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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Amyloid fibril formation in islets of transgenic mice expressing human islet amyloid polypeptide

MacArthur, Diane L. A. January 1998 (has links)
No description available.

Factors influencing human islet amyloid polypeptide fibril formation

Jaikaran, Emma Tracy Araminta Sunita January 2000 (has links)
No description available.

Evaluation of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Booklet Written in Chinese for Chinese-American Patients

Chan, Theodore, Wang, Winni January 2009 (has links)
Class of 2009 Abstract / OBJECTIVES: To evaluate an educational booklet written in Chinese designed for Chinese-Americans with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Healthcare professionals who work with Chinese-American patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and proficiency in writing Chinese developed an educational booklet on Type 2 diabetes. An expert panel of Chinese American pharmacists and dietitians evaluated the booklet by rating language appropriateness, ease of reading, ease of locating information, overall presentation of the booklet, and usefulness of the booklet in a practice setting. Topics of the booklet were assessed for accuracy, relevance, and irrelevance. RESULTS: Questionnaires were completed by 8 healthcare professionals. In the expert panel, there were five pharmacists and three dietitians. Of the three dietitians, two were certified diabetes educator. The panel rated the booklet very highly; the mean overall rating was 22.4(±1.2) with 25 being the highest possible score. Overall, 100% of the evaluators would recommend this booklet for patients in their setting. CONCLUSIONS: Healthcare professionals found the booklet to be accurate, culturally relevant, and useful for their Chinese- American patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Importance of analysis of complex sample survey in a probabilistic study stratified by stages

Zumaeta, Nixon, Mendoza, Aylen, Hernandez, Adrian V. 10 1900 (has links)
Carta al Editor

Effectiveness of a nurse coordinated system of telemedicine care for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. / CUHK electronic theses & dissertations collection

January 2002 (has links)
Yip Mei Po. / "April 2002." / Thesis (Ph.D.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2002. / Includes bibliographical references (p. 170-197). / Electronic reproduction. Hong Kong : Chinese University of Hong Kong, [2012] System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. Available via World Wide Web. / Mode of access: World Wide Web. / Abstracts in English and Chinese.

Examination of Poly in an insulin resistance type 2 diabetes model in Drosophila melanogaster

Panagakou, Ioanna January 2016 (has links)
The protein Poly was first discovered in Drosophila melanogaster, during a screening for third chromosome lethal mutations. Drosophila poly mutant larvae exhibit a slower rate of development. However, they reach the third instar larval stage and remain at that stage for 21 days before they die without reaching pupation. This phenotype is attributed to developmental impairment of the imaginal discs, therefore suggesting defects in cell growth and/or proliferation. During that stage, the mutant larvae develop melanotic masses. Poly is conserved and its homolog, Elp6, is one of the small subunits of the Elongator Complex, a complex involved in many cellular functions including transcription and translation. Drosophila larvae mutated at the Elp3 gene, the gene encoding the catalytic subunit of the Elongator complex, develop melanotic masses, a phenotype very similar to that of poly. The Heck laboratory published that Poly is a positive mediator of the Insulin Receptor/TOR (InR/TOR) pathway, which leads to protein, glycogen and fatty acid synthesis, regulates cell growth and apoptosis. It was shown that Poly interacts with InR, at least in some cases, therefore promoting cell growth and metabolism (Bolukbasi et al., 2012). The Drosophila genome shares 60% similarity to the human, with 77% of the genes attributed to a human disease having a Drosophila counterpart (Chien et al., 2002). In 2011, an intriguing study by Musselman et al. reported that feeding wild type Drosophila larvae with excessive amounts of sucrose led to the development of an insulin resistance phenotype similar to that of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), thus rendering Drosophila an easily accessible T2D model. The phenotype included impaired metabolism, slower rate of development, and excessive accumulation of triglycerides (TAG) in the larval fat body. In my thesis research, I examined the involvement of Poly in insulin resistance - T2D using Drosophila as a model. The understanding of the connection between the protein and the disease came upon the discovery of a new form of Poly, Poly14. Poly14 is enriched in the Drosophila fat body, the equivalent of the human fat tissue and liver and its protein levels are significantly decreased when larvae are fed a high sucrose diet, compared to other types of diets – potentially linking the protein to the onset of T2D. Poly mRNA levels were also lower. To examine whether the overexpression of poly might be able to rescue the insulin resistance phenotype, two new Drosophila transgenes were generated with the ability to express the gene in a tissue of interest. In these two new transgenes, Poly is tagged with tRFP (Red Fluorescence Protein) at the N’- (UAS_N’RFPpoly) or the C’-terminus (UAS_polyC’RFP). Overexpression of Poly rescued the insulin resistance phenotype, therefore implicating Poly as a possible important regulator in the development of the insulin resistance phenotype. All of the above findings suggest a vital role of Poly in metabolism and the development of the insulin resistance/diabetic phenotype in Drosophila, providing us the opportunity for new tools in this very medically-relevant field of research.

Dietary habits and prevalence of obesity among type 2 diabetes patients seen at Scott Hospital, Morija, Lesotho

Adebayo, Francis Opeyemi 29 May 2010 (has links)
Thesis (M Med (Family Medicine))--University of Limpopo (Medunsa Campus), 2010. / Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus still remains an important non- communicable disease globally. The burden of the disease continues to rise even in the sub-Saharan Africa. Aim: The study aimed to assess and describe the dietary practices and the prevalence of obesity among type 2 diabetic patients seen at Scott Hospital. Methods: A descriptive cross- sectional study was conducted among type 2 diabetic patients at Scott Hospital, Morija, Lesotho. A simple random sample of 50 participants was selected and each completed an interviewer administered questionnaire. The administration of the questionnaire was done by the researcher and a research assistant. Socio- demographic characteristics of the participants were obtained, anthropometric measurements were height and weight of each participant with subsequent determination of the BMI. Dietary intake was assessed using questions from a modified food frequency questionnaire of 16 food groups that reflect the commonest food items available. Results: The results showed that 86% (43/50) of the participants were females and 14% (7/50) were males with a female: male ratio of 6:1. The majority (72%) were above age 50 years and with regards to educational status, 62% had primary school education as the highest level attained. Four percent (4%) had no formal education. Fifty percent (50%) of the participants were unemployed. The mean weight of the participants was 84.22 ± 13.51 kg and the mean height was 157.76 ± 6.10 cm. The mean BMI was 33.97 ± 4.99 kg/m². Seventy-eight percent (38/50) of the participants were obese, and 14% (7/50) of the participants who were females, were morbidly obese with BMIs ≥ 40kg/m². The prevalence of obesity when stratified by gender showed that 57% (4/7) of male participants and 81% (35/43) of female participants were obese. According to the dietary assessments, food groups with the highest reported consumption per unit per month were; maize meals, breakfast-cereals and bread respectively. Conclusion: The study showed a predominantly female and elderly population of type 2 diabetics at Scott Hospital, Morija, Lesotho. The prevalence of obesity was high (78%) among the participants and this further supports the view that obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Reported dietary intake showed a higher consumption of carbohydrates and a very low intake of dietary fibre as represented by legumes. Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, dietary habits and obesity.

Assessment of the level of adherence to treatment among type 2 diabetic patients in Matlala District Hospital

Adegbola, Saheed Adekunle January 2010 (has links)
Thesis (M Med (Family Medicine))--University of Limpopo, 2010. / The number of diabetic patients will continue to rise even in rural settings and the burden of this disease will continue to take its effect on the limited resources of these communities. The effect of such burden will be more pronounced if we are to add the various complications associated with substandard management of diabetes mellitus. The first step in assessing the level of care we give to this category of patients is to measure their level of adherence, in an effort to expose the pitfalls on both the side of the patients and on the side of the health care provider. The aim of the study is to assess the level of adherence to treatment among type2 diabetic patients in Matlala district hospital; Limpopo Province. This cross-sectional study used the convenience method of sampling with the aid of a tested, structured questionnaire, to obtain data from respondents between December 2009 and March 2010, a period of 4 months. The excel computer program was used for data capturing. Percentages and numbers were used for interpretation and cross tabulation was used to determine association. The result of the study indicated that 137 {70%} of the respondents adhere to diabetes treatment. There were two demographical characteristics that are significantly associated with non adherence: age {p=0.028} and employment status {p=0.018}. Of those respondents that keep their appointments, 98% are adherent to treatment. When considering reasons for poor adherence; 29% of respondents stated that the clinic did not have their pills, 16% stated that they forgot to take their medication and 14% stated that they travelled to visit ix and did not take enough pills with them. On the reasons for poor adherence to lifestyle: 29% of the respondents said that they were too old, 22% stated no specific reason, 13% struggled to motivate themselves and 10% simply forgot what to do. Most, 68%, of the respondents that adhere to the recommended use of medication agreed that they take it at meal time, 14% set a reminder, 8% employed the assistance of a treatment supporter and other respondents used other means to remember. The study revealed an above average level of adherence in my setting and it will be logical to assess whether this corresponds to the metabolic control expected of good adherence. More is needed to be done on the reasons why our patients do not adhere to both medication and lifestyle changes and each stake holder needs to address their short comings.

Lay beliefs of type 2 diabetic patients at Prince Mshiyeni Memorial Hospital, Durban

Mbaya, John Kabamba January 2010 (has links)
Thesis (M Med(Family Medicine))--University of Limpopo (Medunsa Campus) 2010. / Aim & Objectives Aim: To explore the lay beliefs of type 2 diabetic patients seen at Prince Mshiyeni Memorial Hospital. Objectives: To understand lay beliefs of effective life long management of type 2 diabetes patients and consequently to make recommendations of improving management of diabetes in conjunction with the findings of the study. Methodology Study Design: An exploratory study from a qualitative perspective using free attitude interviews as a data collection technique. Setting: Prince Mshiyeni Memorial Hospital a district hospital located in Umlazi in the outskirts of Durban, South Africa. Study Population: All type 2 diabetic patients above the age of 40 on treatment for 18 months or more. Ten respondents were purposively selected using maximum variation sampling strategy. Participants were asked individually to give an account of their beliefs and experience in the management of diabetes. All interviews were tape recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed to identify emerging themes. Results The interpretative thematic analysis generated the following main themes: 1) Combination therapy 2) Modern versus Traditional 3) The bitter stuff 4) Traditional healers and alternative remedies viii 5) Stress: Physical, financial, emotional, psychosocial strain 6) Spiritual believes: Religious and Traditional 7) Eating right food and loose weight Conclusions This study has described most lay beliefs about the management of type 2 diabetes in this setting. The research has identified that type 2 diabetic patients seen at Prince Mshiyeni Memorial Hospital in Umlazi South of Durban held different diabetes management beliefs based on their respective initial symptom perception and beliefs, their illness origin and healing beliefs, their spiritual and traditional beliefs and values and to a significant extent, the beliefs of spouses or life partner in couples and of family members. These findings have challenged the functionality of the health care in its capacity to respond to the population expectations based on their ethnic, spiritual and cultural background.

The Profile of patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus at Vanga Hospital, Dr Congo

Pepe, Banza Kalenga January 2010 (has links)
Thesis (Family Medicine)) -- University of Limpopo, 2010. / Background In the Vanga Health Zone, diabetic patients have idea that diabetes is due to witchcraft, which idea can interfere with the prevention and management of their disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the profile of patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus at Vanga Hospital, Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo). Methods A cross-sectional study was designed with use of a questionnaire to a systematic sample of type 2 diabetic patients attending the diabetic clinic of Vanga hospital for at least six months and resident at Vanga health zone. Results Only 2.1 % of the participants believe in a scientific cause for diabetes; 53.5 % of them do not think that their disease is due to the fact that they crossed over a path where some ritual was performed and, 89.2 % of the participants believe that God deserted the person who suffered from diabetes and expect that prayer will rectify the disease. The majority of participants (65.6 %) had poor glycaemic control. Correlation analysis has shown that glycaemia level was not significantly associated with sociodemographic characteristics or health belief factors. Conclusion The majority of patients at the Vanga diabetic clinic have a greater need for management strategies to improve their glycaemic control. Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus, health beliefs, knowledge, sub-Saharan Africa, rural

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