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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Effect of leachate on the stability of landfill composite liners

Shashikumar, Bangalore M. January 1992 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Ohio University, August, 1992. / Title from PDF t.p.
2

Long term emissions from pretreated waste : lysimeter studies.

19 October 2010 (has links)
Landfill emissions are the major environmental impact associated with the landfilling of / Thesis (M.Sc.Eng.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, 2007
3

Evaluation of PCI reverse osmosis membrane on landfill leachate.

20 October 2010 (has links)
The specific objective of this study was to evaluate a PCI reverse osmosis membrane for / Thesis (M.Sc.Eng.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, 2006
4

Migration of leachate solutin through clay soil

Abdel Warith, Mostafa. January 1987 (has links)
The problem of domestic solid wastes buried in landfill sites is viewed from the aspect of leachate contamination and migration in the substrate. Generally, this occurs through the penetration of the contaminant into the liner material. This study assesses the efficiency of natural clay barriers as an expedient economic lining material. / Various chemical constituents of the landfill leachate of an actual waste containment site at Lachenaie (35 km east of Montreal) were determined from samples collected from specially designed basins. / In companion laboratory tests, these leachate samples were permeated through laboratory columns that contained the natural clay compacted at the optimum water content. The columns were constructed so as to permit simulation of slow, saturated, anaerobic flow of leachate through the clay lining surrounding the landfill and leachate basins. Leachates were permeated through the soil columns for periods of four to five months, during which effluents were collected periodically and analyzed for different chemical species and physical parameters. These chemical analyses measured changes in the concentration of: (a) cations (Na, K, Ca, and Mg), (b) anions (Cl, HCO$ sb3$, and CO$ sb3$), (c) total organic carbon (TOC), and (d) heavy metals (Fe, Zn, Pb, and Cu). The physical parameters measured included: (a) pH, and (b) specific conductivity. / Subsequent to the leaching tests, the column contents were cut into six sections and analyzed to determine the distribution profiles of the adsorbed and retained contaminants at various time durations. / Predictions, using a dispersion-convection model for concentration profile development for either adsorbed or retained contaminants, were compared with the experimentally determined profiles (both in leaching columns and landfill laboratory model). / Another set of experiments was also conducted to evaluate the effect of some organic fluids on the geotechnical properties of different clay soils (natural clay and two reference clay soils: illite and kaolinite). / The results from this study have demonstrated that the natural clay soil can be used to adequately contain the different contaminant species usually present in the leachate solutions. Furthermore, the data suggested that under favourable soil conditions, landfill leachates containing low levels of trace metals will not pose a substantial contamination threat to the subsurface environment, provided that a proper thickness of barrier is used. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.)
5

Long term emissions from pretreated waste : lysimeter studies.

Bakare, Babatunde Femi. January 2007 (has links)
Landfill emissions are the major environmental impact associated with the landfilling of solid wastes. These emissions which are mainly gases and leachate are a result of the anaerobic biochemical breakdown of the waste in landfills. The long term emissions from these solid wastes in landfills can be significantly reduced by Mechanical Biological Pretreatment of the waste prior to landfilling. Mechanical Biological Pretreatment of solid wastes is aimed at reducing the long term polluting potential from landfills through accelerated stabilization of the organic constituent material present in the waste body by biological degradation before the waste is placed in landfills. This research is part of a broader investigation on the applicability of Mechanical Biological Pretreatment of solid wastes prior to disposal in the South Africa Waste Management context. General waste disposed at Bisasar Road Landfill Site in Durban which has been pretreated for 16 weeks in passively aerated windrows was collected and screened using a rotatory drum screen to generate an over-sieved waste fraction with particles of diameter greater than 50mm and an under-sieved waste fraction characterized by particles diameter less than 50mm. The long term behavior of these heavily pretreated wastes was then simulated using large anaerobic reactors (Lysimeter) in relation to grain size distribution. A third lysimeter containing general waste without pretreatment collected from Bisasar Road Landfill Site was also set up in order to study the effect of pretreatment on solid waste samples. The results of this research were then used to make recommendation on the appropriateness of Mechanical Biological in the South Africa Waste Management context. / Thesis (M.Sc.Eng.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, 2007
6

Migration of leachate solutin through clay soil

Abdel Warith, Mostafa January 1987 (has links)
No description available.
7

Removal of refractory chemicals in landfill leachate by UASB and advanced oxidation processes

劉偉藻, Lau, Wai-cho, Ivan. January 2000 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Civil Engineering / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy
8

Presence of selected organic compounds and their intermediates in municipal landfill leachates

Thompson, Jill Marie, 1961- January 1987 (has links)
This research involves the evaluation of municipal landfill leachates for specific hazardous compounds in an effort to qualitatively determine the potential for groundwater contamination. Leachate samples from five landfills were evaluated for thirteen EPA priority pollutants using gas chromatography. In addition, samples were analyzed for total organic carbon (TOC) and total organic halide (TOX). A solids analysis was performed on refuse excavated from one landfill. This analysis included organic halide determination of interstitial liquids, and a total halide determination for each solid sample. A solids/liquid partition coefficient was calculated from the results. The literature review includes a detailed section outlining the biological degradation of hazardous organic compounds in anaerobic environments similar to conditions found in landfills.
9

Concept of copper mobility and compatibility with lead and cadmium in landfill liners

Kaoser, Saleh January 2003 (has links)
No description available.
10

Constructed wetlands as an appropriate treatment of landfill leachate.

Bricken, Elizabeth Colomb. January 2003 (has links)
One of the main environmental problems associated with the disposal of waste on land is the release of liquid emissions from the site. This wastewater, known as leachate, is a product of the biodecomposition of the waste and filtrates from the landfill once the moisture saturation of the fill has been reached. The chemical composition of leachate is variable over time and between sites. Regardless of these variables, the main pollutants of concern in the leachate are ammonia and organics, both of which can cause environmental degradation in relatively low concentrations. Worldwide and in South Africa, leachate has either been directly released into the environment or into the local domestic sewage system. As more has been learned about the human and environmental health risks associated with these disposal methods, there has been a new focus in waste management toward treating the leachate at the source as part of the broader focus of sustainable landfilling. One of the treatment options being used is constructed wetlands (CW) due to the physical and chemical transformation mechanisms in these biological systems. This treatment process has been demonstrated to be effective as a final polishing treatment for leachate, and it is considered a technology appropriate in the South African context. Therefore the aim of dissertation is to ascertain the use of constructed wetlands as an appropriate treatment option for untreated methanogenic landfill leachate by determining the efficiency of ammonia and organic removal in a pilot-scale vegetated submerged bed (VSB) constructed wetland (CW) planted with Phragmites australis. During the 22-week treatability trial the VSB achieved an ammonia concentration removal efficiency of 91% and mass removal efficiency of 87%. Despite this substantial reduction of ammonia, the VSB was unable to achieve the required discharge standard. There were erratic fluctuations in both the treatment efficiencies for COD and BOO, and the results show no evidence of constant reduction of organics during the treatability trials. This is due to the refractory nature and the low biodegradability of the organics that remain in methanogenic leachate as suggested by the low BOO to COD ratio. Due to the low biodegradability of the organics, a biological treatment system, such as a VSB, will not be able to reliably meet the required discharge standards. Other passive treatment options or a combination of systems need to be explored in order to both satisfy legislative requirements and be appropriate in the South African context. / Thesis (M.Sc.)-University of Natal, Durban, 2003.

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