1 
Adaptive algorithms for low complexity equalizers in mobile communicationsBrooks, Duncan John January 1998 (has links)
No description available.

2 
Operational Aspects of Decision Feedback EqualizersKennedy, Rodney Andrew, rodney.kennedy@anu.edu.au January 1989 (has links)
The central theme is the study of error propagation effects in decision feedback equalizers (DFEs). The thesis contains: a stochastic analysis of error propagation in a tuned DFE; an analysis of the effects of error propagation in a blindly adapted DFE; a deterministic analysis of error propagation through inputoutput stability ideas; and testing procedures for establishing correct tap convergence in blind adaptation. To a lesser extent, the decision directed equalizer (DDE) is also treated.¶ Characterizing error propagation using finite state Markov process (FSMP) techniques is first considered. We classify how the channel and DFE parameters affect the FSMP model and establish tight bounds on the error probability and mean error recovery time of a tuned DFE. These bounds are shown to be too conservative for practical use and highlight the need for imposing stronger hypotheses on the class of channels for which a DFE may be effectively used.¶ In blind DFE adaptation we show the effect of decision errors is to distort the adaptation relative to the use of a training sequence. The mean square error surface in a LMS type setting is shown to be a concatenation of quadratic functions exposing the possibility of false tap convergence to undesirable DFE parameter settings. Averaging analysis and simulation are used to verify this behaviour on some examples.¶ Error propagation in a tuned DFE is also examined in a deterministic setting. A finite error recovery time problem is set up as an inputoutput stability problem. Passivity theory is invoked to prove that a DFE can be effectively used on a channel satisfying a simple frequency domain condition. These results give performance bounds which relate well with practice.¶ Testing for false tap convergence in blind adaptation concludes our study. Simple statistic output tests are shown to be capable of discerning correct operation of a DDE. Similar tests are conjectured for the DFE, supported by proofs for the low dimensional cases.

3 
Equalization of Integrated Optical Photodiodes using an Infinite Impulse Response Decision Feedback EqualizerYasotharan, Hemesh 29 August 2011 (has links)
This thesis examines the challenges in creating a fully integrated optical receiver. Due to the nature of silicon, 850nm light exhibits a poor impulse response when directed at an ondie photodiode. Using a modified decision feedback equalizer with an infinite impulse response filter in the feedback path allows to eliminate the long tail of postcursor ISI that is generated by the photodiode. Due to silicide depositions over the photodiodes, making them opaque, the receiver was tested using an electrical cable with similar frequency rolloff as that of a photodiode. A data rate of 3.7 Gbps was achieved and only limited by the amount of input reflections at the transimpedance amplifier. The receiver occupies an area of 0.23 mm^2 and consumes 51.3mW.

4 
Equalization of Integrated Optical Photodiodes using an Infinite Impulse Response Decision Feedback EqualizerYasotharan, Hemesh 29 August 2011 (has links)
This thesis examines the challenges in creating a fully integrated optical receiver. Due to the nature of silicon, 850nm light exhibits a poor impulse response when directed at an ondie photodiode. Using a modified decision feedback equalizer with an infinite impulse response filter in the feedback path allows to eliminate the long tail of postcursor ISI that is generated by the photodiode. Due to silicide depositions over the photodiodes, making them opaque, the receiver was tested using an electrical cable with similar frequency rolloff as that of a photodiode. A data rate of 3.7 Gbps was achieved and only limited by the amount of input reflections at the transimpedance amplifier. The receiver occupies an area of 0.23 mm^2 and consumes 51.3mW.

5 
Adapitve Multiuser Receiver with RAKE Structure and Decision Feedback in Multiuser and Multipath Fading EnvironmentChang, JrWen 30 June 2000 (has links)
A review of adaptive decorrelating detector techniques for directsequence code division multiple access (CDMA) signals is given. The goal is to improve CDMA system performance and capacity by reducing interference between users. The techniques considered are implementations of multiuser receivers, for which background material is given. Adaptive algorithms improve the feasibility of such receivers. An adaptive multiuser receiver for CDMA system has been proposed to increase system capacity. The adaptive decorrelator can be used to eliminate interference from known interferers, though it is prone to noise enhancement. However the receiver is basically designed for synchronous CDMA over AWGN channels. In order to confirm the robustness of the receiver for the asynchronous cases, experimental evaluations are displayed when the relative user delays are small compared to the symbol duration and when the channel is Rayleigh multipath fading as in microcellular scenarios. In addition to the efficient implementation of the decorrelating detector of [1], the receiver also can be adapted to incorporate decision feedback. Successive interference cancellation techniques reduce interference by cancellation of one detected signal from another. And an efficient incorporation of decorrelator with RAKE and (DF) decision feedback receiver for frequencyselective Rayleigh fading multipath channels is also proposed. Performance evaluation of the detector via computer simulation scenarios is conducted to substantiate it's potential for realtime operation.

6 
Design, implementation, and measurements of a high speed serial link equalizerEvans, Andrew John 23 April 2013 (has links)
The advancements of semiconductor processing technology have led to the ability for computing platforms to operate on large amounts of data at very high clock speeds. To fully utilize this processing power the components must have data continually available for operation upon and transport to other system components. To enable this data requirement, high speed serial links have replaced slower parallel communication protocols. Serial interfaces inherently require fewer signals for communication and thus reduce the device pin count, area and cost. A serial communication interface can also be run at a higher frequency because the clock skew between channels is no longer an issue since the data transmitted on various channels is independent. Serial data transmission also comes with a set of drawbacks when signal integrity is considered. The data must propagate through a channel that induces unwanted effects onto the signals such as intersymbol interference. These channel effects must be understood and mitigated to successfully transmit data without creating bit errors upon reception at the target component. Previously developed adaptive equalization techniques have been used to filter the effects of intersymbol interference from the transmitted data in the signal. This report explores the modeling and implementation of a system comprised of a transmitter, channel, and receiver to understand how intersymbol interference can be removed through a decisionfeedback equalizer realized in hardware. The equalizer design, implementation, and measurements are the main focus of this report and are based on previous works in the areas of integrated circuit testing, channel modeling, and equalizer design. Simulation results from a system modeled in Simulink are compared against the results from a hardware model implemented with an FPGA, analog to digital converter and discrete circuit elements. In both the software and hardware models, bit errors were eliminated for certain amounts of intersymbol interference when a receiver with decisionfeedback equalization was used instead of a receiver without equalization. / text

7 
Blind Equalization for TomlinsonHarashima Precoded SystemsAdnan, Rubyet January 2007 (has links)
At a communications receiver the observed signal is a corrupted version of the transmitted signal. This distortion in the received signal is due to the physical characteristics of the channel, including multipath propagation, the nonidealities of copper wires and impulse noise. Equalization is a process to combat these distortions in order to recover the original transmitted signal. Roughly stated, the equalizer tries to implement the inverse transfer function of the channel while taking into account the channel noise. The equalizer parameters can be tuned to this inverse transfer function using an adaptive algorithm. In many cases, the algorithm uses a training sequence to drive the equalizer parameters to the optimum solution. But, for timevarying channels or multiuser channels the use of a training sequence is inefficient in terms of bandwidth, as bandwidth is wasted due to the periodic retransmission of the training sequence. A blind equalization algorithm is a practical method to eliminate this training sequence. An equalizer adapted using a blind algorithm is a key component of a bandwidth efficient receiver for broadcast and pointtomultipoint communications. The initial convergence performance of a blind adaptive equalizer depends on the higherorder statistics of the transmitted signal. In modern digital systems, TomlinsonHarashima precoding (THP) is often used for signal shaping and to mitigate the error propagation problem of a decision feedback equalizer (DFE). The concept of THP comes from preequalization. In fact, it is a nonlinear form of preequalization, which bounds the higherorder statistics of the transmitted signal. But, THP and blind equalization are often viewed as incompatible equalization techniques. In this research, we give multiple scenarios where blind equalization of a THPencoded signal might arise. With this motivation we set out to answer the question, can a blind equalizer successfully acquire a THPencoded signal? We investigate the combination of a TomlinsonHarashima precoder on the transmitter side and a blind equalizer on the receiver side. By bounding the kurtosis of the THPencoded signal, we show that THP actually aids the initial convergence of blind equalization. We find that, as the symbol constellation size increases, the THPencoded signal kurtosis approaches that of a uniform distribution, not a Gaussian. We investigate the compatibility of blind equalization with THPencoded signals for both SISO and MIMO systems. In a SISO system, conventional blind algorithms can be used to counter the distortions introduced in the received signal. However, in a MIMO system with multiple users, the other users act as interferers on the desired user's signal. Hence, modified blind algorithms need to be applied to mitigate these interferers. For both SISO and MIMO systems, we show that the THP encoder ensures that the signal distribution approaches a nonGaussian distribution. Using Monte Carlo simulations, we study the effects of TomlinsonHarashima precoding on the performance of Bussgangtype blind algorithms and verify our theoretical analysis. The major contributions of this thesis are: • A demonstration that a blind equalizer can successfully acquire a THPencoded signal for both SISO and MIMO systems. We show that THP actually aids blind equalization, as it ensures that the transmitted signal is nonGaussian. • An analytical quantification of the effects of THP on the transmitted signal statistics. We derive a novel bound on the kurtosis of the THPencoded signal. • An extension of the results from a singleuser SISO scenario to multiple users and a MIMO scenario. We demonstrate that our bound and simulated results hold for these more general cases. Through our work, we have opened the way for a novel application of training sequenceless equalization: to acquire and equalize THPencoded signals. Using our proposed system, periodic training sequences for a broadcast or pointtomultipoint system can be avoided, improving the bandwidth efficiency of the transceiver. Future modem designs with THP encoding can make use of our advances for bandwidth efficient communication systems.

8 
PERFORMANCE EVALUATION FOR DECISIONFEEDBACK EQUALIZER WITH PARAMETER SELECTION ON UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATIONNassr, Husam, Kosbar, Kurt 10 1900 (has links)
This paper investigates the effect of parameter selection for the decision feedback equalization (DFE) on communication performance through a dispersive underwater acoustic wireless channel (UAWC). A DFE based on minimum meansquare error (MMSEDFE) criterion has been employed in the implementation for evaluation purposes. The output from the MMSEDFE is input to the decoder to estimate the transmitted bit sequence. The main goal of this experimental simulation is to determine the best selection, such that the reduction in the computational overload is achieved without altering the performance of the system, where the computational complexity can be reduced by selecting an equalizer with a proper length. The system performance is tested for BPSK, QPSK, 8PSK and 16QAM modulation and a simulation for the system is carried out for Proakis channel A and real underwater wireless acoustic channel estimated during SPACE08 measurements to verify the selection.

9 
AN ADAPTIVE BASEBAND EQUALIZER FOR HIGH DATA RATE BANDLIMITED CHANNELSWickert, Mark, Samad, Shaheen, Butler, Bryan 10 1900 (has links)
ITC/USA 2006 Conference Proceedings / The FortySecond Annual International Telemetering Conference and Technical Exhibition / October 2326, 2006 / Town and Country Resort & Convention Center, San Diego, California / Many satellite payloads require wideband channels for transmission of large amounts of data to users on the ground. These channels typically have substantial distortions, including bandlimiting distortions and high power amplifier (HPA) nonlinearities that cause substantial degradation of bit error rate performance compared to additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) scenarios. An adaptive equalization algorithm has been selected as the solution to improving bit error rate performance in the presence of these channel distortions. This paper describes the design and implementation of an adaptive baseband equalizer (ABBE) utilizing the latest FPGA technology. Implementation of the design was arrived at by first constructing a high fidelity channel simulation model, which incorporates worstcase signal impairments over the entire data link. All of the modem digital signal processing functions, including multirate carrier and symbol synchronization, are modeled, in addition to the adaptive complex baseband equalizer. Different feedback and feedforward tap combinations are considered as part of the design optimization.

10 
Reduced Complexity Equalization for Data CommunicationMcGinty, Nigel, nigel.mcginty@defence.gov.au January 1998 (has links)
Optimal decision directed equalization techniques for time dispersive communication channels are often too complex to implement. This thesis considers reduced complexity decision directed equalization that lowers complexity demands yet retains close to optimal performance. The first part of this dissertation consists of three reduced complexity algorithms based on the Viterbi Algorithm (VA) which are: the Parallel Trellis VA (PTVA); Time Reverse Reduced State Sequence Estimation (TRRSSE); and ForwardBackward State Sequence Detection (FBSSD). The second part of the thesis considers structural modifications of the Decision Feedback Equalizer (DFE), which is a special derivative of the VA, specifically, optimal vector quantization for fractionally spaced DFEs, and extended stability regions for baud spaced DFEs using passivity analysis are investigated.¶
For a special class of sparse channels the VA can be decomposed over a number of independent parallel trellises. This decomposition will be called the Parallel Trellis Viterbi Algorithm and can have lower complexity than the VA yet it retains optimal performance. By relaxing strict sparseness constraints on the channel a suboptimal approach is proposed which keeps complexity low and obtains good performance.¶
Reduced State Sequence Estimation (RSSE) is a popular technique to reduce complexity. However, its deficiency can be the inability to adequately equalize nonminimum phase channels. For channels that have energy peaks in the tail of the impulse response (postcursor dominant) RSSE's complexity must be close to the VA or performance will be poor. Using a property of the VA which makes it invariant to channel reversal, TRRSSE is proposed to extend application of RSSE to postcursor dominant channels.¶
To further extend the class of channels suitable for RSSE type processing, FBSSD is suggested. This uses a two pass processing method, and is suited to channels that have low energy pre and postcursor. The first pass generates preliminary estimates used in the second pass to aid the decision process. FBSSD can range from RSSE to TRRSSE depending on parameter settings.¶
The DFE is obtained when the complexity of RSSE is minimized. Two characterizing properties of the DFE, which are addressed in this thesis, are feedback and quantization. A novel fractionally spaced (FS) DFE structure is presented which allows the quantizer to be generalized relative to the quantizer used in conventional FSDFEs. The quantizer can be designed according to a maximum a posteriori criterion which takes into account a priori statistical knowledge of error occurrences. A radically different quantizer can be obtained using this technique which can result in significant performance improvements.¶
Due to the feedback nature of the DFE a form of stability can be considered. After a decision error occurs, a stable DFE will, after some finite time and in the absence of noise, operate error free. Passivity analysis provides sufficient conditions to determine a class of channels which insures a DFE will be stable. Under conditions of short channels and small modulation alphabets, it is proposed that conventional passivity analysis can be extended to account for varying operator gains, leading to weaker sufficient conditions for stability (larger class of channels).

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