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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Political risk management on international construction projects

Muchenga, Isaac January 2016 (has links)
This research examines the micro -political risks affecting international construction projects in Namibia and whether these risks are effectively managed. A case study research design was used for the study and the findings were that key threat risks identified in this context were repudiation, contract problems, labour unrest, hostile press, delay in permit approvals while local ownership requirements and expatriate labour restrictions are both threat and opportunity risks . It further emerged that qualitative (heuristic) techniques were commonly used in an ad hoc fashion for risk assessment and that the risk management strategy of cooperation was the most preferred. In addition, evidence suggest s that the execution phase is most prone to micro political risk. A significant number of the micro -political risks identified arise from the host government, while the balance arise from the host society. These findings are likely to apply to other international construction projects in Namibia and have serious implication s for the role of government in the success or failure of infrastructural projects which are badly needed for national development. Therefore, the Namibian Government can positively contribute through introduction of regulations, laws or amendments to laws that enhance opportunities, minimise downside risk, and thereby reduce overall construction costs on international construction projects in the country. It is recommended that systematic risk management in which both qualitative and quantitative techniques are used for risk assessment, be adopted in dealing with micro political risks associated with international construction projects in Namibia. Additionally, tertiary institutions offering risk management training need to focus on qualitative methods to facilitate maximum benefit when these methods are applied by their graduates. The existence of both threat s and opportunities in the micro -political risk environment in international construction means contractors in international construction need to be on the lookout for downside risks as well as opportunities.

The project implementation profile's applicability to petro-chemical project success: an analysis of the key success factors

Johnsen, Marthinus January 2018 (has links)
Purpose - This research seeks to develop a revised list of Key Success Factors for a petro-chemical project-specific Project Implementation Profile (PIP) tool and to identify the petro-chemical success factors that are not currently included in the PIP tool. Through the identification of petro-chemical key success factors not currently included in the PIP tool, and removing current PIP KSFs that are less applicable to petro-chemical project success. Design - Conducting a literature review a set of 10 additional key success factors are identified to be relevant to petro-chemical projects that are currently not included in the PIP. A web-based survey with a set of 20 KSFs was sent to petrochemical project stakeholders to determine their perceived importance of each key success factor in achieving petro-chemical survey project success. Findings - It is found that the top ten of the key success factors considered to be most relevant to achieving petro-chemical project success contain only six of the original PIP KSFs. The four new success factors are Change management, Client requirements, Estimating and Project implementation timeframe. PIP factors found to be the least important in achieving petro-chemical project success are Top management support, Technical tasks, Personnel and Project mission. Practical Implications - The analysed survey results lead to a revised list of ten KSFs for a possible petro-chemical project-specific PIP tool. Some limitations are noted. However, difficulty in choosing respondents representing all petro-chemical project stakeholders and the idiosyncratic views of the respondents may have skewed the results. It is recommended that further research is undertaken to confirm the research findings and to identify additional key success factors that may have been left out from this research. Testing of the revised tool is also recommended.

Challenges in the implementation of community based adaption projects in Eastern and Southern Africa

Osman, Faizal 12 January 2022 (has links)
Community Based Adaptation (CBA) projects in Eastern and Southern Africa have difficulties in achieving long term benefits. There are challenges in the management of the implementation of these projects. This study aimed to determine the facts that contribute to this failure by identifying the main challenges CBA projects face, uncovering how benefits can be better addressed and naming alternatives to the methodology as potential areas of future research. The research used the quantitative method, data collection was done through an online survey directed to professionals with experience in CBA. The analysis of the data showed that long term sustainability, financial factors and stakeholder coordination were the main challenges encountered in CBA projects in the region of study. It was also concluded that focus on stakeholder management, gathering sufficient funds, improving participatory techniques, and improving Project Management (PM) tools or designing a specific PM toolkit for CBA are possible strategies to improve benefits. Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA), Information and Communication Technologies Based Adaptation (ICTBA) and Risk Based Adaptation were identified as alternatives to CBA with potential for further study.

Study of the value of project stage-gates within a nuclear power plant

Gumede, Nomfusi January 2016 (has links)
Background: Project Management has become a key activity in most organisations. Organisations are investing increasing resources in projects such as new product development, process improvement, or building new services. This research study has been conducted at a nuclear power plant and it explores the value of project stage-gates within a nuclear power plant. Research Purpose: To identify areas for improvement within the stage-gate review process within Nuclear Project Management. Research Objectives: The research study has considered the following research objectives: determining stagegate review process drivers; establishing the value obtained from the stage-gate review process; determining the impact of not conducting PLCM stage-gate reviews. Research Methodology: A qualitative approach was pursued with a survey questionnaire administered to sample and follow up interviews conducted with the same sample population. A questionnaire and interviews have been conducted with Project Managers (PMs) of the power plant to collect qualitative information about the stage-gate review process. Data has been analysed, interpreted and recommendations have been made. Research Findings: The research findings show that there is a general understanding of the stage-gate review definition; performing stage-gate reviews; purpose of the stage-gate and stage-gate drivers. However, this research study revealed that there are some gaps and little understanding regarding the benefits of the stagegate review process; impact of not conducting stage-gate reviews; stage-gate effectiveness and stage-gate monitoring. Therefore, there are various factors that need to be rectified to enhance the effective implementation of the stage-gate review process. Research Limitations: The research study focused on the projects run within the nuclear projects department, in order to simplify the data collection process. Strategic information that was deemed as sensitive or confidential could not be revealed explicitly during the course of data gathering and therefore inferences had to be made.

Factors causing delay of modification projects at Koeberg Power Station

Ntoyanto, Sikholiwe January 2016 (has links)
Project delays are common in construction projects, and at Koeberg Nuclear Power Station, modification and outage projects are not exempted from these delays. Subsequently, these project delays have a detrimental effect on the Eskom organization in terms of its mandate to supply electricity to promote and boost the South African economy. Therefore, timely project delivery within the Eskom business is of paramount importance in ensuring the utility honours its mandate. The aim of this research study is to identify factors and that influence untimely delivery of plant system modification projects which at times affect the timely delivery of outage projects at Koeberg Power Station. The research study focuses on the following objectives: (i) identification of factors contributing to untimely delivery of plant system modification projects at Koeberg Power Station, (ii) analysis of identified factors to determine the main determinants of untimely delivery of plant system modification projects, (iii) assessing whether a gap or correlation exists between the factors identified through the study and the factors the project management fraternity believe to have a significant contribution to the untimely delivery of projects, and (iv) to recommend mitigating measures that Koeberg Power Station may consider in addressing the consequences of identified project delay factors on modification projects. Through the use of interactive management research methodology, a total of 92 identified project delay factors were reduced to 21 principal project delay factors that form part of the interpretive structural model. The results of the research study show that the main determinant of modification project delays at Koeberg Power Station is the "proficiency of a project manager". Proficiency of a project manager relates to the ability of a project manager to accomplish the required project tasks based on his or her skills, competency, and experience within the project management field. Inadequate proficiency of a project manager was found to be the major cause of modification delays at Koeberg Power Station. Proficiency of a project manager could not be directly matched with other project delay factors identified from the reviewed literature, but it could be matched with the "poor professional management" identified by Fugar and Agyakwah-Baah (2010). In addition, the matching of "proficiency of a project manager" project delay factor could also be established through other project delay factors identified by this study. These include poor leadership, competency, and skill of a project manager in communication, planning, coordination, risk management, and scope management. The study found that, a total of 9 out of 21 project delay factors identified are unique to Koeberg Power Station.

Perception of quantity surveyors advising on building specifications to support sustainable building developments

Koigi, Stephen January 2017 (has links)
Purpose: This research investigates the role and perceptions of quantity surveyors experienced with sustainable building projects and how they are able contribute as well as influence designs to address sustainability issues on projects. Design: To determine the considerations that affect quantity surveyors' perceptions towards sustainability in the construction industry, a literature review was carried out. This was followed by the development of an online survey formed of both structured and semi-structured questions that were issued out to South African quantity surveyors. This study administers online surveys distributed online to quantity surveyors on the ASAQS and the Green Building Council database consisting of 1499 registered members and 59 members respectively. Furthermore, in depth interviews were carried out with four quantity surveyors who had experience with green building projects. Findings: South Africa is accustomed to traditional building methods and the adoption of and adaptation to alternative building techniques is challenging to implement in the industry. The main barriers to sustainable building designs were the perceived higher cost of the materials as well as the lack of training and knowledge consultants have on material choices. Quantity surveyors nevertheless regarded the early design stages of a construction project as an ideal avenue for contribution towards sustainable building designs. Based on interviews conducted, professional quantity surveyors with experience on green building projects were more likely to contribute towards sustainable building specifications due to lessons learnt and knowledge from previous projects. However, quantity surveyors believed they generally have little influence towards green building specifications as the client and architect have the final say on what is incorporated into a building. Practical implications: The research study has provided a greater understanding of the role played by cost consultants on sustainability projects and how they can provide value to clients on such projects. Conclusions and Recommendations: The research concludes that Quantity surveyors are aware that they play a minor role player on project teams when it comes to providing alternative building specifications. It was acknowledged that quantity surveyors have limited experience on sustainable technologies and that further training and education in this regard is essential for them to add value to projects. It is recommended that further research be undertaken to obtain a larger sample size to get a clearer view of the perception of quantity surveyors advising on building specifications to support sustainable building developments.

Application of the fast model from value engineering to capture and communicate project lessons learnt

Mguti, Maclean M M January 2018 (has links)
Purpose - This research investigated the advantages of using a diagramming tool such as the Functional Analysis System Technique (FAST) model to enhance the effectiveness of capturing and communicating lessons learnt onto future projects. The research looked at current ways of capturing tacit knowledge within a projectized organisation to get a clearer picture and propose alternatives on how the knowledge can be communicated and transferred to novice team members in future. The idea is to capitalise on the graphical nature of the FAST model, presupposing the human mind can comprehend graphical tools better than going through long tedious reports. Design - Focus Group Sessions were conducted using two groups from different business units within a project management and consultancy firm in South Africa. The participants represented the various project stakeholders that comprise a project team. The focus group session consists of a presentation on the background of the study and the FAST process. This served as a brainstorming session and a typical project scenario in capturing and communicating lessons learned was presented to the participants. The first diagram showed the activity log list as found on a project site for a particular lesson learnt process. The second diagram showed the same lesson learnt process presented in a FAST diagram. Afterwards, the participants evaluated the effectiveness of the FAST model to capture and communicate lessons learnt in a project environment. The responses were compiled and findings presented in table format. Findings - The analysis of the data and the responses of the participants proved that the FAST diagram can enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of capturing and communicating lessons learnt. This knowledge transfer initiative provides cost benefits as it improves the project execution and competitive advantage of the organisation. Project execution efficiency is improved by codifying tacit knowledge and avoiding repeating the same mistakes on projects. Practical Implications - Developing a culture of capturing lessons learnt on a project as the execution phase unfolds can be a challenging exercise. Most companies pay less or no attention at all to capturing lessons learnt. However lessons learnt documentation must be supported by a quality control system that is robust and allows easy navigation within a repository. The FAST model empowers project custodians through its dynamic structure to document activities on the project. This ensures the FAST diagram is continuously updated to tie in with the changes on the ground as the project unfolds. Limitations: The results were generated in a controlled environment and require confirmation through longitudinal research of the use of FAST for this purpose in practise on live projects. Keywords: lesson learnt, knowledge transfer, data repository, Function Analysis Systems Technique, tacit knowledge, Value Engineering, knowledge management, activity log-list

The project implementation profile's applicability to the modern construction industry

Chiropa, Moses Tinashe 01 February 2019 (has links)
This research evaluated the applicability of the current project implementation profile (PIP) tool to the modern construction industry. The research also aimed to identify any new critical success factors (CSFs) to deliver successful construction projects. The research questions were: a. How applicable are the success factors from the PIP tool in delivering successful modern construction projects? b. Are there other success factors that may be considered for inclusion in the PIP tool for modern construction projects? Critical success factors were identified through a deep literature review. An online webbased questionnaire with the critical success factors was then developed and this tool was utilized to gather data for the research from various project management stakeholders. Collected information was summarized, analyzed and discussed leading to a conclusion. The research identified a revised list of 10 key success factors (KSF) which comprised of 6 non-PIP factors which are: adequate budget; client requirements; competence of project manager; competence of contractors, subcontractors and suppliers; risk management and design and 4 PIP factors which are: client consultation, communication, client acceptance and top management support. From the 20 KSFs that were under investigation, “Adequate budget” was the factor that scored the highest and the lowest scored was “support from other departments.” The research also concluded that the success factors from the existing PIP tool are not sufficient in delivering successful modern construction projects and there are additional success factors that can be considered for inclusion in the PIP tool to aid modern construction projects success. To strengthen the PIP success factors in response to the research questions, it is necessary to execute additional research in this area; in particular the actual questions used by the tool and the assessment framework needs to be revised in light of this research.

Determination of factors impacting the performance of the CBNRM programme in Botswana

Motsisi, Lorato 19 February 2019 (has links)
This research study seeks to determine which factors contribute to the performance of Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) programme in Botswana. The Botswana Government initiated the CBNRM programme as a means of encouraging sustainable use of natural resources and eradicating poverty. Previous researchers have found that CBNRM projects are not performing at a level that they should be. Therefore this study sought to understand why that was the case. Literature review was carried out to determine what these factors were. The study focused on the performance of CBNRM programme at National level. It investigates the key factors perceived by the three key stakeholders (DWNP, DFRR, and BTB) involved in the programme at National level. A qualitative research approach was followed, in which interviews of seven representatives of key stakeholder organizations (primary data) and CBNRM documents (secondary data) were used as a means of obtaining the required information. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis to identify any emergent themes or patterns developing from the selected participants and the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) to establish which CBNRM Programme Performance Criteria influence the performance of CBNRM projects in Botswana. The findings from the AHP Criteria Expert questionnaire found that CBNRM stakeholder factors were rated higher than other factors influencing CBNRM programme performance in Botswana. The majority of the respondents said the programme was performing fairly, although there areas which were thought to be lacking, such as the absence of a CBNRM ACT of Parliament, poor coordination and monitoring and a lack of benefits realization by communities. Furthermore, the study found that there was not much of big difference between the literature that was reviewed and the views of the respondents. The study however did not examine CBNRM programmes at District level (individual projects). It focused mainly on the factors influencing programme performance at National level.

A study to establish the possible impact value management can have on the briefing stage of projects in the advertising industry

Lichtenstein, Alon January 2009 (has links)
The advertising industry is one that is barraged with problems that are found both within the agency environment and within the client-agency relationship. The problems identified have been categorised, by this report, into the areas: the agency environment that has changed due to technology; the inner-workings of the agency network; and the client-agency relationship. This research report focuses on the briefing stage of the advertising projects with a view to study the management process used to achieve clarity therein, in an endeavour to better understand problems the agency environment faces. Further, this study explored if an alternate method, Value Management (VM), can be implemented during the briefing stage of advertising projects. The effects were assessed and a further examination conducted to assess if the use of VM can remedy some of the problems facing the agency environment. As VM is designed to improve the value of a particular product offering, its application should positively impact on both advertising agency projects and client-agency relationships.

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