Modelo descritivo de sintaxe visual para ilustração científica do corpo humanoTrotta, Tatiana de January 2017 (has links)
Orientadora: Profª Drª. Carla Galvão Spinillo / Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Artes, Comunicação e Design, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Design. Defesa: Curitiba, 19/07/2017 / Inclui referências : p. 194-199 / Resumo: A ilustração científica é um modo de aprender e comunicar conteúdos complexos, como, por exemplo, a anatomia humana. Ela é o objeto que permite a visualização acurada da ciência, com destaques, escolhas e recortes necessários para a apreciação descritiva de qualquer parte do corpo humano. De modo relativamente simples e claro, o foco de investigação científica pode ser apresentado sem a interferência de áreas de entorno e de estruturas adjacentes. Desenvolver uma ilustração científica tem um compromisso com a verdade, de modo a manifestar em aparência e configuração a representação visual precisa do lugar estudado e comunicado. O objeto de estudo desta tese é a ilustração científica da anatomia humana (ICAH), utilizada por especialistas - médicos e estudantes médicos, executada por ilustradores científicos com recorte de ilustrações científicas de anatomia humana contemporâneas, estáticas e descritivas, impressas e digitais. Para tanto, é necessário o estudo de teorias da linguagem visual, sua organização e relações sintáticas, para assim estudá-las na ótica do design. O objetivo desta tese foi desenvolver um modelo descritivo para orientar o desenvolvimento de ilustrações científicas da anatomia humana, no que se refere à identificação e organização dos elementos sintático-visuais. Para tanto, foi feito o habitual estudo bibliográfico normalmente usado em estudos científicos, estudo analítico de ilustrações científicas da anatomia humana e estudo por levantamento com ilustradores científicos. Dados foram coletados por meio de questionário e entrevista com desenvolvedores de ilustrações científicas. Para análise dos dados foram utilizados os estudos de conteúdo, descritivo e qualitativo. O modelo descritivo proposto foi avaliado por ilustradores não científicos que, primeiramente, utilizaram o modelo para analisar ilustrações científicas da anatomia humana e, posteriormente, responderam a um questionário com julgamento de valor sobre o modelo descritivo. Esta etapa teve observação participante e os dados foram estudados qualitativamente. Espera-se que o modelo descritivo contribua nas áreas da educação, ilustração e design. Palavras-Chave: Modelo descritivo. Ilustração Científica. Sintaxe Visual. Anatomia Humana. / Abstract: Scientific illustration is a tool to learn and communicate complex concepts such as human anatomy. It allows an accurate representation of science, including a variety of necessary highlights and visualization to correctly illustrate any part of the human body. The object of the scientific investigation can be represented in a relatively simple way, without the interference of surrounding structures. Developing a scientific illustration is a commitment with the true representation of the visual characteristics and configurations of the studied and communicated region. Scientific illustration, as a design subject, encompasses the study of visual language, including their organization and syntactic relations. In this thesis, we focus on the Human Anatomical Illustration utilized by specialists and executed by medical illustrators, using contemporary human anatomical illustration both static and descriptives, either printed or as digital media. The objective is to develop a descriptive model to give support to the development of Human Anatomical Illustration, particularly the identification and organization of visual elements. This study is based on the review of current literature on the subject, analytical studies of Human Anatomical Illustrations, and surveys and interviews with scientific illustrators. The data, collected with professional scientific illustrators via questionnaires and interviews, was analyzed through content, descriptive, and qualitative studies. We evaluated the proposed descriptive model by asking non-scientific illustrators to analyze Human Anatomical Illustrations using the model, and then answer a survey about it. We conducted the surveys with participant observation, and the answers were qualitatively analyzed. It is expected that the descriptive model contributes to the education, illustration and design. Keywords: Descriptive model. Scientific Illustration. Visual Syntax. Human anatomy.
Ser e tornar-se um baterista profissional : uma análise a partir do modelo Snowball SelfPscheidt, Jean Felipe January 2015 (has links)
Orientadora: Profª Drª Rosane Cardoso de Araújo / Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Artes, Comunicação e Design, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Música. Defesa: Curitiba, 23/02/2015 / Inclui referências / Linha musical : Educação musical e cognição / Resumo: Esta pesquisa contempla aspectos relacionados à interconectividade entre aprendizagem e identidade como forma de aprofundamento de questões a respeito do processo de ser e tornar-se um baterista profissional no cenário musical da cidade de Curitiba-PR. O modelo teórico Snowball Self proposto por Smith (2013) surge como ferramenta para conduzir a análise dos dados ao oferecer um quadro teórico que permitiu compreender a relação entre as práticas, aprendizagens e identidades realizadas por bateristas. Desta forma, esta pesquisa apresentou como objetivo geral investigar a percepção de bateristas a respeito de sua identidade profissional sob a perspectiva do modelo Snowball Self. Este enfoque permitiu uma discussão a respeito do músico popular enquanto suas experiências formativas e identidades assumidas ao decorrer de sua trajetória profissional. A metodologia utilizada nessa pesquisa foi a de estudo de casos múltiplos, realizada com três bateristas. A análise dos dados foi organizada de acordo com as categorias que compõem o modelo teórico utilizado, sendo elas: Realização de aprendizagem ativa; Realização de aprendizagem passiva; Realização de identidade ativa; Realização de identidade passiva; Meta-identidade principal e Identidades contextuais. Os resultados permitiram compreender que os bateristas buscam desenvolver suas habilidades por meio de vários contextos e modos de aprender, o autodidatismo surge em caráter temporal, presente principalmente no início da carreira. Aspectos da identidade retratam a relação com o instrumento tanto em caráter logístico bem como musical, o que torna a ação dos bateristas algo particular, seja ao adquirir o seu instrumento, ao moldá-lo de acordo com determinados trabalhos, bem como em momentos de transportá-lo. A carreira do baterista, por meio dos casos estudados, mostrou-se multidirecional onde várias funções são incorporadas ao decorrer do tempo. Essas experiências configuram uma noção dinâmica de identidade e ilustram a tendência entre os casos estudados de assumir diversas funções ao decorrer da carreira como fruto de desafios impostos a si mesmos, e também como resultado de opções do mercado onde estão inseridos. Esta pesquisa contribui com a área da educação musical e cognição ao fornecer a perspectiva de bateristas a respeito de suas experiências, aprendizagens e identidades realizadas ao decorrer de suas carreiras. Palavras-chave: Baterista. Identidade profissional. Aprendizagem. Snowball Self. Carreira de músico. / Abstract: This research concerns aspects related to the interconnectivity between learning and identity as a way of deepening questions about the process of being and becoming a professional drummer in the music scene of Curitiba-PR city. The theoretical model Snowball Self proposed by Smith (2013) appears as a tool to conduct data analysis by providing a theoretical framework that allows the understanding of the relationship between practices, learning and identities carried out by drummers. Thus, this research presented the goal of investigating the drummers' perception of their professional identity under the perspective Snowball Self model. This approach allowed a discussion concerning the popular musician study as his formative experiences and identities assumed throughout the course of his career. The methodology used in this research was the multiple cases held with three drummers. Data analysis was organized according to the categories that make up the theoretical model used, which are: Active learning realization; Passive learning realization; Active identity realization; Passive identity realization; Principal meta-identity and contextual identities. The results allowed us to understand that drummers develop their skills through a variety of contexts and ways of learning, self-education arising in the temporal character, especially early in his career. Identity aspects portray the relationship with the instrument both in logistics and in musical character, which makes the drummers' action something particular, whether be it acquiring your instrument, adapting it according to certain jobs, or transporting it. The drummer's career, through case studies, proved to be multidirectional where various functions are incorporated through time. These experiences constitute a dynamic notion of identity and illustrate the tendency among the studied cases of assuming various roles over the course of their career as a result of challenges imposed over themselves, and also due to market options where they live. This research contributes to the field of music education and cognition by providing the drummers' perspective of their experiences, learning and identities carried out throughout their careers. Keywords: Drummer. Professional identity. Learning. Snowball Self. Musician career.
A polidez na comunicação do preconceito no contexto educacional : um viés pragmáticoPelinson, Fabiana January 2015 (has links)
Orientadora: Prof. Dr. Jair Antonio de Oliveira / Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Artes, Comunicação e Design, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Comunicação. Defesa: Curitiba, 04/02/2015 / Inclui referências / Área de concentração : Comunicação e sociedade / Resumo: A polidez exerce forte influência sobre a produção de enunciados e o comportamento polido representa uma condição inerente à comunicação, por isso não é possível descrever de maneira eficaz as trocas comunicativas sem considerar as estratégias de polidez linguística. Mesmo variante de cultura para cultura, entende-se que a polidez apresenta regras em sentido universal, devido ao conhecimento mútuo dos interlocutores sobre a face e a necessidade social de orientar-se a ela nas interações. Entendida como fruto da necessidade de manutenção da harmonia nas relações comunicativas, a polidez evita ou minimiza o conflito com o interlocutor. Assim, ao abordar um assunto polêmico ou interagir com pessoas que apresentam características que rompem com a percepção usual do que é uma pessoa no cotidiano, os falantes utilizam da polidez para manter o equilíbrio das relações sociais e projetar, preservar e confirmar imagens de si e do seu grupo, conforme o que é tido socialmente como correto. Neste estudo, objetiva-se: a) investigar e compreender as estratégias de polidez linguística utilizadas no discurso dos professores de um Colégio Estadual localizado em Curitiba (PR), a partir de suas visões e percepções com relação ao preconceito no ambiente escolar; b) verificar de que forma as estratégias de polidez aparecem nos enunciados durante a interação; e c) identificar as motivações da utilização da polidez no discurso dos professores. A pesquisa fundamenta-se na perspectiva da Pragmática, no que diz respeito à polidez, a partir do modelo de Brown e Levinson (1987 ), e de Kerbrat-Orecchioni (2004; 2006), e reflexões desenvolvidas pelos estudos de Bravo (2000), Rodriguez (2010) e Rajagopalan (2000). Articula-se tais conceitos à discussão acerca do preconceito, a partir de contribuições teóricas de autores como Crochík (1995; 2002) e Amaral (1998). Com relação às técnicas de investigação, optou-se pela realização de questionários diagnósticos, entrevista individual e do Grupo Focal, como principal método de geração de dados. A análise dos dados demonstra que as estratégias de polidez utilizadas pelos professores cumprem o propósito de projetar imagens positivas de si, a fim de cumprir com as expectativas de comportamento determinadas pelas normas de conduta do convívio social, sobretudo quando o indivíduo se apresenta no papel social de professor. Em outras palavras, a polidez é utilizada a partir das determinações e expectativas sociais impostas sobre o papel social desempenhado pelos indivíduos. Ora, o professor utiliza as estratégias de polidez como uma obrigação social, ora, como uma proteção da sua imagem e da imagem do grupo a que pertence. Palavras-chave: Polidez. Preconceito. Linguagem. Comunicação. Educação. / Abstract: The politeness has Strong influence on the production of statements and thepolite behavior represents an inherent condition to communication, so it is not possible to describe effectively the communicative changes without considering the strategies of linguistic politeness. Even variant in each culture, it is understood that politeness presents rules in universal sense, due to mutual knowledge of interlocutors about the face and social necessity to be guided to it in the interactions. Understood as a result of necessity of harmony’s maintain in the communicative relations, politeness prevents or minimizes the conflict with the interlocutor. Thus, in addressing of a polemic subject or interact with people who presents characteristics that break with an usual perception of what a person is in everyday life, the speakers use the politeness to keep the balance of social relations and to project – preserve and confirm images from themselves and their group – as what is correct according to society.In this study, the objective is: a) investigate and understand the strategies of linguistic politeness used in teacher’s speech from a State High School localizated in Curitiba (PR) by their views and perceptions about prejudice in the school environment; b) verify how the politeness’ strategies appears in the statements of teachers; c) identify the motivations of the use of politeness in teacher’s speech. This research is based on the Pragmatic’s perspective with regard to the politeness from the model of Brown & Levinson (1987 ) and Kerbrat- Orecchioni (2004;2006), reflections developed by studies of Bravo (2000), Rodriguez (2010) and Rajagopalan (2000). Those concepts are linked to the discussion about prejudice, from theoretical contribution of authors like Crochik (1995. 2002) and Amaral (1998).In relation of the investigation’s techniques, it has chosen to perform diagnostics questionnaires, personal interview and focus group as the main method of data generation. The data’s analysis shows that strategies of politeness used by teachers fulfill the purpose of designing positive images of themselves in order to fulfill with the expectation of behaviors determined by the conduct’s rules of social life, especially when they present themselves in teacher’s social role. In the other words, the politeness is used due to determination and social expectations imposed on the social role performed by individuals. Sometimes, the teacher uses the strategies of politeness as social obligation, other times, as a protection of their image and the image of the group, which they belong. Keywords: Politeness. Prejudice. Language. Communication. Education.
Design för äldre med funktionshinderNilsson, Matilda January 2016 (has links)
Det finns ett stort antal människor med rörelsehinder. Det finns även ett stort utbud av hjälpmedel för att underlätta för funktionsnedsatta i vardagen. Tekniken går snabbt framåt och många nya produkter kommer ut på marknaden varje år. Trots det så lever många med funktionshinder i miljöer som skulle kunna anpassas bättre. Om miljön anpassas efter människors individuella förmågor blir funktionsnedsättningarna inga hinder för att kunna leva ett självständigt liv.
Horseshoe Crabs-Ancient Alien ProtectorsConnelly, Janet Hosier 16 July 2016 (has links)
<p> Ancient Alien Protectors is an exhibition that tells the story of the wonders and benefits of horseshoe crabs. What are they and why should anyone care about them? Researching the topic revealed that more often than not an inhabitant of the Western Shore or any of the landlocked geographical locations in the United States has limited knowledge about horseshoe crabs. Their kind has inhabited our Earth for over 475 million years. They have outlasted over ninety-nine percent of all the species that ever swam or walked on the planet but are now in peril due to human activity. They have been harvested for farmers to make fertilizer for crops, chopped up as bait for fishermen, and captured and bled by biomedical companies. Their copper-based blue blood is used to produce a life-saving product that is hypersensitive to bacteria. The injectable drugs and medical devices that come in contact with our blood must be tested for the presence of toxins, horseshoe crabs have now become an invaluable commodity to modern medicine. </p><p> Horseshoe crab eggs are a food source for many crustaceans and fishes. Their eggs are an integral part of the diet of many shorebirds, allowing them to refuel and gain weight before continuing their journey northward to the Arctic. Disappearance of the horseshoe crab from the waters of the Atlantic Ocean would be a critical blow to the life-sustaining connection between members of local ecosystems. </p><p> The goal of this research is to create an exhibition that sparks an awareness about how we are an intrinsic part of the natural world. The exhibition is designed so that visitors will have an opportunity to enter a museum located in the Delaware Bay region, the natural setting where the largest population of horseshoe crabs are born, grow to maturity, and reproduce. Visitors can immerse themselves in an environment that will stimulate their senses as well as their mind and leave inspired to engage in the conservation and protection of this resilient species. The proposed site will also house a research facility collocated with the museum to foster cooperation and knowledge sharing among scientists. A partnership between the conservation and medical communities would strengthen the commitment to finding better ways to strategically manage and preserve this precious living resource.</p>
Crowd-design no desenvolvimento de produto nas empresasOliveira, Alexandre Antonio de January 2017 (has links)
Orientadora: Profª Carla Galvão Spinillo / Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Artes, Comunicação e Design, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Design. Defesa: Curitiba, 30/01/2017 / Inclui referências : p. 151-160 / Resumo: Contemporaneamente observa-se a ascensão de novos modelos de projeto que aproveitam as possibilidades da internet no processo de comunicação entre os vários stakeholders. Uma destas abordagens é o Crowd-design, modalidade emergente do sistema de projeto e produção que utiliza os conhecimentos e recursos disponíveis na multidão, geralmente através da internet, com o propósito de resolver problemas e/ou criar conteúdo. Esta dissertação visa propor etapas e procedimentos para a adequação do Crowd-design no PDP de empresas brasileiras. A fundamentação teórica foi feita a partir da revisão da literatura sob a temática Crowd-design e desenvolvimento de produtos via crowdsourcing e pôde levantar definições, princípios, atores, implicações competitivas, implicações para a sustentabilidade, e o papel do designer neste processo. Com base no modelo unificado de desenvolvimento de produtos proposto por Rozenfeld et al. (2006) e o que a literatura sobre crowdsourcing abordava em cada etapa do PDP, foi elaborada uma proposta de modelo de desenvolvimento de novos produtos via Crowd-design. O método de pesquisa envolveu um estudo de casos múltiplos com um em formato ex-post-facto e o outro como observação participante, ambos desenvolvidos no Núcleo de Design e Sustentabilidade da Universidade Federal do Paraná (NDS/ UFPR). Os dois casos aplicaram o modelo proposto de Crowd-design como processo complementar no desenvolvimento de novos produtos juntamente à multidão, o primeiro sendo em parceria com uma microempresa e aberto a qualquer pessoa solucionar e o segundo somente para os colaboradores internos de uma empresa de grande porte. A validação externa se deu por meio do pattern matching comparando ambos os casos com o modelo teórico. Ao fim do processo, concluiu-se que houve a adequação do modelo proposto de Crowd-design com base em Rozenfeld et al. (2006) no PDP das empresas, assim como foram identificadas as implicações deste processo para a sustentabilidade e as competências do designer em todo o processo. Palavras-chave:Crowd-design; desenvolvimento de produtos (PDP); crowdsourcing. / Abstract: Contemporaneously it is observed the rise of new project practices that utilize the possibilities of the internet in the communication process between the various stakeholders. One of these approaches is Crowd-design, emerging mode of design and production system that uses the knowledge and resources available in the crowd, usually via the internet, in order to solve problems and/or create content. This dissertation aims to propose steps and procedures for the adaptation of Crowddesign to the NPD process inside Brazilian companies. The theoretical basis was based on a review of the literature on Crowd-design and product development via crowdsourcing and was able to raise definitions, principles, actors, competitive implications, implications for sustainability, and the role of the designer in this process. Based on the unified model of product development proposed by Rozenfeld et al. (2006) and what the crowdsourcing literature addressed at each stage of the NPD, a proposal for a new product development model via Crowd-design was elaborated. The research method involved a study of multiple cases with one in expost- facto format and the other as participant observation, both developed at the Design and Sustainability Laboratory of the Federal University of Paraná (NDS/ UFPR). The two cases have applied Crowd-design as a complementary process in the development of new products using the crowd, the first being in partnership with a micro-enterprise and open to anyone solve and second only to the internal employees of a large company. The case study was given in the form of project documents (reports, minutes, audio/visual) and through interviews with the researchers who took part in the project teams. The external validation was done through pattern matching comparing both cases with the theoretical model. At the end of the process, it was concluded that the proposed Crowd-design model was adapted based on Rozenfeld et al. (2006) in the PDP of the companies, as well as the implications of this process for the sustainability and skills of the designer throughout the process. Keywords: Crowd-design; new product development (NPD); crowdsourcing.
Investigating Innovation Practice| Cross-disciplinary Studies in International DevelopmentGordon, Pierce Edward Cornelius 21 November 2018 (has links)
<p> Innovation practice is a transdisciplinary field that aims to create a better world out of an existing one by pooling methods and mindsets of inquiry and creation. The field observes design contexts, assimilates the collected knowledge into problems to be addressed, ideates solutions to those problems, and iteratively tests those solutions in real environments to determine how they address these problems. Over the past decade, the field has become more accessible to a much broader collection of amateur designers. They utilize the field to understand more diverse contexts, to include and adapt more disciplines, and to address a wide variety of complex and seemingly intractable issues. Due to the evolution of the fields’ popularity, debates began to arise about the fields’ utility and place in society. Development professionals treated design thinking and related fields as a silver bullet that could easily address issues of global poverty. Critics asked if the field was different from existing disciplines, whether the field delivers demonstrable impact, and if the democratization of design practice to ‘amateur’ designers is even worthwhile. However, these debates revealed how little knowledge is collected about how practitioners conduct innovation practice in the first place. To learn about the activities, benefits, methods, and obstacles of beneficial development-focused design practice, I detail three studies that apply lenses of analysis to innovation narratives to see how various collectives of self-determined innovators actually practice their craft.</p><p> The first study outlines a systematic literature review of human-centered design for development. By applying design principles to a population of researcher-designers and their narratives, we learn if these designers actually practice innovation with these principles of human-centeredness in mind. I outline three previously conducted studies about the nature of this field, which describe the population, location, history, and methods these projects use across various contexts. and detail an analysis of the participatory nature of human-centered design for development. In so doing, I describe statistics about the prevalence of participatory design practice, reveal how the studies report the complexities of participation, and collect insights about the stakeholders who are allowed to design. The study then sums up the importance of investigative analysis methods across populations of design narratives, so that researchers can learn more about how ‘good practice’ is perceived.</p><p> The second study describes an ethnographic evaluation study of notable actors in the Botswana innovation community. This study begins with a reflection on epistemological frictions between the popular fields of innovation practice and impact evaluation. After revealing the theoretical and practical gaps in how innovators evaluate, I introduce the Botswana history, policies, and institutions that support innovation practice on the national level, while describing their activities and how innovation actors perceive them. I then detail the creation of a grassroots innovation community that practices participatory co-design of locally beneficial technologies by outlining the history of its indigenous stakeholders and describing an ethnographic narrative of two formative innovation workshops. I then describe the methods, approaches, purpose, and stakeholders involved in the evaluation of innovation in the local and national institutions. This analysis reveals evaluation tools applicable to many innovation contexts, and insights about how these evaluation approaches are aligned and misaligned with each other. Finally, I describe insights on the practice and facilitation of innovation in the country, to clarify cultural, institutional, and practical barriers and qualities that hinder the potential benefit of innovation.</p><p> The final study is a reflection on the inadequacies of ethics systems in Botswana to support beneficial innovation practice. While investigating the previous chapter, I happened upon narratives with no simple solutions, and few resources for development-centric designers to effectively navigate this ethics space. Moreover, while facing the country’s institutional review board system, I gained first-hand experience with the goals, dynamics, and limitations of the Botswana research system of ethics. This chapter unpacks how the ethical system fails to align with the needs of beneficial innovation practice and suggests theoretical alternatives to draw upon for future use. </p><p> This dissertation describes the complex possibilities of participatory design practice, the various goals, activities, and perceptions of the evolving Botswana innovation ecosystem, and details the frictions between the understudied field of ethics in design for development and existing institutions. These studies reveal how ‘good’ innovation practice is wholly based on the context it is applied: on its practitioners, their tools, their goals, the environment where it is used, and the stakeholders with whom the designers interact. Though these studies outline how the methods and mindsets of innovation practice are accessible to more communities than ever, it does not mean that innovation practice itself becomes simpler. (Abstract shortened by ProQuest.) </p><p>
Load measurement of in-service marine structures to influence their designRamazani, M. R. January 2013 (has links)
Current methods to predict hydrodynamic loads rely either on oversimplified and semiempirical methods or the use of numerical simulation and analysis techniques such as Finite Element Analysis (FEA) or Boundary Element Analysis (BEA). These methods are conservative which results in the over-design of these craft so they are heavier and slower than they could otherwise be. Better understanding of load intensities will inform the design process of marine structures and could result in lighter and more efficient designs. This research investigates the possibility of solving these problems employing artificial intelligence (AI) as an alternative to the current methods. Few studies have applied Artificial Intelligence to the design of marine structures. Detailed review of the past and present research shows that AI and in particular Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) can be used as an inverse problem solver when there are no closed form relationships that exist between the input and the output. An inverse approach is defined as the problem where response of the structure is known but the load that caused that response is unknown. In real problems/structures the response to a point load is experienced throughout the structure with different levels of intensities which is the link between the external load and these differential intensities. Determining this relationship will result in a unique solution without the knowledge of material constitutive laws, material properties and structure size or thickness. The aim of this investigation is to develop a real time in-service load measurement tool using an inverse approach. To achieve this, ANN, experimental techniques and FEA analysis are combined to form a hybrid inverse problem solver that can be trained to use structural response, such as strains at various locations, to predict the loads that caused them. The main objective of this research is to investigate the suitability of the proposed methodology for real time in-service load monitoring on large marine structures. The proposed system must be able to measure both steady-state as well as transient load such as equivalent slamming load. The outcome of this investigation was successful prediction of the external loads in terms of their approximate location and load intensities. The only disadvantage of this method is that the solver requires training and can only learn from cases that it has been subjected to. However, once the system is trained it can predict both static and dynamic loads quickly and accurately.
Supporting Self-Experimentation of Behavior Change StrategiesJanuary 2016 (has links)
abstract: Desirable outcomes such as health and wellbeing are tightly linked to people’s behaviors, thus inspiring research on technologies that support productively changing those behaviors. Many behavior change technologies are designed by Human-Computer Interaction experts, but this approach makes it difficult to personalize support to each user’s unique goals and needs. As an alternative to the provision of expert-developed pre-fabricated behavior change solutions, the present study aims to empower users’ self-experimentation for behavior change. To this end, two levels of supports were explored. First, the provision of interactive digital materials to support users’ creation of behavioral plans was developed. In the initial step, a tutorial for self-experimentation for behavior change that was fully scripted with images in succession was created. The tutorial focuses on facilitating users’ learning and applying behavior change techniques. Second, users were equipped with a tool to support their implementation of context-aware just-in-time interventions. This tool enables prototyping of sensor-based responsive systems for home environments, integrating simple sensors (two-state magnetic sensors, etc.) and media event components (wireless sound, etc.). To evaluate the effectiveness of these two approaches, a between-subject trial comparing the approaches to a sleep education control was conducted with 27 participants over 7 weeks. Although results did not reveal significant difference in sleep quality improvement between the conditions, trends indicating greater effectiveness in the two treatment groups were observed. Analysis of the plans participants created and their revision performance also indicated that the two treatment groups developed more specific and personalized plans compared with the control group. / Dissertation/Thesis / Doctoral Dissertation Media Arts and Sciences 2016
Effects of Artificial Lighting in Dormitories on College Students’ Physiology and ProductionJanuary 2019 (has links)
abstract: The artificial lighting plays crucial role in the human life in the contemporary, globalized and highly complex world. Its influence on the physical and psychological health of the humans was studied by numerous reputable scholars from across the globe, however this study focuses on the impact of light on the college students living in the dormitories. The study seeks to find whether there is a correlation between light and health of the student, his/her performance, productivity, mood and feelings. The paper uses a relatively new housing near Arizona State University Tempe-campus as a case study as an attempt to substantiate the problem dimensions and suggest feasible solutions. Basing on the available literature on the topic and the case study evaluation, the author determined the range of possible recommendations for the lighting professionals in the industry to maximally satisfy the needs of the students and make their stay and life in the dormitory comfortable and healthy experience. The relevant conclusions are made basing on the obtained results. / Dissertation/Thesis / Masters Thesis Design 2019
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