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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Helium equilibrium in the solar atmosphere,

Johnson, Hollis R. January 1960 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Colorado, 1960. / eContent provider-neutral record in process. Description based on print version record. Bibliography: p. 153-158.
2

AN INFRARED INVESTIGATION OF THE TEMPERATURE STRUCTURE OF THE SOLAR ATMOSPHERE

Allen, Richard George January 1978 (has links)
No description available.
3

Determination of the value of the C¹²/C¹³ ratio in the solar atmosphere

Ganiaris, Nicholas, 1941- January 1966 (has links)
No description available.
4

The retrieval of atmospheric constituent mixing-ratio profiles from solar absorption spectra /

Shaffer, William Allen January 1984 (has links)
No description available.
5

EUV & X-ray spectroscopic diagnostics of the solar corona

O'Dwyer, Brendan January 2012 (has links)
No description available.
6

Propagation and generation of waves in solar atmosphere

Routh, Swati. January 2009 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Texas at Arlington, 2009.
7

NONLOCAL AND NONLINEAR EFFECTS ON SOLAR OSCILLATIONS (RADIATIVE DAMPING, LIMB DARKENING).

LOGAN, JERRY DAVID. January 1984 (has links)
This work investigates the response of the solar atmosphere to mechanical and thermal driving due to global solar oscillations. It was discovered that the coupling of thermal and mechanical modes was very important in reconciling theoretical predictions of the expected change in the solar limb due to solar oscillations and experimental observations of the variability in the solar limb darkening function undertaken at SCLERA (Santa Catalina Laboratory for Experimental Relativity). The coupling between the thermal and mechanical modes occur mainly due to the nonlocal nature of the radiation field. Previous theoretical calculations that used approximations for the radiative transfer that ignored the nonlocal nature of the radiation field predicted expected temperature perturbations (compared to the fluid displacement) that were much too small to be observed. Much larger ratios were found when the radiative transfer was treated properly. A particular solar oscillation can be influenced by the presence of a large number of other modes, if these modes can change the average properties of the medium. If the basic nonlinear equations are statistically averaged, the influence of the "mean field" can be investigated. This nonlinear effect can become important in the analysis for single modes in the upper photosphere.
8

Heating of ions by low-frequency Alfven waves in solar atmosphere

Dong, Chuanfei 23 November 2010 (has links)
The exact mechanisms responsible for heating the solar atmosphere in regions such as the chromosphere (partially ionized) and the corona (fully ionized) remain quantitatively unknown. This thesis demonstrates that the ions can be heated by Alfven waves with low frequencies in fully and partially ionized low beta plasmas, which is contrary to the customary expectation. For the partially ionized case, we find the heating process to be less efficient than the scenario with no ion-neutral collisions, and that the heating efficiency depends on the ratio of ion-neutral collision frequency to the ion gyrofrequency. For Alfven waves propagating obliquely to the background magnetic field in fully ionized plasmas, we find the heating process to be more efficient than the situation with Alfven waves propagating along the background magnetic field. Furthermore, the simulation results show the parallel kinetic temperature can become even larger than the perpendicular component for the case of obliquely propagating Alfven waves.
9

Evidence for Impulsive Heating of Active Region Coronal Loops

Reep, Jeffrey 24 July 2013 (has links)
We present observational and numerical evidence supporting the theory of impulsive heating of the solar corona. We have run numerical simulations solving the hydrodynamic equations for plasma confined to a magnetic flux tube, for the two distinct cases of steady and impulsive heating. We find that steady heating cannot explain the observed amount of low-temperature plasma in active regions on the sun. The results for impulsive heating closely match those of the observations. The ratio of heating time to cooling time predominantly determines the observed temperature distribution of the plasma. We have also identified an observational bias in calculating intensities of spectral lines in previous studies, which causes an under-estimation of low-temperature plasma. We predict Doppler shifts in the observed line emission that are in agreement with observations, and which may serve as a diagnostic of the strength of heating. We conclude that impulsive heating of active region coronal loops is more likely than steady heating.
10

On the Nature Of Propagating MHD Waves In The Solar Atmosphere

Gupta, Girjesh R 12 1900 (has links) (PDF)
One of the most persistent problem in solar physics is the identification of the mechanism that heats the solar corona and accelerates the fast solar wind. Magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD)waves play a crucial role in heating of the solar corona and acceleration of the solar wind. Different types of oscillations have been now observed by various instruments. These are interpreted as due to ubiquitous presence of MHD waves. The magnetic field plays a fundamental role in the propagation and properties of these MHD waves. The topology (structure)of the magnetic fields are different in different regions of the solar atmosphere viz., active regions (high-lying closed magnetic fields), quiet Sun (low-lying closed magnetic fields) and coronal holes (open magnetic fields). The purpose of this dissertation is to study the nature of these propagating MHD waves in different regions of the solar atmosphere. It is believed that polar coronal holes which connects the inner corona and the solar wind, are the source regions of the fast solar wind. The on-disk part of a polar coronal hole can be divided into network and internetwork regions. Long time series(sit-and-stare)data have been obtained from the SUMER/SoHO spectrometer in N iv 765Å and Ne viii 770Å spectral lines to search for the presence of waves in these two different regions from a statistical approach. The network bright regions indicate the presence of compressional waves with a dominant period of ≈ 25 min in both the lines. Moreover, we found that there is a difference in the nature of the wave propagation in the bright (‘network’), as opposed to the dark (‘internetwork’) regions, with the latter sometimes showing evidence of downwardly propagating waves that are not seen in the former. This is consistent with the magnetic topology, as open field lines are rooted in network regions whereas internetwork region has low lying closed field lines. From a measurement of propagation speeds, we found all waves are subsonic, indicating that the majority of them are slow magneto-acoustic in nature. The off-limb part of coronal holes can be divided into plume and inter-plume regions. The simultaneous observations were performed with EIS/Hinode and SUMER/SoHO spectrometer in Fe xii 195Å and Ne viii 770Å spectral lines respectively. We detected the presence of accelerating waves in a polar inter-plume region with a period of 15 min to 20 min in both the spectral lines and a propagation speed increasing from 130 ± 14 km s−1 just above the limb, to 330 ± 140 kms s−1 around 160” above the limb. These waves can be traced to originate from a bright region of the on-disk part of the coronal hole which can be visualized as the base of the coronal funnels. The adjacent plume region also shows the presence of propagating disturbance with the same range of periodicity but with propagation speeds in the range of 135 ± 18 kms s−1 to 165 ± 43 kms s−1 only. We found that the waves within the plumes are not observable (may be getting dissipated) far off-limb whereas this is not the case in the inter-plume region. We suggested that the waves are likely either Alfv´enic or fast magneto-acoustic in the inter-plume regions and slow magneto-acoustic in the plume regions. These results support the view that the inter-plume regions area preferred channel for the acceleration of the fast solar wind. The quiet Sun can be further divided into bright magnetic (network), bright non-magnetic and dark non-magnetic (internetwork) regions. Simultaneous observations were performed in Ca ii filtergram from SOT/Hinode, TRACE 1550Åpassband and with SUMER/SoHO spectrometer in N iv 765ÅandNe viii 770Åspectral lines to study the oscillations in these different regions. We detected the presence of long period oscillations with periods between 15 min to 30 min in bright magnetic regions. The oscillations were detected from chromospheric height to low coronal heights. Power maps showed that low period powers are mainly concentrated in dark regions whereas long period powers are concentrated in bright magnetic regions. We proposed that these 15 min and above periods can propagate up to the coronal heights through ‘magneto¬acoustic portals’. However in this case only with the spectral imaging data, it was not possible to identify the mode of wave propagation. To detect the presence of waves in active regions, we have analysed the imaging and spec¬troscopic data acquired during the total solar eclipse of 2006 and 2009 respectively. We found the oscillations of periods 27 s and 20 s in imaging data obtained in green (Fe xiv 5303Å) and red (Fe x 6374Å) coronal emission lines respectively. Significant oscillations with high proba¬bility estimates were detected at boundary of active region and in the neighbourhood, rather than within the loops itself. We also reported the detection of oscillations in intensity, velocity and line width having periods in the range of 25 s to 50 s with spectroscopic data again obtained in green and red coronal emission lines. These high frequency oscillations were interpreted in terms of presence of fast magneto-acoustic waves or torsional Alfv´en waves. These detected propagating MHD waves may carry sufficient energy to heat the corona and provide enough momenta to accelerate the fast solar wind. In addition, these waves may also provide input for the measurement of coronal magnetic field using the technique of ‘coronal seismology’.

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