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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

A Class D Power Amplifier with Passive RC Feedback

Chuang, Yao-Jen 22 August 2005 (has links)
The primary advantage of Class D amplifier is high power efficiency (typically >90%). However, there are two problems in open-loop Class D design: Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) and output dc static current (the power efficiency will be degraded). The THD is rising from non-ideal sample carrier in Pulse Width Modulation circuit, and output dc static current is due to the non-match transfer characteristic in output stage. For designer to have such problems will be a large load. To improve these two problems, we proposed a Class D power amplifier with passive feedback design. Simulation and Measurement results show that the power efficiency is higher than 90% at 250Hz ~ 4KHz. Furthermore, the THD is less than 0.24% at 4 KHz in both simulation and experimental results.
2

A NEXT GENERATION AIRCRAFT POWER MONITORING SYSTEM

Grossman, Hy 10 1900 (has links)
ITC/USA 2007 Conference Proceedings / The Forty-Third Annual International Telemetering Conference and Technical Exhibition / October 22-25, 2007 / Riviera Hotel & Convention Center, Las Vegas, Nevada / Historically, aircraft power monitoring has required the use of multiple signal conditioning functions to measure various parameters including voltage, current, frequency and phase. This information was then post processed to determine the characteristics of the 3-phase power quality on the aircraft. Recent developments in embedded DSP processors within signalconditioning systems provide the instrumentation engineer with expanded capabilities for realtime on-board power quality monitoring. Advantages include reduced space and bandwidth requirements and minimal wiring intrusion. For each phase, output data may include peak positive and negative voltages and currents, peak-to-peak, average and RMS voltages and currents, phase power (real and apparent), phase power factor, phase period (frequency), phase shift measurement from phase 1 (the reference phase) to phase 2, and from phase 1 to phase 3. In addition, a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is performed on each phase voltage to provide Total Harmonic Distortion measurements. This paper describes the methods employed in the implementation of these functions on a single signal-conditioning card in order to provide detailed information about the power quality of a three-phase aircraft power source.
3

Harmonic current control in a high-power current source rectifier system

Zhou, Hua Unknown Date
No description available.
4

Performance Evaluation of Medium-Power Voltage Inverters

Häger, Emil January 2015 (has links)
Power inverters, used to convert DC power to AC, are often used in e.g. solar power applications. However, they tend to be impractically large and expensive; as such, power miniaturization is an active research area. In this thesis, several classes of modern power inverters are evaluated and compared with regards to size, efficiency and output quality in order to identify areas of potential improvement. Methods for estimation of THD, power losses and input ripple are created and verified against a simulation of a five-level neutral-point-clamped inverter with SPWM control. Finally, this design is implemented physically and is found to achieve 94.5% efficiency and 7% THD under low voltage laboratory conditions, while remaining smaller than an average textbook.
5

Harmonic current control in a high-power current source rectifier system

Zhou, Hua 06 1900 (has links)
Line current distortion is an important issue to a high-power current source rectifier(CSR) system. There are two main challenges related to this issue. First, the CSR input LC resonance can be affected by the variation of the source inductance from the power system and the effects of the CSR DC side circuit, which may lead to a line current distortion higher than expected. Another challenge is that the traditional high-power CSR using Selective Harmonic Elimination (SHE) pulse-width modulation (PWM) technique attempts to eliminate certain harmonics in the PWM current, which limits its ability for line current harmonic control. To control the CSR line current harmonics, this thesis focuses on two aspects: 1) the analysis and design of CSR input filter to avoid unexpected input LC resonance, and 2) the development of a new PWM scheme that can compensate the effects of the grid voltage harmonics and DC link current ripples. The thesis work has been validated by simulations and on an experimental CSR prototype. / Power Engineering and Power Electronics
6

Desenvolvimento de sistema de aquisição e processamento para aplicações em qualidade de energia

Souza, Wesley Angelino de [UNESP] 19 August 2011 (has links) (PDF)
Made available in DSpace on 2014-06-11T19:22:34Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0 Previous issue date: 2011-08-19Bitstream added on 2014-06-13T20:49:15Z : No. of bitstreams: 1 souza_wa_me_bauru.pdf: 3309362 bytes, checksum: a37e3a04f60e9ebbd2f490264d198dbf (MD5) / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) / Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) / Este trabalho teve como o desenvolvimento de um sistema de aquisição e processamento de dados para aplicações em Qualidade de Energia Elétrica (QEE). Do ponto de vista dos circuitos de hardware desenvolvidos, buscou-se utilizar componentes de precisão elevada para o sensoriamento e condicionamento dos sinais de tensão e corrente. Além disso, foi implementado um algoritmo de auto calibração das medidas, em função da temperatura no medidor implementado. O processamento dos dados foi realizado através de um processador digital de sinais (DSP, Digital Sinal Processor) de 32 bits, com aritmética de ponto flutuante. Também foi agregado ao sistema um módulo de comunicação sem fio, de forma que os dados medidos pudessem ser enviados a outros dispositivos para armazenamento ou análise remota. Do ponto de vista da aplicação em Qualidade de Energia, foram implementados diversos algoritmos de indicadores de QEE, tais como o de Distorção Harmônica Total (DHT), para a validação preliminar do sistema desenvolvido. Entretanto, do ponto de vista dos estudos e pesquisas realizadas pelo Grupo de Automação e Sistemas Integráveis (GAS/UNESP), no que diz respeito à análise de circuitos elétricos sob condições de formas de onda não sensoriais e/ou desequilibradas, o sistema desenvolvido foi também utilizado para avaliar o comportamento e desempenho da Teoria de Potência Conservativa, proposta recentemente por Tenti et al. e de novos fatores de conformidade (ou desempenho) para a avaliação da QEE em sistemas polifásicos com cargas não lineares. Diversos resultados de simulação e experimentais foram apresentados e constrastados a fim de validar os algoritmos utilizados no DSP utilizado, bem como para permitir a avaliação da Teoria de Potência Conservativa para interpretação de diferentes circuitos e condições de operações / This study aimed to develop a data acquisition and processing system for Power Quality applications. From the hardware point of view, high precision components have been used for the vallage and current sensing and signal conditioning. In addition, a self-calivration algorithm has been implemented in order to adjust the measured values in terms of the estimated temperature. The data processing was performed by means of 32-bit floating point digital signal processor (DSP). A wirelless communication module has also been added, so that the measured data could be sent to other storage devices or remote analyzers. From the perspective of power quality applications, several algorithms have implemented, such as the Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) for the preliminary validation of the developed system. However, considering the studies and surveys carried out by the studies and survey carried out by the Group of Automation and Integrated Systems (GASI/UNESP), especially those related to the analysis of electrical circuits under non-sinusoidal and/or unbalanced waveform conditions, the implemented system has been applied to the evaluation of the Conservative Power Theory (CPT), recently proposed by Tenti et al. Several simulation and experimental results have been depicted and compared in order to validate the practical DSP implementation of the required algorithms, as well as, for the purpose of analyzing different circuit's interpretation by means of the CPT
7

Desenvolvimento de sistema de aquisição e processamento para aplicações em qualidade de energia /

Souza, Wesley Angelino de. January 2011 (has links)
Resumo: Este trabalho teve como o desenvolvimento de um sistema de aquisição e processamento de dados para aplicações em Qualidade de Energia Elétrica (QEE). Do ponto de vista dos circuitos de hardware desenvolvidos, buscou-se utilizar componentes de precisão elevada para o sensoriamento e condicionamento dos sinais de tensão e corrente. Além disso, foi implementado um algoritmo de auto calibração das medidas, em função da temperatura no medidor implementado. O processamento dos dados foi realizado através de um processador digital de sinais (DSP, Digital Sinal Processor) de 32 bits, com aritmética de ponto flutuante. Também foi agregado ao sistema um módulo de comunicação sem fio, de forma que os dados medidos pudessem ser enviados a outros dispositivos para armazenamento ou análise remota. Do ponto de vista da aplicação em Qualidade de Energia, foram implementados diversos algoritmos de indicadores de QEE, tais como o de Distorção Harmônica Total (DHT), para a validação preliminar do sistema desenvolvido. Entretanto, do ponto de vista dos estudos e pesquisas realizadas pelo Grupo de Automação e Sistemas Integráveis (GAS/UNESP), no que diz respeito à análise de circuitos elétricos sob condições de formas de onda não sensoriais e/ou desequilibradas, o sistema desenvolvido foi também utilizado para avaliar o comportamento e desempenho da Teoria de Potência Conservativa, proposta recentemente por Tenti et al. e de novos fatores de conformidade (ou desempenho) para a avaliação da QEE em sistemas polifásicos com cargas não lineares. Diversos resultados de simulação e experimentais foram apresentados e constrastados a fim de validar os algoritmos utilizados no DSP utilizado, bem como para permitir a avaliação da Teoria de Potência Conservativa para interpretação de diferentes circuitos e condições de operações / Abstract: This study aimed to develop a data acquisition and processing system for Power Quality applications. From the hardware point of view, high precision components have been used for the vallage and current sensing and signal conditioning. In addition, a self-calivration algorithm has been implemented in order to adjust the measured values in terms of the estimated temperature. The data processing was performed by means of 32-bit floating point digital signal processor (DSP). A wirelless communication module has also been added, so that the measured data could be sent to other storage devices or remote analyzers. From the perspective of power quality applications, several algorithms have implemented, such as the Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) for the preliminary validation of the developed system. However, considering the studies and surveys carried out by the studies and survey carried out by the Group of Automation and Integrated Systems (GASI/UNESP), especially those related to the analysis of electrical circuits under non-sinusoidal and/or unbalanced waveform conditions, the implemented system has been applied to the evaluation of the Conservative Power Theory (CPT), recently proposed by Tenti et al. Several simulation and experimental results have been depicted and compared in order to validate the practical DSP implementation of the required algorithms, as well as, for the purpose of analyzing different circuit's interpretation by means of the CPT / Orientador: Fernando Pinhabel Marafão / Coorientador: Ivando Severino Diniz / Banca: Lourenço Matakas Junior / Banca: Marcelo Nicoletti Franchin / Mestre
8

TÃcnica de ModulaÃÃo para ReduÃÃo de DHT em Inversor MultinÃvel com Capacitor Flutuante de TrÃs NÃveis / Modulation Technique for THD Reduction in Three-Level Flying Capacitor Multilevel Inverter

Davi Rabelo Joca 17 January 2014 (has links)
CoordenaÃÃo de AperfeiÃoamento de Pessoal de NÃvel Superior / Diante da necessidade em aperfeiÃoar as tecnologias existentes para a conversÃo de energia elÃtrica em sistemas de alta potÃncia, este trabalho tem por finalidade projetar, analisar e implementar experimentalmente uma tÃcnica de modulaÃÃo com o intuito de reduzir o conteÃdo harmÃnico da tensÃo de saÃda em um inversor multinÃvel com capacitor flutuante de trÃs nÃveis. Algumas das diversas tÃcnicas de modulaÃÃo (PSPWM, LSPWM, HE-PWM e CSV-PWM) foram analisadas e implementadas no controlador digital FPGA a fim de comparar suas caracterÃsticas de desempenho com a tÃcnica de modulaÃÃo proposta. AlÃm disso, foi realizado o estudo de perdas da topologia de inversor multinÃvel com capacitor flutuante de trÃs nÃveis e a anÃlise teÃrica da distorÃÃo harmÃnica total da modulaÃÃo proposta. Finalmente, o desenvolvimento digital das tÃcnicas mostrou resultados coerentes, com formas de onda obtidas experimentalmente com alta qualidade de resoluÃÃo. A comparaÃÃo entre as estratÃgias de modulaÃÃo em termos de DHT resultou positivamente à modulaÃÃo proposta, cujos resultados experimentais de DHT nas tensÃes de linha na saÃda apresentaram o melhor desempenho para toda a faixa de Ãndices de modulaÃÃo comparadas Ãs tÃcnicas PSPWM, LSPWM-POD e CSV-PWM e uma reduÃÃo de atà 4,5% em relaÃÃo à HE-PWM. Isto comprova o estudo teÃrico realizado e sua aplicaÃÃo no inversor multinÃvel com capacitor flutuante de trÃs nÃveis. / Given the need to improve the existing technologies for electrical energy conversion into high power systems, this works purpose to design, analyze and implement a modulation technique that aims to reduce the output voltage harmonic content on the three-level flying capacitor multilevel inverter. Some of the various conventional modulation techniques (PSPWM, LSPWM, HE-PWM e CSV-PWM) have been analyzed and implemented in FPGA controller in order to compare their performance features with the proposed modulation technique. Furthermore, the losses study of the three-level flying capacitor multilevel inverter topology and the total harmonic distortion theoretical analysis of the proposed modulation technique have been made. Finally, the digital implementation of the techniques showed consistent results with experimentally obtained waveforms with high quality resolution. The comparison between the modulation strategies in the THD rates resulted positively for the proposed modulation, which THD experimental results in the line output voltage showed the best performance for all range of modulation indexes compared to techniques PSPWM, LSPWM-POD and CSV-PWM and the reduction of up to 4.5% better than HE-PWM. This proved the theoretical study done and its application in three-level flying capacitor multilevel inverter.
9

Automatic acoustic tests of conference phones

Kirchmann, Carl Christian January 2017 (has links)
This master thesis was completed at Limes Audio in Umeå. Limes Audio are specialized in speech enhancement software which is mostly used in conference phones. Their software is used to reduce noise, echo cancellation as well as reduction of distortion. When a conference phone is malfunctioning it can be troublesome to find the cause of the problem. Common issues that lead to perceived poor audio quality are rattling plastics, loose parts and an environment with demanding acoustics. There is a need for automatic tests to run on conference phone which can diagnose audio quality and the acoustics of the environment where the conference phone is located in. A previous master thesis by Wilhelmsson called "Estimating Loudspeaker Distortion and Room Reverberation Time Using a Speakerphone" focused on evaluating several tests run in MATLAB for analyzing acoustic characteristics of a room. The goal of this thesis was to continue the work of the master thesis by Wilhelmsson. Previous tests served as a basis for this thesis. The tests where modified and rewritten in C and run on a Linux computer connected to a specific conference phone model. In the extended test made in this thesis using sine sweep signals, the reverberation time as well as the distortion for the conference phone setup was determined. The calculated reverberation time was compared to the results using Room EQ Wizard and gave almost identical results. Total harmonic distortion was not easy to relate to the perceived audio quality. There is a need to further develop methods to take into account other types of distortion than the total harmonic distortion. Rub & buzz is one kind of distortion that could be of interest. To investigate pass or fail thresholds for reverberation time as well as distortion is central for further development of this test software.
10

Large-Signal Analysis of Buck and Interleaved Buck DC-AC Converters

Dey, Sourav 15 September 2014 (has links)
No description available.

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