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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Psychotrophic drugs and children with MBD

Levin, Roberta Joyce. January 1976 (has links)
Thesis--Wisconsin. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 52-57).

The relationship between lateralized motor impairment and verbal/visuospatial deficits in children with suspected brain dysfunction

Bailey, Mark Arnott William 19 July 2018 (has links)
In children with confirmed brain damage, neuropsychological research has established that evidence of lateralized (right or left hand) impairment on fine motor tests can be used to help infer dysfunction of the contralateral (opposite) cerebral hemisphere and its associated cognitive skills (e.g., verbal and visuospatial skills). In neuropsychological assessments of children with subjected brain dysfunction (such as learning disabilities and/or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder), fine motor tests are often used for much the same purpose. This constitutes an example of what is referred to in neuropsychology as the "Comparison of the Left and Right Sides of the Body" inferential method. However, its use for children with suspected brain dysfunction is not supported by the existing research literature. Furthermore, a recent series of studies on children with left hand motor impairment ("extreme right-handers") and no confirmed brain damage has produced results which are inconsistent with those that would be predicted based on traditional neuropsychological theory. It appears possible that previous studies found little relationship between lateralized motor impairment and distinctive cognitive deficits in children with suspected brain dysfunction largely due to the specific motor tests that they used (i.e., ones that rely more heavily on visuospatial/right hemisphere skills than verbal/left hemisphere skills). The Name Printing Test (Joschko & Bailey, 1996) was proposed to be a motor test that involves the skills of both cerebral hemispheres. It was therefore hypothesized to account for a significant amount of unique variance in performance on measures of both verbal and visuospatial cognitive skill, above and beyond that accounted for by the Grooved Pegboard and Finger Tapping Tests, in a sample of 77 right-handed children with suspected brain dysfunction. Left hand motor test scores were hypothesized to account for the greatest amount of variance in visuospatial cognitive skill, while right hand scores were hypothesized to account for the greatest amount of variance in verbal cognitive skill. The WlSC-III Verbal Comprehension and Perceptual Organization 6ctor scores were used as the measures of verbal and visuospatial cognitive skill, respectively. Hierarchical multiple regression was the primary method of analysis used to test the research hypotheses. The results provided little support for these hypotheses. Specifically, right and left hand motor test scores were found to be about equal in predicting verbal and visuospatial cognitive skills. Furthermore, only Grooved Pegboard scores accounted for a significant amount of unique variance in visuospatial cognitive skill, while no motor test score was a significant predictor of verbal cognitive ability. Little support was found for the use of the "Comparison of the Left and Right Sides of the Body" inferential method in this clinical group, and it was suggested that such methods of inference require more extensive validation. The Name Printing Test and Grooved Pegboard were found to be sensitive indicators of psychomotor impairment in children with suspected brain dysfunction, while the Finger Tapping Test was not. / Graduate

Neuropsychological correlates of social skills

Sherman, Elisabeth Mary Suzanne 26 July 2018 (has links)
Case studies and a small number of group studies in the neuropsychological literature on adults and children with brain dysfunction suggest that certain cognitive skills are important determinants of social skills. However, standardised measures of social skills designed expressly to measure this construct have not been used previously in the neuropsychological field. The goal of this study was to determine neuropsychological correlates of social skills in children referred for neuropsychological assessment, and compare the findings to the cognitive skills identified in social information processing models from developmental and clinical psychology. In younger children (6 to 9 years), only a measure of conceptual ability was related to social skills. However, from a clinical standpoint, differences in conceptual skills between socially impaired and socially skilled children were minimal. In older children (10 to 13 years), sustained attention and verbal reasoning were strong, unique predictors of social skills. However, only differences in sustained attention between socially skilled and unskilled children were clinically significant. Results were discussed with regards to 1) social information processing models, 2) the effect of age on the cognitive correlates of social skills; and 3) the relationship between insight and social skills. / Graduate

The effect of a developmental motor therapy programme on children with learning disabilities, or minimal brain dysfunction

Kay, Lorna 12 February 2015 (has links)
M.A. (Psychology) / Although recent research findings suggest that perceptualmotor training in the education of the child with learning problems is irrelevant and superfluous, clinicians have maintained that this method has notable success. The primary objective of the study was to explore the consequences of perceptual-motor therapy on the academic achievement, intellectual ability, and personality development of the MBD child. The subjects used were children in the aid classes of eight different schools. These children had been classified by the school psychologists and doctors as showing symptoms of MBD. A Solomon Four Group Design was utilised in the experimental investigation. This entailed the division of subjects into experimental and control groups. These groups were further subdivided so that half of each group received pre-testing and the other half no pre-testing. All the subjects received posttesting. Thus practice effect could be separated from treatment effect. There were sixty five subjects in the study, thirty two in the experimental group and thirty three in the control group.

A Comparison of Two Approaches to Presenting Two Series of Locomotor Skills to Children with Minimal Brain Dysfunction

Clark, Sharon E. 12 1900 (has links)
Because the child with minimal brain dysfunction has problems perceiving the world around him, and as a result, is hindered in the learning process; the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of two different methods of instruction in and practice of two series of similar locomotor skills upon the ability of children with minimal brain dysfunction to switch from one activity to another within each series.

Memory organization in attention deficit disorder children /

Ashbrook, Richard McBride January 1985 (has links)
No description available.

A neuropsychological model of learning disability; classification of brain function in 9-14 year old children.

Selz, Marion Judith. January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Washington. / Bibliography: leaves [120]-123.

Medikasie en kondisioneerbaarheid by sekere kinders met minimale breindisfunksie

Du Toit, Gerald Patrick 10 March 2014 (has links)
M.A. (Psychology) / Minimal brain dysfunction as a diagnostic category with specific manifestations in terms of decreased scholastic ability, deficits in perseptual-motor and attentional functioning, has received a great deal of attention over the past ten years. However, the precise nature of this condition is still unclear, especially with regards to children diagnosed as having minimal brain dysfunction's response to remedial treatment and medication. From a literature survey it was concluded that there are two groups of children with minimal brain dysfunction. These groups comply with the definitions made by Kenny, (1980) of a hiperkinotaxic group and a pseudohiperkinotaxic group where the former appear to be a group of children who do not respond to any form of training or treatment without the addition of stimulant medication. The pseudohiperkinotaxic group respond to educational remedial and psychological treatment without stimulant medication, where stimulant medication may even decrease their functional ability. It was hypothesized that because of certain neuro-chemical factors hiperkinotaxic children are less conditionable without stimulant medication, than the pseudohiperkintoxic chirdren. In order to investigate this hypothesis three groups of children were isolated, a control group with no sign of minimal. brain dysfunction, an experimental group with minimal brain dysfunction who responded psychological and educational treatment only with the addition of stimulant medication...

Ontoereikende sosiale waarneming, sosiale vaardigheidsgebreke en gedragsprobleme by kinders met minimale breindisfunksie

Engelbrecht, Johannes Jacob 12 February 2015 (has links)
M.A. (Psychology) / The purpose of this study was to determine if a relationship exists between social competence and the recognition of emotional expressions in children with minimal brain dysfunction. For this purpose a scale that assessed recognition of emotional expressions. was constructed and validated. Subsequently a group of 26 children with minimal brain dysfunction that satisfied certain selection criteria were selected as an experimental group and were paired off with a group of normal children. The groups were thereafter compared with each other in respect of social competence and recognition of emotions. Results revealed that children with minimal brain dysfunction made significantly more errors in the recognition of emotional expressions and that behavioural predispositions or traits such as aggression, assertiveness, and submission differed significantly between normal children and those with minimal brain dysfunction.

A Behavioral-Technological Approach to Increasing Attention-to-Task Behavior in "Hyperactive" Children

Stevens, Larry Charles 05 1900 (has links)
The present study sought to alleviate the response cost inefficiency of the behavioral approach to controlling classroom hyperactivity by increasing the observer-student ratio via behavioral-electronic technology. A portable, integrated-circuit, counting and timing device was developed to enable immediate time-sequenced data recording and reinforcing of eight target behaviors by a single observer. A multiple-baseline design, across matched individuals was utilized to demonstrate the reinforcing effects. The results indicated a significant increase over mean baseline frequency in attention-to-task behavior for the group of eight students. It was concluded that by utilizing the behavioral-technological intervention strategy applied in this study, one observer could accurately monitor and reinforce eight students simultaneously and subsequently increase task attentiveness.

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