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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
21

Leading curriculum change : developing inquiry based teaching and learning in a primary school

Cullen, Lorraine Ann January 2014 (has links)
Throughout my professional journey, I have encountered many thought provoking experiences which have, not only helped to shape my practice, but have also encouraged me to deeply question my purpose as a leader within education. Children growing up in the 21st century will encounter rapid change within their lives. The question that resonates deeply within me is what and how do we teach them today so that they are better prepared for tomorrow’s world? It is this concern that provides the impetus for this research. The idea of learning being placed at the heart of the core business of leadership is embodied in what is understood as Instructional Leadership. Through practitioner action research, this study investigates the leadership of curriculum change that takes full account of the views of children. It explores the kind of actions that need to be undertaken as a leader to effect curriculum change; actions that serve to locate the child as the lead learner. In developing an inquiry based approach to teaching and learning, this study investigates how resources and the tool and artefacts of teaching are deployed, pedagogical strategies implemented and considers the development of a cultural, emotional and cognitive climate conducive to inquiry learning.
22

Design and evaluation of mobile games to support active and reflective learning outdoors

Lonsdale, Peter January 2011 (has links)
This thesis explores the use of situated, location-based mobile games for supporting learning in the field, to determine how these types of activity can support learners with reference to specific curricular aims, beyond just providing highly engaging and motivating activities. A software toolkit was developed to support the design and deployment of situated mobile learning activities. This was used to design and deploy mobile learning activities for two field studies. The first study used the critical incident technique to identify specific benefits and problems arising from outdoor mobile learning. We found that whilst learners were highly engaged by an outdoor learning activity facilitated by mobile devices, they were engaged only in the surface level of the activity and did not reflect on what they were doing. The second study comprised a grounded theory analysis of learner behaviour in the context of a location-based, enquiry-led learning game designed to overcome the problems found in Study 1 and in other projects. We present an analysis of learner interactions with the environment during an enquiry-led learning activity. Compared to an equivalent paper-based activity, the game helped to coordinate the learners’ activities and unexpected results from game actions prompted learners to reflect on their actions and what they observed. The physical environment also prompted discussion and reflection, but we saw specific problems arising from learners becoming distracted by their previous experience of the environment and by the proximity of environmental features. We discuss these findings and present implications for the design of future mobile learning games.
23

Academic mentoring and how it can support personalised learning

Smith, Lorraine D. January 2014 (has links)
This study investigated how academic mentoring in two secondary schools in England could support personalised learning. The focus was limited to academic mentoring of year 11 students by members of staff, which aimed to improve academic performance. Academic mentoring was one of the strategies used after the introduction of school accountability measures such as league tables and school targets. School accountability is based upon the policies that are believed to have consequences for educational attainment. The overall picture from literature was that mentoring is difficult to define for specific contexts and is linked to many positive outcomes for mentors and mentees. However the link between achievement and mentoring is problematic due to the limited evidence and the complex interplay between different factors. With the introduction of personalised learning in schools, a new and additional dimension to mentoring was provided besides the enhancement of exam performance. The definition of personalised learning was imprecise and this provided schools with the flexibility to develop initiatives to meet their own needs and context. Despite the research on school based mentoring and its potential outcomes, little was known about how mentoring could support personalised learning beyond the advice and guidance suggested by different models of personalised learning by Hargreaves (2004a) and the DCSF (2008b). This was partly due to the lack of shared understanding of ‘personalised learning’ and which activities could be classified under this term. The aim of the study is to explore how academic mentoring can support personalised learning. The sub-aims are: 1. How do students and staff understand the purpose of mentoring? 2. How does academic mentoring help students achieve their targets? 3. How does mentoring work effectively for different types of students? 4. How do staff understand personalised learning? 5. What might a mode of mentoring look like to support personalised learning? This study adopted a qualitative approach in two case study schools. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with students, of differing abilities and gender, and in groups and individually, at the beginning of the mentoring programme and near the end to identify any changes or similarities in their responses regarding mentoring. Staff completed a questionnaire initially to inform the sample choice then semi-structured interviews were conducted regarding their understanding of the mentoring programme and personalised learning. Interviews and documentation were analysed using NVivo 8 software to identify themes in participants’ responses. An analysis of student and staff interviews, relevant documentation and a staff questionnaire yielded insight into the participants’ definition of mentoring, activities and perceived outcomes of mentoring, the logistics of the mentoring programme, and staff perceptions of personalised learning. The findings of this study suggest that personalised learning and mentoring are poorly understood concepts, but any suggested definitions tended to be context specific. The personalised learning agenda tends to be better understood at the senior leadership level as they are responsible for the integration of the policy into their school. The role of mentor is not viewed in isolation from the other roles a teacher inhabits. However a pre-existing relationship between the mentor and mentee was viewed as the foundation on which to build a successful mentoring relationship. The mentoring outcomes suggested by participants goes part way to preparing students for personalised learning, however there needs to be a consistent approach to ensure that students develop the necessary characteristics to enable them to take responsibility for their learning and progress.
24

An inquiry into factors affecting the online learning experiences of A-level chemistry students studying in a blended learning course in a college in Malta and the impact of these experiences on learning identity

Role, Sharon Joan January 2014 (has links)
This study carried out as practitioner-research explores the new online collaborative learning experiences of a class of thirty-seven college students studying A-level chemistry in a blended learning context. It is a case-study with a multi-method interpretivist approach using observations, unsolicited meetings, VLE tracking system, students’ reflective journal, online informal discussions, questionnaires, focus groups and individual interviews. The students, used to traditional non-collaborative learning methods in the face-to-face class, demonstrated complex online behaviour patterns. Findings showed that the factors affecting these behaviours were of a situational, infrastructural and persona-related nature. Four key learning dispositions – resourcefulness, resilience, reciprocity and responsibility were identified as persona-related enablers. These dispositions were instrumental for changes in the students as learners. These included changes in epistemological beliefs, study patterns, study habits and above all, in learner roles and learning identities. Notable changes occurred in a group of learners who were initially reluctant to learn from the online environment. This study suggests that online learning can not only support a socio-constructive approach to learning to students in the online setting, but also induces similar student learning behaviours in the face-to-face class. The study also gives evidence of transformation in the academic and the positional student learning identities. The new interacting student learning identities projected a sense of belonging, of being valued and of connectedness in both the online and the face-to-face class community. This research is significant as a study of the impact of online experiences on college students in a blended learning context. Similar research contexts were scarce in the literature. It is valuable to the current teaching community in Malta, where the recent National Curriculum Framework (2012) has emphasised a socio-constructive approach to learning and where several educational institutions have started using VLEs to provide blended learning experiences.
25

The structure of prior knowledge

Jain, Pinky January 2014 (has links)
The phenomenon of prior knowledge is deep rooted in the rhetoric of education. There is much discourse within pedagogy about its value and pivotal role in the formulation of new learning. However teachers are not able to use prior knowledge effectively as they do not have a working sense of it, but are using it intuitively and colloquially. While researchers provide a multitude of definitions of prior knowledge, no one has examined its elemental structure in a way that provides a model for teachers to use and support learning. This deficit is surprising as prior knowledge is a universally accepted pedagogical notion. The aim of this thesis is to fill the deficit and establish a structure of prior knowledge. The research was situated within Year 1 primary mathematics classrooms following eight teachers across five schools over one academic year. Using naturalistic research methodology, the data were gathered through audio recordings of the interactions between teachers and children during mathematics lessons. These recordings were analysed using grounded theory and content analysis. The research explored and produced a partial model of prior knowledge emerging from the data which includes at least eight interconnected elements – abstraction, acculturation, cognition, context, individual motivation, metacognition, perception and social group. These can be seen as elements which can shape children’s memory – the central feature of the prior knowledge that they bring to each mathematical task. Children may manifest different degrees of these elements, and possibly of others which did not appear in these data, in different proportions and balances. Such a prior knowledge model, even though it remains partial, gives a deeper understanding to a common but widely misunderstood term. The implications of knowing and understanding more and in more depth about the structure of prior knowledge are potentially far-reaching for children, schools, teachers and curriculum development.
26

A study of relating between Vietnamese and native English-speaking teachers in team-teaching EFL students at tertiary level in Vietnam

Khánh, Trẩn Thị Minh January 2014 (has links)
The present study examines „relating‟ between Vietnamese teachers of English (VETs) and native English-speaking teachers (NESTs) when teaching EFL students at tertiary level in Vietnam. The aim is to understand the interpersonal dynamics between them and the factors influencing their relationships. A qualitative research study was carried out employing multiple data collection methods including semi-structured interviews, class observation, note-taking, audio/video recording of classes and interactions, and gathering of documents. Data were collected in two phases. In Phase 1 nine teachers were interviewed about their experiences of team-teaching, including the collection of data on 'rapport sensitive' incidents that they experienced when team-teaching. In Phase 2, two teaching pairs were studied through a longitudinal case study, gathering unfolding, narrative accounts of their experiences of team-teaching during one term. The data were analyzed from power relations and rapport perspectives in order to find out how the pairs related and what key factors influenced their relationships. A wide range of factors were found to impact on the smoothness of the teaching pair relationships, including role-related issues, time constraints and unequal workload share in team-teaching, pedagogic beliefs and teaching methods/styles, and communication issues. However, the teachers often formed good relationships outside class, and this ameliorated the relational challenges they experienced professionally. It is argued that since there has been little detail in the education field on theoretical concepts for analyzing team teachers' relationships and few empirical findings, this study contributes to research on 'relating' in team-teaching and suggests that future research into team-teaching would benefit from drawing on conceptual frameworks from within pragmatics.
27

Professional collaborative learning : policy, practice and research perspectives

Jones, Michelle Suzette January 2014 (has links)
In this introduction to the publications selected for examination for the degree of PhD in Education, at the University of Warwick, I will begin by outlining some the contextual influences on my published work. During my career, spanning over 30 years, I have had the privilege to be a head-teacher, local authority adviser, government policy adviser and a researcher. The publications that follow therefore focus on professional collaborative learning from these different vantage points, as these have inevitably influenced my writing.
28

Understanding shifts in the Language Learning Strategies of newly arrived Arabic learners studying in the UK : an illustrative phenomenographic case study

Hajar, Anas January 2015 (has links)
As of 2015, forty golden years have passed since the language learning strategy (LLS) concept was first brought to wide attention by Joan Rubin (1975). Most previous LLS research, however, has been based on the cognitivist theoretical framework and conducted quantitatively, using survey tools. Surveys have essentially failed to capture the ‘situated experiences’ of language learners and their actual and dynamic use of LLSs across time and space. With the above in mind and being motivated by my personal experiences as one of thousands of Arab students moving abroad to pursue education through the medium of English, this thesis reports on a longitudinal phenomenographic inquiry into Arab university students’ creative efforts and engagement in learning English prior to and after their coming to the UK to attend both short and long academic programmes (i.e. the pre-sessional language course and a postgraduate programme). Underpinned by a sociocultural viewpoint, the inquiry consisted of four research stages, and espoused qualitative research methods for data collection, which lasted for 17 months. A series of individual semi-structured interviews provided the main data, with other qualitative methods such as learner diaries and written narrative supplementing the validity and reliability of the study. For data analysis, Braun and Clarke’s (2006, 2013) systematic guidelines for conducting thematic analysis (TA) were adopted to identify and interpret patterns of meaning (themes) across the qualitative data in rich detail. The data revealed that participants’ strategy use was non-static and always directed towards the achievement of a specific learning goal. As LLSs did not operate alone, a conceptual framework was proposed in this study to discern the distinctive features of participants’ situated strategy use in both contexts. This framework was based on Dörnyei’s (2009) distinction between two types of possible selves (i.e. the ideal self and the ought self), Higgins’ (2000) distinction between the promotion and prevention aspects of instrumentality, Malcolm’s (2013) concept of ‘required motivation’ and my own distinction between immature, short-term and long-term learning goals and that of compulsory (i.e. largely regulated by cultural beliefs) and voluntary (i.e. basically internalised within the self) strategies. The participants’ changing language learning goals and associated strategies in their homelands and the UK were largely shaped and regulated by their situated social networks, including family members, teachers, peers and others. The changes in assessment modes and the availability of language learning resources (e.g. technologies) were also found to have mediated their strategy use. This study concludes by providing recommendations for Arab students who are considering pursuing their studies abroad in English-speaking education systems, for study abroad programme designers and teachers in the host country, and for educators in the Arab and Asian countries by suggesting specific practical steps such as ‘adopting a near peer role modelling approach’ and ‘fostering the motivational force of International Posture and National Interest among students’. Further research is needed to examine the key role of contextual realities on learners’ strategy use, and to help teachers provide appropriate support to language learners in particular learning contexts.
29

The civic emotions and participatory drama : children's perspectives on compassion, empathy and justice

Vladimirou, Irene E. January 2015 (has links)
This research project primarily focuses on the civic emotions and their relation with educational drama. Emotion and Reason are not always at odds and when combined contribute in the upgrade of our awareness of the world and the intelligence of our decision making processes. Emotions that are beneficial towards others and seem to cherish social solidarity are considered virtues, which are ‘other’-oriented. The practice of such virtues in social life can be regarded as a precious characteristic of a vigorous civic identity. Civic emotions are inextricable from the concept of citizenship, when seen as a bond that unites all citizens in their common space and fate. This thesis explores specifically the fundamental ‘other-regarding’ emotion of compassion, as a natural inclination of human kind which needs to be educated to be expressed appositively. Empathy can be strongly connected to the expression of compassion and becomes the way in which participatory drama works towards the direction of the cultivation of the civic emotions. Justice is viewed as the core essence of every healthy society and should become an irreplaceable trait of each citizen. It is closely related to compassion as the power that triggers the relevant thoughts and motivates kindness in public life. This research venture investigates how educational drama may provide opportunities for the cultivation of the civic emotions but also for the way children perceive the notions of civic emotions as they emerge in the space of educational drama or in real life. My ethnographic study involved a series of drama workshops in a class of students. The data gathered in this case study illustrate the way children face the issue of compassion, portraying the elements that encourage the expression of kind behaviour and also the factors that inhibit the practice of acts of care.
30

Influence or ignorance : an analysis of the influence of the hypnotherapy national occupational standards on hypnosis and hypnotherapy teaching and learning, and professionalism in the UK

Beaven-Marks, Kathryn January 2013 (has links)
This thesis analyses the influence of the Hypnotherapy National Occupational Standards (H.NOS) on teaching and learning, and professionalism, amongst four groups: hypnosis and hypnotherapy practitioners, researchers, educators and professional organisations. H.NOS describe effective performance of a role, in terms of the knowledge, understanding and actions. The hypnotherapy profession has recently encountered voluntary regulation with the Complementary and Natural Healthcare Council. Practitioners whose training meets H.NOS are eligible for registration. In response to government initiatives, there is a progression towards professionalism of hypnotherapy, yet wide-spread review of the literature considered the lack of agreed definitions for hypnotherapy and hypnosis, despite a long history and diverse applications. There is little current research investigating any potential influence of the H.NOS, despite implications for current and future practice. Online quantitative questionnaires completed over a nine-month period assessed awareness of H.NOS and the consultation process, together with their influence on teaching and learning, professional bodies, competence and professionalism. Developed for this study and a unique contribution, the T.A.P. model (Thought, Action, Professionalism), was employed in the questionnaires, to enable respondents to classify their past training in relation to the model, where the H.NOS fits into the model, and where qualifications for practitioners and researchers would be located. Exploration and inferential analysis with chi-square tests and textual analysis of questionnaire comment boxes, indicated positive outcomes for both research questions regarding the influence of the H.NOS on teaching and learning, and the influence of H.NOS on professionalism. Original contributions to knowledge and practice comprise the T.A.P. model; the review of a diverse range of literature, and the unique survey and resulting data analysis, together with a range of planned and potential disseminations. Future directions for research include greater research following raising of H.NOS awareness, together with deeper exploration of the potential of the T.A.P. model and surveying practitioners about engagement in research. Recommendations are for an increase in awareness of H.NOS, more access for practitioners to research, and for an externally verified Hypnotherapy National Vocational Qualification for all using hypnosis, undertaken prior to specialisation.

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