• Refine Query
  • Source
  • Publication year
  • to
  • Language
  • 5
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • Tagged with
  • 11
  • 11
  • 5
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

The thyroid gland and tissue metabolism

Heming, Arthur Edward, January 1941 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1941. / Typescript. Includes abstract and vita. eContent provider-neutral record in process. Description based on print version record. Includes bibliographical references (leaves [81-87]).
2

Applications of microdialysis in studies of the adrenergic regulation of lipolysis in human skeletal muscle and adipose tissue /

Enoksson, Staffan, January 1900 (has links)
Diss. (sammanfattning) Stockholm : Karol. inst. / Härtill 5 uppsatser.
3

The role of malic enzyme (NADP-ME) in plants

El-Shora, Hamed Mohammad January 1988 (has links)
No description available.
4

Role of prostaglandin Eâ‚‚ in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis

Keerthisingam, Carmel Beulin January 2000 (has links)
No description available.
5

A comparative study of tissue reaction to four different suture materials

Cantu, Juan A January 2011 (has links)
Photocopy of typescript. / Digitized by Kansas Correctional Industries
6

THE ROLE OF POLYAMINE ACETYLATION IN REGULATING ADIPOSE TISSUE METABOLISM

Liu, Chunli January 2011 (has links)
Biochemistry / Ph.D. / Because excessive body weight is a major health issue, there is an urgent need to understand all physiological mechanisms relating to control of fat deposition/mobilization. Here we investigated the linkage between polyamine metabolism and fat homeostasis that we recently discovered to operate in mice. Our previous data show that the expression level of spermine/spermidine acetyltransferase (SSAT), a polyamine catabolic enzyme, potently modulates body fat content of mice. In particular, our data indicated that SSAT overexpressing mice (SSAT-Tg) have reduced acetyl CoA levels and are lean while SSAT null mice (SSAT-ko) are obese. Since the acetyl CoA/malonyl CoA levels are critical for control of free fatty acid synthesis and oxidation via malonyl CoA regulation of CPT-1 (carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1), we hypothesized that genetic manipulation of SSAT alters body fat accumulation by activating of AMP-activated protein kinase pathway and thus has a global effect on energy metabolism. To test this hypothesis, we performed a combination of proteomics and antibody based expression studies in white adipose tissue (WAT) of SSAT-ko, SSAT-wt and SSAT-tg: We identified 9 proteins in WAT that show an increasing gradient across SSAT-ko, SSAT-wt and SSAT-tg, all of which have a connection with acetyl-CoA consumption. These include: a) glycolytic enzymes (aldolase, enolase, pyruvate dehydrogenase); b) TCA cycle enzymes (aconitate hydratase, malate dehydrogenase); c) fatty acid lipolysis and beta oxidation enzymes (hormone-sensitive lipase, monoglyceride lipase, 3-hydroxyacyl CoA dehydrogenase). Additional expression studies using Western blots indicated that acetyl CoA regulates metabolism by AMP-activated protein kinase pathway. Furthermore, to determine how tissue-specific changes in SSAT expression will impact fat accumulation and the precise role of SSAT expression status in fat homeostasis and obesity, we generated adipose-specific SAT1 knockout (FSAT1KO) mice using the Cre-Lox method. On 27-week-old, FSAT1KO mice have higher average body weight than wild type mice (WT: 45.13 ± 2.23 g vs. FSAT1KO: 52.28 ± 1.62 g, p<0.05) when fed a high-fat diet. Larger lipid droplets and lipid accumulation were present in FSAT1KO mouse livers compared to the control WT mice. Several proteins involved in fat metabolism were found to be up-regulated in FSAT1KO mice using GeLC-MS proteomics approach. These data indicated that the lack of SSAT activity in adipose tissue, but not liver or muscle, drives the phenotypic changes in SSAT-ko obese mice. Our interpretation of these results is that genetic modulation of SSAT causes a combination of changes in WAT that involve lipolysis, energy metabolism and calorie loss resulting from polyamine export. In summary, the data indicate that modulation of SSAT activity affects fat metabolism and calorie balance. / Temple University--Theses
7

The metabolic fate of sucrose in intact sugarcane internodal tissue.

McDonald, Zac. January 2000 (has links)
The study was aimed at determining the metabolic fate of sucrose in intact sugarcane internodal tissue. Three aspects of the fate of sucrose in storage tissue of whole plants formed the main focus of the work. These were the rate of sucrose accumulation in the developing culm, the characterisation of partitioning of carbon into different cellular organic fractions in the developing culm and the occurrence of sucrose turnover in both immature and mature stem tissues. Specific attention was paid to confirming the occurrence of sucrose turnover in both immature and mature internodal tissue. This sucrose turnover has been described previously in both tissue slices and cell suspension cultures. However, certain results from previous work at the whole plant level have indicated that sucrose turnover does not occur in mature internodal tissue. Radiolabeled carbon dioxide (14CO2) was fed to leaf 6 of sugarcane culms of a high sucrose storing variety (Saccharum spp. hybrid cv. Nco376). All plants were of similar age (12 months) and were grown under similar conditions. The movement and metabolic fate of radiolabeled sucrose was determined at four time points, (6 hours, 24 hours, 7 days and 6 weeks) during a 6 week period. The metabolic fate of sucrose was determined in internodes number 3, number 6 and number 9. Internode 3 was found to have a relatively high hexose sugar content of 42 mg glc&fruc fw g-1 and a low sucrose content of 14 mg suc fw g-1. In contrast the sucrose content of internode 9 was much higher at 157 mg suc fw g-1 and the hexose sugar content much lower at 4.3 mg glc&fruc fw g-1. Based on previous work, the sugar content of internode 3 and internode 9 are characteristic of immature and mature tissues respectively. Internode 6 occupies an intermediary position between internode 3 and 6 with its sucrose content higher than its hexose sugar content, but with the hexose sugar content still being notable at 15 mg glc&fruc fw g-1. Although the metabolic fate of sucrose within sink tissue was the focal point of the study, the experimental design also allowed for certain aspects of sucrose production in the source to be investigated. The average photosynthetic rate for leaf 6 in full sunlight was estimated at 48 mg CO2 dm-2 s -1. During photosynthesis, only 30% of the fixed carbon was partitioned into the storage carbohydrate pool while the remaining 70% was partitioned into sucrose for immediate export from the leaf. This high rate of carbon fixation combined with a high rate of carbon export is characteristic of C4 plants such as sugarcane. On entering the culm, translocation of radiolabeled sucrose was predominantly basipetal with relatively little acropetal translocation. The majority of the radiolabeled carbon was found to be stored in mature internodes. No significant loss of radiolabeled carbon was observed in mature and elongating internodes over the study period. A 22% loss of total radiolabeled carbon was observed in immature internodes over the same period. This can probably be attributed to the higher rates of cellular respiration known to occur in immature tissues. There appear to be three phases of sucrose accumulation in the developing culm. Initially, the accumulation rate in rapidly growing tissue, as internode 3 develops into internode 6, is relatively low. This is followed by a rapid increase in the rate of sucrose accumulation during internode elongation, as internode 6 becomes internode 9. Finally, a decrease in the rate of sucrose accumulation is observed during late maturation, as internode 9 becomes internode 12. Determination of the sucrose content in internodes 3, 6 and 9 revealed that there is a notable increase in sucrose content during internode maturation. It is proposed that the higher sucrose content of mature tissue is not merely a consequence of the longer growth period of mature tissue, but is due to the increased rate of sucrose accumulation observed during internode elongation. Short-term (24 hours) analysis of carbon partitioning revealed that intemodal maturation was associated with a redirection of carbon from non-sucrose cellulal organic fractions to sucrose storage. In immature internodes only 20% of the total radiolabeled carbon was present in the sucrose pool 24 hours after feeding. In elongating internodes the figure increased to 54% while in mature internodes as much as 77% of the total radiolabeled carbon was retained in the sucrose pool. Concomitant with the increased carbon partitioning into stored sucrose down the developing culm is a decrease in carbon partitioning into the hexose sugar pool. In immature tissue, 42 % of the total radiolabel is present in the hexose sugar pool, while in mature tissue the percentage drops to 11%. This decrease is probably indicative of decreased levels of carbon cycling between the sucrose and hexose sugar pool as a result of internode maturation. Internode maturation was also found to be associated with a decrease in the amount of carbon in the water insoluble matter pool and the amino acid/ organic acid/ sugar phosphate pool. Thus, internode maturation is associated with a redirection of carbon from total respiration to sucrose storage. Long-term (6 weeks) analysis of carbon partitioning confirmed that sucrose storage in mature tissue is greater than that in immature tissue. From the 6 hour time point to the 6 week time point, an 87% reduction in the stored radiolabeled sucrose content was observed in immature internodes. During the same period only a 25% reduction in the stored radiolabeled sucrose was observed in mature internodes. Radiolabel loss from the radiolabeled sucrose pool in both mature and immature internodes was accounted for by relative radiolabel gains in other cellular organic fractions. At all time points during the study, and in all three tissues studied, radiolabel was found in the sucrose pool, the hexose sugars pool, the ionic pool and the water insoluble matter pool. The occurrence of radiolabel in the non-sucrose tissue constituents suggests that sucrose turnover is occurring in both immature, and mature internodal tissue. / Thesis (M.Sc.)-University of Natal, Durban, 2000.
8

Diffuse Optical Tomography Imaging of Chemotherapy-Induced Changes in Breast Tissue Metabolism

Altoé, Mirella Lorrainy January 2020 (has links)
Breast cancer is fast becoming the leading cause of mortality in women worldwide. As of this year, there are more than 3.1 million women with a history of breast cancer in the U.S., and about 41,760 women are expected to die from this disease. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has become a well-established therapy in the treatment of patients with locally advanced or primarily inoperable breast cancer. It consists of 3-9 months of drug treatment to shrink the tumor size before surgical removal of any remaining mass. A pathological complete response (pCR) is defined as complete disappearance of the tumor before surgery and correlates with 5-year overall survival of the treated patient. However, only 15-40% of subjects who undergo NAC will achieve a pCR, while the remaining patients do not benefit from a therapy that has considerable side effects. In this Ph.D. thesis, I explore the potential of diffuse optical tomography (DOT) for breast cancer imaging and NAC monitoring. The overall objective is two-fold. First, I seek to identify breast cancer patients who will not respond to NAC shortly after the initiation of a 5-9 months therapy regimen. Identifying these patients early will allow a switch to a more promising therapy and avoiding months of ineffective therapy with a drug regimen that has considerable side effects. Second, I use the optical data simultaneously obtained from the contralateral, non-tumor bearing breast to better understand the factors that modulate breast density and the source of its contrast in DOT. This work analyzed DOT data from 105 patients with stage II-III breast cancer under NAC regimen. Data processing and image analysis protocols were developed to more effectively evaluate static tissue contrast and dynamic functional imaging of the breast. Notably, we observed that there are differences in the time evolution of DOT features between pCR and non-pCR tumors under NAC, and DOT features can contribute to the successful prediction of pCR status from pretreatment imaging. Lastly, our analysis demonstrated a positive correlation between DOT feature and mammographic density classification, which could lead to research on the potential use of DOT as a predictor of breast cancer as well as an assessment tool to longitudinally evaluate the efficacy of chemoprevention strategies. These findings represent important steps towards the translation of DOT into current clinical workflow to contribute to better-personalized breast cancer therapies and breast cancer risk management.
9

Vliv ektopické syntézy mitochondriálního odpřahujícího proteinu 1 v bílé tukové tkáni na celotělový metabolizmus u myší / Effect of ectopic synthesis of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 in white adipose tissue on whole-body metabolism in mice

Janovská, Petra January 2014 (has links)
The prevention and treatment of obesity is a major problem of health care systems in affluent societies. Metabolism of adipose tissue belongs to the therapeutical targets, since accumulation of adipose tissue is the basis of obesity development. Experiments using transgenic mice with ectopic expression of brown- fat uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) in white adipose tissue (WAT), verified a concept that obesity could be ameliorated by increasing energy expenditure in WAT. The goal of the experiments of this PhD Thesis was to characterize in detail the phenotype of this unique animal model of obesity resistance. We have shown that mitochondrial uncoupling in WAT resulted in increased oxidation of fatty acids (FA), in face of decreased lipogenesis and induced mitochondrial biogenesis in this tissue. In further studies, we aimed to modulate propensity to obesity be increasing FA oxidation in WAT in response to physiological stimuli. This could be accomplished in response to the combination treatment using n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) and mild calorie restriction in mice fed high-fat diet. Synergistic induction of mitochondrial oxidative capacity and lipid catabolism in epididymal WAT was associated with suppression of low-grade inflammation of WAT, which is typical for obesity. The improvement of lipid...
10

Effects of weight loss and exercise on chemerin serum concentrations and adipose tissue expression in human obesity

Chakaroun, Rima 14 January 2015 (has links) (PDF)
Chemerin is a chemoattractant adipokine that regulates adipogenesis and may induce insulin resistance. Chemerin serum concentrations are elevated in obese, insulin-resistant, and inflammatory states in vivo. Here we investigate the role of omental (OM) and subcutaneous (SC) adipose tissue chemerin and CMKLR1 messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in human obesity. In addition, we test the hypothesis that changes in chemerin serum concentrations are primarily associated with reduced body fat mass in the context of 3 weight loss intervention studies. Chemerin serum concentration was measured in 740 individuals in a cross-sectional (n = 629) study including a subgroup (n = 161) for which OM and SC chemerin mRNA expression has been analyzed as well as in 3 interventions including 12 weeks of exercise (n = 60), 6 months of calorie-restricted diet (n = 19) studies, and 12 months after bariatric surgery (n = 32). Chemerin mRNA is significantly higher expressed in adipose tissue of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and correlates with circulating chemerin, body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat, C-reactive protein, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, and glucose infusion rate in euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamps. CMKLR1 mRNA expression was not significantly different between the 2 fat depots. Obesity surgery–induced weight loss causes a significant reduction on both OM and SC chemerin expression. All interventions led to significantly reduced chemerin serum concentrations. Decreased chemerin serum concentrations significantly correlate with improved glucose infusion rate and reduced C-reactive protein levels independently of changes in BMI. Insulin resistance and inflammation are BMI-independent predictors of elevated chemerin serum concentrations. Reduced chemerin expression and serum concentration may contribute to improved insulin sensitivity and subclinical inflammation beyond significant weight loss.

Page generated in 0.097 seconds