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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The effects of cry training on state anxiety and expressiveness in males

Wiseman, C. Marvin 03 June 2011 (has links)
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship between state-anxiety and affective expressions in written stories, and receiving or withholding a sad movie and receiving permission to cry in appropriate contexts. Subjects consisted of 124 undergraduate males and females, as well as 34 older males, members of 5 midwestern, nationally affiliated civic clubs.Two independent measures, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Form X-1 Only, and selected plates of the Thematic Apperception Tests, were utilized. Four null hypotheses were tested by using separate one-way analysis of variance with an alpha level of .05 for rejection.Findings1. Older males scored significantly higher on state anxiety following a sad movie and cry behaviors than undergraduate males.2. Older males scored significantly higher on post-test measures of state-anxiety than on pre-test measures following a sad movie and cry behaviors.3. Undergraduate males are significantly more skilled in expressing affect in written stories than are older males.4. Older males showed significantly greater gains from pre- to post- test scores in affective skills. 5. Performances of females in the study revealed that, in contrast to male scores, females performed at a significantly higher level in affective expression skills than either of the two male groups. Further, female state-anxiety scores were significantly lower in a sad movie only context, than were their scores for other treatment modalitities.Conclusions1. A target population of older males described in the literature as stereotypically rigid and emotionally constricted, are more emotionally expressive following a sad movie and self-permitted cry behaviors.2. Undergraduate males are much closer to female levels of affective skills than are older males.

A vulnerability-stress model for the course of schizophrenia ?

Erickson, David Harry 05 1900 (has links)
Despite a prevailing paradigm that emphasizes an interaction of vulnerability and stress to account for the etiology of schizophrenia, diathesis—stress models of subsequent course and outcome of this disorder are rare. Even the simpler stress— process model, where the influence of stressors is mediated by supportive social relationships, has received little attention in studies of the course of schizophrenia. The objective of this study was to assess the following components of a diathesis—stress model as they predict the five-year outcome of first-episode schizophrenia: (1) stressful life events; (2) supportive social relationships; (3) brain lateral ventricle size; and (4) smooth pursuit eye movements. As part of the Greater Vancouver M.A.P. Project, we recruited first-episode DSM-III schizophrenia and affective psychosis patients. At intake to the study, their social relationships, smooth pursuit eye movement function, and brain ventricle size were assessed. Life events in the previous year were measured at intake; events over the following 18 months were assessed in two later interviews. Five years later we assessed outcome, using a global rating of social and occupational functioning. Descriptive results showed substantial variability within the schizophrenia group at intake and outcome. The trajectory of adaptive functioning over time was remarkably similar for the schizophrenic and affective psychosis groups. Of the four hypothesized predictors, only social relationships were associated (p=.O3) with five—year outcome. The number of life events was not associated with five—year outcome, nor was either of the biological risk factors. As a result, the predictor variables could not be combined in either a stress—process model or a vulnerability—stress model of the course of schizophrenia. That social relationship variables are associated with five-year outcome supports earlier findings regarding 18-month outcome, including the differing predictive roles for family and nonfamily relationships. The absence of hypothesized results for the life events data probably indicates that too much time had passed between outcome and the events as measured. Finally, that brain ventricle size and eye-movement dysfunction predict 18-month but not five—year outcome may indicate that impairment due to biological factors is expressed only in the early stages of schizophrenia.

Factors Associated with Stress in Working Mothers

Roberts, Jayne 10 1900 (has links)
University of Central Florida College of Arts and Sciences Thesis / M.S. / Masters / Arts and Sciences / Industrial/Organizational Psychology / 62 p. / v, 62 leaves, bound : ill. ; 28 cm.

Effects of perceived stress and trait impulsivity on cue-induced chocolate craving in a non-clinical, adult sample / Stress, impulsivity & cue-reactivity

Hall, Kelcey Lynn 03 May 2014 (has links)
Access to abstract permanently restricted to Ball State community. / Access to thesis permanently restricted to Ball State community. / Department of Psychological Science

Construct validation of the trauma-stren conversion : age, religiosity, mental health, and self-esteem

Gatten, Shauna L. January 1987 (has links)
Up to this point much of what has been learned regarding individuals' stress responses has been derived from the study of individuals who have suffered from psychopathology or physical illness. Recent research, however, has demonstrated a shift in focus toward individuals who effectively cope with stressful experiences. For example, previous research has identified a type of "conversion" process whereby an initially traumatic event is evaluated and later recognized to have positive effects through its assimilation into a new cognitive framework emphasizing psychological growth and adaptation. The present study investigated the conversion phenomenon, examining the relationship between older and younger subjects' perceptions of significant events and their current level of mental health, self-esteem and religious orientation. Results found conversion to be related to religiosity but not to age, self-esteem or transient mental health status. The findings are discussed and implications for future research are identified.

Stress, dopamine and vulnerability : a functional neuroimaging investigation of stress in schizotypy

Soliman, Alexandra January 2007 (has links)
Psychological stress increases dopamine release in the striatum and is thought toplay a role in susceptibility to psychotic illness. In schizophrenia, a prototypicalpsychotic illness, there is evidence of abnormal dopamine response to pharmacologicalchallenge or psychological stressors. Stress, like dopamine agonist drugs, can triggerrelapse in schizophrenic patients. It has been proposed that exaggerated responses tostress are key in the etiology of psychosis in vulnerable individuals. However, it is notknown whether differences in brain dopaminergic responsiveness precede psychosis ordevelop subsequent to illness onset. / Le stress psychologique augmente le niveau de dopamine dans le striatum, phenomene qui pourrait contribuer a la vulnerabilite aux maladies psychotiques. Dans la schizophrenie, une maladie psychotique prototypique, les etudes ont montre qu'il y a une liberation anormale de la dopamine en reponse aux drogues ou au stress psychologique. Le stress, comme les agonistes dopaminergiques, peut precipiter une rechute chez des patients schizophrenes. On avance Phypothese que les reponses excessives au stress sont primordiales dans l'etiologie de la psychose chez les individus vulnerables. Cependant, on ne sait pas si les anomalies de la reponse dopaminergique du cerveau precedent la psychose, ou se developpent apres le debut de la maladie.

Differential impact of mental load on attention

Hung, Pui-shan, Joanne, 洪珮珊 January 2004 (has links)
published_or_final_version / abstract / toc / Psychology / Master / Master of Philosophy

Promoting challenge appraisals of stress : effects on reactivity, immunity, and health /

Dolbier, Christyn Lisette, January 2000 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2000. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 207-217). Available also in a digital version from Dissertation Abstracts.

Attention and the stress response dampening effect of alcohol : using laten growth modeling to test a compreshensive model /

Erickson, Darin J., January 2003 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Missouri-Columbia, 2003. / Typescript. Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 124-130). Also available on the Internet.

Attention and the stress response dampening effect of alcohol using laten growth modeling to test a compreshensive model /

Erickson, Darin J., January 2003 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Missouri-Columbia, 2003. / Typescript. Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 124-130). Also available on the Internet.

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