Effects of transformational leadership on followers' feedback seeking, feedback preference, and reactions to feedback through cognitive and motivational processesChang, Chu-Hsiang. January 2005 (has links)
Dissertation (Ph. D.)--University of Akron, Dept. of Psychology, 2005. / "August, 2005." Title from electronic dissertation title page (viewed 12/14/2005) Advisor, Rosalie J. Hall; Committee members, Paul E. Levy, Robert G. Lord, Ramona Otega-Liston, Aaron M. Schmidt; Department Chair, Paul E. Levy; Dean of the College, Charles B. Monroe; Dean of the Graduate School, George R. Newkome. Includes bibliographical references.
De Klerk, Jeremias Jesaja.
Thesis (Ph. D. (Organisational Behaviour))--Universiteit van Pretoria, 2001. / Abstract in English and Afrikaans. Includes bibliographical references. Available on the Internet via the World Wide Web.
(has links) (PDF)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2005. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references.
An experimental study of the impact of psychological capital on performance, engagement, and the contagion effectHodges, Timothy D. January 2010 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2010. / Title from title screen (site viewed July 22, 2010). PDF text: vi, 107 p. : ill. ; 1 Mb. UMI publication number: AAT 3398191. Includes bibliographical references. Also available in microfilm and microfiche formats.
变革型领导对部属实际经营绩效的影响 : 探讨领导-部属交换的仲介作用 = Transformational leadership and followers' objective performance : the mediating role of leader-member exchange蒋勤, 23 May 2018 (has links)
关于变革型领导和实际经营绩效的研究比较有限，我们希望能补充这个部分的空白，因此采用了变革型领导风格中针对个体层面的两个维度：智力激发和个性化关怀，作为主要变量，提出了一个针对实际经营绩效的领导力模型。在这个模型里，领导-部署交换（LMX）作为中介变量，领导的教育程度作为调节变量。从结果看到领导-部署交换对于智力激发和部属实际经营绩效的完全中介成立，领导教育程度对于智力激发的调节作用也同样成立。研究对于变革型领导理论和领导-部属交换理论以及对于实践的意义在文章有被讨论。There is little study on the transformational leadership and its connections with real business performance. We seek to fill this gap and propose a model using intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration as key independent variables to explain real business performance. We use leader-member-exchange as a mediator and leaders' education level as a moderator. We show that the leader-member exchange fully mediate intellectual stimulation and real performance, and leaders' education level moderates intellectual stimulation. Implications for the theory and practice of leadership are discussed.
Motiveringsprofiele van administratiewe- en klerke personeel en bestuurspersoneel volgens die Herzberg motiveringshigiëneteorieRudolph, Stefanus Hermanus 08 May 2014 (has links)
M.Com. (Business Management) / Please refer to full text to view abstract
Human, Ricardo Ronald
The recruitment and retention of personnel plays an important role in assisting organisations to adapt and remain competitive, thus ensuring their financial sustainability and becoming a leader in the market. It is also a crucial element in assisting organisations in reaching their long and short term goals. The employment and retention of highly skilled employees is a costly exercise and staff turnover impacts negatively, not only on a financial level but also on the organisation as a whole. The immediate implementation of specific strategies that ensures the recruitment and retention of these employees will guarantee a reduction in employee turnover thus ensuring organisational competitiveness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the organisational factors impacting on employee retention at Transnet Freight Rail (TFR). The population group for the study included 34 TFR employees from the G graded salary scale. The response rate for the questionnaire was 100% with the Likert scale instrument consisting of 27 questions divided into two sections: Section one explored the demographic profile of the respondents; Section two focused on getting responses on the five organisational factors impacting on employee retention namely: organisational association; monetary compensation; work satisfaction; work enrichment; career development. The following research design was adopted: Step 1: A literature review was conducted to determine the various organisational factors impacting on employee retention. Step 2: From the literature review the researcher structured the research questionnaire. Step 3: The results of the survey were analysed and interpreted. Step 4: Conclusions and recommendations were done.
Lennie, Graeme Mark
The South African Revenue Services (SARS) is an amalgamation of the former Departments of Customs and Excise, and the Receiver of Revenue. SARS obtained full autonomy from the Government in October 1997 in order for it to administer its own affairs. SARS has since made great strides in transforming its people and technology, although some growing pains are recently being experienced, i.e. the “retention question”. The problem statement, “What strategies can be implemented for retaining skilled employees within SARS Customs” is derived from a multitude of problematic issues currently being experienced world wide. Problem areas particular to South Africa, include: the mass exodus of white skilled labour; baby-boomers (aged 60 – 65) nearing retirement, affirmative action, employment equity, and a general lack of skills in the employment industry. An employee engagement survey (2007) conducted at SARS, shows figures that further exacerbates the problem. The objectives of the research were therefore, to conduct a literature study of employee retention strategies, investigate the research strategies currently being employed at SARS, the reasons for the low levels of employee engagement and to develop a strategic model for employee retention for use at SARS Customs in the Eastern Cape Region of South Africa The study takes the form of a case study, using quantitative and qualitative methods of research. A questionnaire was distributed to respondents, the results of which were analysed and presented. The findings show that SARS Customs is in a good position with regards to pay and benefits. Areas that require attention though are training, development and career management, effective supervision, and day-to-day activities.
South Africa is ranked 44th place out of 53 countries (IMD 2011). It would seem imperative for the South African Government and the private sector to pay close attention to studies of this nature that indicate the importance of certain factors on the motivation of employees. In essence this study could assist Government and the private sector in understanding the importance of different factors that influence motivation of employees and the profitability of organisations. Should organisations re-align their focus on motivation of employees by taking cognisance of the elements addressed in this study, it could have a positive effect on the productivity of individual firms as well as on national productivity. The purpose of this study was to establish which motivational factors have an effect on the motivation of employees that would affect their individual, the organisational performance and customer satisfaction. The study aimed at firstly identifying motivational factors that has an influence on organisational performance. Secondly, investigating the effect of employee performance on organisational performance and thirdly investigating the impact of employee performance on customer satisfaction. The primary objective of this study was to establish which motivational factors have an effect on the motivation of employees thus affecting their individual and organisational performance and customer satisfaction. The relationship between work motivation, performance and productivity is complex. Although work motivation seems to have a significant impact on performance and productivity, it is certainly not the only influencing factor (Fisher, Katz, Miller & Thatcher 2003:82). Research has indicated that besides motivation, productivity is influenced by a variety of factors which could include the employee’s ability, skills, training, and availability of resources, management practices and economic conditions. In the light of the above, this study endeavoured to establish which dominant motivational factors have an influence on employee, corporate performance and customer satisfaction. Different motivational factors including hygiene factors, such as attitude, job satisfaction, rewards, leadership styles and communication were discussed as well as their influence on employee and organisational performance Information was gathered through secondary research. The investigation also included an exploration of different research methodologies, methods of data collection and analysis for this specific study. The main empirical research findings indicated that there is a positive relationship between motivator factors and employee performance as well as between management communication and employee performance. It is recommended that a policy and control manual should be compiled and distributed to new employees as part of their induction programme. The policies should be updated annually to incorporate changes in the organisation and to indicate to employees that management is serious about creating positive relationships between employees and employers. There is also a positive relationship between employee performance and organisational performance. It is recommended that organisations implement employee performance management systems that link to organisational performance goals in order to be able to critically access the performance of the employee in relation to the broader goals and results of an organisation. The relationship between motivational factors and customer satisfaction should however be investigated further. There seems to be different views in the literature on whether customer satisfaction surveys (or other measurements) should be used to support this relationship.
Van Schalkwyk, Thomas Johannes
Globalisation and the falling of trade barriers across the world have changed the way organisations conduct their business. Organisations have to become more competitive to compete against local rivals and imported products. Employees fulfil a vital role in this strategy and productive employees can enable organisations to accomplish this goal. Employees need to be motivated to contribute to the challenges of globalisation and ultimately the success of the organisation. Organisations therefore need to create a motivating climate wherein employees can perform. A number of motivational theories are recorded, but older theories make the assumption than an average human being exists. The more modern theories, which identify the relationship between dynamic variables, are more relevant but to a large extent do not consider the influence of trade unions. Trade unions are still very active in South Africa, and a combined effort by organisations and trade unions could result in a win-win outcome for both parties. Rewards and recognition drive behaviour which will result in enhanced productivity. Monetary rewards are the preferred incentive amongst employees, but the effect of training and development opportunities are often underestimated and under-utilised. Employees are generally eager to improve their skills levels, which could have a positive medium to long term impact on the organisation. Effective leadership is crucial to improved productivity and leaders have to create the environment for employees to perform. Traditional management styles are no longer effective and modern leaders have to develop their skills to achieve sustainability of the organisation.
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