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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Single-pole switching schemes for EHV transmission systems

Alias, Qais M. January 1986 (has links)
No description available.
2

Design, Modelling, Fabrication & Testing of a Miniature Piezoelectric-based EMF Energy Harvester

Pollock, Tim 14 May 2014 (has links)
Wireless sensing applications have extended into power transmission line monitoring applications. Minimal power consumption of sensor electronics have enabled kinetic energy harvesting systems to provides a means of self sustainability in the form of parasitic energy harvesting from power transmission lines. With this goal in mind, a miniature piezoelectric bimorph cantilever harvester has been developed using a magnetic tip mass which interacts with the oscillating magnetic flux surrounding power transmission wires. The focus of this thesis is develop an analytical model which can be used to optimize the amount of piezoelectric material to support sensory electronics. Special emphasis has also been placed on magnet orientation and geometry to ensure optimal magnetic flux interaction between input and output mechanisms. A single prototype harvester is designed with an arbitrary piezoelectric material length and experimentally validated at different conductor wire currents. The analytical model shows excellent agreement in frequency prediction for the prototype tested. Two damping techniques are used to experimentally extract modal damping ratios to predict peak mechanical and electrical responses at resonance frequencies. The miniature prototype design is less than 30 mm in length with only 10 mm piezoelectric material to produce a total volume of 154 10^-12 cm^3. The power output is measured at 174.1 W of power when positioned over top a 10 AWG copper conductor a distance of 6 mm with approximately 16 Amps of current passing though the conductor.
3

Avaliação do desempenho de linhas de transmissão de energia elétrica de meia onda. / Performance evaluation of half-wavelength power transmission lines.

Santos, Milana Lima dos 19 August 2010 (has links)
A transmissão de grandes blocos de energia elétrica por longas distâncias é uma tecnologia cujo domínio é de bastante interesse para o Brasil, devido às suas características de grande dimensão territorial, com uma distância considerável entre geração e centros de carga, e com um grande potencial energético ainda não explorado. A solução mais utilizada na transmissão em corrente alternada convencional, que é a compensação, ao longo da linha, da reatância série e paralela, se torna dispendiosa quando aplicada em distâncias muito longas. Sabe-se que a transmissão em corrente continua é uma solução viável para este tipo de transmissão. Outra opção, que é objeto deste trabalho, é a transmissão em linhas de \"pouco mais de meio comprimento de onda\", cujo principal atrativo é o fato de as distâncias entre as gerações na Amazônia e os centros de carga no Sudeste brasileiro serem bastante próximas do meio comprimento de onda das tensões e correntes alternadas em 60 Hz. Neste trabalho, serão descritas etapas de definição de condutor economicamente mais adequado e projeto da geometria da torre. Com base nesses dados, serão avaliados algumas propriedades das linhas de meia onda, durante operação normal, curtos-circuitos e energização. Serão também analisadas as perdas resistivas. / Bulk power transmission over long distances is a technology of much interest to Brazil, due mainly to the large territory owned with considerable distances between generation and the load centers; to which, it can be added the large amount of energetic potential still unexplored. When conventional AC power transmission is used, usually it is necessary to provide series and shunt compensation, solution that becomes expensive when applied to very long distances. It is known, though, that DC power transmission is still a viable solution to this type of transmission. In this work, differently of the above alternatives, it will be addressed another type of transmission, the so-called half-wavelength transmission lines (HWLL). One interesting requirement of this technology is the fact that these lines should be about 2500 km long, which is approximately the same distance between the generation area (Amazon region) and the load centers located in the Southeast region of the country. In this work, it will be suggested some steps to define the most suitable conductor cross section resulting from the compromise between line components acquisition and installation costs as well as power loss costs. Subsequently, a suitable geometry for the tower that could be used will be selected. Some of the properties of HWLL will be assessed for normal operation, short circuits and line energization. Finally, Joule losses will also be examined.
4

Avaliação do desempenho de linhas de transmissão de energia elétrica de meia onda. / Performance evaluation of half-wavelength power transmission lines.

Milana Lima dos Santos 19 August 2010 (has links)
A transmissão de grandes blocos de energia elétrica por longas distâncias é uma tecnologia cujo domínio é de bastante interesse para o Brasil, devido às suas características de grande dimensão territorial, com uma distância considerável entre geração e centros de carga, e com um grande potencial energético ainda não explorado. A solução mais utilizada na transmissão em corrente alternada convencional, que é a compensação, ao longo da linha, da reatância série e paralela, se torna dispendiosa quando aplicada em distâncias muito longas. Sabe-se que a transmissão em corrente continua é uma solução viável para este tipo de transmissão. Outra opção, que é objeto deste trabalho, é a transmissão em linhas de \"pouco mais de meio comprimento de onda\", cujo principal atrativo é o fato de as distâncias entre as gerações na Amazônia e os centros de carga no Sudeste brasileiro serem bastante próximas do meio comprimento de onda das tensões e correntes alternadas em 60 Hz. Neste trabalho, serão descritas etapas de definição de condutor economicamente mais adequado e projeto da geometria da torre. Com base nesses dados, serão avaliados algumas propriedades das linhas de meia onda, durante operação normal, curtos-circuitos e energização. Serão também analisadas as perdas resistivas. / Bulk power transmission over long distances is a technology of much interest to Brazil, due mainly to the large territory owned with considerable distances between generation and the load centers; to which, it can be added the large amount of energetic potential still unexplored. When conventional AC power transmission is used, usually it is necessary to provide series and shunt compensation, solution that becomes expensive when applied to very long distances. It is known, though, that DC power transmission is still a viable solution to this type of transmission. In this work, differently of the above alternatives, it will be addressed another type of transmission, the so-called half-wavelength transmission lines (HWLL). One interesting requirement of this technology is the fact that these lines should be about 2500 km long, which is approximately the same distance between the generation area (Amazon region) and the load centers located in the Southeast region of the country. In this work, it will be suggested some steps to define the most suitable conductor cross section resulting from the compromise between line components acquisition and installation costs as well as power loss costs. Subsequently, a suitable geometry for the tower that could be used will be selected. Some of the properties of HWLL will be assessed for normal operation, short circuits and line energization. Finally, Joule losses will also be examined.
5

Sistema para localização de faltas em linhas de transmissão com subestações conectadas em derivação. / Fault location system for multi-terminal transmission lines.

Manassero Junior, Giovanni 17 October 2006 (has links)
Este trabalho tem por objetivo apresentar o desenvolvimento e a implementacao em uma rotina computacional, de algoritmos para a localizacao de faltas em linhas de transmissao com subestacoes conectadas em derivacao. Os algoritmos propostos neste trabalho integram uma metodologia para localizacao de faltas, que e capaz de identificar corretamente o ponto de ocorrencia do defeito utilizando as componentes de fase dos fasores de tensoes e correntes, calculadas atraves dos registros desses sinais, efetuados por oscilografos digitais e/ou reles de protecao instalados nos terminais da linha de transmissao. Alem disso, a metodologia para localizacao de faltas tem acesso aos parametros eletricos da linha e informacoes sobre o tipo de ligacao e o carregamento dos transformadores conectados aos terminais das derivacoes. Este trabalho apresenta tambem o desenvolvimento dos modelos para os elementos do sistema de transmissao, em componentes de fase. Estes modelos sao utilizados pelos algoritmos que integram a metodologia para localizacao de faltas. / This research presents the development and implementation in a computational routine, of algorithms for fault location in multi-terminal transmission lines. The algorithms proposed in this work are part of a fault location methodology, which is capable of correctly identifying the fault point based on voltage and current phase components. The voltage and current phasors are calculated using measurements of voltage and current signals from intelligent electronic devices, located on the transmission line terminals. The algorithms have access to the electrical parameters of the transmission lines and to information about the transformers loading and their connection type. This work also presents the development of phase component models for the transmission system elements used by the fault location algorithms, that are part of the fault location methodology.
6

Sistema para localização de faltas em linhas de transmissão com subestações conectadas em derivação. / Fault location system for multi-terminal transmission lines.

Giovanni Manassero Junior 17 October 2006 (has links)
Este trabalho tem por objetivo apresentar o desenvolvimento e a implementacao em uma rotina computacional, de algoritmos para a localizacao de faltas em linhas de transmissao com subestacoes conectadas em derivacao. Os algoritmos propostos neste trabalho integram uma metodologia para localizacao de faltas, que e capaz de identificar corretamente o ponto de ocorrencia do defeito utilizando as componentes de fase dos fasores de tensoes e correntes, calculadas atraves dos registros desses sinais, efetuados por oscilografos digitais e/ou reles de protecao instalados nos terminais da linha de transmissao. Alem disso, a metodologia para localizacao de faltas tem acesso aos parametros eletricos da linha e informacoes sobre o tipo de ligacao e o carregamento dos transformadores conectados aos terminais das derivacoes. Este trabalho apresenta tambem o desenvolvimento dos modelos para os elementos do sistema de transmissao, em componentes de fase. Estes modelos sao utilizados pelos algoritmos que integram a metodologia para localizacao de faltas. / This research presents the development and implementation in a computational routine, of algorithms for fault location in multi-terminal transmission lines. The algorithms proposed in this work are part of a fault location methodology, which is capable of correctly identifying the fault point based on voltage and current phase components. The voltage and current phasors are calculated using measurements of voltage and current signals from intelligent electronic devices, located on the transmission line terminals. The algorithms have access to the electrical parameters of the transmission lines and to information about the transformers loading and their connection type. This work also presents the development of phase component models for the transmission system elements used by the fault location algorithms, that are part of the fault location methodology.
7

Managing signal and power integrity using power transmission lines and alternative signaling schemes

Telikepalli, Satyanarayana 08 June 2015 (has links)
In this dissertation, a new signaling scheme known as Constant Voltage Power Transmission Line (CV-PTL) is presented to supply power to a digital I/O circuit. This signaling scheme provides power through a transmission line in place of a power plane while dynamically changing the impedance of the power delivery network to keep a constant voltage at the power pin of the IC. Consequently, this reduces the effects of return path discontinuities and can improve the quality of output signal by reducing power and ground bounce. Through theory, simulation, and measurements, we show that this new method can be used to reduce jitter and eye height with the proposed PDN methodology. In addition, the signaling scheme was extended to vertically-stacked 3D integrated circuits (3D ICs). It is known that power supply noise worsens as one goes higher up in the stack of dies due to increased interconnect inductance. However, by utilizing the CV-PTL concept in the PDN design of a 3-layer 3DIC system, the circuit showed considerable improvement in power supply noise and peak-to-peak jitter as compared to the conventional design approach. In addition to signal and power integrity of these signaling schemes, the noise coupling between digital and RF components is also investigated. A simple design for mitigating the coupling of power supply noise in mixed-signal electronics is presented. Currently used methods, such as electromagnetic bandgap structures have been shown to exhibit excellent noise isolation characteristics, and are a popular area of research in this area. However, these structures can pose difficulties for signal integrity. The proposed method extends the previous power transmission line work to address both the power supply noise generation and isolation. Test vehicles using these proposed methods, as well as using an EBG structure were fabricated and tested with regards to power supply noise, jitter, and noise isolation. The proposed methods show significant improvements in almost all performance metrics as compared to EBG. Finally, this dissertation discusses the effect of implementing a power transmission line in a power distribution network composed of a switching regulator and a voltage regulator module. The DC conductor losses of the PTL can not only affect power efficiency of the entire system, but can also affect the proper operation of the linear regulator module when supporting large currents. Consequently, recommendations are made on the design of the PTL to ensure proper operation and efficiency.
8

Intelligent Methods for Evaluating the Impact of Weather on Power Transmission Infrastructure

Pytlak, Pawel Maksymilian Unknown Date
No description available.
9

Electromagnetic Field Computation for Power Transmission Lines Using Quasi-Static Sub-Gridding Finite-Difference Time-Domain Approach

Ramli, Khairun N., Abd-Alhameed, Raed, See, Chan H., Noras, James M., Excell, Peter S. 06 1900 (has links)
Yes / A new approach of modelling the electromagnetic wave propagation and the penetration of small objects, are investigated and analysed. The travelling electromagnetic wave from source is simulated by time-dependent Maxwell's solutions. Subgridding technique is imposed at the point of interest for observing the electromagnetic field in high resolution. The computational burden caused by a large number of time steps has been parried by implementing the state of art of quasi-static approach. The induced electromagnetic fields near a buried pipeline runs parallel to a 400 kV power transmission lines are presented, and discussed.
10

Lightning Shielding Failure Analysis of Ultra High Voltage Power Transmission Lines

Devadiga, Anurag A January 2015 (has links) (PDF)
In India, the natural energy resources (thermal and hydro) are unevenly distributed and are mostly present in the remote areas and the load centers are distributed across various regions of the country. Therefore high voltage lines have become necessary for the devel-opment of large interconnected power networks and for the reliable and economic transfer of power. The increase in electric power demand due to the electric load growth has lead to the expansion of the transmission systems to ultra high voltage levels. Presently, Ultra High Voltage (UHV) power transmission lines are being built to transfer large electric power to distant load centers from the generating stations. Increasing the line voltage increases the surge impedance loading, stability and the thermal capacity of the line. Lightning is one of the major causes for the line outages and interruptions of UHV power lines. A lightning strike generates a very large voltage leading to insulator puncture, melting, burning and pitting of conductors and the supporting hardware. Lightning can lead to transient over-voltages thus leading to ash-over in the power transmission lines which are dangerous for the power equipments as well as for the human beings working in the vicinity. Ground wires are used for the protection of overhead power transmission lines against a lightning stroke. The overhead ground wires are installed such that the lightning attaches to it and shunts the lightning current to the ground through the tower, thus protecting the phase conductors. Shielding failure happens when the lightning strikes the phase conductor instead of the ground wires. Lightning shielding failure is a major con-cern in UHV lines due to their large height, very high operating voltage and wide exposure area of the phase conductors. The lightning over-voltages injected on the phase conductor (shielding failure) nally reaches the substation causing serious threat to the substation components and can lead to temporary or permanent outage of the power transmission system. There have been cases of very high shielding failure ash-overs of UHV lines and thus lightning attachment to power transmission lines need to be studied in detail to reduce the power system line outages. Several models such as electro-geometric model (EGM) and leader progression model (LPM) have been developed to study the shielding failure of power transmission lines. EGM has been extensively used to obtain lightning attachment to power transmission lines but in recent years it is seen that EGM is unable to accurately predict the lightning attach-ment to UHVAC lines. The shielding failure rates obtained by EGM does not match with the observed shielding failure rate for UHV lines. For this reason LPM is considered to obtain lightning attachment to UHV lines but LPM in its initial stage do not deal with the detailed physics of the upward leader inception, i.e., corona inception and unstable as well as stable upward leader inception from the object on the ground. In this thesis a model for the lightning attachment has been developed based on the present knowledge of the lightning physics. The thesis mainly focuses on the modelling of upward leader inception and propagation for lightning attachment to UHV power trans-mission lines. Upward leader inception is modeled based on the corona charge present near the conductor region and the upward leader propagation model is based on the correlation between the lightning induced voltage on the conductor and the voltage drop along the upward leader channel. The present model considers corona inception and modelling of unstable and stable upward leader inception from the ground object for the analysis of the lightning attachment process. The upward leader inception model developed is compared with the previous inception models and the results obtained using the present and previous models are found to be comparable. Lightning striking distances ( nal jump) for various lightning return stroke current were computed for di erent conductor heights using present lightning attachment model. It is seen that the striking distance increases with the increase in lightning re-turn stroke current and increases with increase in conductor heights. The striking distance computed using the present model matches with the value calculated using the equation proposed by the IEEE working group for the applicable conductor heights of up to 8 m. The in uence of the conductor operating voltage, cloud electric eld, lightning down-ward leader lateral distance, conductor length, transmission line tower and conductor sag on the upward lightning leader inception are analysed and reported in the thesis. It is found that the lightning attraction to power transmission line increases with increase in conductor positive operating voltage and decreases with increase in conductor negative op-erating voltage. The presence of transmission line tower reduces the lightning attachment to the conductor lines and the probability of lightning strike decreases with the increase in downward leader lateral distance from the conductor lines. The present lightning attachment model is applied to study the shielding failure of UHV power transmission lines rated for 1200 kV ac (delta and horizontal con guration) and for 800 kV dc (with and without a dedicated metallic return conductor) and thereby the lightning shielding failure ash-over rate is computed for the UHV power transmission lines. It is seen that the lightning shielding rate for UHV power transmission lines depend on the lateral distance of the downward leader channel, instantaneous 50 Hz voltage on the transmission line conductor, height of the transmission line conductor, induced voltages on the conductor and the lightning return stroke current.

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