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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Attitudes of Medical laboratory employees towards their work environment.

Kolosa, Irene, Nokulunga January 2004 (has links)
A dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Arts in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Degree of Master of Research Psychology at the University of Zululand, South Africa, 2004. / This study investigated the attitudes of the medical laboratory employees (MLE's) towards their work environment. The study determined from the employees whether variables of gender, age, qualifications and years of experience had influence on the attitudes of the MLE's towards their work environment. The sample was drawn from the State Pathology Laboratory in Umtata, Eastern Cape (under the O.R.Tambo District Council). It consisted of males and females with ages ranging from 20 to 64 years, qualifications ranging from standard 10 to B.Tech. Biomedical Technology and above, years of experience ranging from 1 year to 30 years. A structured questionnaire constructed according to a five-point scale, the Likert scale, was used to collect data from the subjects. The statistical technique used to test the hypotheses was the Cm-square. The results showed that the majority of MLE's held negative attitudes towards their work environment. The two sections of response categories reflected a weak relationship between the variables ofj gender, age, level of qualification and experience in the attitudes of the MLE's towards their work environment. Although not overwhelmingly demonstrated, there was a presumptive evidence that the work environment had an impact on the attitudes of the MLE's. There was an urgent need for improvement of certain service conditions in the medical laboratory to change the attitudes of the MLE's. Lack of fulfillment and inspiration could make the MLE's lose interest and abandon the profession as was confirmed by the informal interviews.
2

The methods of madness : recognizing delusional talk

Palmer, Derrol January 1997 (has links)
No description available.
3

Play and playfulness in psychoanalysis

Huber, Franziska January 2002 (has links)
No description available.
4

Neuropsychological correlates of youth psychopathy

Bezeau, Scott Cameron. 10 April 2008 (has links)
This study investigated the neuropsychological correlates of psychopathy among adolescents. Forty-four male offenders between the ages of 15 and 18 were evaluated for level of psychopathy using the Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV). The PCL:YV results for the entire sample were then subjected to a Rasch analysis. The sample of youth were also administered a series of neuropsychological measures designed to assess functioning of the prefrontal cortex and hemispheric specialization. A questionnaire designed to assess schizotypy was also administered. All participants were assessed while in custody and had been charged or convicted of a criminal offense. Hypotheses included (1) that the PCL:YV would fit the Rasch model, (2) that youth high on psychopathy would display deficits on executive functioning measures sensitive to processing of the orbital prefrontal cortex (OPFC), but not on measures sensitive to functioning of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), (3) that the psychopathic group would display reduced hemispheric lateralization, and (4) that the psychopathic group would display elevations on measures of schizotypy. The results indicated that the PCL:YV does fit the Rasch model, but failed to support either the presence of orbitofrontal dysfunction or reduced laterality among psychopaths. Psychopaths, however, were elevated on the schizotypy measures of Social Anhedonia and Impulsivity-Nonconformity. Results are discussed in terms of the biological and developmental characteristics of psychopathy.
5

Psychopathology following torture experiences: a retrospective record review of victims of torture presenting to the Southern African Centre for Survivors of Torture (SACST)

Raghubir, Latisha 27 March 2015 (has links)
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Medicine in the branch of Psychiatry Johannesburg, October 2014 / Introduction In a constant quest for political power and control incredulously extending from medieval times to present day, the infliction of physical and psychological torture on each other by warring factions is sadly an ongoing reality worldwide. These gross insults on human rights may have a significant impact on the psychological wellbeing of the tortured individuals and result in clinical psychiatric illness. Methods A retrospective record review of all clients visiting the Southern African Centre for Survivors of Torture (SACST) in Johannesburg over a one year period was conducted. Their demographic profiles and torture experiences were analysed using the information available in the centre’s record system. The prevalence of psychiatric illness within this study group was explored. Attempts were made to ascertain differences in trauma experiences endured and psychopathology sustained. The validity of the Self Reporting Questionnaire 8 (SRQ8) rating scale as a screening tool for psychiatric illness was also evaluated. Ethics approval to conduct the study was obtained from the University of the Witwatersrand Human Research Ethics Committee (Medical). IV Results The cases studied were predominantly married, previously employed males less than 40 years old with at least a secondary level of education. All of these cases had experienced some form of torture but their SRQ 8 scores were variable and could not be linked to a specific torture experience or psychiatric diagnosis. Those cases finally assessed by a psychiatrist were all suffering from a psychiatric disorder with a significant 55% diagnosed with a comorbid Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Only 8% had an isolated PTSD and 24% unipolar depression alone. Conclusion The political conflict occurring in neighbouring Zimbabwe has resulted in large numbers of their nationals fleeing across their borders and seeking refuge in South Africa due to alleged human rights abuses including political torture. Assessment of a small percentage of these individuals in this local study has confirmed the prevalence on MDD, PTSD and combined MDD/ PTSD in this population
6

Comparison of beliefs and attitudes toward internalizing disorders relative to externalizing disorders in children and adolescents /

Crittenden, Kia B. Herbert, James D. January 2004 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Drexel University, 2004. / Includes abstract and vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 77-110).
7

The association between the quality of family relationships and child psychopathology

Kimhan, Cassian BK January 2004 (has links)
Thesis (M.A.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2004. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 65-71). / vii, 71 leaves, bound 29 cm
8

Depressive disorders and chronic comorbid disease states: a pharmacoepidemiological evaluation

Kritiotis, Lia Costas January 2007 (has links)
The treatment of Depressive Disorders in patients with chronic comorbid disease states warrants careful consideration of the risk-benefit ratio pertaining to the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics of the antidepressant being considered, against the physiological susceptibilities of the patient; potential drug-drug interactions and depressive symptoms. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between Depressive Disorders and the most frequently diagnosed chronic comorbid disease states in a depressed South African study population; and to comment on the appropriateness of antidepressants prescribed to these patients. This retrospective drug utilisation study consisted of two parts: the first part focused on the prevalence of the most frequently diagnosed chronic comorbidities in a depressed South African population (N = 21 171). The three most prevalent chronic comorbid disease states were Hypertension (52.87 percent), Lipid Disorders (20.40 percent) and Arthritis (16.70 percent). The second part of the study included an assessment of the antidepressants prescribed to depressed patients in 2004 (N = 6 150). Emphasis was placed on the suitability of antidepressants selected for depressed adult patients (18 years of age and older) with comorbid Hypertension, Lipid Disorders or Arthritis. SSRIs were prescribed most frequently to the depressed patients during 2004 (59.67 percent). SSRIs are the suggested first-line treatments for depressed patients with multiple chronic comorbid disease states. However, of the SSRIs, fluoxetine has the least favourable pharmacokinetic profile and was found to be the antidepressant prescribed most often. Amitriptyline, which was the TCA prescribed most frequently, produces the greatest degree of anticholinergic, sedative and hypotensive effects, relative to other agents in the same antidepressant class. Thus, it is not recommended as a first-line antidepressant, especially in depressed patients with comorbidities. This study identifies potential areas of intervention regarding antidepressant prescribing in depressed individuals with chronic comorbid disease states and offers recommendations to promote the selection of optimal, individualised drug treatment strategies for these patients.
9

Going 'walli' and having 'jinni': Exploring Somali expressions of psychological distress and approaches to treatment

Ryan, Juanita Frances January 2008 (has links)
Western researchers conducting studies with Somali refugee participants have identified Somali-specific idioms of psychological distress as well as high rates of Western psychological disorders such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in this refugee group. Methodological limitations of these previous studies, however, have limited the validity of the conclusions drawn. These limitations include the use of Western psychometric instruments and diagnostic nosologies, limited information about the methodological procedures undertaken, the apparently unqualified use of terms such as mental illness, madness and craziness in interview schedules, minimal exploration of psychosomatic idioms of distress, and limited applicability of some of the research findings to Somali women.. The current research primarily aimed to address these methodological short-comings and build on the findings of previous studies that have explored Somali conceptions of distress. Two additional objectives were to (i) identify protective and resilience factors which may decrease vulnerability to experiencing psychological distress in Somali women, (ii) gauge non-Somali health professionals' understanding of (a) the nature of distress and suffering experienced by Somali women, and (b) effective treatment modalities to ameliorate this distress. The analytical style employed in all three studies of this thesis was thematic. In the first study, ten Hamilton (New Zealand) based Somali women were interviewed. Particular areas of interest explored in the first study included psychological, physical and spiritual conceptions of distress, the symptoms of key idioms of distress, and the way in which these are managed/treated at the individual, community, and family levels. The findings of Study 1 identified spirit (jinn) possession as a form of distress known by at least some members of the local Somali community. Jinn appeared to be an explanation for both milder forms of distress akin to depression and anxiety, as well as more severe forms of distress similar to psychosis. Treatment for jinn possession tended to focus on Koran readings in conjunction with family and community-based support. Generally participants considered there was a very limited role for mental health professionals and Western psychiatric medication in the extraction of jinn. Faith was considered a key protective factor against experiencing non-spiritual forms of distress such as stress, worry, anxiety and depression. Although war trauma was acknowledged to have an adverse impact on the psychological functioning of Somali women it was not considered to impact on a woman's ability to manage her day-to-day responsibilities. The impact of having family in refugee camps in Africa was, however, identified as a common and very distressing issue impacting on many Somali women. The only way of alleviating the distress associated with this stressor, according to participants, was reunification. Interviewees stated that Western interventions for distress were rarely pursued by Somali as they were not considered efficacious. Given there is evidence that Somali communities residing in various cities in New Zealand are at various stages of acculturation, it was considered important to ascertain how valid the results from Study 1 were considered to be by women from other Somali communities. Six focus groups were conducted with a total of 27 Somali women recruited from three New Zealand cities. The findings of Study 2 identified numerous culturally specific forms of distress reported by participants. These states were qalbijab, boofis, murug, welwel and jinn. These Somali idioms of distress were akin to some Western psychological disorders, particularly the depression and anxiety spectrums. Treatment for Somali forms of suffering were reported to focus on Koran readings, in addition to family and community support. Generally, participants in Study 2 considered there was a very limited role for general practitioners (GPs) and mental health professionals in assisting Somali to deal with psychological and spiritual distress. Consistent with the findings of Study 1, faith was considered the most important protective factor, family separation was described as one of the most significant stressors, and war related trauma was suggested to cause significant distress only if the sufferer had family still in Africa. Study 3 explored non-Somali health practitioners' understanding of Somali idioms of distress, as well as their perspectives about how to best treat Somali presenting with psychological distress. A total of 18 mainstream mental health practitioners, general health practitioners (both GPs and primary care nurses), and specialist refugee mental health practitioners took part in this research. Few practitioners mentioned spirit possession as an aetiology for distress and none mentioned other Somali-specific forms of distress. The psychosocial stressors identified as contributing to the psychological distress of Somali women were relatively consistent across the three groups of practitioners and also consistent with the stressors identified by participants in Studies 1 and 2 (e.g., family separation, social isolation, financial concerns). Interviewees did not consider PTSD to be a common psychological disorder amongst Somali women living in New Zealand. Advocacy work and assistance with day-to-day concerns were suggested by many participants as more efficacious for the amelioration of psychosocial stressors than medication-based treatment. Generally, participants in Study 3 were supportive of traditional forms of healing being used as the treatment of choice by Somali clients. The findings of the current thesis suggest that there are clear parallels between Somali idioms of distress and those of Western cultures. However, the data indicate that equating Somali idioms with Western diagnostic labels would be rejected by Somali. Regardless of the similarity of symptom profile of some of the Somali states to Western states, the manner in which these states are conceptualised, understood and treated is markedly different. The findings of all three studies suggested that Somali tend to opt for their own traditional interventions to treat psychological and spiritual forms of distress rather than engage with Western mental health services. Numerous barriers including long waiting lists, mental health practitioners' apparent lack of knowledge/expertise working cross-culturally and poor treatment outcomes were provided for Somali not engaging with such services. The stigma attached to having a mental illness was also considered a barrier to engaging with mental health services. With respect to improving service provision for non-Western clients, an intermediate service that sits between primary and secondary health care agencies is recommended as an effective means of meeting the needs of non-Western clients experiencing psychosocial stressors and mild to moderate psychological distress. It is imperative, however, that any such service involves key stakeholders from the community groups it would serve, in the design, development, and implementation of interventions.
10

The relationship of social, cultural and cognitive-affective factors to disordered eating : an integrative approach

Aitken, Melissa Isabel January 2000 (has links)
No description available.

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