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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
21

Experiments on the dynamics of cantilevered pipes subjected to internal andor external axial flow

Rinaldi, Stephanie. January 2009 (has links)
The main objective of this thesis is to study and investigate the dynamics and stability of cantilevered structures subjected to internal, external, or simultaneous internal and external axial flows. This was accomplished, in some cases, by deriving the linear equations of motion using a Newtonian approach and, in other cases, by making the necessary modifications to existing theoretical models. The continuous cantilevered systems were then discretized using the Galerkin method in order to determine their complex eigenfrequencies. Moreover, numerous experiments were performed to compare and validate, or otherwise, the theoretical models proposed. More specifically, the four cantilevered systems studied were the following: (i) a pipe conveying fluid that is fitted with a stabilizing end-piece, which suppresses flutter by blocking the straight-through exit of flow at the downstream end; (ii) a pipe aspirating fluid, which flutters at low flow velocities in its first mode; (iii) a free-clamped cylinder (i.e. with the upstream end free and the downstream end clamped) in confined axial flow, which also flutters at low flow velocities in its first mode and eventually develops a buckling instability; and (iv) a pipe subjected to internal flow, which after exiting the pipe is transformed to a confined counter-current annular flow, that becomes unstable by flutter too.
22

Bifurcation analysis of a product inhibition model of a continuous fermentation process /

Chalard Chiaranai, January 1986 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.Sc. (Applied Mathematics))--Mahidol University, 1986.
23

Analysis of Nonlinear Oscillations Using Computer Algebra / 計算機代数を用いた非線形振動の解析 / ケイサンキ ダイスウ オ モチイタ ヒセンケイ シンドウ ノ カイセキ

Yagi, Masakazu 23 May 2008 (has links)
Kyoto University (京都大学) / 0048 / 新制・課程博士 / 博士(工学) / 甲第14049号 / 工博第2961号 / 新制||工||1439(附属図書館) / 26328 / UT51-2008-F441 / 京都大学大学院工学研究科電気工学専攻 / (主査)教授 和田 修己, 教授 引原 隆士, 准教授 久門 尚史, 教授 萩原 朋道 / 学位規則第4条第1項該当
24

Alterações na dinamica de sistemas com vibroimpacto devidas a variações da folga / Alterations in the dynamics of vibroimpact systems due to clearance variations

Mattos, Marcio Coelho de 07 August 1998 (has links)
Orientador: Hans Ingo Weber / Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Faculdade de Engenharia Mecanica / Made available in DSpace on 2018-07-24T05:43:03Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Mattos_MarcioCoelhode_D.pdf: 10130294 bytes, checksum: 5b9cef82256f8fd05f78a1341b08ac10 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1998 / Resumo: Apresentamos neste trabalho uma investigação sobre as mudanças na dinâmica de sistemas com vibroimpacto. Particularmente estamos interessados no estudo da migração das freqüências características destes sistemas. Podemos considerar que um dado sistema com vibroimpacto tende a um sistema com impacto degenerado quando a folga deste sistema tende a zero ou a um valor maior que a amplitude de vibração do sistema na coordenada de impacto. Podemos também denominar estes sistemas como sistemas lineares associados ao sistema com impacto, se o impacto' for a única não linearidade presente no sistema. Mostramos que existe uma relação intrínseca entre a resposta do sistema com impacto e os sistemas lineares associados, ou sistemas degenerados. Para investigar esta relação, analisamos a resposta de sistemas com dois e três graus de liberdade com impacto em uma de suas coordenadas. Além disto, investigamos experimentalmente a resposta de uma viga engastada-livre excitada randomicamente e com impactos em sua extremidade livre. Observamos boa correlação entre os resultados numéricos e, experimentais. Propomos uma função para a migração da primeira freqüência característica da resposta de sistemas com vibroimpacto. O caminho da migração depende da distribuição da energia total fornecida ao sistema entre os diversos modos de vibração dos sistemas lineares associados / Abstract: This works presents an investigation on the changes in the dynamics of vibroimpact systems as their clearance is varied. Particularly we are interested in the migration of the characteristic frequencies of impact systems. We can consider that a given vibroimpact system reaches to a degenerated impact system when the clearance reaches to zero or to a value which is greater than the amplitude of the response of the system at the impact coordinate. We also can call these systems as associated linear systems of a given impact system, if the impact is the only nonlinearity which takes place. We show that there is an intrinsic relation between impact systems and their associated linear systems, or degenerated systems. To investigate this relation we consider the free response of 2-DOF and 3-DOF impact systems with impact in one of their coordinates. On the other hand, we have performed an experimental investigation in a randomly excited cantilever beam with impacts on its free end. We have found good agreement between numerical and experimental results. We have proposed a function for the migration of the first characteristic frequency of impact systems. The migration way depends on distribution of the total energy supplied to system among the vibration modes of the associated linear systems / Doutorado / Mecanica dos Sólidos e Projeto Mecanico / Doutor em Engenharia Mecânica
25

Experiments on the dynamics of cantilevered pipes subjected to internal andor external axial flow

Rinaldi, Stephanie. January 2009 (has links)
No description available.
26

Análise de movimentos periódicos em sistemas bi-linear com folga simétrica

Pancieri, José Guilherme Pelição 27 March 2012 (has links)
Made available in DSpace on 2016-12-23T14:08:15Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Jose Guilherme Pelicao Pancieri.pdf: 849076 bytes, checksum: 4cc56d57d53f4b6c3d0fd9c325a5bd22 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2012-03-27 / O presente trabalho apresenta a modelagem matemática de um sistema vibracional com excitação harmônica da base. Esse tipo de sistema tem sido estudado por vários pesquisadores que exploraram muitos aspectos da dinâmica global. No entanto, na grande parte dos sistemas estudados, o sistema era modelado para uma característica de vibroimpacto. No sistema aqui estudado, os impactos são substituídos por outro conjunto visco-elástico e os instantes de transição são considerados como condição de periodicidade. As condições de periodicidade são aplicadas sobre o estado nos instantes de transição a fim de obter um mapa da próxima transição baseada no estado da anterior. Este mapa não-linear é aplicado para obter as condições de existência dos movimentos periódicos com padrões específicos. Assim, aplicando as condições de existência, a estabilidade do movimento pode ser realizada por meio da análise dos autovalores do mapa linearizado, tendo em conta estas restrições / This work presents the mathematical modeling of a vibrational system with the harmonically excited base. The system has been investigated by several researchers exploring many aspects of the global dynamics. However, in most of the systems studied, the systems were modeled for a vibro-impact feature. In this system, the impacts are replaced by another visco-elastic set and the moment of transition is considered as a condition of periodicity. Periodicity conditions are applied on the state at the moment of transition in order to obtain a map of the next transition based on the state of the previous one. This nonlinear map is used to obtain the conditions of existence of periodic motions with specific patterns. Applying the existence conditions, the stability of the motion can be achieved by analyzing the eigenvalues of the linearized map while taking these conditions into account
27

Nonlinear oscillations, bifurcations and chaos in ocean mooring systems

Gottlieb, Oded 03 December 1991 (has links)
Complex nonlinear and chaotic responses have been recently observed in various compliant ocean systems. These systems are characterized by a nonlinear mooring restoring force and a coupled fluid-structure interaction exciting force. A general class of ocean mooring system models is formulated by incorporating a variable mooring configuration and the exact form of the hydrodynamic excitation. The multi-degree of freedom system, subjected to combined parametric and external excitation, is shown to be complex, coupled and strongly nonlinear. Stability analysis by a Liapunov function approach reveals global system attraction which ensures that solutions remain bounded for small excitation. Construction of the system's Poincare map and stability analysis of the map's fixed points correspond to system stability of near resonance periodic orbits. Investigation of nonresonant solutions is done by a local variational approach. Tangent and period doubling bifurcations are identified by both local stability analysis techniques and are further investigated to reveal global bifurcations. Application of Melnikov's method to the perturbed averaged system provides an approximate criterion for the existence of transverse homoclinic orbits resulting in chaotic system dynamics. Further stability analysis of the subharmonic and ultraharmonic solutions reveals a cascade of period doubling which is shown to evolve to a strange attractor. Investigation of the bifurcation criteria obtained reveals a steady state superstructure in the bifurcation set. This superstructure identifies a similar bifurcation pattern of coexisting solutions in the sub, ultra and ultrasubharmonic domains. Within this structure strange attractors appear when a period doubling sequence is infinite and when abrupt changes in the size of an attractor occur near tangent bifurcations. Parametric analysis of system instabilities reveals the influence of the convective inertial force which can not be neglected for large response and the bias induced by the quadratic viscous drag is found to be a controlling mechanism even for moderate sea states. Thus, stability analyses of a nonlinear ocean mooring system by semi-analytical methods reveal the existence of bifurcations identifying complex periodic and aperiodic nonlinear phenomena. The results obtained apply to a variety of nonlinear ocean mooring and towing system configurations. Extensions and applications of this research are discussed. / Graduation date: 1992
28

Finite element analysis of nonlinear stochastic oscillators with Poisson white noise excitation / Finite element method for analyzing nonlinear stochastic oscillator with Poisson white noise excitation

Guo, Xiu Xiu January 2010 (has links)
University of Macau / Faculty of Science and Technology / Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
29

Finding the Beat in Music: Using Adaptive Oscillators

Burgers, Kate M. 01 May 2011 (has links)
The task of finding the beat in music is simple for most people, but surprisingly difficult to replicate in a robot. Progress in this problem has been made using various preprocessing techniques (Hitz 2008; Tomic and Janata 2008). However, a real-time method is not yet available. Methods using a class of oscillators called relay relaxation oscillators are promising. In particular, systems of forced Hopf oscillators (Large 2000; Righetti et al. 2006) have been used with relative success. This work describes current methods of beat tracking and develops a new method that incorporates the best ideas from each existing method and removes the necessity for preprocessing.
30

The dynamics of two-dimensional cantilevered flexible plates in axial flow and a new energy-harvesting concept /

Tang, Liaosha, 1970- January 2007 (has links)
No description available.

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