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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Herpetofauna associada ? brom?lia rup?cola, encholirium spectabile, no semi?rido brasileiro: revis?o da literatura, ecologia das esp?cies e comportamento de psychosaura agmosticha (squamata: mabuyidae)

Jorge, Jaqueiuto da Silva 20 April 2015 (has links)
Submitted by Automa??o e Estat?stica (sst@bczm.ufrn.br) on 2016-02-22T22:44:30Z No. of bitstreams: 1 JaqueiutoDaSilvaJorge_DISSERT.pdf: 2432483 bytes, checksum: 9b636e72f0c2648983e4b2baeed6a869 (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Arlan Eloi Leite Silva (eloihistoriador@yahoo.com.br) on 2016-02-25T22:18:24Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 JaqueiutoDaSilvaJorge_DISSERT.pdf: 2432483 bytes, checksum: 9b636e72f0c2648983e4b2baeed6a869 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2016-02-25T22:18:24Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 JaqueiutoDaSilvaJorge_DISSERT.pdf: 2432483 bytes, checksum: 9b636e72f0c2648983e4b2baeed6a869 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-04-20 / Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cient?fico e Tecnol?gico - CNPq / As brom?lias constituem importante microhabitat para a herpetofauna, pois s?o bastante utilizadas como abrigo contra predadores, al?m de sua arquitetura foliar possibilitar manuten??o de umidade e temperatura relativamente constantes no seu interior, compondo um ambiente favor?vel para os anf?bios e r?pteis, especialmente em ?reas sob estresse h?drico. No entanto, os estudos que tratam dessa rela??o ainda s?o incipientes e mais concentrados sobre as brom?lias fitotelmatas acumuladoras de ?gua. No caso das brom?lias rup?colas n?o fitotelmatas do g?nero Encholirium, que se desenvolvem em afloramentos rochosos e abrigam esp?cies de regi?es semi?ridas como as Caatingas, as rela??es animais-plantas s?o praticamente desconhecidas. Nesse contexto, este estudo teve como objetivos estudar a fauna herpetol?gica habitante das brom?lias macambiras, Encholirium spectabile, analisando a ocupa??o e uso destas brom?lias pelos diferentes t?xons, e a ecologia comportamental do largarto Psychosaura agmosticha, buscando identificar os fatores associadas com esta rela??o estrita em ?rea de Caatinga. Uma ampla revis?o da literatura mundial acerca do tema lagartos em brom?lias subsidiou este estudo sob a perspectiva ecol?gica dessa associa??o. O trabalho de campo foi realizado na Fazenda Tanques, munic?pio de Santa Maria/RN, mesorregi?o do Agreste potiguar, com as observa??es e/ou coletas diurnas e noturnas efetuadas mensalmente, durante tr?s dias consecutivos, de Janeiro de 2011 a Agosto de 2012, totalizando 450 horas.homem de esfor?o amostral. Registraram-se dezesseis esp?cies, seis de lagartos (Fam?lias Mabuyidae, Tropiduridae, Gekkonidae e Phyllodactylidae), seis de serpentes (Fam?lias Boidae e Dipsadidae) e quatro de anf?bios da Fam?lia Hylidae. O efeito da borda da mata sobre a distribui??o das esp?cies ao longo do afloramento foi significativo, com a maioria das esp?cies encontradas nas bordas do afloramento. Constataram-se diferen?a significativa entre alguns pares de esp?cies com rela??o ao uso 2 das brom?lias, e sobreposi??o de nicho quase total no uso de microhabitat. 62.5% das esp?cies s?o de h?bito noturno e utilizaram essas plantas para abrigo, reprodu??o e alimenta??o. Quanto ?s rela??es entre o lagarto Psychosaura agmosticha e as brom?lias macambiras, foram registrados os comportamentos de termorregula??o e de forrageio nas esta??es seca e chuvosa. Os per?odos de atividade foram concentrados entre 07 e 10 h e entre 15 e 17 horas nas duas esta??es, demostrando um padr?o claramente bimodal. A esp?cie usou basicamente as folhas verdes e n?o houve diferen?as significativas entre machos e f?meas na utiliza??o das brom?lias. Associa??es positivas foram encontradas entre a temperatura do corpo e temperaturas das brom?lias e do ar. Esta esp?cie passou em m?dia 1.95 ? 3.8% do tempo em movimento (PTM) e se movimentou em m?dia 0.36 ? 2.1 segundos por minuto (MPM), com diferen?as significativas entre as esta??es chuvosa e seca para PTM, e tamb?m entre o tempo m?dio da parada e dura??o m?dia dos movimentos, sendo considerada forrageadora sedent?ria. Psychosaura agmosticha, na ?rea estudada, ? bromel?cola, utilizando as macambiras principalmente para termorregula??o e forrageio. Os resultados deste estudo destacam as brom?lias rup?colas Encholirium spectabile como elementos chaves para a manuten??o de anf?bios e r?pteis a ela associados, e uma clara associa??o vantajosa para a conserva??o dos grupos envolvidos. / Bromeliads are an important microhabitat for the herpetofauna, for being widely used as refuge from predators and their leaf architecture allows humidity maintenance and relatively constant temperature inside, setting a favorable environment for amphibians and reptiles, especially in areas under hydric stress. However, studies addressing this relationship are still incipient and more concentrated in fitotelmatas bromeliad. For non-fitotelmatas rupicolous bromeliads of the gender Encholirium, which develops into rocky outcrops and contains species of semi-arid regions such as the Caatinga, animal-plant relationships are almost unknown. In this context, this study aimed to know the herpetological fauna inhabitant of macambiras bromeliads, Encholirium spectabile, analyzing occupation and use of these bromeliads by different taxa, and the behavioral ecology of the lizard Psychosaura agmosticha, seeking to identify factors associated with this strict relationship in Caatinga. An extensive review of the world literature on the subject ?lizards in bromeliads? subsidized this study from the ecological perspective of this association. The field work was carried out at Fazenda Tanques, municipality of Santa Maria / RN, mesoregion of Agreste Potiguar. The observations and/or data collection in daytime and in the evening was conducted monthly during three consecutive days, from January 2011 to August 2012, totaling 450 hour.man of sampling effort. Sixteen species were registered: six lizards (Mabuyidae, Tropiduridae, Gekkonidae and Phyllodactylidae Families), six snakes (Boidae and Dipsadidae Families) and four of amphibians of Hylidae Family. The effect of the forest edge on the distribution of species along the outcrop was significant, with most species found in outcrop edges. Significant difference was found between some pairs of species concerning use of bromeliads, and almost total niche overlap in the use of microhabitat. 62.5% of the species are nocturnal and use these plants for sheltering, breeding and feeding. Regarding the relations between 4 the lizard Psychosaura agmosticha and macambiras bromeliads, behaviors of thermoregulation and foraging in the dry and wet seasons were recorded. Activity periods were concentrated between 7 and 10 am and between 3 and 5 pm in both seasons, showing a clear bimodal pattern. The species basically used the green leaves and there were no significant differences between males and females in the use of bromeliads. Positive associations were found between body temperature and temperatures of bromeliads and air. This species spent 1.95% ? 3.8 of the time moving (PTM) and moved on average 0:36 ? 2.1 seconds per minute (MPM), with significant differences between the wet and dry to PTM, and between the average time of stop and average duration of movements, being considered a sedentary forager. Psychosaura agmosticha, in the study area, is bromelicolous and uses macambiras primarily for thermoregulation and foraging. The results of this study elevate the rupicolous bromeliads Encholirium spectabile as key elements for the maintenance of amphibians and reptiles associated with it, and a clear advantageous association for the conservation of the groups involved.

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