iridium και Globalstar. Πλέον όλα τα σήματα κινητών επικοινωνιών είναι ψηφιακά, καθότι η ψηφιακή τεχνολογία προσφέρει πολλά πλεονεκτήματα έναντι της αναλογικής. Στο Κεφάλαιο 3, αναλύονται οι ψηφιακές τεχνικές που εφαρμόζονται στο δορυφορικό σήμα κινητών επικοινωνιών ακολουθώντας όλα τα στάδια από την ψηφιοποίηση του αναλογικού σήματος που παράγεται από τον ομιλητή, τις διάφορες μορφές κωδικοποίησης, πολυπλεξίας, διαμόρφωσης και τέλος, πολλαπλής πρόσβασης στον δορυφορικό αναμεταδότη. Το Κεφάλαιο 4 μπαίνει στην καρδιά της διπλωματικής εργασίας, δηλαδή τις τεχνικές διαφορισμού. Αναφέρονται γενικά οι τεχνικές διαφορισμού πομπού και δέκτη, και ο δέκτης RAKE για διαφορική λήψη κινητού τηλεφώνου. Επιπλέον αναλύονται οι διαδικασίες διαφορισμού που λαμβάνουν χώρα σε όλο το εύρος ενός δορυφορικού συστήματος κατά την διεξαγωγή κλήσης, που εμπλέκουν δύο ή περισσότερες πύλες και δύο ή περισσότερους δορυφόρους. Τέλος, στο Κεφάλαιο 5, γίνεται προσομοίωση της διαφορικής λήψης τηλεφωνικού σήματος CDMA που εκπέμπεται από πολλαπλούς δορυφόρους που βρίσκονται εντός του οπτικού πεδίου ενός δορυφορικού τηλεφώνου. Τα σήματα των δορυφόρων λαμβάνονται από τον δέκτη RAKE του τηλεφώνου και συνδυάζονται σε ένα συνεκτικό σήμα με κάποια τεχνική συνδυασμού. Βάσει των αποτελεσμάτων των προσομοιώσεων θα αξιολογηθεί η ποιότητα του λαμβανόμενου σήματος για κάθε πρόσθετο δορυφόρο και για κάθε τεχνική συνδυασμού διαφορισμού. / The mobile satellite systems were developed with the ambitious goal to provide reliable service “anywhere, anytime”. Whereas the cellular mobile systems depend on ground infrastructure in order to be operational, the mobile satellite systems indeed can still work even where ground infrastructure is inadequate or destroyed by unexpected events such as earthquakes, tides or wars. The concept of mobile satellite systems is that mobile satellite phones communicate directly with a fleet of dozens of satellites just like cell phones communicate with base stations. In such a way, communication can be delivered uninterrupted by events on Earth, as well as the need for additional ground infrastructure can be bypassed. However, due to high satellite service charges, inability to provide the advertised services and high competition from terrestrial cellular systems some of mobile satellite systems (Iridium, Globalstar) fell into bankruptcy in early 2000s. These systems were taken over and reestablished and are currently serving hundreds of thousands customers, while been prepared to launch a new generation of satellites. The purpose of the present diploma thesis is to study the reception techniques in the mobile satellite systems. Eventually, the diversity reception is simulated for the case of a satellite phone receiving signal from four LEO satellites, inspired by the Globalstar system. In order that the function of a MSS can be understood, before the presentation of the simulation, the principles of mobile satellite communications are presented, following the architecture of an MSS and the digital signal techniques that are utilized in mobile satellite communications. Specifically, in Chapter 1 the principles of mobile satellite communications are reviewed. We start with the types of mobile satellite services and frequency allocation. Then the communications satellites orbits are mentioned with emphasis to the advantages and disadvantages of each orbit that determines its utilization in satellite communications. We proceed with the mobile satellite links, the coverage of a LEO satellite and the handover techniques that are necessary in order to guarantee uninterrupted connection and seamless switching during a call. In Chapter 2, the architecture of a mobile satellite system is analyzed, i.e. the components of which a mobile satellite system is comprised. At first, we will take an insight in the structure and the various systems of a communications satellite. In addition, we will see the structure of the ground segment that supports the satellites and the user segment. Additionally the Iridium and Globalstar are presented that follow totally opposite philosophies in all implementation and function aspects. Digital technology has managed to prevail over its analog counterpart in most satellite communications thanks to its inherent advantages. The most common digital signal techniques will be reviewed in Chapter 3 concerning the MSS. Specifically, source coding, channel coding, line coding, modulation, multiplexing, multiple access, pulse shaping, and equalization techniques are taken into account since all these techniques are implemented in almost every wireless digital communication, rendering the digital signal resistant to wireless channel impairments as well as bandwidth effective. In Chapter 4, diversity analysis takes place. Diversity is a technique whereby multiple replicas of a signal are sent over a wireless channel so as to mitigate fading. We will see the various diversity techniques along with the diversity combining techniques which are used to finally combine the received signals into a single coherent signal. Furthermore, a reader will learn about some diversity techniques used in mobile satellite systems involving multiple satellites and gateways during call establishment and routing. Finally, the knowledge acquired from the previous chapters will help understand the process of diversity reception in the case of a satellite phone. In Chapter 5, the signal reception by a satellite phone from four LEO satellites is simulated by use of the Matlab programming tool. Every satellite is presumed to transmit a replica of the same signal based on the CDMA spread spectrum technique whereas the signals arrive at the phone following different paths (path diversity). Hence the received signal is comprised of four multipath components arriving at the receiver at different times. The satellite phone includes a RAKE receiver which is composed of four fingers or braches each synchronized to a multipath component. The RAKE receiver combines the multipath components using each of the SC, EGC and MRC techniques. Conclusively, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and energy per bit to noise power spectral density ratio (Eb/N0) are measured as a function of the number of RAKE receiver fingers and the combining technique. The simulation results will denote the importance of diversity in the quality of the received signal in a multipath environment as well as the efficiency of each of the combining techniques.
10

Transkernel: An Executor for Commodity Kernels on Peripheral Cores

Shuang Zhai (6842960) 16 August 2019 (has links)
<div><p>Modern mobile devices have numerous ephemeral tasks. These tasks are driven by background activities, such as push notifications and sensor readings. In order to execute these tasks, the whole platform has to periodically wake up beforehand, and go to sleep afterwards. During this process, the OS kernel operates on power state of various IO devices, which has been identified as the bottleneck for energy efficiency. To this end, we want to offload this kernel phase to a more energy efficient, microcontroller level core, named peripheral core.</p></div><div><p> </p></div><div><p>To execute commodity OS on a peripheral core, existing approaches either require much engineering effort or incur high execution cost. Therefore, we proposed a new OS model called transkernel. By utilizing cross-ISA dynamic binary translation (DBT) technique, transkernel creates a virtualized environment on the peripheral core. It relies on a small set of stable interfaces. It is specialized for frequently executed kernel path. It exploits ISA similarities to reduce DBT overhead.</p></div><div><p> </p></div><div><p>We implement a transkernel model on ARM platform. With novel design and optimization, we demonstrate that a transkernel can gain energy efficiency. Moreover, it provides a new OS design to harness heterogeneous SoCs.</p></div>

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