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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Finite element analysis of masonry arch bridges

Gong, Nai-Guang January 1992 (has links)
No description available.

Snowmobiling in Utah: An Analysis of Consumer Characteristics, Site Quality, and Carrying Capacity

Haws, Richard A. 01 May 1976 (has links)
A consumer characteristic profile of the snowmobile owners in Utah was compiled and compared to the general population in Utah and the United States. Other statistics were compiled which included user preferences of snowmobiling sites and machine characteristics. Data were collected by a mail survey of snowmobilers during the 1974-75 snowmobiling season. Approximately 315 questionnaires were analyzed. Additional data were collected from the Utah Division of Parks and Recreation. Total economic rent values were estimated for 58 sites in Utah . These values were then separated into location and quality values. This was done by reallocating trips to sites by means of a least cost programming technique. The value attributed to location was subtracted from the total and the residual is attributed to site quality. Ten site characteristics were chosen to analyze site quality. Stepwise regression was used to show this relationship. Increasing site carrying capacity was undertaken in the model to show the effect on site quality. An exposition factor for number nf trips was derived by using the largest use month, the month with the greatest number of trips recorded. Comparisons were then made between the unexpanded data to that and the expanded data.

Development of remedial strategies for the Love River watershed

Wu, Arnold 03 September 2003 (has links)
Abstract The Love River basin is the most important river watershed in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. It is 16-km long, drains a catchment of more than 50 km2. Figure 1 shows the Love River, its catchment, the sewer system and the manmade water ways for collecting the municipal wastewater from households (D,H,K,Bao-zhu,No.2). The pump stations were settled to pump the domestic waste water to the sewer system . The 16-km river begins as a trickle of runoff in the mountains of Kaoshiung County before flowing through the city and finally emptying into the Taiwan Strait. The drainage area is 5,600 hectares, and the population in the area is around 720,000. Investigation results demonstrate that the main water pollution sources are municipal wastewater, industrial wastewater, non-point source (NPS) pollutants, agricultural wastewater, and livestock wastewater. Investigation results show that the municipal wastewaters contribute more than 90% of the overall pollution loads to Love River, respectively. Currently, the percent of sewer system connection in the Love River watershed is less than 50%. Part of the municipal wastewater is discharged into the river without treatment. Moreover, there are 55 registered industrial factories discharge their wastewater into the Love River. Illegal or expedient discharges are sometimes practiced feeding polluted industrial flows into the river. Therefore, the untreated municipal wastewaters is the major cause of the poor water quality. The major objectives of this study were using the calibrated WASP water quality model (1) to obtain to evaluate the carrying capacity calculations for BOD . (2)to assess the improved effect to water quality by dilution of the river source water (3) to assess the improved effect to water quality by settling the local waste disposal beside the pumping station(4) to evaluate the improved effect to water quality by construction of riverbank natural treatment systems, and (5) to evaluate the improved effect to water quality by raising the popularity rate of hygienic sewers piping for users . Results from this study will provide the predicted remedial effects before bringing all sorts of costly remedial constructions into practice. Due to the construction of the sewer system was time-cosuming and expensively, and if the water quality of Love River was expected to be improved in the short-term , the comprehensive strategies for Love River watershed management could been proposed . Key Words Water quality; watershed; carrying capacity; BOD

Human interaction with Formosan macaques¡]Macaca cyclopis¡^ and the human impacts on Mt. Longevity

Kao, Chien-ching 02 June 2004 (has links)
The purpose of this study was to analyze the interactions of visitors and Formosan macaques (Macaca cyclopis) at the Mt. Longevity. Data on the attitudes of visitors were collected by using questionnaires covering topics such as purpose, frequency and opinions of visitors. Scan samplings, agonistic behavior samplings and focal samplings were used as observational methods to record the agonistic behaviors of monkeys. The study also analyzed patterns of human-monkey interactions that recorded through ad libitum samplings, including visitor participation that influenced agonistic behaviors among the monkeys. Statistical analyses were used to analyze various factors that influenced agonistic frequency and patterns. The agonistic behaviors in dyads during food provision tests were used to establish their rank relationships and dominance styles. Mt Longevity is a major recreational site in Kaohsiung city; the human pressure on Mt. Longevity was high and the tourist numbers were estimated as 6175 individuals ( ¡Ó 119, n = 10) in holidays and 3490 individuals ( ¡Ó 68, n = 10) in weekdays (between 08:00 to 18:00 hrs). The vegetation cover was apparently reduced above 60% in 16 recreational sites surveyed. The tourist numbers appeared to exceeding the carrying capacity of Mt. Longevity. The frequencies of human-monkey interaction were influenced by the number of monkeys and concentrated during the afternoons; the average frequency was 9.3 times / hr in holiday and 3.3 times / hr in weekday. The average frequency of tourists provisioned for monkeys was 0.59 times / hr ( ¡Ó 17.2, n = 131). An overall ratio of 17.5 : 1 between human-initiated and monkey-initiated interaction behaviors was found. Pass and eye contact accounted for over 67% of these interactions, and adult monkeys participated in human-monkey interaction more than the rest of the age / sex classes. During the conflict between human and macaques, most visitors used sticks or hands / legs to drive adult males away (63.5%). The average daily activities of Formosan macaques were: 37.7% inactive, 24.6% moving, 24.5% affiliation, eating / foraging 9.5% and agonistic behavior 2.6%. Frequencies of monkey aggressive behaviors increased along with increasing individuals of monkeys, and frequencies of their body aggressions and aggressions were higher during provision than without human disturbance. Open mouth threat was the most frequent aggressive behavior expressed by the monkeys (60.0%), while fleeing (37.0%) and squealing (36.0%) were the most common submissive behaviors. Agonistic initiators were mostly adult females (41.9%) and males (40.4%) and agonistic reactors were mostly juveniles (44.6%) and adult females (32.6%). Monkey contest was only 2.8% - 3.9% of total aggressive behaviors and the study revealed that the dominance style of Formosan macaques was despotic social system. The frequency of aggressive behavior of adult males (1.3 ¡Ó 2.1 times / 20min, n = 14) was 2.6 times in average to that of adult females (0.5 ¡Ó 0.9 times / 20min, n = 17). It varied significantly among different adult males and it was higher in mating seasons than the non-mating seasons (p<0.05). However, the frequencies of aggressive behavior of adult females were similar between seasons and among ranks (low, middle and high) but the frequency of submissive behaviors was higher in low rank adult females than that of high rank ones (p<0.05). Adult male and female Formosan macaques had a similar dominance style (aggression, avoidance, ignoring, undecided, AAD pattern and NNI pattern) in food tests; adult males showed more frequent aggression toward adult males than to adult females and juveniles. The individuals who showed open mouth threat had a success rate of getting food for over 50%.

Membrane action in simply supported slabs

Almograbi, Mohammed F. January 1999 (has links)
No description available.

Exploring Destination Social Carrying Capacity Through the Lens of Community Residents

January 2020 (has links)
abstract: Social Carrying Capacity (SCC) has been used commonly in the past to study the impact of increasing numbers of tourists on tourists’ satisfaction with a destination. However, it has been used less commonly to research the impact of increasing levels of tourism on residents of tourism destinations. As definitions of sustainable tourism shift to be more inclusive of residents, commonly used constructs should also be refined or modified to reflect this ontological shift. Current operational definitions of SCC tend to focus on crowding as the major indicator SCC has been reached. Even the theories commonly used to study SCC, stimulus-overload and expectancy theories, relate directly to crowding. This Master’s thesis aimed to expand the concept of SCC to be more representative of the manifold impacts experienced by residents of tourism destinations as tourism increases. This aim was accomplished through an exploratory mixed methods study ultimately resulting in the creation of a new SCC measurement tool. The qualitative phase of this research consisted of four focus groups in three sites with varying levels of tourism development. The data from the focus groups were used to inform item writing of a measurement tool that represented a greater number of SCC indicators than crowding to confirm the validity of the indicators in the quantitative phase of the research. After the instrument was distributed via a statewide poll, two structural equation models were fit to compare the operational definitions. A better understanding of the relationship between one of the supporting theories, stimulus-overload theory, and SCC was uncovered with evidence of an emergent connection between SCC and tourism-related stressors. The results of the research indicate that there are multiple indicators of SCC experienced by residents of tourism destinations which can change in degree and expression as tourism development in a community increases. The operational definition including these indicators explained more variance in support for tourism development than overcrowding alone. A greater awareness of these indicators and their evolution can strengthen the theoretical foundation of SCC and enable practitioners to make multi-faceted, proactive decisions when managing a destination. / Dissertation/Thesis / Masters Thesis Community Resources and Development 2020

Equestrian Tourism in Trinidad : Every horse has something to teach, every human something to learn

Björlinger, Katja, Johansson, Sanna January 2016 (has links)
This Minor Field Study, sponsored by SIDA, undertaken as a Bachelor´s Thesis investigates equestrian tourism in Trinidad, Cuba. Tourism has become a vital tool for development of the destination. Since the legalization of equestrian excursion, horses have become a link between less developed areas and the profit from tourism. The income from equestrian excursions is vital for people's livelihood. A rapid increase of excursions due to low entry barriers have led to varying quality. Equestrian excursions in Trinidad face challenges concerning horses’ welfare and safety. When the equestrian tourism is growing, it is crucial that the development is sustainable to ensure this vital income in the future. A number of critical factors were identified and solutions presented involve planning for carrying capacity, industry coordination, raising producer awareness and integrating animal welfare in the community.

The Transformation from Traditional Industry to Tourism Development: A Case Study of Shi-Tsao Area, Tainan

Zhao, Jia-hui 12 July 2006 (has links)
With the dominance of service industry and the membership of WTO for Taiwan, the farming and fishing industries are facing fierce competition from globalization. Traditional agricultural society has thus largely perished, its population aged and young people moving to cities, productivity being low. Farming and fishing industries are no longer able to support livelihood of local communities. It is highly trumpeted for these industries to be transformed to leisure-purposed farming and fishing. Tourism is now almost seen as a panacea for the future. However, there are many problems. The current study uses a ¡¥mediocre¡¦ case of Shi-Tsao area of Tainan as an example, to study the normal pattern of development of traditional communities into tourism destinations. The research focuses on the issues that this area has faced, the ecological functions and environmental attributes of its coastal area, including the carrying capacity; an environmental analysis of the community is also executed. Adopting a qualitative approach, the research is based on in-depth interviews, literature evidence, and a case study of Tao-Mi Community. The purpose is to study the issues that Shi-Tsao faces during its transit to a new industry. SWOT analysis is used, and cross-analyses of the Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat are executed to find out the priorities of the related issues. Suggestions are given as how to make the transition more smooth and plausible. The ultimate purpose is to help understand the whole situation that Taiwanese rural area faces nowadays. The conclusions include issues in ecology, land use, investment and professional planning from outside and legal problems; it is also found that social and political issues such as resource distributions and partisan are detrimental to development.

Assessing the Carrying Capacity of the Kaoping River

Huang, Sheng-Shon 10 August 2001 (has links)
The Kaoping River basin is the largest and the most intensively used river basin in Taiwan. It is 171-km long, drains a catchment of more than 3,250 km2. Based on the current water quality analysis, the Kaoping River is heavily polluted. Concern about the deteriorating condition of the river led the Government of Taiwan to amend the relevance legislations and strengthen the enforcement of the discharge regulations to effectively manage the river and control the pollution. Investigation results demonstrate that both point and non-point source pollutants are now the causes of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), nutrients, and pathogens in the river. The main water pollution sources are livestock wastewater from hog farms, municipal wastewater, industrial wastewater, non-point source (NPS) pollutants from agricultural areas, and leachate from riverbank landfills. The current daily BOD, NH3-N, and TP loadings to Kaoping River are 74,700, 39,400, and 5,100 kg, respectively. However, the calculated BOD, NH3-N, and TP carrying capacities are 27,700, 4,200, and 600 kg per day. To protect public health and improve the river water quality, the comprehensive management and construction strategy is proposed. The proposed strategy includes the following measures to meet the calculated river carrying capacity: (1) hog ban in the entire Kaoping River basin, (2) sewer system construction to achieve 30% of connection in the basin within 10 years, (3) removal of 10 riverbank landfills, and (4) enforcement of the industrial wastewater discharge standards. After the implementation of the proposed measures, the water quality should be significantly improved and the BOD and nutrient loadings can be reduced to below the calculated carrying capacities.

Trophic feedback and carrying capacity of Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) on the high seas of the Gulf of Alaska /

Aydin, Kerim Yunus. January 2000 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Washington, 2000. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 364-378).

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