• Refine Query
  • Source
  • Publication year
  • to
  • Language
  • 607
  • 446
  • 215
  • 49
  • 27
  • 23
  • 16
  • 11
  • 10
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
  • Tagged with
  • 1721
  • 637
  • 402
  • 382
  • 324
  • 292
  • 231
  • 205
  • 198
  • 166
  • 155
  • 143
  • 141
  • 130
  • 125
  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Developing a measure for layered stigma

Metcalfe, Quinn 15 April 2009 (has links)
The current models for stigma measurement are disease-specific and created for use with adults, despite the fact that stigma may be experienced also by adolescents and may be layered, and not simply the result of one disease. Stigma in adolescents may effect their life outcome, as many emotional and social changes are happening at this point in life, therefore developing a measure to address stigma in youth is important. Focus groups of youth will be chosen based on sexual orientation, ethnic minority, street involvement, visible physical disability and history of sexual exploitation, with an eye to ensuring the sample contains individuals experiencing layered stigma. The result of research will be an adolescent- specific measure of perceived stigma, enacted stigma and internalized stigma that can be used to understand how stigma effects the perceptions, risk-behaviours and futures of youth, and to develop stigma reduction strategies.
2

Motyvacijos slėpti stigmą tyrimo ypatumai / Research on motivation to hide stigma

Kratulytė, Edita 23 June 2014 (has links)
Motyvacijos slėpti stigmą tyrimo ypatumai Sveikatos arba susijusi su liga stigma – labai pavojinga, nes sukelia stresą jau dėl turimos ligos ir dėl galimos, jei pradėtų gydytis, stigmos, pablogina darbo ir socialinę situaciją, dėl baimės, kad netapti stigmatizuotu, žmogus gali nepradėti gydymo ar jį nutraukti. Priklausomai nuo ligos sunkumo išeitis gali būti mirtina. Priklausomai nuo ligos, kartais išeitis gali būti mirtina. Inkontinencija yra plačiai paplitęs stigmatizuojantis susirgimas, labiau paplitęs tarp moterų. Kad išvengti diskreditacijos kitų akyse, šios moterys vengia sekso, nedirba, jų fizinis aktyvumas limituotas, joms atsiranda depresija, sumažėja jų savigarba. Jos gyvena su baime būti pastebėtos šlapios, kad kas nors pajus kvapą ir kenčia nuo žinojimo, kad negali sukontroliuoti savo šlapimo pūslės veiklos, tačiau nesigydo ir slepia tai net nuo savo šeimos narių. Šio kokybinio tyrimo tikslas buvo ištirti motyvus, kurie verčia Lietuvos moteris slėpti inkontinenciją. Buvo apklausta 12 moterų. Amžiaus vidurkis – 50,5 metai. Apklausai naudotas pusiau struktūruotą interviu. Rezultatai buvo analizuojami naudojant kontent – analizės metodo principus. Atlikus tyrimą buvo gauta, kad inkontinencijos stigmą slepiama siekiant išlaikyti savo vertę, garbę, pasiekimus, savo turimus santykius bei priklausymą savo grupei ir išvengti atstūmimo. Dažniausia tiriamosios turėjo keletą vieną su kitu susijusius motyvus. Nesigydoma ir dėl nepasitikėjimo Lietuvoje esančia medicinos... [toliau žr. visą tekstą] / Research on stigma hiding motivation The disease- associated stigma can be particularly difficult. Not only are they at risk to develop other stress- related illnesses, but the clinical course of the stigmatised illness itself may be worsened. Other outcomes also affected, such as the ability to work or lead a normal social life. The fear of being labelled with the disease may cause individuals to delay or avoid seeking treatment. The outcome might be tragical, depending on the disease. Incontinence is wide spread stigmatising disease, which affects women more than men. To avoid disclosure, they are limiting their activities, stop working, refusing to have sex, getting depressed and lowered self –esteem. They are suffering from fear to be noticed wet, that somebody will smell, suffer that cannot control their blader, but they refuse to visit doctor and keep all that in secrecy even from own family. The aim of this quality research was to find out the motives to hide incontinence stigma. Quality semi- structured interviu was made with 12 women. Age mean – 50,5 years. Findings: the motives to hide incontinence stigma mainly are to keep up self – esteem, status and authority, to avoid shame; keep relationship with their family and group and to avoid rejection. In most cases, was found few related motives for stigma hiding. The results shows, that in the peoples mind incontinence is related with getting old. The women hide their stigma and do not seek the treatment also because... [to full text]
3

The development and validation of a new measure of stigma resistance

Firmin, Ruth L. January 2016 (has links)
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) / STUDY 1: Objective: Stigma resistance is consistently linked with key recovery outcomes, yet theoretical work is limited. This study explored stigma resistance from the perspective of individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). Methods: Twenty-four individuals with SMI who were either peer-service-providers (those with lived experience providing services; n = 14) or consumers of mental health services (n = 10) engaged in semi-structured interviews regarding experiences with stigma, self-stigma, and stigma resistance, including key elements of this process and examples of situations in which they resisted stigma. Results: Stigma resistance is an ongoing, active process that involves using one’s experiences, knowledge, and sets of skills at the 1) personal, 2) peer, and 3) public levels. Stigma resistance at the personal level involves a) not believing stigma or catching and challenging stigmatizing thoughts, b) empowering oneself by learning about mental health and recovery, c) maintaining one’s recovery and proving stigma wrong, and d) developing a meaningful identity beyond mental illness. Stigma resistance at the peer level involves using one’s experiences to help others fight stigma and at the public level, resistance involved a) education, b) challenging stigma, c) disclosing one’s lived experience, and d) advocacy work. Discussion: Findings present a more nuanced conceptualization of resisting stigma, grounded in the experiences of people with SMI. Interventions should consider focusing on personal stigma resistance early on and increasing the incorporation of peers into services. STUDY 2: Background: Despite strong links between stigma resistance and recovery outcomes, limitations of existing measures of stigma resistance have contributed to this construct remaining largely under-studied. This study sought to develop and validate an improved measure of mental illness stigma resistance, grounded in the perspectives of people with lived experience. Method: An item pool was developed from qualitative interviews (Study 1) and items were piloted in an online MTurk sample with people self-reporting a mental illness diagnosis (n=489). Best performing items were selected and preliminary factor structure was examined using exploratory factor analysis in a subset of the sample (30%, n=161). The new measure was then administered to individuals at two state mental health consumer recovery conferences (n=202) and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to assess factor structure and refine the measure. Validity of the new scale was then examined through correlations with theoretically relevant measures. Results: The EFA suggested possible models of either 1, 3, or 5 factors. CFA demonstrated that the 5-factor model best fit the remaining MTurk data (n=328) and this was replicated in the conference sample; these samples were then combined to refine the measure across a heterogeneous sample (n=530). The final 20-item measure demonstrated good internal consistency for the total score (.93) and each of the 5 subscales (.71 - .88), good test-retest reliability (.74), and strong construct validity. Discussion: This study produced an improved measure of stigma resistance with strong psychometric properties and construct validity. Use of this new measure will allow for a more nuanced assessment of stigma resistance across important domains of recovery.
4

En känsla av tillhörighet : En kvalitativ studie om missbruk och utanförskap

Winters, Sofia January 2014 (has links)
Uppsatsens huvudsakliga syfte är att skapa en djupare förståelse för upplevt utanförskap i missbruk. Uppsatsens teoretiska utgångspunkter är Erving Goffmans resonemang kring stigmatieringsprocesser och strategier för att hantera det upplevda stigmat, samt Howard S. Beckers diskussion kring olika former av avvikelse. Den tidigare forskningen som finns inom missbruk är omfattande men de teman som främst ansetts vara relevanta för den här uppsatsen har varit de som berör stigma eller som använder sig av intervjuer. Sammanfattningsvis verkar det som om det finns en stigmatisering av människor med missbruk men oftast är de som intervjuas personer som arbetar med människor med missbruk och det är något ovanligt att missbrukare själva får komma till tals, vilket har varit viktigt i den här studien. Angreppssättet som valts för att besvara frågeställningen är ostrukturerade intervjuer med åtta män med erfarenheter av missbruk. Uppsatsen slutsats är att deltagarna upplever ett utanförskap som går att koppla till Goffman och Beckers teorier. Ett exempel på det är deltagare som berättar hur de har försökt hantera sitt upplevda utanförskap genom att dölja sitt stigma, missbruket. Dock verkar det upplevda utanförskapet finnas för deltagarna innan deras missbruk samt finnas kvar i drogfriheten. Förslag på vidare forskning är att undersöka det upplevda utanförskapets orsaker samt hur det hanteras i drogfriheten.
5

Dirty Work - Ett jobb som alla andra? : Att arbeta på ett företag inom alkoholbranschen / Dirty Work - Just a regular job? : To work at a company within the alcohol business

Grapne, Marcus, Hagström, Mattias January 2014 (has links)
Syftet med denna studie är att förstå och analysera hur anställda upplever sinverksamhet och anställning på ett företag i alkoholbranschen, vilket även kallas förDirty Work. Vi vill även studera de anställdas uppfattningar om företaget och hur HR-avdelningen kan arbeta mot de anställda. För att få svar på syftet och frågeställningarna genomfördes fokusgruppsintervjuer bland anställda på det studerade företaget. Resultaten visar att de anställda uppfattar sin anställning som vilket jobb som helst och känslan att arbeta för ett företag inom alkoholbranschen är positiv. Den känslan och normaliseringen av branschen skiljer sig från den forskning som finns sedan tidigare och har troligen sin grund i samhällets förändrade syn på alkohol.För HR-avdelningen är det viktigt med intern kommunikation om branschens påverkan i samhället för att ge anställda verktyg för att skapa en ökad arbetstillfredsställelse och kunna försvara den potentiella stigmatisering som föreligger i arbetet.
6

Reducing stigma: the effect of an educational intervention

Burns, Amy Minh Nhat Unknown Date
No description available.
7

Social Stigma Perceived by Patients with Chronic Pain Attending a Cognitive Behavioral Pain Management Program (Pain 101)

Vallabh, Pravesh Unknown Date
No description available.
8

Comparison of stigmatizing experiences between Korean and Canadian patients with depression and bipolar disorders

LEE, HYEWON 22 August 2012 (has links)
Stigma is one of the key barriers to mental health services and there has been growing efforts to develop anti-stigma programs. However, little research has been done on quantifying experiences of stigma and their psychosocial impacts in the perspectives of those that suffer from mental illnesses. It is essential to develop an instrument that quantifies the extent and impact of stigma. Therefore, we conducted a study to field-test The Inventory of Stigmatizing Experiences and measure the difference in perceived stigma and its psychosocial impacts on Korean and Canadian patients with Depression and Bipolar disorders. A cross-sectional comparison study was conducted. Data collection took place at tertiary care hospitals located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada and Seoul, South Korea. In total, 214 Canadian and 51 Korean individuals with depression and bipolar disorder participated. Canadian participants reported significantly higher experience with stigma (p << 0.05) and its impact (p << 0.05) compared to Korean participants. Moreover, patients with bipolar disorder had significantly higher scores on both stigma experience and impact compared to patients with depression (p << 0.05). However, the diagnosis status was not a significant factor in the linear regression analyses, whereas nationality remained as a strong predictor of stigma. Age of symptom onset was also a strong predictor for both stigma experience and stigma impact. Marital status was also a significant factor for stigma impact. Both subscales of the inventory (the stigma experiences scale and the stigma impact scale) were highly reliable, with reliability coefficients of 0.81 and 0.93, respectively. In conclusion, there seems to be higher level of stigma and impact in the Canadian population compared to the Korean population. In addition, bipolar disorder patients may experience more stigma and higher impact compared to patients with depression. These differences in stigma experience and its impact in different populations (by nationality and diagnosis) suggest the need to develop more tailored anti-stigma programs. The Inventory of Stigmatizing Experiences is a highly reliable instrument. / Thesis (Master, Neuroscience Studies) -- Queen's University, 2012-08-17 12:23:14.762
9

The role of competence and warmth in the evaluation of obese individuals

Thouas, Lisa R. 19 February 2013 (has links)
This study examined the effect of varying levels of competence and warmth portrayed by an obese woman, on the evaluation of obese individuals in general. The Stereotype Content Model (SCM) provided a theoretical basis for the four interventions and one control group tested in this study. The interventions involved presenting, either online or in-person, a vignette of an obese woman with varying levels (high versus low) of competence and warmth to 400 first year university students. Several measures were used to evaluate feelings, attitudes, stereotypes, and levels of perceived competence and warmth both prior to receiving the intervention and at three follow-up times. Results revealed significant effects of the warmth intervention on measures of competence and warmth at the post-test 1 time, and of the warmth intervention on measures of competence in examining changes over a two-week time period. Results also showed significant effects of presentation condition, the most interesting finding being that those in the online condition reported the greatest decrease in negative stereotypes and evaluations. Limitations of this study including design flaws are identified, as are suggestions for future research, and implications of these findings.
10

The role of competence and warmth in the evaluation of obese individuals

Thouas, Lisa R. 19 February 2013 (has links)
This study examined the effect of varying levels of competence and warmth portrayed by an obese woman, on the evaluation of obese individuals in general. The Stereotype Content Model (SCM) provided a theoretical basis for the four interventions and one control group tested in this study. The interventions involved presenting, either online or in-person, a vignette of an obese woman with varying levels (high versus low) of competence and warmth to 400 first year university students. Several measures were used to evaluate feelings, attitudes, stereotypes, and levels of perceived competence and warmth both prior to receiving the intervention and at three follow-up times. Results revealed significant effects of the warmth intervention on measures of competence and warmth at the post-test 1 time, and of the warmth intervention on measures of competence in examining changes over a two-week time period. Results also showed significant effects of presentation condition, the most interesting finding being that those in the online condition reported the greatest decrease in negative stereotypes and evaluations. Limitations of this study including design flaws are identified, as are suggestions for future research, and implications of these findings.

Page generated in 0.0806 seconds