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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
21

Design of an autonomous navigation system for a mobile robot

Paul, André. January 2005 (has links)
An autonomous navigational system for a mobile robot was developed based on a Laser-Range-Finder-based path planning and navigational algorithms. The system was enhanced by incorporating collision avoidance algorithms using data from a sonar sensor array, and further improved by establishing two virtual regions in front of the robot for obstacle detection and avoidance. Several virtual detector bands with varying dimensions were also added to the sides of the robot to check for rotational clearance safety and to determine the direction of rotation. The autonomous navigational system was tested extensively under indoor environment. Test results showed that the system performed satisfactorily in navigating the mobile robot in three structured mazes under indoor conditions. / An artificial landmark localization algorithm was also developed to continuously record the positions of the robot whilst it was moving. The algorithm was tested on a grid layout of 6 m x 6 m. The performance of the artificial landmark localization technique was compared with odometric and inertial measurements obtained using a dead-reckoning method and a gyroscope-corrected dead-reckoning method. The artificial landmark localization method resulted in much smaller root mean square error (0.033 m) of position estimates compared to the other two methods (0.175 m and 0.135 m respectively).
22

Visibility graphs and motion planning

Techakittiroj, Kittiphan January 1995 (has links)
Motion planning in the presence of obstacles deals with finding efficient paths from source to target which avoid hitting any of the obstacles. Applications include motion planning in robotics and designing efficient routing systems.Theoretical concepts from graph theory, topology, and computational geometry form the basis for some of the algorithms used in motion planning. The visibility graph is a standard model used in the study of motion planning.This thesis is a report of the research project undertaken to study visibility graphs and their applications to motion planning for certain geometric objects: polygons, line segments and points.The thesis consists of two parts.Theory: This part contains the details of topics from graph theory, topology, and computational geometry in motion planning. It also includes new algorithms which were developed as a part of this thesis.Implementation: This part describes a software system to implement the theory as an example of real applications. This software also includes many tools which help in studying visibility graphs. / Department of Computer Science
23

Locomotion of bipedal humanoid robots: planning and learning to walk

Yik, Tak Fai, Computer Science & Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, UNSW January 2007 (has links)
Pure reinforcement learning does not scale well to domains with many degrees of freedom and particularly to continuous domains. In this thesis, we introduce a hybrid method in which a symbolic planner constructs all approximate solution to a control problem.. Subsequently, a numerical optimisation algorithm is used to refine the qualitative plan into an operational policy. The method is demonstrated on the problem of learning a stable walking gait for a bipedal robot. The contributions of this thesis are as follows. Firstly, the thesis proposes a novel way to generate gait patterns by using a genetic algorithm to generate walking gaits for a humanoid robot using zero moment point as the stability criterion. This is validated on physical robot. Second, we propose an innovative generic learning method that utilises the trainer's domain knowledge about the task to accelerate learning and extend the capabilities of the learning algorithm. The proposed method, which takes advantage of domain knowledge and combines symbolic planning and learning to accelerate and reduce the search space of the learning problem, is tested on a bipedal humanoid robot learning to walk. Finally, it is shown that the extended capability of the learning algorithm handles high complexity learning tasks in the physical world with experimental verification on a physical robot.
24

Design of an autonomous navigation system for a mobile robot

Paul, André. January 2005 (has links)
No description available.
25

Situationally driven local navigation for mobile robots

Slack, Marc G. 28 July 2008 (has links)
For mobile robots to autonomously accommodate dynamically changing navigation tasks in a goal-directed fashion, they must employ navigation plans. Any such plan must provide for the robot’s immediate and continuous need for guidance while remaining highly flexible in order to avoid costly computation each time the robot’s perception of the world changes. Due to the world’s uncertainties, creation and maintenance of navigation plans cannot involve arbitrarily complex processes, as the robot’s perception of the world will be in constant flux, requiring modifications to be made quickly if they are to be of any use. This work introduces Navigation Templates (or NaTs) which are building blocks for the construction and maintenance of rough navigation plans which capture the relationship that objects in the world have to the current navigation task. By encoding only the critical relationship between the objects in the world and the navigation task, a NaT-based navigation plan is highly flexible; allowing new constraints to be quickly incorporated into the plan and existing constraints to be updated or deleted from the plan. To satisfy the robot’s need for immediate local guidance, the NaTs forming the current navigation plan are passed to a transformation function. The transformation function analyzes the plan with respect to the robot’s current location to quickly determine (a few times a second) the locally preferred direction of travel. This dissertation presents NaTs and the transformation function as well as the needed support systems to demonstrate the usefulness of the technique for controlling the actions of a mobile robot operating in an uncertain world. ¹ This work was supported in part by a grant from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory under a contract from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and by a grant from the Naval Surface Weapons Center. / Ph. D.
26

Shared control for navigation and balance of a dynamically stable robot.

January 2001 (has links)
by Law Kwok Ho Cedric. / Thesis (M.Phil.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2001. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 106-112). / Abstracts in English and Chinese. / Chapter 1 --- Introduction --- p.1 / Chapter 1.1 --- Motivation --- p.1 / Chapter 1.2 --- Related work --- p.4 / Chapter 1.3 --- Thesis overview --- p.5 / Chapter 2 --- Single wheel robot: Gyrover --- p.9 / Chapter 2.1 --- Background --- p.9 / Chapter 2.2 --- Robot concept --- p.11 / Chapter 2.3 --- System description --- p.14 / Chapter 2.4 --- Flywheel characteristics --- p.16 / Chapter 2.5 --- Control patterns --- p.20 / Chapter 3 --- Learning Control --- p.22 / Chapter 3.1 --- Motivation --- p.22 / Chapter 3.2 --- Cascade Neural Network with Kalman filtering --- p.24 / Chapter 3.3 --- Learning architecture --- p.27 / Chapter 3.4 --- Input space --- p.29 / Chapter 3.5 --- Model evaluation --- p.30 / Chapter 3.6 --- Training procedures --- p.35 / Chapter 4 --- Control Architecture --- p.38 / Chapter 4.1 --- Behavior-based approach --- p.38 / Chapter 4.1.1 --- Concept and applications --- p.39 / Chapter 4.1.2 --- Levels of competence --- p.44 / Chapter 4.2 --- Behavior-based control of Gyrover: architecture --- p.45 / Chapter 4.3 --- Behavior-based control of Gyrover: case studies --- p.50 / Chapter 4.3.1 --- Vertical balancing --- p.51 / Chapter 4.3.2 --- Tiltup motion --- p.52 / Chapter 4.4 --- Discussions --- p.53 / Chapter 5 --- Implement ation of Learning Control --- p.57 / Chapter 5.1 --- Validation --- p.57 / Chapter 5.1.1 --- Vertical balancing --- p.58 / Chapter 5.1.2 --- Tilt-up motion --- p.62 / Chapter 5.1.3 --- Discussions --- p.62 / Chapter 5.2 --- Implementation --- p.65 / Chapter 5.2.1 --- Vertical balanced motion --- p.65 / Chapter 5.2.2 --- Tilt-up motion --- p.68 / Chapter 5.3 --- Combined motion --- p.70 / Chapter 5.4 --- Discussions --- p.72 / Chapter 6 --- Shared Control --- p.74 / Chapter 6.1 --- Concept --- p.74 / Chapter 6.2 --- Schemes --- p.78 / Chapter 6.2.1 --- Switch mode --- p.79 / Chapter 6.2.2 --- Distributed mode --- p.79 / Chapter 6.2.3 --- Combined mode --- p.80 / Chapter 6.3 --- Shared control of Gyrover --- p.81 / Chapter 6.4 --- How to share --- p.83 / Chapter 6.5 --- Experimental study --- p.88 / Chapter 6.5.1 --- Heading control --- p.89 / Chapter 6.5.2 --- Straight path --- p.90 / Chapter 6.5.3 --- Circular path --- p.91 / Chapter 6.5.4 --- Point-to-point navigation --- p.94 / Chapter 6.6 --- Discussions --- p.95 / Chapter 7 --- Conclusion --- p.103 / Chapter 7.1 --- Contributions --- p.103 / Chapter 7.2 --- Future work --- p.104
27

Discrete trajectory planners for robotic arms

Tan Hwee Huat. January 1988 (has links) (PDF)
Typescript (Photocopy) Includes paper co-authored by the author as attachment. Bibliography: leaves 133-140.
28

Exploring lift-off dynamics in a jumping robot

Aguilar, Jeffrey Jose 14 November 2012 (has links)
We study vertical jumping in a simple robot comprising an actuated mass spring arrangement. The actuator frequency and phase are systematically varied to find optimal performance. Optimal jumps occur above and below (but not at) the robot's resonant frequency f0. Two distinct jumping modes emerge: a simple jump which is optimal above f0 is achievable with a squat maneuver, and a peculiar stutter jump which is optimal below f0 is generated with a countermovement. A simple dynamical model reveals how optimal lift-off results from non-resonant transient dynamics.
29

Development of a control system for a walking machine leg

Thompson, Eric William 08 May 1992 (has links)
This thesis presents a control system for a walking machine leg. The leg is representative of one of the six legs required for a proposed walking machine based on the geometry of the darkling beetle. Each of the three joints is controlled by a DC servo motor mounted to the base of the leg. The speed of the motors is controlled with pulse width modulation. Feedback of joint positions is accomplished with potentiometers mounted on the actual joints. A five-point path, forming a rectangle in the global coordinate system, is used as a skeleton of the path of movement. Desired times and accelerations from point to point are used to develop the path of movement, which smoothes corners and velocity transitions along the path. To create a model of the dynamics of each joint, a constant motor speed is output and the joint velocity and joint angle are recorded. From several trials at several different motor speeds, relationships between the joint velocity, joint angle, and motor speed can be found. This data is then least squares fit in two dimensions to give two second order functions. The first function uses the desired joint angle to calculate the variance from the mean joint velocity. This variance is then added to the desired joint velocity and is used in the second function to calculate the needed motor signal. Feedback control is accomplished using a PID control system. Because of the high level of noise in the feedback signal, a digital noise filter is used. Both moving average and linear regression techniques are examined. Performance of the system is measured by comparing the actual path in Cartesian coordinates to the desired path of movement. The RMS error is taken along the path, during the time frame of the ideal system. The maximum Cartesian error along the path is also used in evaluation. To determine suitable feedback gain combinations, several experiments are run and evaluated. Data is plotted and suitable values are chosen for the feedback gains based on their performance and sensitivity to change in performance. The performance of the leg is measured for a basic rectangular path, the basic path with a variation in step angle, and the basic path with a constant body velocity. / Graduation date: 1992
30

The design of a representation and analysis method for modular self-reconfigurable robots

Ko, W. Y., Albert., 高永賢. January 2003 (has links)
published_or_final_version / abstract / toc / Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering / Master / Master of Philosophy

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