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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
31

Making Gene Sets More Coherent

Mahdavifard, Fariba Unknown Date
No description available.
32

Bioinformatic analyses of microarray experiments on genetic control of gene expression level

Kirk, Michael, School of Biotechnology & Biomolecular Science, UNSW January 2006 (has links)
The advent of microarray technology, allowing measurement of gene expression levels for thousands of genes in parallel, has made possible experiments designed to investigate the genetic control of variation in gene expression level (described in the literature as ???genetical genomics??? or ???eQTL??? experiments). Published results from these studies, in yeast and in mice, show that genetic variation is an important factor in gene regulation, and furthermore that individual polymorphisms modify the expression level of many genes. The concern of this thesis is the bioinformatic analyses of the expression level and genotype data sets that are the raw material for these studies. In particular this thesis addresses the two issues of detection of artefactual effects, and maximizing the information that can be extracted from the data. It is shown that while a polymorphism affecting the expression of many genes may be readily detected, care must be taken to determine whether the detected effect is genuinely one of genetic control of expression level, rather than the effect of correlations in measured expression level not of genetic cause. A significance test is devised to distinguish between these cases. The detection of artefactual correlation is explored further in the reanalysis of the published data from a large yeast study. A critique is given of the permutation method used to ascribe genetic control as the cause of inter gene expression level correlation. The presence of some degree of artefactual correlation is shown, and novel methods are presented for identifying such artefacts. To extend the analyses that may be applied to eQTL data, an algorithm is presented for determining secondary eQTLs for gene expression level (as opposed to a single primary QTL), along with a significance test for the putative QTL found. The technique is demonstrated on a large public data set. In addition to the use for which they are intended, the data sets generated for eQTL studies provide opportunities for additional analyses. In this thesis a method is developed for calculating a genome wide map of meiotic recombination frequency from the genotype data for multiple segregant strains. The method is demonstrated on the published genotype data generated for a large yeast eQTL study.
33

Sample comparisons using microarrays -- application of false discovery rate and quadratic logistic regression

Guo, Ruijuan. January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Worcester Polytechnic Institute. / Keywords: FDR; logistic regression; microarray. Includes bibliographical references (leaf 26).
34

Use of microarray technology to study the physiology and pathogenesis of mouse colonising strains of Helicobacter pylori /

Thompson, Lucinda Jenny. January 2003 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of New South Wales, 2003. / Also available online.
35

Transcriptome activity of human cytomegalovirus (strain Merlin) in fibroblasts, epithelial cells and astrocytes

Towler, James Charles. January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Glasgow, 2007. / Ph.D. thesis submitted to the Division of Virology, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, 2007. Includes bibliographical references. Print version also available.
36

RNA profiling in an Alzheimer's disease mouse model

Bao, Hongbo, January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2008. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references.
37

Large-scale integration of microarray data : investigating the pathologies of cancer and infectious diseases /

Dawany, Noor. Tozeren, Aydin. January 2010 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Drexel University, 2010. / Includes abstract and vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 94-108).
38

RNA aptamer microarrays for the specific detection of proteins and their potential use as molecular diagnostics for the treatment of HIV

Collett, James Raymond. January 1900 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2006. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references.
39

Bioinformatic analysis of viral genomic sequences and concepts of genome-specific national vaccine design

Unknown Date (has links)
This research is concerned with analyzing a set of viral genomes to elucidate the underlying characteristics and determine the information-theoretic aspects of the genomic signatures. The goal of this study thereof, is tailored to address the following: (i) Reviewing various methods available to deduce the features and characteristics of genomic sequences of organisms in general, and particularly focusing on the genomes pertinent to viruses; (ii) applying the concepts of information-theoretics (entropy principles) to analyze genomic sequences; (iii) envisaging various aspects of biothermodynamic energetics so as to determine the framework and architecture that decide the stability and patterns of the subsequences in a genome; (iv) evaluating the genomic details using spectral-domain techniques; (v) studying fuzzy considerations to ascertain the overlapping details in genomic sequences; (vi) determining the common subsequences among various strains of a virus by logistically regressing the data obtained via entropic, energetics and spectral-domain exercises; (vii) differentiating informational profiles of coding and non-coding regions in a DNA sequence to locate aberrant (cryptic) attributes evolved as a result of mutational changes and (viii) finding the signatures of CDS of genomes of viral strains toward rationally conceiving plausible designs of vaccines. Commensurate with the topics indicated above, necessary simulations are proposed and computational exercises are performed (with MatLabTM R2009b and other software as needed). Extensive data gathered from open-literature are used thereof and, simulation results are verified. Lastly, results are discussed, inferences are made and open-questions are identified for future research. / by Sharmistha P. Chatterjee. / Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2013. / Includes bibliography. / Mode of access: World Wide Web. / System requirements: Adobe Reader.
40

Pattern analysis of microarray data. / 基因芯片數據中的模式分析 / CUHK electronic theses & dissertations collection / Ji yin xin pian shu ju zhong de mo shi fen xi

January 2009 (has links)
DNA microarray technology is the most notable high throughput technology which emerged for functional genomics in recent years. Patterns in microarray data provide clues of gene functions, cell types, and interactions among genes or gene products. Since the scale of microarray data keeps on growing, there is an urgent need for the development of methods and tools for the analysis of these huge amounts of complex data. / Interesting patterns in microarray data can be patterns appearing with significant frequencies or patterns appearing special trends. Firstly, an algorithm to find biclusters with coherent values is proposed. For these biclusters the subset of genes (or samples) show some similarities, such as low Euclidean distance or high Pearson correlation coefficient. We propose Average Correlation Value (ACV) to measure the homogeneity of a bicluster. ACV outperforms other alternatives for being applicable for biclusters of more types. Our algorithm applies dominant set approach to create sets of sorting vectors for rows of the data matrix. In this way, the co-expressed rows of the data matrix could be gathered. By alternatively sorting and transposing the data matrix the blocks of co-expressed subset are gathered. Weighted correlation coefficient is used to measure the similarity in the gene level and the sample level. Their weights are updated each time using the sorting vector of the previous iteration. Genes/samples which are assigned higher weights contribute more to the similarity measure when they are used as features for the other dimension. Unlike the two-way clustering or divide and conquer algorithm, our approach does not break the structure of the whole data and can find multiple overlapping biclusters. Also the method has low computation cost comparing to the exhaustive enumeration and distribution parameter identification methods. / Next, algorithms to find biclusters with coherent evolutions, more specific, the order preserving patterns, are proposed. In an Order Preserving Cluster (OP-Cluster) genes induce the same relative order on samples, while the exact magnitude of the data are not regarded. By converting each gene expression vector into an ordered label sequence, we transfer the problem into finding frequent orders appearing in the sequence set. Two heuristic algorithms, Growing Prefix and Suffix (GPS) and Growing Frequent Position (GFP) are presented. The results show these methods both have good scale-up properties. They output larger OP-Clusters more efficiently and have lower space and computation space cost comparing to the existing methods. / We propose the idea of Discovering Distinct Patterns (DDP) in gene expression data. The distinct patterns correspond to genes with significantly different patterns. DDP is useful to scale-down the analysis when there is little prior knowledge. A DDP algorithm is proposed by iteratively picking out pairs of genes with the largest dissimilarities. Experiments are implemented on both synthetic data sets and real microarray data. The results show the effectiveness and efficiency in finding functional significant genes. The usefulness of genes with distinct patterns for constructing simplified gene regulatory network is further discussed. / Teng, Li. / Adviser: Laiwan Chan. / Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 71-01, Section: B, page: 0446. / Thesis (Ph.D.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2009. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 118-128). / Electronic reproduction. Hong Kong : Chinese University of Hong Kong, [2012] System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. Available via World Wide Web. / Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, MI : ProQuest Information and Learning Company, [200-] System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. Available via World Wide Web. / Abstracts in English and Chinese.

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