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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
11

Short laser pulses generation by moving-mirror method.

January 1993 (has links)
by Kwok Chi Wing. / Thesis (M.Phil.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1993. / Includes bibliographical references. / Abstract / Acknowledgements / Chapter 1. --- Introduction --- p.1 / Chapter 2. --- Basic Concepts of Lasers and Simple Survey of Laser Theories --- p.4 / Chapter 2.1 --- Introduction --- p.4 / Chapter 2.1.1 --- Basic Structure of a Laser --- p.4 / Chapter 2.1.2 --- "Concepts of "" Mode"" arid "" Mode-Locking""" --- p.6 / Chapter 2.2 --- Brief Review of Laser Theories --- p.9 / Chapter 2.3 --- Other Simple Models --- p.12 / Chapter 2.4 --- Review of the Maxwell-Bloch Equations --- p.17 / Chapter 2.4.1 --- Derivation of Maxwell-Bloch Equations --- p.17 / Chapter 2.4.2 --- Continuous-Wave Operation --- p.23 / Chapter 2.4.3 --- Mean-Field Approximation and Lorenz-Haken Instability --- p.24 / Chapter 2.4.4 --- Adiabatic Elimination of Fast Variables --- p.26 / Chapter 2.4.5 --- Thin-Sheet-Gain Approximation for Multimode Lasers --- p.30 / Chapter 2.4.6 --- Self-Mode-Locking Predicted by Using Maxwell-Bloch Equations --- p.33 / Chapter 2.4.7 --- Hysteresis Phenomena in Switching the Cavity Detuning --- p.35 / Chapter 3. --- "Moving-Mirror ""Mode-Locking""" --- p.41 / Chapter 3.1 --- Conventional Laser Mode-Locking --- p.41 / Chapter 3.1.1 --- Preliminaries: What is Mode-Locking (Conventional) ? --- p.41 / Chapter 3.1.2 --- Active Mode-Locking and Passive Mode-Locking --- p.43 / Chapter 3.1.3 --- Spectra of Conventional Mode-Locked Lasers --- p.49 / Chapter 3.2 --- Moving-Mirror Mode-Locking --- p.50 / Chapter 3.2.1 --- Historical Notes --- p.50 / Chapter 3.2.2 --- Previously Proposed Explanations --- p.54 / Chapter 3.3 --- MMML Mechanism: our Proposal --- p.59 / Chapter 3.3.1 --- Relation between MMML Lasers and FSFC Lasers --- p.60 / Chapter 3.3.2 --- Concept of Moving Modes --- p.62 / Chapter 3.3.3 --- How are the Moving Modes Locked ? --- p.64 / Chapter 3.4 --- Numerical Simulations ´ؤ Method and Results --- p.68 / Chapter 3.4.1 --- Description of Our Numerical Model --- p.68 / Chapter 3.4.2 --- Tests on the Simulation Method --- p.71 / Chapter 3.4.3 --- Ultrashort Pulses Generation of a MMML Laser --- p.73 / Chapter 3.4.4 --- Modulation of the Pulses --- p.74 / Chapter 3.4.5 --- Broadband or Discrete Spectra ? --- p.75 / Chapter 3.4.6 --- Different Operation Regimes in MMML Lasers --- p.79 / Chapter 3.4.7 --- Why Period-T/2 Pulses --- p.84 / Chapter 3.4.8 --- Auto-Correlation Function of the Electric Field --- p.86 / Chapter 3.4.9 --- FSFC Laser with Injection Signal --- p.87 / Chapter 3.4.10 --- MMML in Class C Laser: d = 1.0 --- p.88 / Chapter 3.4.11 --- Exciting the Relaxation Oscillation Resonance --- p.89 / Chapter 4. --- Discussion and Conclusion --- p.92 / Chapter 4.1 --- Limitation of (Conventional) Thin-Sheet-Gain Approximation --- p.92 / Chapter 4.1.1 --- Problem with the Conventional Thin -Sheet-Gain Approximation --- p.92 / Chapter 4.1.2 --- Modified Thin-Sheet-Gain Approximation --- p.93 / Chapter 4.2 --- Concluding Remarks; Possibilities of Further Research --- p.97 / References and Notes / Appendix: Source Codes of the Fortran Program
12

Materials for millimetre wave detection using femtosecond optical pulses.

January 1999 (has links)
by Chi Sang Wong. / Thesis (M.Phil.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1999. / Includes bibliographical references. / Abstract also in Chinese. / Abstract --- p.ii / Acknowledgements --- p.vii / Table of Contents --- p.viii / Chapter 1 --- Introduction --- p.1 / Chapter 1.1 --- Background --- p.1 / Chapter 1.2 --- Organisation of Thesis --- p.4 / References --- p.6 / Chapter 2 --- Principles and Theories --- p.8 / Chapter 2.1 --- Device Concepts --- p.9 / Chapter 2.2 --- Picosecond Photoconductors --- p.14 / Chapter 2.3 --- Photoconducting Antennas --- p.18 / Chapter 2.4 --- Summary --- p.20 / References --- p.21 / Chapter 3 --- Self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire (Ti:Al203) Laser --- p.24 / Chapter 3.1 --- Introduction --- p.25 / Chapter 3.2 --- Self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire Laser Cavity --- p.26 / Chapter 3.3 --- Negative Dispersion Using Pairs of Prisms --- p.28 / Chapter 3.4 --- Kerr-lens Mode-Locked Model: Role of Space-time Effects --- p.33 / Chapter 3.5 --- Initiation of Self-mode-locked Pulses --- p.37 / Chapter 3.6 --- 39-fs Pulses from A Self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire Laser --- p.38 / Chapter 3.7 --- Summary --- p.42 / References --- p.43 / Chapter 4 --- Photoconductive Detection of Millimetre Waves Using LT-GaAs --- p.46 / Chapter 4.1 --- Introduction --- p.47 / Chapter 4.2 --- Devices Structures --- p.48 / Chapter 4.3 --- Experimental Setup --- p.52 / Chapter 4.4 --- Results and Discussion --- p.54 / Chapter 4.5 --- Summary --- p.57 / References --- p.58 / Chapter 5 --- Investigation of Other Materials for THz Detection --- p.60 / Chapter 5.1 --- Introduction --- p.61 / Chapter 5.2 --- Material Preparation --- p.62 / Chapter 5.3 --- Devices Structures --- p.64 / Chapter 5.4 --- Experimental Setup --- p.68 / Chapter 5.5 --- Results and Discussion --- p.69 / Chapter 5.6 --- Investigation of Other Materials --- p.72 / Chapter 5.7 --- Summary --- p.73 / References --- p.74 / Chapter 6 --- Characteristics of Millimetre Waves --- p.76 / Chapter 6.1 --- Introduction --- p.77 / Chapter 6.2 --- Experimental Setup --- p.78 / Chapter 6.3 --- Experimental Results --- p.80 / Chapter 6.4 --- Experimental Setup --- p.83 / Chapter 6.5 --- Experimental Results --- p.85 / Chapter 6.6 --- Summary --- p.86 / References --- p.87 / Chapter 7 --- Conclusion and Future Work --- p.88 / Chapter 7.1 --- Conclusion --- p.88 / Chapter 7.2 --- Future Work --- p.91 / Appendixes --- p.A-l / Chapter Appendix A: --- Hall Effect Measurement System --- p.A-l / Chapter Appendix B: --- Photography of Device Structures --- p.A-2 / Chapter Appendix C: --- Fast Fourier Transform Program --- p.A-3 / Chapter Appendix D: --- List of Publications --- p.A-4
13

New schemes of picosecond pulse generation with broad tunability in wavelength and repetition rate. / CUHK electronic theses & dissertations collection

January 2005 (has links)
Active mode locking is one of the simplest ways to generate picosecond pulses at gigahertz repetition rates. In my works, I demonstrate the generation of picosecond pulses with a center-wavelength spanning from 1489nm to 1589nm using a polarization maintaining fiber loop mirror filter (PMF-LMF) in a mode-locked semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) ring laser. By applying the SOA gain shifting technique and with the help of the controllable transmission ratio of the PMF-LMF, the tuning range of the output wavelength can be extended. By applying the technique of dispersion tuning, electrical wavelength tuning can be achieved across a range of 100nm. / Compared to the active mode-locking method, the regenerative mode-locking is very convenient because it does not require any external source for modulation and is proved to be more robust against fluctuations in ambient temperature. We demonstrate a 10-GHz regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser using a PMF-LMF. The operating frequency is determined by the free-spectral-range of the PMF-LMF and the component is extracted optically from the ring laser output. / In addition, we also demonstrate a simple technique to generate wavelength tunable picosecond pulses at adjustable repetition rate without using electrical or optical RF filter to extract the radio frequency (RF). The RF signal for mode locking is generated from a Fabry-Perot laser diode (FP-LD) under optical injection. The output frequency can be varied by adjusting the biasing current of the FP-LD. (Abstract shortened by UMI.) / Picosecond optical pulse sources with broad tunability and various repetition rates are key elements for applications in wavelength- and time-division multiplexed optical transmission systems. Mode-locking is one of the main techniques for the generation of optical pulses with high repetition rate picosecond pulse trains. This thesis presents our research efforts in high repetition rate optical pulse generation using active and regenerative mode-locking techniques, and a self-starting approach. We also demonstrate the application of harmonic mode locking in all-optical clock recovery from NRZ data. / Tang Wing Wa. / "August 2005." / Adviser: C. T. Shu. / Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-07, Section: B, page: 4015. / Thesis (Ph.D.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2005. / Includes bibliographical references. / Electronic reproduction. Hong Kong : Chinese University of Hong Kong, [2012] System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. Available via World Wide Web. / Electronic reproduction. [Ann Arbor, MI] : ProQuest Information and Learning, [200-] System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. Available via World Wide Web. / Abstract in English and Chinese. / School code: 1307.
14

Relationship between locked modes and disruptions in the DIII-D tokamak

Sweeney, Ryan Myles January 2017 (has links)
This thesis is organized into three body chapters: (1) the first use of naturally rotating tearing modes to diagnose intrinsic error fields is presented with experimental results from the EXTRAP T2R reversed field pinch, (2) a large scale study of locked modes (LMs) with rotating precursors in the DIII-D tokamak is reported, and (3) an in depth study of LM induced thermal collapses on a few DIII-D discharges is presented. The amplitude of naturally rotating tearing modes (TMs) in EXTRAP T2R is modulated in the presence of a resonant field (given by the superposition of the resonant intrinsic error field, and, possibly, an applied, resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP)). By scanning the amplitude and phase of the RMP and observing the phase-dependent amplitude modulation of the resonant, naturally rotating TM, the corresponding resonant error field is diagnosed. A rotating TM can decelerate and lock in the laboratory frame, under the effect of an electromagnetic torque due to eddy currents induced in the wall. These locked modes often lead to a disruption, where energy and particles are lost from the equilibrium configuration on a timescale of a few to tens of milliseconds in the DIII-D tokamak. In fusion reactors, disruptions pose a problem for the longevity of the reactor. Thus, learning to predict and avoid them is important. A database was developed consisting of 2000 DIII-D discharges exhibiting TMs that lock. The database was used to study the evolution, the nonlinear effects on equilibria, and the disruptivity of locked and quasi-stationary modes with poloidal and toroidal mode numbers m=2 and n=1 at DIII-D. The analysis of 22,500 discharges shows that more than 18% of disruptions present signs of locked or quasi-stationary modes with rotating precursors. A parameter formulated by the plasma internal inductance l_i divided by the safety factor at 95% of the toroidal flux, q_95, is found to exhibit predictive capability over whether a locked mode will cause a disruption or not, and does so up to hundreds of milliseconds before the disruption. Within 20 ms of the disruption, the shortest distance between the island separatrix and the unperturbed last closed flux surface, referred to as d_edge, performs comparably to l_i/q_95 in its ability to discriminate disruptive locked modes, and it also correlates well with the duration of the locked mode. On average, and within errors, the n=1 perturbed field grows exponentially in the final 50 ms before a disruption, however, the island width cannot discern whether a LM will disrupt or not up to 20 ms before the disruption. A few discharges are selected to analyze the evolution of the electron temperature profile in the presence of multiple coexisting locked modes during partial and full thermal quenches. Partial thermal quenches are often an initial, distinct stage in the full thermal quench caused by radiation, conduction, or convection losses. Here we explore the fundamental mechanism that causes the partial quench. Near the onset of partial thermal quenches, locked islands are observed to align in a unique way, or island widths are observed to grow above a threshold. Energy analysis on one discharge suggests that about half of the energy is lost in the divertor region. In discharges with minimum values of the safety factor above 1.2, and with current profiles expected to be classically stable, locked modes are observed to self-stabilize by inducing a full thermal quench, possibly by double tearing modes that remove the pressure gradient across the island, thus removing the neoclassical drive.
15

High power ultra-short pulse quantum-dot lasers

Nikitichev, Daniil I. January 2012 (has links)
In this thesis, novel multi-section laser diodes based on quantum-dot material are designed and investigated which exhibit a number of advantages such as low threshold current density; temperature-insensitivity and suppress carrier diffusion due to discrete nature of density of state of quantum-dots. The spectral versatility in the range of 1.1 µm – 1.3 µm wavelengths is demonstrated through novel mode-locking regimes such as dual-wavelength mode-locking, wavelength bistability and broad tunability. Moreover, broad pulse repetition rate tuning using an external cavity configuration is presented. A high peak power of 17.7 W was generated from the quantum-dot laser as a result of the tapered geometry of the gain section of the laser has led to successful application of such device for two-photon imaging. Dual-wavelength mode-locking is demonstrated via ground (?=1180 nm) and excited (?=1263 nm) spectral bands with optical pulses from both states simultaneously in the 5-layer quantum-dot two-section diode laser. The widest spectral separation of 83 nm between the modes was achieved in a dual-wavelength mode-locked non-vibronic laser. Power and wavelength bistability are achieved in a mode-locked multi-section laser which active region incorporates non-identical QD layers grown by molecular beam epitaxy. As a result the wavelength can be electronically controlled between 1245 nm and 1290 nm by applying different voltages to the saturable absorber. Mode-locked or continuous-wave regimes are observed for both wavelengths over a 260 mA – 330 mA current ranges with average power up to 28 mW and 31 mW, respectively. In mode-locked regime, a repetition rate of 10 GHz of optical pulses as short as 4 ps is observed. Noticeable hysteresis of average power for different bias conditions is also demonstrated. The wavelength and power bistability in QD lasers are potentially suitable for flip-flop memory application. In addition, a unique mode-locked regime at expense of the reverse bias with 50 nm wavelength tuning range from 1245 nm to 1290 nm is also presented. Broad repetition rate tunability is shown from quantum-dot external cavity mode-locked 1.27 µm laser. The repetition rate from record low of 191 MHz to 1 GHz from fundamental mode-locking was achieved. Harmonic mode-locking allows further to increase tuning up to 6.8 GHz (34th-order harmonic) from 200 MHz fundamental mode-locking. High peak power of 1.5 W can be generated directly from two-section 4 mm long laser with bent waveguide at angle of 7° at 1.14 GHz repetition rate without the use of any pulse compression and optical amplifier. Stable mode-locking with an average power up to 60 mW, corresponding to 25 pJ pulse energy is also obtained at a repetition frequency of 2.4 GHz. The minimum time-bandwidth product of 1.01 is obtained with the pulse duration of 8.4 ps. Novel tapered quantum-dot lasers with a gain-guided geometry operating in a passively mode-locked regime have been investigated, using structures that incorporated either 5 or 10 quantum dot layers. The peak power of 3.6 W is achieved with pulse duration of 3.2 ps. Furthermore, the record peak power of 17.7 W and transform limited pulses of 672 fs were achieved with optimized structure. The generation of picosecond pulses with high average power of up to 209 mW was demonstrated, corresponding to 14.2 pJ pulse energy. The improved optical parameters of the tapered laser enable to achieve nonlinear images of fluorescent beads. Thus it is for the first time that QD based compact monolithic device enables to image biological samples using two-photon microscopy imaging technique.
16

Modelocked waveguide lasers in lithium niobate /

Wessel, Rudolf. January 2000 (has links)
Thesis (doctoral)--Universität, Paderborn, 2000.
17

Ultrashort-pulse generation from quantum-dot semiconductor diode lasers /

Cataluna, Maria Ana. January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of St Andrews, December 2007.
18

Photonic analog-to-digital coonversion using a robust symmetrical number system /

Fisher, Adam S. January 2005 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S. in Electrical Engineering)--Naval Postgraduate School, June 2005. / Thesis Advisor(s): Phillip E. Pace. Includes bibliographical references (p. 55). Also available online.
19

Stability and dynamics of solitary waves in nonlinear optical materials /

Farnum, Edward D. January 2005 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Washington, 2005. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 94-98).
20

Ultrafast pulse dynamics in low noise Tm/Ho doped mode-locked fiber lasers

Akosman, Ahmet Emin 22 October 2018 (has links)
Mode-locked fiber lasers have attracted significant scientific and commercial interest since they offer a compact and highly stable platform with straightforward operation for exploiting ultrafast and nonlinear phenomena. They have enabled a vast range of applications that span from distinct disciplines such as medical diagnostics, molecular spectroscopy, and high-power precise mechanical cutting, to optical metrology. Various gain media have been utilized to achieve laser emission at different wavelengths. We have developed unique thulium/holmium (Tm/Ho) doped mode-locked fiber laser systems to address the needs of low-noise ultrafast optical sources in the wavelength vicinity of 2 μm at higher repetition rates. Since the 2 μm wavelength regime has recently attracted more attention with the emergence of thulium gain fibers, the rich underlying cavity dynamics, novel pulse operation regimes and nonlinear phenomena in compact fiber configurations have not been fully explored yet. In this thesis, research is conducted on novel Tm fiber laser cavity configurations and on the formation of unique, polarization-based pulsing regimes. Particularly, this research is focused on the exploration of novel ultrafast and nonlinear phenomena, and the development of optical sources emitting unprecedented ultrafast pulse trains beyond conventional equal-intensity distribution using Tm/Ho doped gain media. The research presented features four main results: 1) development of a high repetition rate and low-noise Tm/Ho doped mode-locked fiber laser platform as an attractive optical source for a wide variety of applications 2) investigation of a novel mode-locked state in which the ultrafast pulse train is composed of co-generated, consecutive, equal intensity and orthogonally polarized pulses in order to achieve dual RF comb generation for dual-comb spectroscopy applications, 3) exploration of controllable ultrafast waveform generation utilizing vector soliton and harmonic mode-locking mechanisms for optical telecommunication applications, and 4) demonstration of unique transitional mode-locked states showing exceptional features such as powerful irregular bursts of ultrafast pulses and rogue wave behavior without damaging the laser elements. The aim of these projects has been to explore the novel optical properties of Tm/Ho co-doped fiber lasers in order to achieve advanced functionalities in commonly practiced applications such as telecommunication, metrology and spectroscopic applications. / 2019-10-22T00:00:00Z

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