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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Estimation of rotational degrees of freedom using spline functions

Ng'andu, Alvert Namasamu January 1995 (has links)
No description available.

An attempt to quantify errors in the experimental modal analysis process /

Marudachalam, Kannan, January 1992 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1992. / Vita. Abstract. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 189-192). Also available via the Internet.

A precision laser scanning system for experimental modal analysis : its test and calibration /

Li, Xinzuo William, January 1992 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1992. / Vita. Abstract. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 133-135). Also available via the Internet.

Comparison of added mass modelling for ships

Yang, James January 1990 (has links)
This thesis presents a comparison of added mass modeling techniques that may be used to determine the the vibration response characteristics of ships in water. The mathematical treatment of added mass is reviewed, and a number of numerical approaches are discussed. Experiments to determine the natural frequencies of a ship model in air and in water were performed and were compared with the results obtained from the numerical approaches. It will be shown in this thesis that the use of modal analysis to predict ship vibration responses in water is a satisfactory and less time consuming alternative to a full eigenvalue solution. / Applied Science, Faculty of / Mechanical Engineering, Department of / Graduate

Operational Modal Analysis Studies on an Automotive Structure

Swaminathan, Balakumar 06 August 2010 (has links)
No description available.

Active control of vibration and analysis of dynamic properties concerning machine tools

Åkesson, Henrik January 2007 (has links)
Vibration in internal turning is a problem in the manufacturing industry. Vibrations appear under the excitation applied by the material deformation process during the machining of a workpiece. In order for a lathe to perform an internal turning or boring operation, for example, in a pre-drilled hole in a workpiece, it is generally required that the boring bar should be long and slender; therefore extra sensitive to vibrations. These vibrations will affect the result of machining, in particular the surface finish, also the tool life may be reduced. As a result of tool vibration, severe acoustic noise frequently occurs in the working environment. This thesis comprises three parts and the first part presents a method for active control of boring bar vibration. This method consists of an active boring bar controlled by, for example, an analog controller. The focus lies on the analog controller and the advantages that may be obtained from working in the analog domain. The controller is a lead-lag compensator with digitally controlled parameters, such as gain and phase. However, signals remain in the analog domain. In addition, the analog controller is compared with a digital adaptive controller and it is found that both controllers yield an attenuation of the vibration by up to 50 dB. The second part of this thesis concerns the dynamic properties of a clamped boring bar used by the industry. In order to design a robust controller for a certain system, knowledge about the system's dynamic properties is required. On the workshop floor, a boring bar is dismounted and remounted, and reconfiguration of boring bars will alter the dynamic properties of the clamped boring bar. The dynamic properties of a standard boring bar and an active boring bar for a number of possible clamping conditions, as well as for a linearized clamping have been investigated based on an experimental approach. Also simple Euler-Bernoulli modeling of clamped boring bars incorporating simple non-rigid models of the boring bar clamping are investigated. Initial simulations of nonlinear SDOF systems have been carried out: one with a signed squared stiffness and one with a cubic stiffness. The purpose of these simulations was to identify a nonlinearity that introduces a similar behavior in the SDOF system dynamics as the nonlinear behavior observed in the dynamic properties of a clamped boring bar. The third and final part of this thesis focuses on vibration analysis methods in engineering education. A signal analyzer (which is a commonly used instrument in signal processing and vibration analysis) was made accessible via the Internet. Assignments were developed for students to learn and practice vibration analysis on real signals from a real setup of a relevant structure; a clamped boring bar. Whilst the experimental setup was fixed, the instrument and sensor configuration nonetheless enable a variety of experiment, for example: excitation signal analysis, spectrum analysis and experimental modal analysis.

Vibrational measurement techniques applied on FE-model updating

Wang, Yaolun January 2015 (has links)
In this thesis, the dynamics of two plates overlapping and connected by three bolts are studied. The data collected in the test are used in modal analysis. The vibrational test and the modal analysis were made using an LMS system. Hammer excitation is used for the tests. The main purpose of this thesis is to study how the suspensions affect the extracted eigenfrequencies and modal dampings. In this thesis, more than 10 suspensions were examined. Another objective in this thesis work is to build an FE-model. This model is made using the software Abaqus. To improve the reliability of the FE-model, a set of reliable experimental data is used to calibrate the model. The calibrated FE-model, using the measurement data, has a dynamic behavior close to the measurement data.

Aplicação da análise modal estática no estudo de estabilidade de tensão /

Amorim, Estelio da Silva. January 2011 (has links)
Orientador: Dilson Amancio Alves / Banca: Carlos Roberto Minussi / Banca: Luiz Carlos Pereira da Silva / Resumo: O objetivo do trabalho proposto é o de apresentar aplicações práticas da técnica de análise modal na avaliação da estabilidade de tensão e à redução da perda total de potência reativa na transmissão. A análise modal tem demonstrado ser uma ferramenta de análise estática muito útil que pode ser utilizada para identificar áreas propensas à instabilidade de tensão. Seus resultados são usados para identificar as medidas de reforço mais adequadas para aumentar a margem de estabilidade de tensão de sistemas elétricos de potência. A melhor localização para a instalação de compensação reativa shunt e série é determinada baseada nos fatores de participação de barra e de ramos, respectivamente. Outros objetivos deste trabalho são os de apresentar uma metodologia alternativa para a alocação de bancos de capacitores shunt, e o efeito da compensação de bancos de capacitores série na margem de carregamento. Os objetivos são à redução da perda total de potência reativa na transmissão e o aumento na margem de carregamento do sistema. Os valores dos montantes de compensação reativa shunt a serem alocados são determinados com base nas curvas de perda total de potência reativa na transmissão versus magnitude de tensão da barra. No caso da compensação série, o valor da reatância capacitiva escolhido é limitado pelo valor prático de compensação que é da ordem de 80%. Também são investigados os efeitos individuais que cada um destes procedimentos traz para o sistema. Entre os efeitos investigados estão: a redução das perdas reativas, a variação na margem de estabilidade estática de tensão, e a melhoria do perfil de tensão. Os resultados obtidos para os sistemas do IEEE (14, 57 e 118 barras) mostram que o procedimento conduz a uma sensível redução da perda total de potência... (Resumo completo, clicar acesso eletrônico abaixo) / Abstract: The objective of the proposed work is to present practical applications of the modal analysis technique applied to voltage stability assessment and reactive power losses reduction. Modal analysis has proven to be a useful steady-state analysis approach which can be applied to identify areas prone to voltage instability. Its results are used to identify the most effective remedial actions to increase system voltage stability margin. The best location for placing shunt and series capacitor is determined based on the bus and branch participations factors respectively. Other goals of the proposed work are to present an alternative procedure to the allocation of shunt capacitor, and the effects of series capacitor compensation on the system loading margin. The objectives are the total reactive power losses reduction in the transmission and the loading margin increase. The values of shunt reactive compensation to be allocated are determined based on the curve of total transmission reactive power losses versus bus voltage magnitude. In case of series compensation, the chosen reactive capacitance values are limited by a practical upper limit of series compensation degree of 80%. The individual effects that each one of these procedures brings for the system are also investigated. Among the investigated effects are: the reduction in the total reactive power losses, the changes in the static voltage stability margin, and the improvement of voltage profile. The results obtained for the IEEE system (14, 57 and 118 bus) show that the procedure leads to a sensible reduction of total reactive power losses and simultaneously, an improvement in the voltage profile and load margin increase. / Mestre

Multimodal vortex-induced vibration

Marcollo, Hayden, 1972- January 2002 (has links)
Abstract not available

Assessment of the structural integrity of timber bridges using dynamic approach.

Choi, Fook Choon January 2007 (has links)
In this study, a systematic approach was adopted to investigate, numerically and experimentally, localised defects and/or damage in timber bridges, such as rot, using modal based damage detection techniques. An existing damage detection method namely damage index (DI) method that utilises modal strain energy before and after damaged state was adopted. One contribution of this study was to modify the Dl method by an additional step of normalising the modal curvature, which would minimise the dominance of higher modes. In the numerical models, a comparative study of the effects of numerical integration techniques used in a damage detection process was carried out. The results show that when mode shape curvature integrations use the rectangular rule for the numerical integration, it yields better results than the trapezoidal rule. In the numerical examples using a finite element model of timber beam, the modified DI (MDI) methods were found to perform better than its original form for locating'" single and multiple damage scenarios. For the DI methods, two types of formulations were adopted and modified, and they are denoted as modified damage index I (MDI-I) and modified damage index II (MDI-II). Another modal based damage detection method, namely changes in flexibility (CIF), was adopted for locating damage. It was found that the ClF method performed reasonably well for single damage but not multiple damage scenarios. As part of the study, the modified damage index methods were utilised for evaluating severity of damage. For the :MDI-I method, the formulation was not derived to evaluate damage severity directly. Instead, a hybrid of the MDI-I and CIF methods (HMC), was proposed for evaluating severity of damage in terms of loss of '1' (moment of inertia). Using three levels of damage, i.e. light (L), medium (M) and severe (S), the HMC method is able to predict the medium and severe damage quite well, but it is less efficient for light damage scenarios. For the MDI-II method, further manipulation of the algorithm can predict the severity of damage in terms of loss of'I'. This method is able to predict the medium and severe damage quite well but is not as good for the light damage. Both methods, HMC and MDI-II, for predicting severity of damage, required some adjustment using a weighting factor in order to obtain reasonable results. An experimental modal analysis (EMA) test program of timber beams was undertaken. This was done to verify the robustness of the modified damage index methods for detecting location and estimating severity of damage. The laboratory investigation was conducted on the corresponding changes of modal parameters due to loss of section. The MDI methods were used to detect location of damage and to evaluate the severity of damage in the test beams. A mode shape reconstruction technique was utilised to enhance the capability of the damage detection algorithms with limited number of sensors. The test results and analysis show that location of damage is quite accurately estimated with the available sensors. The methods demonstrate that they are less mode dependant and can detect damage with a higher degree of confidence. The MDI methods also show that they are able to predict the severe damage well, but it is less accurate for the medium damage and not as good for light damage. The damage index II (DI-II) method extended to plate-like structures (DI-II-P) was adopted and evaluated for detecting damage. Based on finite element analysis (FEA) results of a laboratory timber bridge, the DI-II-P method which utilises two dimensional (2-D) mode shape curvature was employed to detect location of damage. The results show that the tnethod based on 2-D mode shape curvature is able to locate damage quite well, numerically. A supplementary work using the DI-II-P method in a timber plate model was carried out. The results also show that the method was able to predict the damage location well. A process of updating a laboratory timber bridge, analytically, is presented. A finite element model was developed and updated with experimental modal data. Material properties of timber beam (girders) and plywood (deck) as well as the screw connection between deck and girder were experimentally investigated. These test results were then used for the finite element modelling. The model has been developed sequentially starting with a preliminary model having very simple features. It followed by the advanced model calibrated with the experimental modal data employing a global objective function, consisting of errors of natural frequencies and modal assurance criterion. The calibrated finite element model shows a good correlation to the experimental model with minor adjustments to the real material properties and boundary conditions. The calibrated model can reasonably be used to study the damaged behaviour of the laboratory timber bridge. The bridge model was then used to verify the numerical results for detecting damage. The bridge was inflicted with various damage scenarios with loss of section similar to the timber beam models. The limited number of data was expanded using the 2-D cubic spline. Using the reconstructed data for detecting damage yields better results than just using 'as is' data. Using the undanlaged and dmnaged modal data, the D I-II -P method was employed to detect the location of damage. The results of using the first nine modes showed that generally the severe damage is able to be located by the method. It performs reasonably well for the medium damage but does not perform as good in the light damage scenarios. However, in some cases the method can present some problems in identifying severe damage, which may be due to lack of normalisation of mode shape curvature. Complementary work was undertaken using the method 'On a timber plate, experimentally. The results showed that the damage detection process in the timber plate is less efficient compared to the laboratory timber bridge. A comprehensive comparative study was carried out based on the results of the numerical and experimental investigation of damage detection on timber beam, laboratory timber bridge and timber plate. For the timber beam, both damage detection methods, MDI-I and MDI-II, were capable of detecting medium and severe damage in the numerical and experimental studies. However, the light damage was not identified well using the experimental data in the presence of noise. To estimate damage severity in the timber beam, the HMC method performed well for the medium and severe damage. The method did not work well in estimating severity of light damage. Similar conclusions can be drawn in using the MDI-II method to estimate the damage severity. The results of applying the DI-II-P method (using 9 modes) to locate damage in the laboratory timber bridge showed that numerical and experimental data are capable of detecting all severe damage for damage cases with less than three damage locations. While for light and medium damage, the experimental data did not work well as compared to the numerical one. For the timber plate (a complementary work), the numerical and experimental results also showed that they are able to detect the severe damage well. However, there were serious false positives appearing in the light damage cases in the experimental results.

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