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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Studies on selected fungi and their ability to control nematode populations.

Davies, John Stephen. January 1970 (has links)
No description available.
2

Effects of granular nematicides on nematode populations and corn yields

Lash, Leo Duane January 2011 (has links)
Digitized by Kansas Correctional Industries
3

Studies on the variability and trapping activity of selected nematophagous fungi.

Lobo, Kenneth John. January 1966 (has links)
Predacious fungi that capture and kill nematodes live, amongst other places, in the soil where it is assumed that they participate in the natural control of nematodes, including the plant parasitic species that cause tremendous losses to farmers. There are predacious fungi in the soil which prey on amoebae, rotifers, rhizopods and other small animals but they were not dealt with in this study. [...]
4

Estudo do controle biológico de fitonematóides com fungos nematófagos /

Soares, Pedro Luiz Martins. January 2006 (has links)
Resumo: O interesse pelo controle biológico de nematóides vem aumentando ano após ano, estimulado pelas crescentes restrições ao uso de agrotóxicos. Entre os agentes do controle biológico de nematóides, os fungos predadores vêm se destacando, dada a facilidade de crescimento em meios artificiais e substratos diversos e a comprovada eficácia. No presente estudo, confirmou-se que espécies de Arthrobotrys e de Monacrosporium estão entre os fungos nematófagos mais comuns nos solos do Brasil. Esses fungos crescem em subprodutos da agroindústria, potencializando a formulação desses agentes a baixo custo e pode tornar-se o recurso mais vantajoso para o manejo de nematóides em cultivos de hortifrutigranjeiros em volta de centros urbanos. Bagaço de cana misturado com farelo de arroz, na proporção de 2:1, é um substrato adequado à formulação de fungos nematófagos. Para o cultivo de alface, uma única aplicação, antes do plantio, é suficiente para o manejo dos nematóides. A adição de formulações dos fungos ao substrato para a produção de mudas pode facilitar a utilização desse recurso, e formulações contendo mais de uma espécie com habilidades predatórias diferentes, incluindo parasitos de ovos, podem ser mais eficazes que formulações de uma única espécie. A especificidade dos fungos dificulta o comércio de formulações desses agentes, dado o risco de comprometimento à credibilidade dos produtos, se formulações não-específicas para os nematóides que ocorrem em certas áreas, forem utilizadas. Por conseguinte, as formulações desses agentes são mais adequadas para a distribuição assistida, já que os nematóides que ocorrem nos locais onde serão empregadas, podem ser previamente identificados. / Abstract: The interest in the biological control of nematodes is increasing year after year, stimulated by the increasing restrictions to the use of chemical defensives. Among the agents for the biological control of nematodes, the predators fungi have become the group of higher interest since they grow easily on different kinds of material and they also present known efficacy. In the present study, it was demonstrated that species of Arthrobotrys and Monacrosporium are among the most common nematophagous fungi in Brazilian soils. These fungi grow on by-products of the agroindustry, making formulations of these agents of low cost and can become the most advantageous resource for the nematode control in vegetable production areas around urban centers in Brazil. Sugar cane bagasse mixed with rice bran in the ratio of 2:1 is an adequate substratum for the formulation of nematophagous fungi. For the lettuce culture, only one application, before the planting date, is enough for the control of nematodes. The addition of fungi to the substratum for the production of seedlings in nurseries can facilitate the use of this resource. Formulations containing more than one species with different predatory abilities, including egg parasites, can be more efficient than formulations with only one species. The specificity of the fungi makes difficult the commerce of formulations of these agents, since the risk of unsuccessful use can put down the credibility on the products, if non-specific formulations for the nematodes that occur in certain areas are used. Therefore, the formulations of these agents are more suitable for attended distribution, since the nematodes that occur in places where the formulation will be used can be previously identified. / Orientador: Jaime Maia dos Santos / Coorientador: José Carlos Barbosa / Banca: Clélia Aparecida Iunes Lapera / Banca: Marineide Mendonça Aguillera / Banca: Carlos Amadeu Leite de Oliveira / Banca: Júlio César Galli / Doutor
5

The characterization and biological control potential of an endemic entomopathogenic nematode and its symbiotic bacterium through behavioural, molecular and genomic approaches

Soobramoney, Lee-Anne Odelle January 2016 (has links)
A dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in fulfilment of requirements for the degree of Master of Science. Johannesburg, 2016. / The entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) have emerged as an important group of insect pests. The EPNs which comprise the Steinernema genus share symbiotic associations with Xenorhabdus bacteria. This research project focused on isolating and characterizing a novel and indigenous EPN isolate with its associated bacteria. The biological control potential of the nematode was investigated in the areas of host infectivity, infective juvenile recovery and progeny yield. These processes were investigated at three different factors. These included time, population size and temperature. The infectious abilities of the symbiotic bacteria were also evaluated without the contributions of the nematode partner at different bacterial doses, time intervals and temperature regimens. The genome of the bacteria was thereafter acquired through whole-genome sequencing and annotation techniques to elucidate the virulence mechanisms and genes involved in temperature adaptation. The species isolated in this investigation was novel. The species shared an 85 % maximum identity to and taxonomically grouped with the species Steinernema khoisanae. The two species shared a common ancestor but the extended branch length of the species under investigation substantiated its novelty. The EPNs infected hosts at different time intervals, population densities and temperature regimens. However, the EPNs performed these processes to different extents. Host mortality significantly increased with time. The EPNs also infected insect hosts at the two experimental temperatures. However, host mortality was higher at the temperature regimen of 20° C and lower at 30° C. Host infections were not significantly different at two tested population densities of 500 and 1000 infective juveniles. The levels of interaction between temperature and time and temperature population density were not statistically significant. The subsequent biological process of recovery was evaluated. The EPNs recovered at both population densities and temperature regimens. The infective juvenile recoveries were statistically insignificant at both population densities and temperature regimens. Since recovery was based on the mere presence of progeny infective juveniles, the percentages were high which contributed to the statistical insignificant findings. This also contributed to the non-significant interaction between population density and temperature. The last biological process investigated was the progeny yield of infective juveniles. The yields were significantly different between both population densities of infective juveniles and temperature regimens. Higher yields were obtained at the temperature regimen of 20° C and 25° C. Lower yields were obtained at 30° C. The unexpected finding was higher progeny yields obtained from the lower population densities of infective juveniles. This contributed to the significant interaction present between population density and temperature. The bacteria were thereafter molecularly characterized. The symbiotic bacteria shared a 99 % sequence similarity to the species Xenorhabdus sp. strain GDc328. It was interesting to observe the infectious abilities of the bacteria without contributions from the EPNs. This study was measured at different bacterial doses, time intervals and temperature regimens. Host mortality was achieved without contributions from the EPN. Host mortality significantly increased with bacterial dose and time. Host mortality was also significantly different between each temperature regimen. Higher mortalities were observed at 30° C and lower mortalities were observed at 20° C. The differences in the performance between the EPN-bacterial partnership and the bacteria alone were attributed to the manner in which adaptation occurred. Since the EPN-bacteria existed as a bi-partite entity, the partners evolved as a bi-partite complex. The bacteria were removed from the symbiosis and cultured individually. External factors may have re-shaped the performance of the bacteria at the different temperature regimens. To further understand the genetic mechanisms of temperature adaptation, host infectivity and symbiosis, the draft whole genome sequence of the bacteria was then acquired. The genome of the bacteria comprised several genes which encoded the flagella system of the bacteria. Also pairs of co-localized toxin-antitoxin genes were discovered. Temperature acclimatization was performed through different cold and heat shock proteins and lastly several molecular chaperones. The studies showed that the species Steinernema spp. and its associated symbiotic bacteria Xenorhabdus sp. strain GDc328 were good bio-pesticide candidates for application against endemic insect pests. / LG2017
6

Estudo do controle biológico de fitonematóides com fungos nematófagos

Soares, Pedro Luiz Martins [UNESP] 15 December 2006 (has links) (PDF)
Made available in DSpace on 2014-06-11T19:32:05Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0 Previous issue date: 2006-12-15Bitstream added on 2014-06-13T20:03:01Z : No. of bitstreams: 1 soares_plm_dr_jabo.pdf: 8552234 bytes, checksum: 46b7a86535ee8fa96f0e072e9d4b1dee (MD5) / Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) / O interesse pelo controle biológico de nematóides vem aumentando ano após ano, estimulado pelas crescentes restrições ao uso de agrotóxicos. Entre os agentes do controle biológico de nematóides, os fungos predadores vêm se destacando, dada a facilidade de crescimento em meios artificiais e substratos diversos e a comprovada eficácia. No presente estudo, confirmou-se que espécies de Arthrobotrys e de Monacrosporium estão entre os fungos nematófagos mais comuns nos solos do Brasil. Esses fungos crescem em subprodutos da agroindústria, potencializando a formulação desses agentes a baixo custo e pode tornar-se o recurso mais vantajoso para o manejo de nematóides em cultivos de hortifrutigranjeiros em volta de centros urbanos. Bagaço de cana misturado com farelo de arroz, na proporção de 2:1, é um substrato adequado à formulação de fungos nematófagos. Para o cultivo de alface, uma única aplicação, antes do plantio, é suficiente para o manejo dos nematóides. A adição de formulações dos fungos ao substrato para a produção de mudas pode facilitar a utilização desse recurso, e formulações contendo mais de uma espécie com habilidades predatórias diferentes, incluindo parasitos de ovos, podem ser mais eficazes que formulações de uma única espécie. A especificidade dos fungos dificulta o comércio de formulações desses agentes, dado o risco de comprometimento à credibilidade dos produtos, se formulações não-específicas para os nematóides que ocorrem em certas áreas, forem utilizadas. Por conseguinte, as formulações desses agentes são mais adequadas para a distribuição assistida, já que os nematóides que ocorrem nos locais onde serão empregadas, podem ser previamente identificados. / The interest in the biological control of nematodes is increasing year after year, stimulated by the increasing restrictions to the use of chemical defensives. Among the agents for the biological control of nematodes, the predators fungi have become the group of higher interest since they grow easily on different kinds of material and they also present known efficacy. In the present study, it was demonstrated that species of Arthrobotrys and Monacrosporium are among the most common nematophagous fungi in Brazilian soils. These fungi grow on by-products of the agroindustry, making formulations of these agents of low cost and can become the most advantageous resource for the nematode control in vegetable production areas around urban centers in Brazil. Sugar cane bagasse mixed with rice bran in the ratio of 2:1 is an adequate substratum for the formulation of nematophagous fungi. For the lettuce culture, only one application, before the planting date, is enough for the control of nematodes. The addition of fungi to the substratum for the production of seedlings in nurseries can facilitate the use of this resource. Formulations containing more than one species with different predatory abilities, including egg parasites, can be more efficient than formulations with only one species. The specificity of the fungi makes difficult the commerce of formulations of these agents, since the risk of unsuccessful use can put down the credibility on the products, if non-specific formulations for the nematodes that occur in certain areas are used. Therefore, the formulations of these agents are more suitable for attended distribution, since the nematodes that occur in places where the formulation will be used can be previously identified.
7

Formulações de fungos nematófagos associadas ao controle químico e matéria orgânica no manejo dos nematoides dos citros (Tylenchulus semipenetrans e Pratylenchus jaehni) /

Martinelli, Paulo Roberto Pala. January 2011 (has links)
Resumo: Os nematoides dos citros causam perdas consideráveis à citricultura em todo o mundo. Em 1987, foram estimadas perdas de 14,2%. No Brasil, perdas associadas à Tylenchulus semipenetrans foram estimadas em R$ 319 milhões para a safra de 1999/2000 no Estado de São Paulo. Para Pratylenchus jaehni, observou-se perdas de 30% na produção, de pomares de laranja no município de Itápolis-SP. O manejo dessas espécies de nematoides, em pomares infestados é feito, exclusivamente, com uso de aldicarbe (Temik® 150G), contudo o controle biológico pode tornar-se uma alternativa viável de manejo desses nematoides. Os ensaios foram conduzidos nos Municípios de Taquaritinga, Itápolis e Fernandópolis-SP, no período de setembro de 2008 a fevereiro de 2011. Os objetivos desse trabalho foram: avaliar a sobrevivência dos fungos nematófagos nas parcelas que foram tratadas, a campo, com uma formulação de cinco espécies desses agentes de biocontrole; avaliar a influência da adição de matéria orgânica de diferentes fontes para promover o estabelecimento e potencializar a ação dos fungos; estudar o controle químico com doses reduzidas de aldicarbe, associado aos fungos nematófagos no manejo dos nematoides dos citros; avaliar a distribuição espacial nos sentidos norte, sul, leste e oeste de cinco fungos nematófagos aplicados em pomar comercial de citros. A sobrevivência dos fungos nematófagos concluiu-se que as espécies de Arthrobotrys e Monacrosporium já estavam presentes na área e foram recuperadas até a avaliação de 9 meses após a aplicação. No experimento de distribuição geográfica dos fungos nematófagos concluiu-se não existe um padrão de distribuição sob a copa das plantas. Nos experimentos de associação da formulação dos fungos nematófagos com aldicarbe pode-se indicar a aplicação... (Resumo completo, clicar acesso eletrônico abaixo) / Abstract: The citrus nematodes cause considerable losses to the citrus industry worldwide. In 1987, estimated losses of 14.2%. In Brazil, losses associated with Tylenchulus semipenetrans were estimated at R$ 319 million for the harvest of 1999/2000 in São Paulo. To Pratylenchus jaehni, there was loss of 30% in the production of orange orchards in the county of Itápolis-SP. The management of these species of nematodes in infested orchards is made exclusively with the use of aldicarb (Temik ® 150G), but biological control is emerging as a viable alternative for management of these nematodes. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the survival of nematophagous fungi on plots that were treated, the field, with a formulation of five species of biocontrol agents, to evaluate the influence of the addition of organic matter from different sources to promote the establishment and enhance action of fungi, to study the chemical control with reduced doses of aldicarb associated with nematophagous fungi the management of the citrus nematode; evaluate the spatial distribution in the directions north, south, east and west with applied to five nematophagous fungi in commercial citrus orchards. The survival of nematophagous fungi concluded that the species of Arthrobotrys and Monacrosporium were already present in the area and were recovered up to the evaluation of 9 months after application. In the experiment of geographical distribution of nematophagous fungi concluded there is no standard distribution under the tree canopy. In association experiments the formulation of the nematophagous fungi with aldicarb may indicate the application concurrently with the nematicide aldicarb did not affect the survival of microorganisms in the soil and producing a positive interaction in the control of citrus nematode T. semipenetrans... (Complete abstract click electronic access below) / Orientador: Pedro Luiz Martins Soares / Coorientador: Jaime Maia dos Santos / Banca: Júlio César Galli / Banca: Rita de Cássia Panizzi / Banca: Maria Amélia dos Santos / Banca: Mario Massayuki Inomoto / Doutor
8

Formulações de fungos nematófagos associadas ao controle químico e matéria orgânica no manejo dos nematoides dos citros (Tylenchulus semipenetrans e Pratylenchus jaehni)

Martinelli, Paulo Roberto Pala [UNESP] 07 October 2011 (has links) (PDF)
Made available in DSpace on 2014-06-11T19:33:37Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0 Previous issue date: 2011-10-07Bitstream added on 2014-06-13T20:45:29Z : No. of bitstreams: 1 martinelli_prp_dr_jabo.pdf: 350790 bytes, checksum: 7767c76c77ff6703cf173216a9a6b765 (MD5) / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) / Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) / Fundecitrus / Os nematoides dos citros causam perdas consideráveis à citricultura em todo o mundo. Em 1987, foram estimadas perdas de 14,2%. No Brasil, perdas associadas à Tylenchulus semipenetrans foram estimadas em R$ 319 milhões para a safra de 1999/2000 no Estado de São Paulo. Para Pratylenchus jaehni, observou-se perdas de 30% na produção, de pomares de laranja no município de Itápolis-SP. O manejo dessas espécies de nematoides, em pomares infestados é feito, exclusivamente, com uso de aldicarbe (Temik® 150G), contudo o controle biológico pode tornar-se uma alternativa viável de manejo desses nematoides. Os ensaios foram conduzidos nos Municípios de Taquaritinga, Itápolis e Fernandópolis-SP, no período de setembro de 2008 a fevereiro de 2011. Os objetivos desse trabalho foram: avaliar a sobrevivência dos fungos nematófagos nas parcelas que foram tratadas, a campo, com uma formulação de cinco espécies desses agentes de biocontrole; avaliar a influência da adição de matéria orgânica de diferentes fontes para promover o estabelecimento e potencializar a ação dos fungos; estudar o controle químico com doses reduzidas de aldicarbe, associado aos fungos nematófagos no manejo dos nematoides dos citros; avaliar a distribuição espacial nos sentidos norte, sul, leste e oeste de cinco fungos nematófagos aplicados em pomar comercial de citros. A sobrevivência dos fungos nematófagos concluiu-se que as espécies de Arthrobotrys e Monacrosporium já estavam presentes na área e foram recuperadas até a avaliação de 9 meses após a aplicação. No experimento de distribuição geográfica dos fungos nematófagos concluiu-se não existe um padrão de distribuição sob a copa das plantas. Nos experimentos de associação da formulação dos fungos nematófagos com aldicarbe pode-se indicar a aplicação... / The citrus nematodes cause considerable losses to the citrus industry worldwide. In 1987, estimated losses of 14.2%. In Brazil, losses associated with Tylenchulus semipenetrans were estimated at R$ 319 million for the harvest of 1999/2000 in São Paulo. To Pratylenchus jaehni, there was loss of 30% in the production of orange orchards in the county of Itápolis-SP. The management of these species of nematodes in infested orchards is made exclusively with the use of aldicarb (Temik ® 150G), but biological control is emerging as a viable alternative for management of these nematodes. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the survival of nematophagous fungi on plots that were treated, the field, with a formulation of five species of biocontrol agents, to evaluate the influence of the addition of organic matter from different sources to promote the establishment and enhance action of fungi, to study the chemical control with reduced doses of aldicarb associated with nematophagous fungi the management of the citrus nematode; evaluate the spatial distribution in the directions north, south, east and west with applied to five nematophagous fungi in commercial citrus orchards. The survival of nematophagous fungi concluded that the species of Arthrobotrys and Monacrosporium were already present in the area and were recovered up to the evaluation of 9 months after application. In the experiment of geographical distribution of nematophagous fungi concluded there is no standard distribution under the tree canopy. In association experiments the formulation of the nematophagous fungi with aldicarb may indicate the application concurrently with the nematicide aldicarb did not affect the survival of microorganisms in the soil and producing a positive interaction in the control of citrus nematode T. semipenetrans... (Complete abstract click electronic access below)
9

Spatial and temporal dynamics of entomopathogenic nematodes

Fairbairn, Jonathan Paul January 2001 (has links)
The life-history and infection parameters of the entomopathogenic nematodes Steinernema feltiae (Filipjev)(Nematoda:Rhabditida) and Heterorhahditis megidis (Poinar, Jackson & Klein)(Nematoda:Rhabditida) were examined to provide specific details for the construction of mathematical SI models for biological control of soil insect pests. Laboratory experiments using the Greater Waxmoth, Galleria mellonella as the model host were undertaken to specifically examine the transmission behaviour of infective juvenile nematodes. The proportion of infective juveniles of S. feltiae which infected hosts was dependent on time. Previous studies declared that the proportion of infective juveniles which can infect is static, however, over a period of 5 days most of the infective juveniles infected hosts, demonstrating that the proportion infecting is dynamic. Infection of hosts by both species of nematode was compared using two mathematical representations of the transmission rate. Whereas the most parsimonious form of transmission for H. megidis was the linear Mass Action function, it was evident that, when measured at the individual nematode scale, S. feltiae transmission was non-linear. I postulated that this functional difference is due to the biology of the two species of nematodes. The subsequent effect of including the non-linear response on model predictions were investigated and it was demonstrated that the dynamics of the host nematode interaction became less stable. Spatial models of S. feltiae infection were parameterised from laboratory experiments, and control prediction of these models examined. The horizontal rate of dispersal through sand columns was determined in the presence and absence of hosts. Infective juveniles were found to disperse preferentially towards hosts. The predicted dynamics of pest control using the spatial moqel were highly dependent on the degree of nematode dispersal, host dispersal and the attraction of nematode infective juveniles towards hosts. The overall findings of this thesis have been placed in the context of epidemiological models created elsewhere, and predict that entomopathogenic nematodes may be targeted to specific pest systems with a high degree of success. An understanding of the infection biology of these nematode species is crucial in determining how and when pests may be controlled, and equally importantly, which systems successful control is not predicted.
10

Efeito de Bacillus subtilis aplicado em pré ou pós-plantio no controle da meloidoginose e sobre alterações fisiológicas no tomateiro / Effect of Bacillus subtilis applied in pre or post-planting on the control of meloidoginose and on physiological changes in tomato

Bavaresco, Lorrayne Guimarães 08 August 2018 (has links)
Submitted by Michele Mologni (mologni@unoeste.br) on 2019-01-24T16:37:31Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Lorrayne Guimarães Bavaresco.pdf: 1579894 bytes, checksum: be828e9da52619462a559db48496ff9a (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2019-01-24T16:37:31Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Lorrayne Guimarães Bavaresco.pdf: 1579894 bytes, checksum: be828e9da52619462a559db48496ff9a (MD5) Previous issue date: 2018-08-08 / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - CAPES / Among the forms of biological control, the use of rhizobacteria has shown to be promising in the suppression and protection of plants against the attack of phytonematoids. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of Bacillus subtilis on the reproduction of Meloidogyne spp., associated to changes in rhizosphere colonization and growth, nutrition and enzymatic activity of tomato cultivars tolerant and susceptible to root-knot nematodes. The methods of application consisted of the inoculation of Bacillus subtilis (AP-3) in pre-planting and post-planting of the tomato. Two experiments were conducted in a plant growth chamber. In the first experiment the tomato plants were cultivated on a sterile substrate, inoculating 5000 eggs of Meloidogyne incognita. In the second, tomato cultivation was carried out in sandy soil naturally infested with root-knot nematodes. The plant growth, nematode reproduction, soil and rhizosphere colonization by bacteria of the genus Bacillus spp., and biochemical changes were evaluated at 40 days after transplanting of the tomato. In both modes of application, the Bacillus subtilis was efficient in increasing root mass and in reducing the reproduction of the root-knot nematode in susceptible tomato cultivated in naturally infested soil. In sterile substrate, inoculation of B. subtilis in post-planting promoted reduction of the number of active forms of the nematode and both applications promoted the decrease of eggs of Meloidogyne incognita in the roots of the tomato. The application of B. subtilis, as a sterile substrate, induced changes in the nutritional uptake of tomato plants, increasing calcium levels and reducing leaf potassium. The application of B. subtilis contributed to the reduction of the peroxidase activity in leaves of the tomato susceptible to root-knot nematodes, in sterile condition. The rhizobacteria, after planting, allowed the increase in the proline content in the leaves of the tomato, cultivated in soil naturally infested with root-knot nematodes. Inoculations with B. subtilis promoted an increase in the number of Bacillus spp. in the sterile substratum and in the rhizosphere of the tomato, being confirmed the persistence of these bacteria at 40 DAP. / Dentre as formas de controle biológico, a utilização de rizobactérias tem se mostrado promissora na supressão e proteção de plantas ao ataque de fitonematoides. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da aplicação de Bacillus subtilis na reprodução de Meloidogyne spp., associado as alterações na colonização da rizosfera e no crescimento, nutrição e atividade enzimática de cultivares de tomateiro tolerante e suscetível aos nematoides-das-galhas. Os modos de aplicação estudados consistiram na inoculação do Bacillus subtilis (AP-3) em pré-plantio e pós-plantio do tomateiro. Foram conduzidos dois experimentos em câmara de crescimento de plantas. No primeiro experimento as plantas de tomateiro foram cultivadas em substrato esterilizado, com inoculação de 5000 ovos de Meloidogyne incognita. No segundo, o cultivo do tomateiro foi realizado em solo arenoso naturalmente infestado por nematoides-das-galhas. Aos 40 dias após o transplantio das mudas, foram avaliados o crescimento das plantas, a reprodução do nematoide, a colonização do solo e da rizosfera por bactérias do gênero Bacillus spp. e as alterações bioquímicas do tomateiro. Em ambos os modos de aplicação, o Bacillus subtilis foi eficiente em aumentar a massa radicular e em reduzir a reprodução do nematoide-das-galhas em tomateiro suscetível, cultivado em solo naturalmente infestado. Em substrato estéril, a inoculação de B. subtilis em pós-plantio promoveu redução do número de formas ativas do nematoide e ambas as aplicações promoveram a diminuição de ovos de Meloidogyne incognita nas raízes do tomateiro. A aplicação de B. subtilis, na condição de substrato estéril, induziu mudanças na absorção nutricional do tomateiro, aumentando os teores de cálcio e reduzindo o potássio foliar. A aplicação de B. subtilis contribuiu para redução da atividade peroxidase nas folhas do tomateiro suscetível a nematoides-das-galhas, em condição estéril. A rizobactéria, em pós-plantio, possibilitou o aumento no teor de prolina nas folhas do tomateiro, cultivado em solo naturalmente infestado com nematoides-das-galhas. As inoculações com B. subtilis promoveram aumento do número de Bacillus spp. no substrato estéril e na rizosfera do tomateiro, sendo comprovada a persistência destas bactérias aos 40 DAP.

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