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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

A Comparison of Braden Q, Garvin and Glamorgan Risk Assessment Scales in Paediatrics

Anthony, Denis, Willock, Jane, Baharestani, Mona 01 August 2010 (has links)
Aims and Objectives: To compare three risk assessment scales with respect to predictive validity Background: In paediatrics there are several competing scales and at least ten published paediatric pressure ulcer risk assessment scales have been identified. However there are few studies exploring the validity of such scales, and none identified that compares paediatric risk assessment scales. Design: Cross sectional study Methods: Three risk assessment scales, Braden Q, Garvin and Glamorgan, were compared. The total scores and sub-scores were tested to determine if children with pressure ulcers were significantly different from those with no pressure ulcer. Logistic regression was conducted to determine if the probability of developing a pressure ulcer was a better predictor of development of pressure ulcer compared with the total score of each scale. Receiver operating characteristic curves were computed and the area under the curve used to compare the performance of the risk assessment scales. Results: Data from 236 children were collected. 71 were from children in eleven hospitals who were asked to provide data on children with pressure ulcers (although seventeen did not have a pressure ulcer) of whom five were deep (grade 4). A sample of 165 were from one hospital, of which seven had a pressure ulcer, none grade four. The Glamorgan risk assessment scale had a higher predictive ability than either the Braden Q or Garvin. The mobility sub-score of each of the risk assessment scales was the most predictive in each case. Conclusions: The Glamorgan scale is the most valid of the three paediatric risk assessment scales studied in this population. Mobility alone may be as effective as employing the more complex risk assessment scale. Relevance to clinical practice: If a paediatric risk assessment scale is employed to predict risk, then unless it is valid, it may identify children who are not at risk and waste resources, or fail to identify children at risk possibly resulting in adverse health outcomes.

Comparison of stereotactic fine needle aspiration biopsy and core needle biopsy in breast lesions /

Leifland, Karin, January 2004 (has links)
Diss. (sammanfattning) Stockholm : Karol. inst., 2004. / Härtill 4 uppsatser.

Evaluation of the DIAGNOdent method for detection and quantification of carious lesions : in vitro and in vivo studies /

Bamzahim, Mohammad Shaikh, January 2005 (has links)
Diss. (sammanfattning) Stockholm : Karol. inst., 2005. / Härtill 4 uppsatser.

Utilisation of novel magnetic resonance imaging features in the diagnosis and understanding of multiple sclerosis

Mistry, Niraj January 2016 (has links)
There is no single test clinically available that is independently diagnostic for multiple sclerosis (MS). Currently MS is diagnosed using a combination of clinical evaluation and investigations including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), interpreted in accordance with diagnostic criteria, to demonstrate the requisite dissemination of lesions in (anatomical) space and time. Lesions comprising inflammatory demyelination in the central nervous system are a core pathological feature of MS. Ultra-high field (e.g. 7 Tesla or 7T) T2*-weighted MRI can demonstrate in vivo a central vein in most of these lesions. This is a histopathologically specific feature which could be exploited to improve diagnostic workup in cases of suspected inflammatory demyelination. Central nervous system white matter not involved in demyelinating lesions is nevertheless affected in MS. The mechanisms inflicting injury to this normal appearing white matter (NAWM) and how they relate to focal lesions are unclear. Damage to NAWM seems important, because it correlates well with disability. Any association between cortical lesions, focal white matter lesions (WML) and diffuse damage to NAWM is difficult to investigate in vivo in MS, principally because MRI is relatively insensitive to cortical lesions. Investigation of such associations may also be confounded by the presence of small focal lesions within the “NAWM” that may remain undetected when using conventional MRI to define NAWM. Advantages inherent to ultra-high field MRI might help mitigate both of these problems.

Urine CXCL1 as a biomarker for tumor detection and outcome prediction in bladder cancer / 膀胱癌検出および予後予測バイオマーカーとしての尿中CXCL1

Nakashima, Masakazu 23 March 2016 (has links)
Reprinted from Cancer Biomarkers, 15(4), Nakashima et al., Urine CXCL1 as a biomarker for tumor detection and outcome prediction in bladder cancer, 357-364, Copyright (2015), with permission from IOS Press. / 京都大学 / 0048 / 新制・課程博士 / 博士(医学) / 甲第19596号 / 医博第4103号 / 新制||医||1014(附属図書館) / 32632 / 京都大学大学院医学研究科医学専攻 / (主査)教授 椛島 健治, 教授 武田 俊一, 教授 川村 孝 / 学位規則第4条第1項該当 / Doctor of Medical Science / Kyoto University / DFAM

Sensitivity and Specificity of the Static-2002 in a Diverse Population

Wong, LeighAnn S. 01 January 2011 (has links)
Assessments designed to estimate the probability of sexual offense recidivism have gained popularity due to research that suggests these instruments are psychometrically sound for this purpose. The Static-2002 (Hanson & Thornton, 2003), an actuarial instrument of sexual recidivism, has been validated in specific populations, but in the absence of multicultural populations. It is necessary to establish the validity of the Static-2002 for a multicultural population, especially considering the increasing impetus to mandate measures of sexual recidivism. This study was designed to assess the predictive validity of the Static-2002 as an actuarial instrument that estimates the probability of sexual, violent, and general recidivism within a multicultural population. Recent criminal histories and de-identified archival records of 103 adult sex offenders were used to complete demographic questionnaires and to calculate retroactive predictive accuracy scores for the Static-2002. Records were obtained from a private practice office in South Florida, which provides outpatient treatment to conditionally released offenders. Hypothesis testing utilized a receiver operating characteristic area under the curve (ROC AUC) analysis to examine the discriminating power of the Static-2002 and to identify optimal cutoff values for each risk category. These cutoff values were then compared to the established Static-2002 risk categories to evaluate the cutoff scores' congruency. For this sample population, resulting ROC AUC values indicated the predictive accuracy of the Static-2002 to be moderate for any (including general; .67) offense recidivism, and high for violent recidivism (.74). However, the Static-2002 was ineffective for predicting sexual recidivism among this sample population since the predictive accuracy of the ROC area for sexual reoffenses was not statistically significant above chance (p = .07). The four Static-2002 risk categories derived for this study are: low, moderate-low, moderate-high, and high. When compared with the established Static-2002 risk categories, this study's risk categories were found to be mostly concurrent with the established categories. Similar to previous research, this study found that when the sample population differs racially/ethnically from the normed population (60% of this study's participants were Hispanic), the Static-2002 was ineffective for accurately predicting sexual reoffending. However, the Static-2002 effectively predicted violent and general recidivism with this sample population.

Colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica versus ecoendoscopia no diagnóstico anatomopatológico da estenose biliar com suspeita de origem maligna: estudo comparativo prospectivo / Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography versus endoscopic ultrasound for tissue diagnosis of malignant biliary stricture: a prospective comparative study

Moura, Diogo Turiani Hourneaux de 18 September 2017 (has links)
Introdução: As estenoses biliares são sempre desafiadoras, tanto no diagnóstico como na conduta terapêutica aplicada, seja ela curativa ou paliativa. A obtenção de espécimes se faz necessária uma vez que muitas doenças benignas mimetizam as neoplasias biliopancreáticas, tornando o diagnóstico anatomopatológico fundamental. Apesar da baixa acurácia, a colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) é o método tradicionalmente utilizado para diagnosticar estenoses biliares por meio do escovado citológico e da biópsia transpapilar. Por outro lado, diversos estudos têm reportado acurácia satisfatória da ecoendoscopia com punção aspirativa com agulha fina (EE-PAAF). Este estudo propõe comparar prospectivamente esses métodos no diagnóstico anatomopatológico da estenose biliar com suspeita de origem maligna. Métodos: Após a realização do cálculo amostral, 50 pacientes com estenoses biliares com suspeita maligna foram submetidos à CPRE com escovado citológico e biópsia transpapilar e à EE-PAAF durante a mesma sedação ou com intervalo máximo de sete dias. O padrão-ouro do resultado anatomopatológico dos métodos foram a cirurgia e o seguimento clínico por pelo menos seis meses. Foram avaliados os índices de acurácia (sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo e negativo, razão de verossimilhança positiva e negativa e acurácia), de concordância e as complicações entre os métodos, além da realização de subanálises, incluindo avaliação de técnicas, localização anatômica e tamanho da lesão. Resultados: O diagnóstico anatomopatológico obtido na associação dos dois métodos nos 50 pacientes (26 mulheres e 24 homens, com média de idade de 63,08 anos) foram: 47 malignos, um suspeito para malignidade e dois benignos. O diagnóstico definitivo definido pelo padrão-ouro demonstrou 48 estenoses malignas e duas benignas. O tamanho médio das lesões foi 3,48 cm, sendo 31 lesões extraductais e 19 intraductais, bem como 35 distais e 15 proximais. Na análise por intenção de tratamento, sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia da EE foram superiores aos resultados da CPRE (93,8%, 100% e 94% contra 60,4%, 100% e 62%, respectivamente) (p = 0,034) com índices de complicações semelhantes. Não houve concordância entre os métodos e a combinação deles aumentou a sensibilidade e acurácia para 97,9% e 98%, respectivamente. Nas subanálises, a EE foi superior à CPRE tanto nas lesões extraductais com acurácia de 100% contra 54,8%, p=0,019, quanto nas lesões maiores que 1,5 cm (95,8% contra 61,9%, p=0,031). Entretanto os resultados foram semelhantes nas lesões intraductais e nas menores que 1,5 cm. Não houve diferença significativa entre os métodos nas análises de lesões proximais, distais e pancreáticas. Nas subanálises das técnicas empregadas, o escovado citológico e a biópsia transpapilar apresentaram resultados semelhantes entre si, tal como as técnicas de capilaridade e vácuo. Conclusão: A EE-PAAF é superior à CPRE associada ao escovado citológico e à biópsia transpapilar, com índices de complicações semelhantes. Não há concordância entre os métodos e a associação deles aumenta os índices de acurácia. A EE-PAAF é superior à CPRE com obtenção de espécimes na avaliação de lesões extraductais e nas maiores que 1,5 cm e é semelhante nas intraductais e nas menores que 1,5 cm. O escovado citológico e a biópsia transpapilar apresentam resultados semelhantes entre si, tal como as técnicas de capilaridade e vácuo. Não há diferença entre os métodos nas análises individuais de lesões distais, proximais e pancreáticas / Background and Aims: Biliary strictures are always a challenging clinical scenario and the anatomopathological diagnosis is essential in the therapeutic management, whether for curative or palliative purposes. The acquisition of specimens is necessary since many benign diseases mimic biliopancreatic neoplasms. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the traditionally used method, despite its low accuracy based on biliary brush cytology and forceps biopsy. On the other hand, several studies reported good accuracy rates using endoscopic ultrasound guided-fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). The aim of this prospective study is to compare the accuracy of EUS and ERCP for tissue sampling of biliary strictures. Methods: After performing the sample calculation, fifty consecutive patients with indeterminate biliary strictures were included to undergo ERCP and EUS procedures on the same sedation or with a maximum interval of 7 days. The gold standard method was surgery or six months\' follow-up. Evaluation of the accuracy indices (sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, positive and negative likelihood ratio and accuracy), concordance and adverse events among the methods were performed. Also, subtype analyses of the techniques evaluation, anatomical localization and size of the lesion were included. Results: The final diagnosis reported in 50 patients (26 Female and 24 Male with a mean age of 63.08 years old) was 47 malignant, one suspicious for malignance and two benign lesions. Thirty-one lesions were extraductal and 19 intraductal, 35 were distal and 15 proximal strictures. The mean size of the lesion was 3.48 cm. In the intention-to-treat analysis, the sensibility and accuracy of EUS-FNA were superior than ERCP tissue sampling with biliary brush cytology and intraductal forceps biopsy (93.8%, 94% vs. 60.4%, 62%, respectively) (p=0.034), with similar adverse events. There was no concordance between the methods and combining both methods improved the sensitivity and accuracy for 97.9% and 98%, respectively. In the subtype analyses, the EUS-FNA was superior, with a higher accuracy than ERCP tissue sampling in evaluating extraductal lesions (100% vs. 54.8%, p=0.019) and in those larger than 1.5 cm (95.8% vs. 61.9%, p=0.031), but were similar in evaluating intraductal lesions and lesions smaller than 1.5 cm. There was no significant difference between the methods in the analyses of proximal, distal and pancreatic lesions. In the subtype analyses of the techniques employed, the brush cytology and the intraductal transpapillary biopsy presented similar results, as well as capillary and suction techniques. Conclusion: EUS-FNA is better than ERCP tissue sampling with biliary brush cytology and intraductal forceps biopsy with similar adverse events. There is no concordance between the methods and their association increases the accuracy. EUS-FNA is superior to ERCP tissue sampling in the assessment of extraductal lesions and in those larger than 1.5 cm and similar in the intraductal and in the lesions smaller than 1.5 cm. The brush cytology and intraductal transpapillary biopsy present similar results as well as capillary and suction techniques. There are no differences between methods in individual analyses of distal, proximal and pancreatic lesions

Sensibilidade e especificidade de um sistema de classificação de risco para infarto agudo do miocárdio em pacientes com dor torácica / Sensitivity and specificity of a risk classification system for acute myocardial infarction in patients with chest pain

Vilanova, Vanessa Cordeiro 20 July 2018 (has links)
A organização do fluxo de atendimento de emergência é um dos grandes desafios para as instituições de saúde. Os sistemas de classificação de risco auxiliam os enfermeiros na priorização do atendimento dos pacientes com maior risco, que podem ter sua condição de saúde agravada durante a espera. Avaliar o desempenho de um sistema de classificação de risco institucional para pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio permite conhecer a sua capacidade para estabelecer adequadamente a prioridade de atendimento. Objetivos: Determinar a sensibilidade e especificidade de um sistema institucional de classificação de risco para infarto agudo do miocárdio em pacientes com dor torácica; verificar associações entre as variáveis sociodemográficas com o desempenho do sistema na priorização desses pacientes. Método: Estudo observacional em um hospital de cardiologia. A estimativa da sensibilidade foi avaliada pela capacidade do sistema em classificar nas categorias de maior prioridade (vermelha e amarela) os pacientes com diagnóstico de infarto agudo do miocárdio. A estimativa da especificidade foi avaliada pela capacidade do sistema em classificar com baixa prioridade (verde e azul) os pacientes sem infarto agudo do miocárdio. O padrão de referência foi o registro médico de infarto agudo do miocárdio. Resultados: A amostra foi constituída por 3.032 eventos de classificação de risco, sendo 1.534 (50,6%) do sexo masculino; idade média de 57,9 (DP 15,1) anos;146 (4,8%) eventos de infarto agudo do miocárdio. A sensibilidade do sistema foi de 73,3% (IC 65,2% - 80,1%) e a especificidade de 61,3% (IC 59,4% - 63,0%). O desempenho do sistema foi pior com o aumento da idade dos pacientes (p<0,001); melhor com prioridades mais elevadas (p<0,001) e na presença de supra desnivelamento de segmento ST (p<0,001). Conclusão: O sistema institucional de classificação de risco teve bom desempenho na avaliação de pacientes com queixa de dor torácica por otimizar o atendimento de pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio, embora haja espaço para melhoria de desempenho do sistema considerando o aumento do valor de sensibilidade e identificação dos falsos negativos. / The organization of the flow of emergency care is one of the great challenges for health institutions. Risk classification systems assist nurses in prioritizing the care of patients at higher risk, who may have their health condition aggravated during waiting. Evaluating the performance of an institutional risk classification system for patients with acute myocardial infarction allows to know their capacity to adequately establish the priority of care. Objectives: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of an institutional system of classification of risk for acute myocardial infarction in patients with chest pain; to verify associations between the sociodemographic variables with the performance of the system in the prioritization of these patients. Method: Observational study in a cardiology hospital. Sensitivity estimation was assessed based on the ability of the system to classify patients with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction into the highest priority categories (red and yellow). Estimating specificity was assessed based on the ability of the system to classify patients without acute myocardial infarction with low priority (green and blue). The gold standard was the medical record of acute myocardial infarction. Results: The sample consisted of 3,032 risk classification events, of which 1,534 (50.6%) were male; mean age of 57.9 (SD 15.1) years, 146 (4.8%) events of acute myocardial infarction. The sensitivity of the system was 73.3% (CI 65.2% - 80.1%) and the specificity was 61.3% (CI 59.4% - 63.0%). System performance was worse with increasing patient age (p <0.001); with higher priorities (p <0.001) and in the presence of ST-segment elevation (p <0.001). Conclusion: The institutional system of risk classification performed well in the evaluation of patients with chest pain for optimizing the care of patients with acute myocardial infarction, although there is space for improvement of the system performance considering the increase of sensitivity and identification of false negatives.

Performance dos métodos visual, radiográfico e baseados em fluorescência na detecção de lesões de cárie: revisões sistemáticas com meta-análises e investigações de fontes de heterogeneidade / Performance of visual, radiographic and fluorescence based methods in detecting carious lesions: systematic reviews, meta-analyses and investigation of sources of heterogeneity

Cóvos, Thais Gimenez 13 May 2016 (has links)
O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a performance dos métodos visual, radiográfico e baseados em fluorescência quanto à detecção de lesões de cárie em dentes permanentes e decíduos, realizar meta-análise com a performance global dos métodos e investigar as possíveis fontes de heterogeneidades. Foram realizadas três revisões distintas relacionadas a cada método diagnóstico. Quatro examinadores avaliaram os trabalhos, sendo pelo menos dois por método. Estes efetuaram a busca e seleção de artigos de modo independente; um pesquisador com experiência em trabalhos de diagnóstico de cárie resolveu os casos de conflito ou dúvida. As bases de dados eletrônicas utilizadas foram MEDLINE, EMBASE e Scopus, visando reduzir o viés de publicação, também foram buscados trabalhos acadêmicos e documentos não publicados, através do OpenSigle e Anais do Congresso ORCA. Após a seleção dos estudos por critérios de inclusão e exclusão bem definidos, os dados foram coletados e anotados, de maneira independente por cada revisor. Foi realizada a avaliação da qualidade metodológica através da ferramenta Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS) e a análise estatística através do Paired Forest Plot, Summary Receiver Operating Characteristics analysis (SROC), relative diagnostic odds ratio (RDOR), análise de sensibilidade e gráfico de funil, além da investigação e exploração das possíveis fontes de heterogeneidade. Para o método visual, 102 artigos preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Em geral, a análise demonstrou que o método visual teve uma boa acurácia para a detecção de lesões de cárie. Embora estudos laboratoriais e clínicos tenham apresentado acurácias semelhantes, os valores de especificidade obtidos clinicamente foram maiores. Observamos, também, moderada a elevada heterogeneidade e evidência de viés de publicação na maioria dos estudos. Além disso, o uso de sistemas de escores visual resultaram em valores significativamente melhores de acurácia em comparação com estudos que utilizaram os seus próprios critérios. Quanto à relevância clínica dos estudos de acurácia do método visual, 96 estudos foram incluídos. Em geral, a maioria dos estudos falha em considerar alguns aspectos clínicos relevantes: somente 1 estudo incluiu avaliação da atividade das lesões; nenhum estudo considerou o seu prognóstico; 79 estudos não consideraram um desfecho clínico relevante e apenas 1 avaliou um desfecho centrado no paciente. Quanto à qualidade metodológica, a maioria dos estudos presentes apresentou alto risco de viés na seleção da amostra. Quanto ao método radiográfico, 116 artigos foram selecionados. Os métodos radiográficos convencional e digital apresentaram desempenho semelhante, mostrando valores maiores de especificidade comparados aos de sensibilidade, além de maiores valores de AUC no limiar de lesões mais avançadas. Quanto aos métodos baseados em fluorescência, 75 estudos preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Em geral, a análise demonstrou uma tendência a valores de acurácia semelhantes para todos os tipos de dentes, superfícies ou tipos de estudo. Houve uma tendência de melhor desempenho na detecção de lesões de cárie mais avançadas. Observamos, também, moderada a alta heterogeneidade e evidência de viés de publicação. Em conclusão, o método visual de detecção de lesões de cárie tem um bom desempenho geral, mas os estudos deveriam considerar desfechos clínicos relevantes, além da acurácia. Além disso, eles deveriam ser conduzidos com maior qualidade metodológica, principalmente em relação à seleção da amostra. Ainda, a utilização de índices detalhados e validados parece melhorar a acurácia do método. O método radiográfico não apresentou diferença entre os modos de aquisição de imagem (digital ou convencional), demonstrando uma tendência a valores superiores de especificidade e melhor desempenho em lesões avançadas. Quanto aos dispositivos baseados em fluorescência, estes mostraram desempenho global semelhante; no entanto, uma melhor acurácia na detecção de lesões de cárie mais avançadas tem sido observada. / This study aimed to evaluate the performance of visual, radiographic and fluorescence-based methods in the detection of caries lesions in permanent and primary teeth, to perform meta-analysis of the overall performance of the methods and to investigate possible sources of heterogeneity. Three distinct systematic reviews related to each diagnostic method were performed. Four observers evaluated the articles, at least two per method. They performed the search and study selection independently; a researcher with experience in caries diagnostic studies solved the cases of conflict or doubt. Electronic databases used were MEDLINE, EMBASE and Scopus, to reduce publication bias, were also pursued academic papers and unpublished documents through OpenSigle and the Annals of ORCA Congress. After the selection of studies by well-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria, data were collected and recorded, independently by each reviewer. Methodological quality assessment was performed through Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies tool (QUADAS) and statistical analysis using Paired Forest Plot, Summary Receiver Operating Characteristics analysis (SROC), relative diagnostic odds ratio (RDOR), sensitivity analysis and funnel plot, in addition we explored possible sources of heterogeneity. Regarding the accuracy of visual method, 102 articles met the inclusion criteria. In general, visual analysis showed that the method had a good accuracy in the detection of caries lesions. Although laboratory and clinical studies have shown similar accuracies, clinical studies have obtained higher specificities. We also observed moderate to high heterogeneity and evidence of publication bias in most studies. In addition, the use of visual scoring systems resulted in significantly better accuracy compared to studies using their own criteria. Concerning the clinical relevance of accuracy studies of visual method, 96 studies were included. In general, most studies failed to consider some relevant clinical aspects: only 1 study included assessment of activity of the lesions; no study considered their prognosis; 79 studies did not consider a relevant clinical outcome and only 1 evaluated a patient-centered outcome. With regard to the methodological quality, most of the present studies showed a high risk of bias in the selection of the sample. With concern to the radiographic method, 116 articles were selected. Conventional and digital radiographic methods showed similar performance, showing greater specificity values compared to sensitivity, and higher AUC values at the threshold of more advanced caries lesions. Regarding fluorescence-based methods, 75 studies met the inclusion criteria. In general, the analysis demonstrated that the fluorescence-based method tend to have similar accuracy for all types of teeth, dental surfaces or settings. There was a trend of better performance of fluorescence methods in detecting more advanced caries lesions. We also observed moderate to high heterogeneity and evidenced publication bias. In conclusion, the visual method of detecting caries lesions has a good overall performance, but studies should consider relevant clinical outcomes, as well as accuracy. In addition, they should be conducted with greater methodological quality, especially in relation to sample selection. Still, the use of detailed and validated indices seems to improve the accuracy of the method. Radiographic method showed no difference between the image acquisition modes (digital or conventional), showing a tendency to higher values of specificity and performance in advanced caries lesions. Fluorescence-based devices showed similar overall performance; however, a better accuracy in detecting more advanced caries has been observed.

Desenvolvimento e validação de instrumento para rastreamento do uso nocivo de álcool durante a gravidez (T-ACE). / Validity and reliability of the Brazilian version of TACE: a questionnaire for the screening of alcohol harmful drinking by pregnant women.

Fabbri, Carlos Eduardo 27 February 2002 (has links)
Os efeitos deletérios do álcool sobre a gestação bem como as dificuldades para detectar o problema vêm preocupando vários pesquisadores, sendo, por isso, necessário o desenvolvimento de instrumentos de triagem apropriados para a detecção do consumo alcoólico de risco para o desenvolvimento da Síndrome Alcoólica Fetal (SAF) durante a gestação. Este estudo teve por objetivo desenvolver uma versão brasileira do T-ACE através da tradução e adaptação de seu original (SOKOL et al, 1989), bem como proceder à validação deste instrumento de acordo com as condições e características nacionais. A amostra estudada constou de 450 gestantes no terceiro trimestre de gestação, assistidas em um serviço de atendimento pré-natal do município de Ribeirão Preto - SP. Os dados foram coletados através de entrevistas individuais para aplicação do T-ACE, do estabelecimento quantitativo da história de consumo de álcool ao longo da gestação e de entrevista clínica padronizada para diagnóstico de problemas relacionados com o uso de álcool de acordo com critérios da CID 10. Foram feitos também testes de confiabilidade entre diferentes entrevistadores e confiabilidade teste/re - teste. Entre as gestantes investigadas, 100 mulheres ou 22,1% da amostra foram consideradas positivas pelo instrumento, apresentando história de consumo alcoólico de risco (>=28g). As estimativas estatísticas para expressão da validade do T-ACE com o padrão de referência CID-10 e o padrão de consumo alcoólico trimestral do terceiro trimestre aos três meses que antecederam a gestação demonstraram resultados significativos para validação do T-ACE, que mostrou-se um instrumento de alta Sensibilidade e Especificidade. Esta validação representa a disponibilização de um instrumento que pode ser aplicado em dois minutos de entrevista, sensível para o rastreamento do consumo alcoólico de risco para a SAF e apropriado para as rotinas e práticas dos serviços obstétricos. / The deleterious effects of the alcohol in the gestation as well as difficulties detecting the problem have worrying several researchers. There is a need do develop appropriate screening instruments for the detection of alcohol consumption as a risk for the Fetal Alcoholic Syndrome (SAF). This study had as objective the development of a Brazilian version of the T-ACE through the translation and adaptation of its original (SOKOL et al, 1989), as well as to proceed to the validation of this instrument in agreement with the conditions and characteristics of the Brazilian population. The studied sample consisted of 450 pregnant women in the third gestational trimester, attended in a prenatal care unit of Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil. The data were collected through individual interviews for application of the T-ACE, with quantitative evaluation of the alcohol consumption along the gestational period. Furthermore, a standardized clinical interview was performed to diagnose problems related to the use of alcohol in agreement with ICD-10 criteria. Reliability tests among different interviewers and reliability test /re-test were made. Among the investigated pregnant women, 100 or 22,1% of the sample were considered positive for the instrument, presenting history of alcohol consumption of risk (>=28g). The statistics for validation of the T-ACE with the ICD-10 and the alcohol consumption patterns of reference, from the three months that preceded the pregnancy until the gestational third trimester, demonstrated significant and favorable results of this instrument. This validation allows the availability of a test that can be applied in two minutes of interview, sensitive for the screening of the alcohol consumption of risk for SAF and adapted for the routines and practices in prenatal care units.

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