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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The application of thyristors to induction motor drive systems

Konrad, Charles Edward 17 February 2010 (has links)
This thesis provides a comparison of three different power circuit arrangements of thyristors for controlling the speed of an induction motor through control of the stator voltage. The output voltage harmonic structure is provided for each circuit along with a comparison of the motor torque-speed characteristics. Means for coping with the motor heating problem, which results from adjustable voltage control, are discussed and curves are provided to evaluate the additional heating which results from the non-sinusoidal stator voltage. The principles of phase control are developed for single phase circuits and expressions are developed for calculating the input power factor which can be less than unity, even when the load is a resistance. These principles are then extended to three phase circuits where expressions for determining the phase sequence of the harmonics are developed. The applicability of superposition to the qualitative analysis of the effect of stator voltage harmonics upon motor performance is demonstrated, and the problems encountered in the quantitative application of superposition is discussed. / Master of Science

The preparation, properties and structure of poly-p-xylyene and its copolymers

Lightfoot, Philip Kenneth January 2000 (has links)
No description available.

Dynamic Characteristic Analysis for a Static Synchronous Series Compensator Using Intelligent Controllers

Lai, Cheng-ying 03 July 2008 (has links)
The static synchronous series compensator (SSSC) is a series controller of Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS). It can be controlled by Thyristors, it also has the ability of fast control adjustments and high frequency operation. Through impedance compensation, it is able to control the magnitude and directions of the real power flow in the transmission system. In order to achieve a fast and steady response for real power control in power systems, this thesis proposed a unified intelligent controller, which consists of RBFNN and GA for the SSSC to provide better control features for real power control in the dynamic operations of power systems. Finally, the simulation results of the proposed controllers is compared with the conventional proportional plus integral (PI) controllers to demonstrate the superiority and effectiveness of the unified intelligent controller.

Nonlinear modelling and control of a thyristor-controlled series capacitor for power flow enhancement.

Anele, Amos Onyedikachi. January 2012 (has links)
M. Tech. Electrical Engineering. / Discusses energy as the basic necessity for the economic development of a country. Many functions necessary to present-day living grind to halt when the supply of energy stops. Energy exists in different forms in nature but the most important form is the electrical energy. Therefore, enhancing power flow in transmission systems is important for efficient power supply because a modern-day society requires a large amount of electrical energy for domestic, commercial and industrial purposes. Among the various means of enhancing power flow in transmission systems with the help of FACTS devices, this research work focussed on the aspect of improving the power system stability. Therefore, efficient supply of electric power to various customer load demands can be achieved when the future power system engineers and researchers carry out nonlinear modelling, bifurcation analysis and control of their system with FACTS devices such as TCSC for power system stability enhancement.

Design and implementation of a thyristor controlled series capacitor for research laboratory application.

Mazibuko, Ronnie H. January 2003 (has links)
The power transfer capability of a transmission line is determined by the magnitude of the voltage at each end of the line, angle difference of these voltages and the impedance of the line. This impedance is mainly inductive. Traditionally, fixed series capacitor banks have been used for series compensation. However, due to instability problems associated with loading transmission line close to their thermal limits, researchers have looked at other alternatives to line compensation by static devices such as fixed series capacitors. Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) has allowed power utilities to use existing transmission line networks close to their thermal limits without compromising stability of the power system. A FACTS series compensator is capable of influencing the transmission of power in a transmission line by dynamic control of the series compensating reactance inserted in the line. There are several different devices under the FACTS family, however, in this thesis only the Thyristor-Controlled Series Capacitor (TCSC) was considered. A TCSC comprises a fixed capacitor in parallel with a thyristor-controlled reactor (TCR). By varying the firing angle ex:. of the thyristors, the TCSC can be made to act in variable inductive or capacitive reactance mode. The thesis' overall objective was to design a practical TCSC for use in a research laboratory for further research initiatives. This thesis looks at different issues that need to be considered when designing and rating a TCSC compensator. In particular, the thesis examines the effects of different sizes of TCSC components on the rating of the device, the effects of harmonics on the TCSC ratings, sizing of TCSC's variable reactance, and the response time of TCSC to a step change in the firing angle. A mathematical model of a TCSC in a single-machine infinite bus (SMIB) system was developed and subsequently used in the initial design of the TCSC. Studies that were done using mathematical model of the TCSC module confirmed the ability of the TCSC controller to dynamically control the capacitive compensating reactance in the transmission line. The thesis then describes the development of a laboratory-scale TCSC for research investigations. Measured results from the laboratory demonstrate the ability of the TCSC series compensator to provide rapid control of series reactance of a transmission line. A detailed mathematical model of the SMIB equipped with TCSC module was developed, using parameter values of the laboratory scale prototype, to investigate power oscillation damping. Time-domain simulation results are presented in this thesis to demonstrate its ability to damp power swings in an electrical network. / Thesis (M.Sc.Eng.)-University of Natal, Durban, 2003.

Galios elektronikos mokymo laboratorinės įrangos prototipų kūrimas / Laboratory Equipment Prototype Development for Training of Power Electronics

Bielskis, Edvardas 04 August 2011 (has links)
Šis elektros inžinerijos bakalauro darbas yra aktualus, nes yra kuriami nauji laboratorinių darbu stendai galios elektronikos, kurių dar katedra neturėjo. Taip kuriant naujus mokomuosius stendus bus galima padidinti studijų kokybę, nes bus lengviau paaiškinti vykstančius sudėtingus procesus, kurie yra reikalingi gauti reikiamą valdymo dėsnį. Iki šiol panašūs laboratoriniai darbai buvo atlikinėjami programinėmis įrangomis imituojant elektrines grandines, tačiau toks mokymo būdas yra suidealizuotas, todėl nelabai atitinka tikrovę. Buvo nutarta pagaminti du stendus, susijusius su galios elektronikos disciplinos studijomis. Tai būtų tiristorinio lyginimo tiltelio stendas ir inverterio stendas. Pradinėje gamybos stadijoje programine įranga „MULTISIM“ buvo modeliuojamos stendų atitinkamos elektrinės grandinės ir žiūrima ar rezultatai tenkina norimus gauti parametrus. Toliau sumodeliavus atitinkamas elektrines grandines, buvo braižomos elektrinės schemos, pagal kurias buvo gaminami realūs laboratoriniai stendai. Toliau pagaminti stendai buvo išbandomi ir jų rezultatai palyginami su žinomomis teorinėmis reikšmėmis. Darbo metu buvo pagaminti minėti du stendai. Buvo išbandyta ar jie tinkamai veikia tikrinant oscilografu atitinkamų dalių elektrinės grandinės taškų signalus. Taip pat buvo sukurti stendų aprašai, pagal kuriuos studentai galios elektronikos laboratoriniuose darbuose susipažins su šių stendų įranga bei naudojimosi algoritmu. Be to buvo sukurtos laboratorinių darbų užduotis... [toliau žr. visą tekstą] / The Bachelor’s work in Electrical Engineering is relevant, whereas new power electronics equipment for laboratory works were developed. So far, the department did not have such kind of equipment. Thus, developing the new, it will be possible to improve the study quality, whereas is will be easier to explain the operation of complicated processes. Herewith, similar virtual experimentation was performed using electrical circuit simulation software. However such method of teaching was idealised, therefore it did not meet the reality very much. It was intended to develop two different laboratory equipment sets in relation with the requirements of the Power Electronics course. These include SCR control and voltage inverter modules. In the initial stage, the respective electrical circuits were simulated using “MULTISIM”. Further, the real electrical circuits were designed, made and tested. The simulation and real systems analysis results were in good agreement. The descriptions of the equipment were prepared, which can be used for the laboratory practice. The students will have to perform respective tasks and measurements and familiarise themselves with the principles of power electronic circuit operation. Conclusions: The equipment testing results were in conformity with the theory, therefore they are operating appropriately. Students will be able to obtain appropriate knowledge concerning power electronics devices in the real environment. The price of production of the... [to full text]

Stray inductance effects and protection in GTO thyristor circuits

Al-Hakim, Husam A. January 1990 (has links)
The recently developed gate turn-off thyristor is now becoming well established as the first choice switching device in high power converters for applications such as uninterruptible power supplies, frequency changers, and AC and some DC variable speed motor drives. The special operating features of these devices in conventional circuit configurations are investigated. The GTO thyristor physical behaviour and operating characteristics are first described and supported by measurements made at turn-off currents of up to 600A on a specially constructed test circuit. From this, it is shown that, owing to the extremely fast rates of fall of anode current at turn-off, voltage overshoot effects caused by the stray circuit inductances are highly dangerous to the device, and effective snubbing is essential. A detailed study of these stray inductance effects in constructed DC chopper and H-bridge inverter circuits follows. The circuits are modelled to include these strays, with appropriate mathematical analysis and computer simulation, to determine which stray inductances are the most influential in causing GTO thyristor voltage stress. The different switching patterns are considered for the H-bridge to provide quasi-square and various pulse width modulated (PWM) output voltage waveforms, and the detailed current transfer paths in the various circuit devices and snubber components defined and mathematically analysed in each case. Practical switching effects of diode reverse recovery and GTO mismatched switching times are demonstrated and possible damaging conditions revealed. All analytical and computed results are supported by experimental measurements. A GTO thyristor will be damaged by attempting to turn-off an over-current, and satisfactory protection against this is essential. Conventional fusing is usually inadequate, and a better method is to use a fast active system utilising either a crowbar and fuse, or rapid direct gate turn-off. Both methods are investigated and experimental results provided. It is concluded that, with appropriate circuit layout and component choice, the unavoidable stray inductance effects can be limited to manageable levels. The most severe effects are caused by the DC source inductance which is the most difficult to minimise. Others within the power circuit, if kept small, will have a marginal effect. Fast over-current protection is achievable

MOS-bipolar composite power switching devices

Chin, Shaoan January 1985 (has links)
Two MOS-Bipolar composite power semiconductor switching devices are proposed and experimentally demonstrated. These devices feature high voltage and high current capabilities, fast switching speeds, simple gate drive requirements, savings in chip area, reverse bias second breakdown ruggedness and large safe operating areas. Application characteristics of the devices for high frequency power inverter circuits are discussed. Monolithic integration of the two composite devices are also proposed. / Ph. D.

Investigation of MOS-Gated Thyristors and Power Diodes

You, Budong 04 February 2000 (has links)
The MOS-gated thyristors (MGT) refer to the class of power devices that combine the ease of a MOS gate control with the superior current carrying capability of a thyristor structure for high-power applications. The MOS-controlled thyristor (MCT) is a typical MGT device. A comprehensive investigation of the reverse-biased safe operating area (RBSOA) characteristics of the MCT has been undertaken. The electrical failure mechanisms of the MCT are discussed, and the relationship between the dynamic avalanche limited RBSOA boundary of the MCT and the lower open-base transistor is identified. An analytical model based on the dynamic current gain concept is proposed to characterize the open-base transistor. For the first time, a RBSOA characteristic equation is developed for the MCT and a unified view of the RBSOA characteristics of the MCT is presented. The fundamental characteristics of the MCT are compared to those of the insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) at two levels: unit-cell and multi-cell. The investigation of the unit-cell level focuses on the tradeoff between the on-state voltage drop, the turn-off loss, and the RBSOA characteristic. The investigation of the multi-cell level reveals the fundamental difference between the MCT and the IGBT in handling the non-uniform turn-off caused by the internal propagation gate delay of a large-area device. Lack of current saturation capability is identified as the main reason for the severe degradation of the turn-off capability of a large-area multi-cell MCT. The current saturation and controlled turn-on capabilities can be realized in the MGT devices with dual operation modes. For the first time, a dual operation mode MCT developed with superior current saturation capability is used to demonstrate how the dual operation device can be beneficial in the switching circuit application. The maximum controllable current density (Jmcc) is the most important characteristic of the dual operation mode MGT devices. A first-order analytic model is developed to characterize the Jmcc of the dual operation mode MGT structures compatible with the IGBT fabrication process. A new device structure with improved Jmcc characteristics is proposed and verified by both simulation and experimental results. The dissertation also carries out a comprehensive investigation of the development of power diodes. A new power diode, called the Trench Bipolar Junction Diode (TBJD), which has superior dynamic characteristics over the conventional P-i-N diode, is proposed. The TBJD controls the anode injection efficiency of the diode by the action of a reverse active transistor structure integrated into its anode junction. The reverse active transistor helps tailor an optimized on-state carrier profile to improve the diode switching characteristics. A novel self-aligned process is developed to fabricate the TBJD. Experimental characterization of the fabricated TBJD devices shows that the TBJD achieves superior dynamic characteristics without sacrificing the on-state voltage drop and the leakage current characteristics. / Ph. D.

Multi Level Reinjection ac/dc Converters for HVDC

Perera, Lasantha Bernard January 2006 (has links)
A new concept, the multi level voltage/current reinjection ac/dc conversion, is described in this thesis. Novel voltage and current source converter configurations, based on voltage and current reinjection concepts are proposed. These converter configurations are thoroughly analyzed in their ac and dc system sides. The fundamentals of the reinjection concept is discussed briefly, which lead to the derivation of the ideal reinjection waveform for complete harmonic cancellation and approximations for practical implementation. The concept of multi level voltage reinjection VSC is demonstrated through two types of configurations, based on standard 12-pulse parallel and series connected VSC modified with reinjection bridges and transformers. Firing control strategies and steady state waveform analysis are presented and verified by EMTDC simulations. The multi level current reinjection CSC is also described using two configurations based on standard 12-pulse parallel and series connected CSC modified with associated reinjection circuitry. Firing control strategies and steady state waveform analysis are presented and verified by EMTDC simulations. Taking the advantage of zero current switching in the main bridge valves, achieved through multi level current reinjection, an advanced multi level current reinjection scheme, consisting thyristor main bridges and self-commutated reinjection circuitry is proposed. This hybrid scheme effectively incorporates self-commutated capability into a conventional thyristor converter. The ability of the main bridge valves to commutate without the assistance of a turn-off pulse or line commutating voltage under the zero current condition is explained and verified by EMTDC simulations. Finally, the applications of the MLCR-CSC are discussed in terms of a back to back HVDC link and a long distance HVDC transmission system. The power and control structures and closed loop control strategies are presented. Dynamic simulation is carried out on PSCAD/EMTDC to demonstrate the two systems ability to respond to varying active and reactive power operating conditions.

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