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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
31

Documented symptoms in children exposed to domestic violence

Hopwood-Wallace, Shirley E January 2010 (has links)
Children who experience trauma due to exposure to domestic violence are at risk of both physical and emotional harm and may exhibit symptoms of trauma that impact their functioning. This raises questions regarding the number of children who do exhibit symptoms and whether child protection workers document these symptoms during the post-investigative stage of service delivery. The present study examines the documentation of child symptoms in a review of 70 files in which children were receiving ongoing child welfare services due to exposure to domestic violence. The results of the file review indicate that children who have been exposed to domestic violence continue to exhibit symptoms during the post-investigative stage. However, there were very few cases in which the child protection worker attributed these symptoms to the trauma the child experienced. Practice implications, including the need for increased training for both trauma and assessment, are discussed. / L'exposition des enfants à la violence conjugale constitue une forme de mauvais traitement psychologique, dont certaines manifestations sont reconnues dans les typologies de la maltraitance physique et émotionnel. De plus, ces mêmes enfants évoluent dans un climat violent qui leur occasionne des symptômes reliés au trauma ayant un impact sur leur fonctionnement. Nous nous sommes intéressés à savoir si l'intervenant qui mène une évaluation en protection de la jeunesse tient compte de ces symptômes à la conclusion de son enquête et fait le lien au trauma. Cette recherche dépouille au-delà de 70 dossiers d'enfants exposés à la violence conjugale et passe en revue la documentation des intervenants cherchant spécifiquement la notation des symptômes et le trauma. La recherche conclut en soulignant d'abord que le trauma persiste chez les enfants suivant une exposition à la violence conjugale et qu'il s'avère souvent difficile pour l'intervenant de reconnaître le lien entre les symptômes manifestés et le trauma. Des pistes d'intervention, incluant la nécessité d'une formation plus approfondie au niveau de l'impact du trauma et de l'évaluation sont également discutées.
32

Family environment as the social context for parenting children with a neurodevelopmental disorder: a descriptive synthesis of the literature

Bogossian, Aline January 2011 (has links)
Social scientists have been interested in studying families of children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) for decades. Theoretically, parenting occurs in a family context. Yet, little is known about this relationship from an empirical standpoint among parents of children with NDD. This project draws on studies selected from the larger Parenting Matters! systematic literature review on parenting children with NDD using a protocol with specified inclusion and exclusion criteria to explore what is currently known about the relationship between family environment and parenting of children with NDD. A secondary objective was to review articles that met inclusion/exclusion criteria for additional correlates of parenting. A database of 514 studies was searched for articles that contained a parenting and family measure. Using a family and parenting typology, each article was coded for different aspects of the design, method and findings. These were analyzed and synthesized to generate a representation of current knowledge. Forty-eight studies were selected from the larger collection of studies in the systematic review. Twenty-one studies examined family environment variables in direct relation to different aspects of parenting. A significant proportion of the measures used in the studies were over 20 years old. Additional correlates of parenting included the severity of the child's diagnosis or impairment, child externalizing behaviors, parental depression and availability of informal supports. The importance of the family environment in relation to parenting was established, however, it was not possible to draw conclusions around strength or effect size of the relationship of these concepts. A meta-analysis is recommended to further explore this research question. / Ce projet vise à souligner de quelles façons les aspects de l'environnement familial influencent les pratiques parentales des parents d'enfants atteints de troubles neuro-développementales (TND). En se référant à des études sélectionnées à l'intérieur d'une recensement de la littérature systématique effectuée pour le projet "Parenting Matters !" et en utilisant un protocole de recherche ayant des critères d'inclusion et d'exclusion précises, ce projet vise à souligner les aspects les plus importants à considérer dans cette relation de variables. Un recensement de la littérature systématique a été réalisé sur la relation entre l'environnement familial et les pratiques parentales d'enfants atteints de TDN. Les articles d'études sélectionnés pour cette analyse devaient répondre aux critères suivants : (i) le type et le but de l'étude, (ii) l'échantillonnage de l'étude, (iii) les variables et les instruments utilisés, (iv) les conclusions significatives sur le rapport entre l'environnement familial et les pratiques éducatives des parents et (v) les autres variables significatives et importantes liées à la question. Les résultats significatifs de chaque étude ont étés synthétisés en utilisant un système de codification conceptuel développé pour le projet "Parenting Matters!" Quarante-huit (48) études ont été choisies parmi une plus grande collection d'études. Il a été possible de synthétiser les conclusions des études en utilisant le système de codification conceptuel. Vingt-et-un études portaient sur l'évaluation des variables de l'environnement familial en relation directe avec les variables des pratiques parentale. Une proportion significative des instruments utilisés dans les études avait plus de 20 ans. L'importance du fonctionnement de l'environnement familial et les pratiques éducatives des parents est établie dans la littérature. Malgré qu'il ait été possible de regrouper les études selon les conceptualisations de l'environnement familial et des pratiques éducatives des parents, il n'a pas été possible de tirer des conclusions précises par rapport à la question de recherche. Une méta-analyse est recommandée pour explorer davantage cette question de recherche.
33

A review of community-based programmes for children orphaned and made vulnerable by AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

Wisken, Kimberley January 2011 (has links)
Community-based programmes are a popular approach to providing care and support to AIDS orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) as they are able to operate on a large scale and are informed by locally-appropriate responses. Using strength based and anti-oppressive theories of social work practice, this study aims to review community-based programmes for OVC in sub-Saharan Africa and explore the experiences of the targeted children and the communities in which they reside. A systematic review of literature was completed to ascertain 39 evaluations representing 29 different externally funded community-based programmes. The findings and analysis consider the strengths and limitations of local approaches, participation of local community members and the relationship between the North and South in regards to collaborative partnerships through the concepts of capacity building, ownership and power. Implications for policy, practice and theory, as well as limitations and opportunities for future research, are outlined. / Les programmes communautaires sont une approche populaire pour fournir des soins et du soutien aux orphelins du SIDA et aux orphelins et enfants vulnérables (OEV) car ils sont en mesure de fournir un service à grande échelle et ils sont informés par des réponses appropriées au niveau local En utilisant les capacités et les théories anti-oppressives de la pratique du travail social, cette étude vise à explorer la question, "Quel est l'effet des programmes communautaires pour les orphelins du SIDA et des OEV en Afrique sub-saharienne sur les enfants ciblés et les communautés dans lesquelles ils résident?" Une revue systématique de la littérature a été effectuée pour déterminer 39 évaluations représentant 29 différents programmes communautaires avec les financés par l'extérieur. Les résultats et l'analyse considèrent les points forts et les limites des approches locales, la participation des membres de la communauté locale et les relations entre le Nord et le Sud en ce qui concerne les partenariats de collaboration à travers les concepts de formation des capacités, la propriété et le pouvoir. Implications pour la politique, pratique et théorie, ainsi que les limites et les possibilités pour de futures recherches, sont présentées.
34

Child and adolescent functional assessment scale : predicting foster care placement outcomes

Grenier, Jennifer. January 2006 (has links)
This study explored whether the Child and Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale (CAFAS) scores of children in the care of Family and Children's Services of Renfrew County might predict foster placement outcomes. A file review was completed for 268 children, all of whom had at least one set of CAFAS scores completed, to obtain data regarding the number and types of placements they experienced. Placement categories were ranked -- in order from best alternate care option to least-desired -- by 11 agency employees. These rankings were used to calculate total weighted placements for each child as a measure of the child's foster placement experience. In regression analyses, including age, gender, and reasons for placement, CAFAS scores were found to be the most significant predictor of the number and nature of placements experienced by a child. This relationship suggests that there might be value in using CAFAS as a placement matching tool in a child welfare setting.
35

Animal abuse and human violence

Merry, Erin K. A. January 2006 (has links)
Social Work professionals are recognizing the problematic trend among young offenders who have a history of being cruel to animals. / A sample of 118 files from a youth serving agency were examined to determine the potential relationships between demographics and background variables, selected items from the Child Behavior checklist (Achenbach, 1991), types of crimes and styles of aggression and animal cruelty. Reported styles of aggression consisted of proactive aggression (violent youth who planned their offences) and reactive aggression (youth who commit less serious crimes and would overreact to problems). / In a stepwise regression analysis of a theoretical model, two significant predictors of cruelty toward animals were found: (1) the youths' history of proactive aggression and (2) youths' exposure to physical abuse, this latter both directly, and also as a significant predictor of proactive aggression. / Further education and training for children, caregivers and professionals is needed to increase awareness of the link between animal cruelty and human violence.
36

Social worker burnout : the effects of exercise and nutrition

Armbrust, Kirsten. January 2005 (has links)
This study explores the role of exercise and nutrition in burnout rates of social workers. Through convenience and snowball sampling 100 workers were asked to complete a questionnaire, with 82 returned. Burnout was assessed on three subscales, Emotional Exhaustion (EE), Depersonalization (DP) and Personal Accomplishment (PA), using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The exercise questions were adapted from Canada's Physical Activity Guide of Healthy Living. The nutrition questions were adapted from Healthy Eating Worksheet from the Canadian Cancer Society. Those employed in child welfare had significantly higher levels of EE and DP and significantly lower levels of PA. Results of a multiple regression analysis indicated that higher exercise scores were significantly related to lower levels of EE. Higher nutrition scores were significantly related to lower levels of EE, and DP, and higher levels of PA. These effects were found even when setting was controlled for.
37

Chinese immigrant children : predictors of emotional and behavioural problems

Choi, Ye Ri, 1973- January 2005 (has links)
Most recent Canadian studies on the mental health and behavioural problems of Canadian immigrant children have focused on the impact of various socioeconomic and demographic factors. To better understand the emotional and behavioural problems of immigrant children, it is important to look beyond the children's family demographics and to assess the broader social context. The current study explored the effects of immigrant children's social relationships within families and peer groups, as well as the effects of their demographic backgrounds, on the children's behavioural problems. This paper is based on the data for 182 Chinese immigrant children aged 11 to 13 years old collected from the New Canadian Children and Youth Study (NCCYS) 1st Wave in Montreal. Measures of the social relationships and behavioural problems include the following three tools: children's perceptions of their emotional and behavioural problems scales (five subscales); children's perception of parental relationships (parental nurturance, parental rejection, and relationships with parents); peer relationships (social competence, involvement with peers in trouble, and participating in bullying). The regression results indicated that immigrant children's relationships with both parents and peers were the most significant predictor of specific behaviour problems. Demographic factors, especially family structure, gender, and ethnicity, were also found to influence behavioural problems of Chinese immigrant children. In order to improve the integration and adaptation process for immigrant children and their families with adjustment difficulties in their social relationships and behavioural problems, relevant intervention and prevention programs (including early identification of children at risk, developing pro-social skills, improving parent-child interaction skills) need to be developed in school settings in collaboration with the community, by government, and by ethno-specific community groups.
38

The Ambon conflict and social work interventions : a critical study of reconciliation efforts between Muslim and Christian communities initiated by governmental and non-governmental organizations

Lessy, Zulkipli. January 2005 (has links)
Thus thesis focuses on the roles of social work (on the part of governments and NGOs) in dealing with Indonesia's Ambon conflict (1999 to date). The research seeks to map the roots of the conflict and the interventions made by both level of government and NGOs and to examine the strengths and weaknesses of their social work efforts in conflict resolution. Based on an analysis of these efforts of these institutions, this thesis offers some suggestions as to an enhanced role for social work in dealing with future reconciliation in Ambon especially and in Indonesia generally.
39

Missing voices : a qualitative study of mothers experiencing the loss of a child through Crown Wardship No Access

Wright, Peggy D. January 2006 (has links)
The intent of this study was to gain an appreciation for the experiences of mothers whose parental rights have been permanently severed through child welfare court orders of Crown Wardship with No Access. The study utilized an explorative, qualitative design approach and included semi-structured, in-depth interviews with four women. Participant text and found poetry presented the voice of mothers, something not often the focus in the child welfare literature. Themes of betrayal, loss, anger, and disenfranchised grief were reported in the research findings. The role of the social worker emerged as an important factor influencing the mothers. This study found that mothers need acknowledgment for their losses and support for their grief. Consideration for social work implications and further research are also discussed.
40

The impact of culture and ethnicity in psychosocial work

Cisternas Cid, Sonia January 2012 (has links)
Over the past decades, the population in Canada has become increasingly culturally diverse. Therefore, helping professionals are required to provide services that are culturally appropriate and effective. The main purpose of this research project was to understand the experiences and perceptions of practitioners in the field of social work intervening with clients from different cultural backgrounds, the challenges, barriers and facilitators they encounter, as well as their views on how services can be improved. A qualitative approach was used, where in-depth, semi-structure interviews were conducted with nine front-line psychosocial workers from a local government agency in Montreal. Findings demonstrated how cultural and ethnic differences shape the psychosocial intervention process, as well as how participants defined cultural competence. Findings are discussed in reference to existing academic research on culturally competent practice. Participants' conceptualization of cultural competence paralleled some of the most common definitions in the literature, where awareness of one's own values and biases, as well as knowledge about the different cultures was essential. Moreover, the results showed a significant need for support and training for workers when intervening with culturally diverse clients. Implications for practice, policy and future research are presented. / Depuis les dernières décennies, la population au Canada est devenue de plus en plus diversifiée. Les intervenants sociaux doivent offrir des services qui sont culturellement appropriés et efficaces. L'objectif principal de cette étude était d'explorer les expériences et les perspectives des intervenants dans le domaine du travail social travaillant avec des clients provenant de différentes cultures, les défis, les barrières, et les facilitateurs rencontrés, ainsi que leurs suggestions pour améliorer les services. Une approche qualitative fut utilisée, où des entrevues semi structurées ont été réalisées avec un échantillon de neuf intervenants de première ligne œuvrant dans une agence gouvernementale de Montréal. Les résultats démontrèrent comment les différences culturelles et ethniques influencent le processus d'intervention psychosociale, ainsi que la façon dont les participants définissent la compétence culturelle. Les résultats sont examinés en lien avec la recherche académique existante sur la pratique culturellement compétente. Les définitions proposées sont semblables aux définitions présentes dans la littérature, où il est essentiel d'être conscient de ses propres valeurs et biais, ainsi que une connaissance des différentes cultures. En outre, les résultats indiquent un besoin important de soutien et de formation pour les intervenants qui travaillent avec des clients de diverses cultures. Les implications pour la pratique, les politiques et la recherche future sont présentées.

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