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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Cryptosporidium studies maintenance of stable populations through in vivo propagation and molecular detection strategies /

Ramirez, Norma E. January 2005 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Ohio State University, 2005. / Document formatted into pages; contains 202 p. Includes bibliographical references. Abstract available online via OhioLINK's ETD Center; full text release delayed at author's request until 2006 March 9.
2

Infection par Cryptosporidium spp. du modèle souris SCID traité à la dexaméthasone : caractérisation cellulaire et moléculaire du processus de cancérisation des épithéliums digestifs / Cryptosporidium infection of dexamethasone-treated mice : Characterization of the cancerogenic process of gastrointestinal epithelial cells

Benamrouz, Sadia 12 December 2012 (has links)
Au vu des travaux de Certad et de ses collaborateurs, nous savons que Cryptosporidium parvum est également capable d’induire des adénomes avec des néoplasies digestives intraépithéliales de bas grade et de haut grade, ainsi que des adénocarcinomes in situ, chez des souris SCID (Severe Combined Immunodeficiency) déficientes en lymphocytes T et B, traitées par la dexaméthasone (SCID-D). De plus, nous savons aussi que Cryptosporidium muris induit une infection chronique mais pas de lésions néoplasiques. C’est pour faire suite à ces observations que nous avons entrepris dans un premier temps de déterminer la dose minimale de Cryptosporidium parvum (souche IOWA d’origine animale) pouvant infecter ce modèle et induire des néoplasies digestives. Nous avons montré qu’une dose très faible de parasites (théoriquement 1 oocyste) est capable d’induire non seulement une infection chronique chez les souris (SCID-D) mais également l’apparition de lésions néoplasiques aussi bien dans la région antropylorique de l’estomac qu’au niveau de la région iléo-caecale et cela dès 45 jours post infection. Nous avons également suivi la progression de ces lésions à la suite d’infection des souris par plusieurs doses de C. parvum (souche IOWA) (théoriquement : 1, 10, 100 et 105 oocystes). Ce travail a également été réalisé après inoculation d’une souche de C. parvum d’origine humaine (isolée à partir d’un patient immunodeprimée soufrant d’une cryptosporidiose grave à la suite d’une noyade). Pour cela, nous avons réalisé un suivi prolongé des animaux (au delà de 84 jours) et des analyses histopathologiques associées à la détection immuno-histochimique de la cytokeratine et de l’alpha actine lisse. Il a été observé, avec toutes les doses et pour les deux souches, aussi bien dans la région antropylorique qu’iléo-caecale des animaux, la présence d’adénomes contenant un grand nombre de parasites. Nous avons noté pour la première fois au niveau de ces lésions néoplasiques la présence d’une desmoplasie et de bourgeons de cellules tumorales envahissant le chorion de la muqueuse. En plus de ces éléments histologiques caractéristiques des adénocarcinomes invasifs, les différentes colorations et marquages ont mis en évidence d’autres signes d’invasion: une membrane basale discontinue, la présence de cellules épithéliales au niveau du stroma et enfin une interruption de la muscularis mucosa, voire une invasion de la musculeuse. Dans un deuxième temps, nous nous sommes intéressés aux voies de cancérogénèse impliquées dans le processus d’induction des lésions néoplasiques par C. parvum (IOWA) au niveau de la région iléocæcale. Afin d’initier nos travaux dans cette perspective, nous avons choisi quatre marqueurs impliqués dans les principales voies altérées dans les cancers colorectaux: APC, Beta-catenine, P53 et K-ras. Des études immunohistochimiques ont été réalisées et nous ont permis de noter qu’il y avait une localisation anormale aussi bien de l’APC, que de la Beta-catenine ou de la P53. La Beta-catenine (normalement localisée au niveau de la membrane cellulaire) et la P53 (normalement localisée dans le noyau) s’accumulent dans le cytoplasme alors que le marquage de l’APC dans les cellules néoplasiques diminue, voire même disparait. Le marquage de K-ras, quant à lui, est toujours membranaire comme dans les cellules normales. Tout cela semble indiquer l’implication des voies P53 et Wnt dans le phénomène de cancérogénèse chez notre modèle de souris (SCID-D). Des études visant à rechercher d’autres marqueurs et d’éventuelles mutations des gènes codant ces protéines sont en cours. / Certad and col, showed recently that Cryptosporidium parvum is also capable of inducing gastrointestinal adenomas with intraepithelial neoplasia of low and high grade, and adenocarcinomas in situ in SCID mice (Severe Combined immunodeficiency), treated with dexamethasone (SCID-D). In addition, we also know that Cryptosporidium muris induces a chronic infection but no neoplastic lesions.This is why we decided first to determine the minimum dose of C. parvum (IOWA) which can infect and cause digestive neoplasia in this model. This work allowed us to conclude that one oocyst is able to induce in SCID-D mice not only a chronic infection but also the development of neoplastic lesions in both the antropyloric region of the stomach and the ileocecal region at 45 days post infection. We also followed up the progression of these lesions after infection with several doses of C. parvum strain IOWA (theoretically: 1, 10, 100 and 105 oocysts). This work was also performed after inoculation of another strain of different origin isolated from an immunosupressed patient suffering from a severe cryptosporidiosis after a near-drowning). To do this we have achieved: an extended follow-up of animals (over 84 days) and an histopathological analysis based on immunohistochemical detection of cytokeratin and alpha smooth actin. For the first time it was noted with all doses and for the two strains, in both the antropyloric and ileocecal region of animals, a patern characteristic of invasif adenocarcinoma: desmoplasia and buds of tumor cells invading the lamina propria. In addition to these histological features, a discontinuous basement membrane, the presence of epithelial cells in the stroma, an interruption of the muscularis mucosa and an invasion of the muscularis were also detected. In the case of the strain of C. parvum of human origin, the adenocarcinoma also invaded the serosa and epithelial cells were observed inside blood vessels (vascular tumor emboli). Lesion’s progression was so fast that after only 60 days post-infection we observed at least, the invasion of the submucosa at ileocecal region. Furthermore, the results of this study showed for the first time the ability of an isolate of C. parvum of human origin to cause chologiocarcinoma in an experimental model. Finally, using an immunohistochemical approach, we explored metabolic pathways involved in the development of C. parvum-induced neoplastic lesions at the ileocecal region. Four markers involved in major pathways altered in colorectal cancer were chosen: APC, beta-catenin, p53 and K-ras. The assesment of tumor marker expression in the ileocaecal area showed an abnormal localization of APC, beta-catenin and p53. Beta-catenin and p53 accumulated in the cytoplasm, while APC labelling decreased or even disappeared. Meanwhile, K-ras was still at membrane level as in normal cells. these results suggest the involvement of p53 and Wnt pathway in the phenomenon of carcinogenesis in our mouse model (SCID-D). Studies to search the implication of other markers and possible mutations of the genes encoding these proteins are underway. In conclusion,, these findings show that different strains of C. parvum including a strain of human origin induce digestif invasive adenocarcinomas whatever the inoculum size administered to SCID-D mice. These results confirm the role of C. parvum in the induction of digestive cancer in immunocompromised hosts. In addition, the pathways involved in the process of carcinogenesis in mice (SCID-D) appeared to be the same as those altered in humans. Moreover, the Wnt signaling pathway in which the actin polymerization and rearrangement of the cytoskeleton are involved is a major event during Cryptosporidium infection and appears to play a role in the carcinogenic process induced by the parasite.
3

Avaliação física, epidemiológica e molecular da infecção por Cryptosporidium spp. em passeriformes /

Silva, Deuvânia Carvalho da. January 2009 (has links)
Orientador: Marcelo Vasconcelos Meireles / Banca: Valéria Marçal Félix de Lima / Banca: Rodrigo Martins Soares / Resumo: Devido à carência de informações relacionadas à epidemiologia da infecção por Cryptosporidium spp. em passeriformes, neste trabalho objetivou-se determinar a periodicidade da eliminação fecal de oocistos de Cryptosporidium, os sinais clínicos, a presença de mortalidade, e a caracterização molecular desse coccídio. Foram colhidas 480 amostras de fezes, provenientes de 40 aves, sendo 372 amostras de 31 aves adultas e 108 amostras de nove filhotes até 12 semanas de vida, com periodicidade mensal, no período de setembro de 2007 a setembro de 2008, com exceção do mês de abril. As aves estavam alojadas em cinco criatórios, com criação de bicudo (Oryzoborus maximiliani), curió (Oryzoborus angolensis), azulão (Passerina brissonii) e coleira do brejo (Sporophila collaris). As amostras foram conservadas em bicromato de potássio 2,5%, a 4ºC, até o processamento. Os oocistos foram purificados por centrífugo-flutuação em solução de Sheather, seguindo-se a extração do DNA genômico dos oocistos e a classificação molecular, por meio da reação em cadeia de polimerase-nested, para amplificação de fragmentos da subunidade 18S do gene do RNA ribossômico. Eliminação fecal intermitente de Cryptosporidium spp. foi observada em 91 (24,5%) amostras de aves adultas, com maior ocorrência nos períodos que se aproximam dos períodos de muda de penas e de reprodução das aves e em 14 amostras (13%) de aves jovens. O sequenciamento dos fragmentos de DNA amplificados possibilitou a identificação de somente Cryptosporidium galli. Embora em todos os criatórios houvesse aves positivas para C. galli, a presença de morbidade ou mortalidade foi observada em aves de somente um criatório, e estava associada à infecção concomitante com Escherichia coli e Isospora spp..Este é o primeiro relato de infecção por C. galli em P. brissonii, O. maximiliani e S. collaris / Abstract: Due to the lack of information related to the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium infection in passerine birds, this study aimed to determine the frequency of fecal shedding of Cryptosporidium spp. oocysts, after natural infection, the clinical signs and the presence of mortality, and accomplish its molecular characterization. Four hundred and eighty fecal samples were collected from 40 birds, 372 samples from 31 adult birds and 108 samples from young birds (up to 12 months old), housed in five herds, monthly, from September 2007 to September 2008, with the exception of the April. The birds were originated from flocks were the following species were herd: great-billed seed-finch (Oryzoborus maximiliani), lesser seed-finch (Oryzoborus angolensis), ultramarine grosbeak (Passerina brissonii) and rusty-collared seedeater (Sporophila collaris). The samples were preserved in 2.5% potassium dichromate 2.5% at 4°C, until processing. The oocysts were purified by centrifugal flotation in Sheather solution, followed by genomic DNA extraction from oocysts and molecular characterization using the nested polymerase chain reaction for amplification of fragments of the 18S subunit ribosomal RNA gene. Intermittent fecal shedding of Cryptosporidium spp. was observed in 91 (24.5%) samples from adult birds, with more frequent in periods approaching the periods of moulting and reproduction of birds and 14 samples (13%) of young birds.The sequencing of the amplified fragments allowed the identification of Cryptosporidium galli. Although all the aviaries had birds positive for C. galli, morbidity or mortality was observed in birds from only one aviary, and was associated to concomitant infection with Escherichia coli and Isospora sp. This is the first report of infection by C. galli in Oryzoborus maximiliani, Passerina brissonii, and Sporophila collaris / Mestre
4

Avaliação física, epidemiológica e molecular da infecção por Cryptosporidium spp. em passeriformes

Silva, Deuvânia Carvalho da [UNESP] 18 December 2009 (has links) (PDF)
Made available in DSpace on 2014-06-11T19:27:18Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0 Previous issue date: 2009-12-18Bitstream added on 2014-06-13T18:55:52Z : No. of bitstreams: 1 silva_dc_me_araca.pdf: 457686 bytes, checksum: 955900a36656c74b3d4e888ce706efe1 (MD5) / Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) / Devido à carência de informações relacionadas à epidemiologia da infecção por Cryptosporidium spp. em passeriformes, neste trabalho objetivou-se determinar a periodicidade da eliminação fecal de oocistos de Cryptosporidium, os sinais clínicos, a presença de mortalidade, e a caracterização molecular desse coccídio. Foram colhidas 480 amostras de fezes, provenientes de 40 aves, sendo 372 amostras de 31 aves adultas e 108 amostras de nove filhotes até 12 semanas de vida, com periodicidade mensal, no período de setembro de 2007 a setembro de 2008, com exceção do mês de abril. As aves estavam alojadas em cinco criatórios, com criação de bicudo (Oryzoborus maximiliani), curió (Oryzoborus angolensis), azulão (Passerina brissonii) e coleira do brejo (Sporophila collaris). As amostras foram conservadas em bicromato de potássio 2,5%, a 4ºC, até o processamento. Os oocistos foram purificados por centrífugo-flutuação em solução de Sheather, seguindo-se a extração do DNA genômico dos oocistos e a classificação molecular, por meio da reação em cadeia de polimerase-nested, para amplificação de fragmentos da subunidade 18S do gene do RNA ribossômico. Eliminação fecal intermitente de Cryptosporidium spp. foi observada em 91 (24,5%) amostras de aves adultas, com maior ocorrência nos períodos que se aproximam dos períodos de muda de penas e de reprodução das aves e em 14 amostras (13%) de aves jovens. O sequenciamento dos fragmentos de DNA amplificados possibilitou a identificação de somente Cryptosporidium galli. Embora em todos os criatórios houvesse aves positivas para C. galli, a presença de morbidade ou mortalidade foi observada em aves de somente um criatório, e estava associada à infecção concomitante com Escherichia coli e Isospora spp..Este é o primeiro relato de infecção por C. galli em P. brissonii, O. maximiliani e S. collaris / Due to the lack of information related to the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium infection in passerine birds, this study aimed to determine the frequency of fecal shedding of Cryptosporidium spp. oocysts, after natural infection, the clinical signs and the presence of mortality, and accomplish its molecular characterization. Four hundred and eighty fecal samples were collected from 40 birds, 372 samples from 31 adult birds and 108 samples from young birds (up to 12 months old), housed in five herds, monthly, from September 2007 to September 2008, with the exception of the April. The birds were originated from flocks were the following species were herd: great-billed seed-finch (Oryzoborus maximiliani), lesser seed-finch (Oryzoborus angolensis), ultramarine grosbeak (Passerina brissonii) and rusty-collared seedeater (Sporophila collaris). The samples were preserved in 2.5% potassium dichromate 2.5% at 4°C, until processing. The oocysts were purified by centrifugal flotation in Sheather solution, followed by genomic DNA extraction from oocysts and molecular characterization using the nested polymerase chain reaction for amplification of fragments of the 18S subunit ribosomal RNA gene. Intermittent fecal shedding of Cryptosporidium spp. was observed in 91 (24.5%) samples from adult birds, with more frequent in periods approaching the periods of moulting and reproduction of birds and 14 samples (13%) of young birds.The sequencing of the amplified fragments allowed the identification of Cryptosporidium galli. Although all the aviaries had birds positive for C. galli, morbidity or mortality was observed in birds from only one aviary, and was associated to concomitant infection with Escherichia coli and Isospora sp. This is the first report of infection by C. galli in Oryzoborus maximiliani, Passerina brissonii, and Sporophila collaris
5

Padronização de uma reação em cadeia pela polimerase em nested (nested-PCR) para detecção e diferenciação das espécies de Cryptosporidium spp e caracterização molecular de Cryptosporidium isolados de roedores sinantrópicos / Standardization of polymerase chain reaction in the nested (nested- PCR) for detection and differentiation of species of Cryptosporidium spp and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium isolates from synanthropic rodents

Sheila Oliveira de Souza Silva 12 August 2011 (has links)
Cryptosporidium spp são protozoários cosmopolita que acometem peixes, répteis, anfíbios, aves e mamíferos. Mais de 20 espécies são reconhecidas dentro deste gênero. Os roedores, grupos de organismos abundantes e ubíquos, têm sido considerados reservatórios de Cryptosporidium para humanos e animais de produção. As seqüências codificadoras da menor unidade ribossômica (18S rRNA) de Cryptosporidium spp caracterizam-se por intercalações entre regiões conservadas e polimórficas ao longo dos seus 1700 pares de bases. O objetivo deste estudo foi desenhar primers específicos para o gene 18S rRNA, potencialmente capazes de amplificar qualquer espécie ou genótipo de Cryptosporidium spp. e avaliar os atributos diagnósticos da nested-PCR baseadas em tais sondas. O desenho dos primers foi realizado de forma a amplificar um segmento de menor dimensão possível para se maximizar a sensibilidade do ensaio molecular e preservando o potencial discriminatório das seqüências amplificadas. A nestedPCR padronizada neste estudo (nPCR-SH) foi comparada com outro ensaio similar que vem sendo largamente utilizado para detecção e identificação de Cryptosporidium spp. no mundo todo (nPCR-XIAO). Também se objetivou caracterizar molecularmente amostras de Cryptosporidum spp. isoladas de roedores sinantrópicos, empregando-se estas sondas e sondas moleculares direcionadas. Foram capturados 45 roedores em áreas públicas da região urbana da cidade de Umuarama, Paraná. As amostras foram submetidas a três provas moleculares, sendo duas direcionadas ao gene18S rRNA (nPCR-SH e nPCR-XIAO) e outra, ao gene codificador da actina. A nPCR-SH foi testada com as amostras de Cryptosporidum parvum, Cryptosporidum andersoni, Cryptosporidum meleagridis, Cryptosporidum hominis, Cryptosporidum canis, Cryptosporidum serpentis e todas foram positivas. Dezesseis amostras de roedores foram positivas para a nPCR-SH, seis pela nPCR-XIAO e cinco pela nPCR dirigida ao gene codificador da actina. O sequenciamento dos fragmentos amplificados possibilitou a identificação de Cryptosporidum muris em três amostras de Rattus rattus, e dois novos genótipos de Cryptosporidium, os genótipos rato II e III. Genótipo rato II foi encontrado em uma amostra de Mus musculus e o genótipo III em doze amostras, sendo cinco Rattus rattus e sete Mus musculus. Os resultados deste estudo demonstraram que os primers desenhados para detecção do Cryptosporidium spp em amostras de fezes foram mais eficientes em amplificar regiões que permitem a distinção entre as espécies do parasito do que aqueles usados na PCR-XIAO. Nas amostras estudadas não foram encontrados genótipos ou espécies de Cryptosporidium que podem ser transmitidos a outras espécies como os zoonóticos, o que sugere que a importância destes animais na transmissão zoonótica de criptosporidiose é pouco relevante. / Cryptosporidium spp are cosmopolitan protozoan that infect fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals. More than 20 species are recognized within this genus. Rodents are groups of abundant and ubiquitous organisms that have been considered reservoirs of Cryptosporidium for infection of humans and livestock. The coding sequences of the smallest unit ribosomal (18S rRNA) of Cryptosporidium spp are characterized by intercalations amongst polymorphic and conserved regions along its 1700 base pairs. The aim of this study was to design primers specific for the 18S rRNA gene, potentially capable of amplifying any species or genotype of Cryptosporidium spp., and evaluate the attributes of the nested-PCR diagnosis based on such probes. The design of primers was performed to amplify a smaller segment as possible to maximize the sensitivity of molecular testing and preserving the discriminatory potential of the sequences amplified. The nested-PCR standardized in this study (nPCR-SH) was compared with another similar assay that has been widely used for detection and identification of Cryptosporidium spp. worldwide (nPCR-XIAO). It also aimed to characterize molecularly Cryptosporidum spp. isolated from synanthropic rodents, using these probes and targeted molecular probes. Forty five rodents were captured in public areas of the urban area of Umuarama, Paraná. The samples were subjected to three molecular tests, two targeted to gene18S rRNA (nPCR-SH and nPCR-XIAO) and another targeted to the gene encoding actin. The nPCR-SH was tested with strains of Cryptosporidum parvum, Cryptosporidum andersoni, Cryptosporidum meleagridis, Cryptosporidum hominis Cryptosporidum canis, Cryptosporidum serpentis and all were positive. Sixteen samples of rodents were positive by nPCR-SH, six by nPCR-XIAO and five by nPCR targeted to the gene encoding actin. The sequencing of the amplified fragments allowed the identification of Cryptosporidum Muris in three samples of Rattus rattus, and two new genotypes of Cryptosporidium rat genotype II and III. It was found rat genotype II in a sample of Mus musculus and genotype III in twelve samples, five from Rattus rattus and seven from Mus Musculus.The results showed that the primers designed for detection of Cryptosporidium spp in fecal samples were more efficient in amplifying regions that allow the distinction amongst the parasite species than those used in the PCR-XIAO. Cryptosporidium species or genotypes transmitted to other species such as zoonotic were not found in the studied samples, which suggest that the importance of these animals in the zoonotic transmission of cryptosporidiosis is very limited.
6

Giardia and Cryptosporidium in Pinnipeds from the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada

aappelb@meddent.uwa.edu.au, Amber Appelbee January 2006 (has links)
Giardia and Cryptosporidium are protozoan parasites known to cause enteric disease in terrestrial mammals, reptiles and birds. Compared to the abundance of surveys that have examined Giardia and Cryptosporidium in terrestrial wildlife species, very few studies on either parasite have been undertaken on marine mammal species. Studies of shellfish, marine waters and water treatment plants clearly indicate that marine ecosystems are contaminated with Giardia and Cryptosporidium. In spite of these data the extent to which these parasites extend into the marine environment and how they may impact on marine mammal health remains largely unknown. The aim of this thesis was to expand our current knowledge of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in the marine environment and in particular, the harp and hooded seal populations of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada. A large-scale serological survey of a large cohort of serum samples clearly show that, as is the case with terrestrial mammals, Giardia is ubiquitous in the marine environment. Sera positive for G. duodenalis-specific IgG were detected in almost all cetacean and pinniped species examined, and from all regions of the St. Lawrence estuary, Gulf of St. Lawrence and from the Canadian arctic. In the case of harp and hooded seals, they are actively infected with Assemblage A, a zoonotic strain of G. duodenalis and represent a previously unrecognised contributor to the overall environmental parasite burden. The discovery of this variant of Giardia in a phocid host, along with their susceptibility to infection with terrestrial strains of both Giardia and Cryptosporidium, highlight the potential zoonotic transmission from seals to humans through the consumption of uncooked intestines and general animal handling during research or hunting practices. The identification of this zoonotic strain of Giardia in seals also demonstrates the potential for anthropogenic activities such as human sewage treatment and agriculture runoff to be a significant source of contamination for marine mammals.
7

A comparative study of giardia and cryptosporidium infections in feedlot cattle in Western Australia and Alberta, Canada

brenda.ralston@gov.ab.ca, Brenda Jane Ralston January 2009 (has links)
A comparative study of the parasites Cryptosporidium andersoni and Giardia duodenalis in feedlot cattle in Western Australia (n=502) and Alberta, Canada (n=852) was conducted. The objectives were to determine the prevalence, infection patterns and impact on cattle performance of these protozoan parasites. Utilizing molecular tools G. duodenalis was genotyped and C. andersoni samples were confirmed positive. C. parvum was absent from all cattle sampled in Alberta, Canada and Western Australia, likely due to the advanced age of the cattle being sampled (6-36 months of age). No C. bovis or C. ryanae were observed in the study cattle. C. andersoni was present in 25% of the groups of feedlot cattle sampled in Western Australia with a prevalence range of 0-26% and in all 3 of the Alberta, Canada study groups with a prevalence range of 2.9-12%. All three Alberta, Canada studies collected performance data, however, there was no significant difference between infected and non-infected steers’ ADG in the feedlot. G. duodenalis was present in 83% of the groups sampled in Western Australia with prevalence ranging from 0–22% and all three study groups sampled in Alberta, Canada were positive with a prevalence ranging from 39–82%. The prevalence of G. duodenalis is significantly higher in the Alberta, Canada studies as compared to the Western Australia studies, probably due to climatic factors. Molecular characterization of a small number of the Alberta, Canada G. duodenalis positive samples (10) revealed 30% (3) genotype A, and 70% (7) genotype E. The same characterization of the Western Australia samples (10) showed 20%(2) genotype A, 40% (4) genotype E, 10% (1) genotype B, 10% (1) genotype C, 10% (1) genotype D and 10% (1) genotype B and E. Due to the unusual finding of genotypes C and D in cattle on such a small number of samples this result should be further studied to either confirm or refute the existence of genotypes C and D in cattle. Based on these results 30% of the animals from Alberta, Canada have the potential to be zoonoti (genotypes A and B) and 40% from the Western Australia studies. The results of this study demonstrate that C. andersoni and G. duodenalis are prevalent in the study feedlot cattle in Western Australia and Alberta, Canada however the impact of these parasites was not negative on animal performance in the Alberta, Canada studies where it was measured.
8

Détection moléculaire du parasite Cryptosporidium dans des échantillons d'eau

Fontaine, Mélanie Miegeville, Michel. Moisan, Jean-Paul January 2003 (has links) (PDF)
Thèse doctorat : Médecine. Parasitologie : Université de Nantes : 2003. / Bibliogr. f. 197-217.
9

Inactivation of Cryptosporidium parvum in natural waters using free chlorine

Starke, Jeffrey A. January 2001 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2001. / Typescript. eContent provider-neutral record in process. Description based on print version record. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 81-86).
10

Transport of cryptosporidium through the perched zone of a wastewater recharge basin.

Long, Larry Dean, January 1998 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M. S. - Renewable Natural Resources)--University of Arizona, 1998. / Known pages missing: Pgs. 40 and 59. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 69-71).

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