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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Controller estimation for the adaptive control of robotic manipulators

Guo, Lin, 1962- January 1987 (has links)
No description available.

Design and construction of Meercat : an autonomous indoor and outdoor courier service robot.

Bosscha, Peter Antoon. January 2011 (has links)
This project details the construction and development of, and experimentation with a mobile service courier robot named Meercat. This robot has been built from the ground up using parts sourced from various places. The application for this service robot is the delivery of internal mail parcels between the buildings situated on the campus of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in Pretoria. To achieve this, the robot has to be able to localise and navigate through indoor office and laboratory environments and over outdoor tarred roads which interconnect the various buildings. Not many robots are intended for operation in both indoor and outdoor environments, and to achieve this, multiple sensing systems are implemented on the platform, where the correct selection of sensing inputs is a key aspect. Further testing and experiments will take place with algorithms for localisation and navigation. As a limited budget was available for the development of this robot, cost-effective solutions had to be found for the mechanical, sensing and computation needs. The Mechatronics group from the Mechatronics and Micro Manufacturing (MMM) competency area at the CSIR is involved with the development of various autonomous mobile robots. The particular robot developed in this project will be an addition to the CSIR’s current fleet of robots and will be used as a stepping stone for experimentation with new sensors and electronics, and the development of further positioning and navigation algorithms. / Thesis (M.Sc.Eng.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 2011.

Controlling chaos in a sagittal plane biped model using the Ott-Grebogi-Yorke method.

Feng, Chung-tsung. January 2012 (has links)
Controlling a system with chaotic nature provides the ability to control and maintain orbits of different periods which extends the functionality of the system to be flexible. A system with diverse dynamical behaviours can be achieved. Trajectory flows of chaotic systems can be periodically stabilised using only small perturbations from the controlled parameter. The method of chaos control is the Ott-Grebogi-Yorke method. In non-chaotic systems large system parameters changes are required for performance changes. A sagittal plane biped model which is capable of exhibiting periodic and chaotic locomotion was researched and investigated. The locomotion was either periodic or chaotic depending on the design parameters. Nonlinear dynamic tools such as the Bifurcation Diagram, Lyapunov Exponent and Poincaré Map were used to differentiate parameters which generated periodic motion apart from chaotic ones. Numerical analytical tools such as the Closed Return and Linearization of the Poincaré Map were used to detect unstable periodic orbit in chaotic attractors. Chaos control of the model was achieved in simulations. The system dynamic is of the non-smooth continuous type. Differing from other investigated chaotic systems, the biped model has varying phase space dimensions which can range from 3 to 6 dimensions depending on the phase of walking. The design of the biped was such that its features were anthropomorphic with respect to locomotion. The model, consisting of only the lower body (hip to feet), was capable of walking passively or actively and was manufactured with optimal anthropometric parameters based on ground clearance (to avoid foot scuffing) and basin of attraction simulations. During experimentation, the biped successfully walked down an inclined ramp with minimal aid. Real time data acquisitions were performed to capture the results, and the experimental data of the walking trajectories were analysed and verified against simulations. It was verified that the constructed biped exhibits the same walking trend as the derived theoretical model. / Thesis (M.Sc.Eng.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 2012.

Synthesis and analysis of a physical model of biological rhythmic motor control with sensorimotor feedback

Simoni, Mario F. 05 1900 (has links)
No description available.

Decentralized control of interconnected systems with applications to mobile robots

Liu, Kai 08 1900 (has links)
No description available.

An experimental investigation on dynamic vision guided pick-up of moving objects

Downs, James Douglas 08 1900 (has links)
No description available.

A pneumatically-powered motion system for a high-speed scanner

Butcher, Bradley H. 12 1900 (has links)
No description available.

Fusion of time of flight (ToF) camera's ego-motion and inertial navigation.

Ratshidaho, Thikhathali Terence. 12 September 2014 (has links)
For mobile robots to navigate autonomously, one of the most important and challenging task is localisation. Localisation refers to the process whereby a robot locates itself within a map of a known environment or with respect to a known starting point within an unknown environment. Localisation of a robot in unknown environment is done by tracking the trajectory of a robot whilst knowing the initial pose. Trajectory estimation becomes challenging if the robot is operating in an unknown environment that has scarcity of landmarks, is GPS denied, is slippery and dark such as in underground mines. This dissertation addresses the problem of estimating a robot's trajectory in underground mining environments. In the past, this problem has been addressed by using a 3D laser scanner. 3D laser scanners are expensive and consume lot of power even though they have high measurements accuracy and wide eld of view. For this research work, trajectory estimation is accomplished by the fusion of an ego-motion provided by Time of Flight(ToF) camera and measurement data provided by a low cost Inertial Measurement Unit(IMU). The fusion is performed using Kalman lter algorithm on a mobile robot moving in a 2D planar surface. The results shows a signi cant improvement on the trajectory estimation. Trajectory estimation using ToF camera only is erroneous especially when the robot is rotating. The fused trajectory estimation algorithm is able to estimate accurate ego-motion even when the robot is rotating. / [Durban, South Africa] : University of KwaZulu-Natal, 2013.

Galloping, bounding and wheeled-leg modes of locomotion on underactuated quadrupedal robots

Smith, James Andrew. January 2006 (has links)
This thesis presents advances in the state-of-the-art in legged locomotion through the development of bounding and galloping gaits as well as new modes of hybrid wheeled-leg modes of locomotion. Two four-legged running robots, Scout II and PAW, are examined, the latter of which is distinguished by actuated wheels at the ends of its legs. / First, hybrid modes of locomotion are demonstrated which use legs to dynamically reposition wheels at specific locations with respect to the body. These modes improve the stability and tire-wear of turning and braking manoeuvres and allow pitch-controlled slope ascent and descent in a wheeled-leg vehicle such as the PAW robot. / Second, through hip actuation, passive leg compliance and controlled wheel action it is possible to make the same vehicle run using a dynamically stable legged gait called the bound. Experimental evidence of this is presented and compared to similar experiments on the same robot with mechanically blocked wheels, a 3D simulation of the same, as well as bounding on a completely different quadrupedal robot, Scout II. While a casual observer finds no difference in blocked-wheel and active wheel control modes, detailed examination of the gaits reveals lower speeds and efficiency as well as decreased repeatability when the wheels are actively controlled. / A new method of forward speed control is presented for the bounding gait using liftoff, as opposed to touchdown, leg angles. The liftoff angle method of speed control is shown to be particularly suited to fine-tuning of certain gait performance indices. / Third, the underactuated bounding gait is extended to demonstrate, for the first time, that robotic galloping is possible and that it can be achieved in two underactuated quad-rupedal robots and with varying levels of decoupled control. In the Scout II robot the front leg pair and rear leg pairs function independently; while in the PAW robot galloping is achieved with no controlled coupling between any of the four legs. The rotary gallop gait demonstrated by both robots is characterized by a significant yaw component and is compared to another bound-derived turning gait which uses liftoff angles to produce yaw. In particular, the correspondence of lead leg to yaw direction in both cases is found to match results from biology. In contrast, while it is thought that animals pivot about their lead leg to turn, the rotary gallop demonstrated by these robots shows that yaw occurs primarily in the leg behind the lead leg.

The importance of muscle mechanics during movement: investigating power production and dynamic stability using a closed-loop system

Sundar, Kartik 02 March 2009 (has links)
Animals effectively move and negotiate a variety of environments exemplifying the neuromuscular system's ability to produce complex coordinated movements. Our central thesis is that the nonlinear dynamical properties of muscle play a critical role in power production and stability during such movements. We have developed a closed-loop system that couples an isolated muscle to a physical or computational load, facilitating the study of the interactions between intrinsic muscle properties and external forces. We used this system to determine how elastic elements in the frog semimembranosus can improve power production during a jumping task and how the contractile element automatically manages energy to maintain a stable bouncing gait. Our results reveal that, during ballistic movements (e.g. jumping), series elastic elements stretch and shorten to temporally concentrate energy transfer from the contractile element to the body, amplifying power production. We measured peak instantaneous power greater than twice the maximum power the contractile element could produce alone. Our results show how, during a bouncing gait, the contractile and elastic elements autonomously interact to produce, dissipate, and recycle energy and to maintain dynamic stability without sensory feedback. Our data suggest that muscles can recover over 75% of the kinematic energy from one step and apply it to the next. These results demonstrate the effects and importance of intrinsic muscle properties during movements. Ultimately, this research can guide the development of biomimetic robotic and prosthetic technologies capable of life-like mobility.

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