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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
11

AC conductivity and dielectric constant of systems near the percolation threshold /

Song, Yi January 1986 (has links)
No description available.
12

Shear modulus of solid 4He confined in aerogel

Rabbani, Arif Unknown Date
No description available.
13

Spectral properties of displacement models

Baker, Steven Jeffrey, January 2007 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Alabama at Birmingham, 2007. / Additional advisors: Richard Brown, Ioulia Karpechina, Ryoichi Kawai, Boris Kunin. Description based on contents viewed Feb. 5, 2008; title from title screen. Includes bibliographical references (p. 73-75).
14

Tilt phase transitions in disordered systems /

Chen, Leiming. January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Oregon, 2006. / Typescript. Includes vita and abstract. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 126-128). Also available for download via the World Wide Web; free to University of Oregon users.
15

Influence of rare regions on the critical properties of systems with quenched disorder /

Narayanan, Rajesh, January 1999 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Oregon, 1999. / Typescript. Includes vita and abstract. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 165-166). Also available for download via the World Wide Web; free to University of Oregon users. Address: http://wwwlib.umi.com/cr/uoregon/fullcit?p9948028.
16

The effects of disorder in strongly interacting quantum systems

Thomson, Steven January 2016 (has links)
This thesis contains four studies of the effects of disorder and randomness on strongly correlated quantum phases of matter. Starting with an itinerant ferromagnet, I first use an order-by-disorder approach to show that adding quenched charged disorder to the model generates new quantum fluctuations in the vicinity of the quantum critical point which lead to the formation of a novel magnetic phase known as a helical glass. Switching to bosons, I then employ a momentum-shell renormalisation group analysis of disordered lattice gases of bosons where I show that disorder breaks ergodicity in a non-trivial way, leading to unexpected glassy freezing effects. This work was carried out in the context of ultracold atomic gases, however the same physics can be realised in dimerised quantum antiferromagnets. By mapping the antiferromagnetic model onto a hard-core lattice gas of bosons, I go on to show the importance of the non-ergodic effects to the thermodynamics of the model and find evidence for an unusual glassy phase known as a Mott glass not previously thought to exist in this model. Finally, I use a mean-field numerical approach to simulate current generation quantum gas microscopes and demonstrate the feasibility of a novel measurement scheme designed to measure the Edwards-Anderson order parameter, a quantity which describes the degree of ergodicity breaking and which has never before been experimentally measured in any strongly correlated quantum system. Together, these works show that the addition of disorder into strongly interacting quantum systems can lead to qualitatively new behaviour, triggering the formation of new phases and new physics, rather than simply leading to small quantitative changes to the physics of the clean system. They provide new insights into the underlying physics of the models and make direct connection with experimental systems which can be used to test the results presented here.
17

Topics in the theory of inhomogeneous media composite superconductors and dielectrics /

Kim, Kwangmoo, January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Ohio State University, 2007. / Title from first page of PDF file. Includes bibliographical references (p. 166-181).
18

Destino dos estados estendidos e origem dos estados localizados no regime Hall quântico / Fate of extended states and origin of localized states in quantum Hall regime

Pereira, Ana Luiza Cardoso, 1976- 31 March 2005 (has links)
Orientadores: Peter A. B. Schulz, John T. Chalker / Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin / Made available in DSpace on 2018-08-06T19:00:22Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Pereira_AnaLuizaCardoso_D.pdf: 2880300 bytes, checksum: ffd133973b4bc6e23c91694bc47d8794 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2005 / Resumo: Esse trabalho é dedicado ao estudo de dois problemas de interesse atual em sistemas quânticos de baixa dimensionalidade. Ambos são relacionados ao processo de localização eletrônica no regime Hall quântico. O primeiro problema diz respeito ao destino dos estados estendidos no limite de baixos campos magnéticos ou forte desordem, onde ocorre a transição de líquido de Hall para o isolante de Hall. O problema é abordado através de simulações numéricas, com um modelo de rede bidimensional tratado por um Hamiltoniano tight-binding, considerando-se tanto desordem tipo ruído branco quanto desordem correlacionada com perfil Gaussiano. Nós observamos que à medida que o campo magnético tende a zero ou a desordem é suficientemente aumentada no sistema, os estados estendidos sofrem um deslocamento em relação ao centro das bandas de Landau, indo em direção às mais altas energias e, eventualmente, ultrapassando a energia de Fermi. Esse mecanismo é chamado na literatura de levitação de estados estendidos. Nossos resultados permitem uma análise quantitativa. Identificamos os seguintes parâmetros como sendo os relevantes para mapear a levitação: (i) a razão entre escalas de energia ¿ entre a energia de separação dos níveis de Landau e o alargamento do nível devido à desordem; e (ii) a razão entre escalas de comprimento ¿ entre o comprimento magnético e o comprimento de correlação da desordem. Analisando uma vasta gama de parâmetros, uma expressão de escala descrevendo a levitação de estados estendidos é estabelecida neste trabalho. O segundo problema abordado nesta tese é relacionado ao processo de blindagem do potencial de desordem e ao mecanismo de formação dos estados localizados em sistemas Hall quânticos. O trabalho analítico apresentado aqui é motivado por recentes resultados experimentais, que mostram imagens de microscopia com medidas locais do potencial eletrostático e da compressibilidade desses sistemas, evidenciando como se dá o processo de carga de estados localizados por cargas inteiras ou fracionárias (quase-partículas). Em um regime onde o comportamento é dominado por interações Coulombianas, estabelecemos um modelo eletrostático que descreve o estado localizado como sendo uma região compressível (quantum dot ou antidot) envolta por um plano incompressível, usando a aproximação de Thomas-Fermi para tratar as interações. O potencial eletrostático nas vizinhanças da região compressível é calculado, fornecendo o tamanho dos saltos que ocorrem no potencial à medida que cada carga é adicionada ou removida do estado localizado. Além de mostrar como estes saltos se tornam menores com o aumento do índice de Landau, nossos resultados mostram a dependência deles com a altura de observação do potencial (ou seja, a altura da ponta de prova em relação ao gás de elétrons). O modelo apresentado pode ser usado para tratar estados localizados observados nos platôs do efeito Hall quântico inteiro ou fracionário / Abstract: This work is devoted to the study of two problems of current interest in low dimensional quantum systems. Both are related to the process of electron localization in the quantum Hall regime. The first problem refers to the fate of extended states in the limit of low magnetic fields or strong disorder, where the transition from quantum Hall liquid to Hall insulator takes place. A numerical approach to the problem is used, with a 2D lattice model treated in a tight-binding framework, considering both white-noise and Gaussian correlated disorder. We observe that as the magnetic field vanishes or the disorder is sufficiently increased in the system, the extended states are shifted from the Landau band centers, going to higher energies and, eventually, rising above the Fermi energy. This mechanism is referred in the literature as levitation of extended states. Our results allow a quantitative analysis. We identify the following parameters as the relevant ones to map the levitation: (i) the energy scales ratio - between the energy separation of consecutive Landau levels and the level broadening due to disorder; and (ii) the length scales ratio - between the magnetic length and the disorder correlation length. Analyzing a wide range of parameters, a scaling expression describing the levitation of extended states is established. The second problem considered in this thesis is related to the screening of the disorder potential and to the mechanism of formation of localized states in quantum Hall systems. The analytical work we present here is motivated by recent imaging experiments, which probe locally the electrostatic potential and the compressibility of these systems, showing the charging of individual localized states by integer or fractional charges (quasiparticles). For a regime where the behavior is dominated by Coulomb interactions, we set out an electrostatic model describing the localized state as a compressible region (quantum dot or antidot) embebed in an incompressible background, using the Thomas-Fermi approximation to treat the interactions. The electrostatic potential in the vicinity of the compressible region is calculated, providing the size of potential steps as each charge is added or removed from the localized state. Besides from showing how the potential steps get smaller for higher Landau levels, our results show the dependence of these steps with the height of observation (i.e., the distance from the scanning probe to the electron gas). The proposed model can be used to treat localized states observed on integer or fractional quantum Hall plateaus / Doutorado / Física da Matéria Condensada / Doutor em Ciências

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