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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Reaching the Unreached: How Can We Use ICTs to Empower the Rural Poor in the Developing World through Enhanced Access to Relevant Information?

Arunachalam, Subbiah January 2002 (has links)
Often funding agencies and donor governments face the question should they support ICT activities in their development projects. Should the money be invested in computers and communication devices or will it be better spent on food, shelter, health, and education? The choice need not be 'either or'. If used intelligently and innovatively, ICTs can form an integral component of development projects, as is shown by the award-winning Information Village project of M S Swaminathan Research Foundation. The important point to remember is that one does not have to use technology because it is there, but one uses it if there is a genuine advantage. In any development programme, people and their contexts should decide how one goes about implementing development interventions. The needs of the people and the best means to satisfy them should determine the whole programme. Often ICT-based development projects do not bring in the expected results because of undue emphasis placed on technology. Against this background, the factors that led to the success of the Pondicherry experience are analysed.

Graphic conceptual models and communication theory

Kent, George January 1961 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Boston University / Graphic conceptual models have contributed, and can contribute, a great deal toward the advancement of the study of communication. At the same time, the theory of communication can be useful for he investigation of the nature of models. A number of diagrammatic representations of the elements and their interrelationships in the communication process have been proposed, each with its own unique advantages. But their usefulness has been limited. One of the reasons for this is that every new model that is introduced uses its own new "language" of diagrammatic symbols and forms. [TRUNCATED]

The social shaping of RU486 in Canada: a preliminary case study and sociotechnical analysis.

Campbell, Patricia A. January 1996 (has links)
No description available.

Flexible Intercom System Design for Telemetry Sites and Other Test Environments

Bougan, Timothy B. 10 1900 (has links)
International Telemetering Conference Proceedings / October 28-31, 1996 / Town and Country Hotel and Convention Center, San Diego, California / Testing avionics and military equipment often requires extensive facilities and numerous operators working in concert. In many cases these facilities are mobile and can be set up at remote locations. In almost all situations the equipment is loud and makes communication between the operators difficult if not impossible. Furthermore, many sites must transmit, receive, relay, and record telemetry signals. To facilitate communication, most telemetry and test sites incorporate some form of intercom system. While intercom systems themselves are a not a new concept and are available in many forms, finding one that meets the requirements of the test community (at a reasonable cost) can be a significant challenge. Specifically, the test director must often communicate with several manned stations, aircraft, remote sites, and/or simultaneously record all or some of the audio traffic. Furthermore, it is often necessary to conference all or some of the channels (so that all those involved can fully follow the progress of the test). The needs can be so specialized that they often demand a very expensive "custom" solution. This paper describes the philosophy and design of a multi-channel intercom system specifically intended to support the needs of the telemetry and test community. It discusses in detail how to use state-of-the-art field programmable gate arrays, relatively inexpensive computers and digital signal processors, and some other new technologies to design a fully digital, completely non-blocking intercom system. The system described is radically different from conventional designs but is much more cost effective (thanks to recent developments in programmable logic, microprocessor performance, and serial/digital technologies). This paper presents, as an example, the conception and design of an actual system purchased by the US government.

Understanding television: the art and science of aesthetic response

Terzic, Marilyn January 2011 (has links)
No description available.

Tactics and technology: cultural resistance at the Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp

Feigenbaum, Anna January 2008 (has links)
No description available.

Making Canadian music industry policy 1970-1998

Sutherland, Richard Francis January 2009 (has links)
This dissertation is a history of the development of the Canadian federal government's music industry policies from about 1970 to 1998. Over this period the government undertook a number of significant initiatives that mark the emergence of the Canadian music industry as a distinctive object of federal policy. The resulting account is not a single, linear narrative but unfolds in three separate but related streams, based on the following policies: Canadian content quotas for radio, the Sound Recording Development Program (a funding program to support the production and marketing of sound recordings), and revisions to Canada's copyright regime, such as neighbouring rights and a home taping levy. Each of these policies has a distinct history, originating in different areas of government at different times. Together, they do not form a consistent whole as much as an overlapping set of separate "policy assemblages," incorporating distinctive policy instruments and particular configurations of the Canadian music industry. Drawing on Michel Callon's work on the construction of markets, the dissertation explores the various ways in which the Canadian music industry enters into cultural policy through its associations with other extant policy formations. Canada's music industry appears in various roles in this history – as a supplier of programming for broadcasters, as a sector comparable to other 'cultural industries' such as film production and book publishing, and as the representative of the rights of artists and creators. Finally, the dissertation examines the ways in which these conceptions begin to cohere through the efforts of government and the industry representati / Ce travail dresse un historique des mesures prises par le gouvernement fédéral canadien dans le domaine de l'industrie musicale, de 1970 environ jusqu'en 1998. Au cours de cette période, le gouvernement met en place plusieurs mesures décisives qui font de la production musicale un secteur spécifique de la politique fédérale. Le texte qui suit n'est pas un compte rendu chronologique; il s'organise en trois parties distinctes mais interdépendantes, qui recensent trois types de mesures : le quota de contenu canadien pour les programmes radiophoniques, le programme d'aide au dévelopement de l'enregistrement sonore (un programme qui finance la production et le marketing des enregistrements sonores), et les corrections apportées au régime canadien du droit d'auteur : droits voisins, droits à la copie pour usage privé. Ces mesures ont leurs histoires propres, nées à des périodes différentes dans des ministères différents. Considérées dans leur ensemble, elles ne forment pas un tout cohérent, mais plutôt une collection d'"agencements politiques", qui combinent procédures politiques et aménagements propres au secteur concerné, celui de la production musicale au Canada. S'inspirant des recherches de Michel Callon sur la construction des marchés, notre travail explore les différentes filières par lesquelles la production musicale canadienne a pris place dans la politique culturelle grâce à son association avec d'autres institutions déjà en place. L'industrie musicale canadienne joue plusieurs rôles dans notre travail : pour les diffuseurs, celui de fournisseur de programmes, pour les autres secteurs de la vie culturelle (cinéma ou édition), cel

Interpreting success and failure: the eclectic careers of Eva and Juliette Gauthier

Slominska, Anita Marie January 2009 (has links)
My dissertation explores the eclectic singing careers of sisters Eva and Juliette Gauthier. Born in Ottawa, Eva and Juliettte were aided in their musical aspirations by the patronage of Prime Minister Wilfred Laurier and his wife Lady Zoë. They both received classical vocal training in Europe. Eva spent four years in Java. She studied the local music, which later became incorporated into her concert repertoire in North America. She went on to become a leading interpreter of modern art song. Juliette became a performer of Canadian folk music in Canada, the United States and Europe, aiming to reproduce folk music “realistically” in a concert setting. My dissertation is the result of examining archival materials pertaining to their careers, combined with research into the various social and cultural worlds they traversed. Eva and Juliette’s careers are revealing of a period of transition in the arts and in social experience more generally. These transitions are related to the exploitation of non-Western people, uses of the “folk,” and the emergence of a cultural marketplace that was defined by a mixture of highbrow institutions and mass culture industries. My methodology draws from the sociology of art and cultural history, transposing Eva and Juliette Gauthier against the backdrop of the social, cultural and economic conditions that shaped their career trajectories and made them possible. / Ma thèse de doctorat explore les carrières éclectiques des chanteuses Eva et Juliette Gauthier. Nées à Ottawa, ces deux sœurs ont été supportées par le Premier Ministre Wilfred Laurier et sa femme Lady Zoë dans la poursuite de leurs aspirations musicales. Toutes deux ont suivi des cours de chant classiques en Europe, Eva passant quatre ans à Java où elle étudia la musique locale qu’elle a ensuite introduite dans son répertoire de concert en Amérique du Nord. Elle devint ainsi une des interprètes principales de la chanson de l’école moderne. Pour sa part, Juliette est devenue chanteuse de musique folk canadienne, donnant des concerts tant au Canada et aux Etats-Unis qu’en Europe, dans le but d’en donner une représentation « réaliste » à l’intérieur même d’un concert.Ma thèse est le résultat de l’analyse des documents d’archive portant sur leurs carrières et de la recherche des divers milieux sociaux et culturels qu’elles ont traversés. Les carrières d’Eva et de Juliette sont révélatrices d’une période de transition dans le domaine des arts et, de façon générale, dans l’expérience sociale. Ces transitions sont reliées à l’exploitation des peuples non-occidentaux, à l’usage du « folk » et à l’émergence d’un marché culturel défini par le mélange des institutions établies et des industries de la culture de masse. Ma méthodologie puise dans la sociologie de l’histoire de l’art et de la culture, mettant Eva et Juliette Gauthier en relief dans le contexte des conditions sociales, culturelles et économiques qui ont marqué et rendu possible la trajectoire de leurs carrières.

Intensive English in Quebec: popular attitudes and news media debates

Perez, Mirian January 2013 (has links)
In the province of Quebec, Canada, linguistic issues are often covered by the French-language news media in a way that vilifies the English language and victimizes the French language. This author considers it necessary that the French-speaking population understand that English instruction need not harm students' school performance in any subject, including French. Individuals need to have access to accurate and diversified information about research on second language instruction. The thesis research reported here investigated how three French-language newspapers in Quebec (Le Devoir and La Presse, from Montreal, and Le Soleil, from Quebec City) framed the debate about the Ministère de l'Éducation, Loisir et Sports's (MELS) announcement of their intention to implement a mandatory intensive English program policy in all Quebec schools (Grade Six) between July 2010 and July 2012. The theoretical framework for this study was frame analysis (Entman, 1993; Goffman, 1974; Hallahan, 2008; McCombs, 2004; Pan, 2008; Scheufele, 2008). The study investigated how positive or gain frames contrast with negative or loss frames, with details of how the publications under study chose to position themselves on the issue. In total, 60 newspaper articles (news, editorials, op-eds and letters) containing the key words 'anglais intensif' ['intensive English'] were studied. The findings show that all three newspapers, but especially Le Devoir and Le Soleil, were mainly against the policy and that most of the arguments were framed as losses or negative attributes of intensive English. The results also show that the extensive scholarly research on intensive English was not well represented in the newspapers. These three publications should therefore give more space for differing views about language issues in their reporting. Moreover, newspaper readers should also question themselves about the objectivity of the reporting. / Dans la province du Québec, au Canada, les problèmes linguistiques sont souvent abordés par les medias francophones dans une façon que diffame la langue anglaise et victimise la langue française. L'auteure du présent rapport considère qu'il serait important que la population francophone comprenne que le fait d'apprendre l'anglais, langue seconde, n'a pas forcément de conséquences sur la performance des étudiants dans d'autres matières, y compris le français. Les individus on besoin d'avoir accès à de l'information exacte et diversifiée en ce qui concerne les recherches en didactique et apprentissage des langues secondes. Ce mémoire de maîtrise a examiné comment, pendant la période entre juillet 2010 et juillet 2012, trois quotidiens francophones au Québec (Le Devoir et La Presse, de Montréal ainsi que Le Soleil, de la Ville de Québec) ont encadré le débat autour de l'annonce du Ministère de l'Éducation, Loisir et Sports (MELS) de son intention d'implanter un programme d'anglais intensif obligatoire en sixième année. Le cadre théorique de cette étude est la théorie de l'encadrement ('frame analysis') (Entman, 1993; Goffman, 1974; Hallahan, 2008; McCombs, 2004; Pan, 2008; Scheufele, 2008). Nous nous penchons sur la question de comment les cadres positifs, ou de gains, contrastent aux cadres négatifs, ou de pertes, ajoutant des précisions sur la façon dont les quotidiens étudiés ont choisi de se positionner par rapport au sujet. Un total de 60 articles (nouvelles, éditoriaux, 'op-eds' et lettres) contenant le mot de recherche 'anglais intensif' ont été étudié. Les résultats démontrent que les trois quotidiens, plus particulièrement Le Devoir et Le Soleil, étaient en grande partie contre la politique et que la plupart de leurs arguments ont été encadrés comme étant des pertes, ou des attributs négatifs, de l'anglais intensif. Les résultats démontrent aussi que les recherches académiques sur le sujet n'on pas été adéquatement représentées par les quotidiens. Nous concluons que ces trois quotidiens devraient donner plus d'espace aux différents points de vue sur le sujet. De plus, les lecteurs des journaux devraient se questionner d'avantage sur l'objectivité des reportages.

Time does tell: on the archival potential of films

Gouigah, Mohammed January 2013 (has links)
This study seeks to demonstrate and illustrate the archival potential of films. Theoretically grounded in ontological writing about archives by Jacques Derrida and Diane Taylor, this thesis recognises the act of archiving and of perpetuating knowledge in material form as eminently political and future oriented. The archival dimension of films is illustrated through an analysis of films as archives of a repertoire of urban embodied practices. Two case studies are examined: Kar-Wai Wong's film Happy Together (1997) and Woody Allen's Manhattan (1979). Wong's film is discussed as archiving a set of queer urban practices as well as a relationship between bodies and the city that is specific to late twentieth century queer space as theorized by Aaron Betsky. A relationship that is also concordant with conceptualisation of the interactions between bodies and urban space by scholars such as Elizabeth Grosz. Manhattan, this thesis argues, archives a contrasting repertoire of ways of being in the city. Rather than archive marginal practices, Allen's film preserves bourgeois, heterosexual and public—rather than clandestine—ways of navigating the city for romantic ends. This repertoire is discussed in relation to Michel de Certeau's writing on the act of walking in the city. The nature of these two contrasting repertoires of ways bodies move in the city and interact with its structures is reflected in use of motion in both films. A discussion of film style contrasts the leitmotivs of motion and stasis in both films as echoing the dominant and marginal position of the repertoires archived by both films. In the end motion is discussed as inseparable from the archival potential of film as it allows for the recording of bodies in motion and for film's own reproduction and circulation through time and space. / Cette étude cherche à démontrer le potentiel du film en tant qu'archive. Reposant au niveau théorique sur les études ontologiques de Jacques Derrida et de Diane Taylor sur les archives, cette thèse reconnaît comme éminemment politique et tourné vers l'avenir l'acte même d'archiver et de perpétuer le savoir au moyen de supports matériels. La dimension d'archive des films est illustré au travers une analyse de ces derniers en tant qu'archive d'un répertoire de pratiques citadine ayant trait au corps. Deux études de cas sont proposées: Happy Together (1997) de Kar-Wai Wong et Manhattan (1979) de Woody Allen. Le film de Wong est envisagé comme formant une archive d'un ensemble de pratiques urbaines queer et une relation entre corps et espace urbain propre à la fin du vingtième siècle et à ce que Aaron Betsky a théorisé et nommé queer space. Cette relation concorde avec les conceptualisations de cette interaction entre corps et espace urbain mises de l'avant par des chercheurs tels Elizabeth Grosz. Plutôt que d'archiver des pratiques marginales, le film d'Allen préserve quant à lui des moyens de naviguer la ville à des fins amoureuses qui sont à la fois bourgeois, hétérosexuels et publics plutôt que clandestins. Ce répertoire est examiné en relation avec les écrits de Michel de Certeau sur l'acte de marcher dans la ville. La nature de ces deux contrastés répertoires de manières dont des corps se meuvent dans la ville et interagissent avec ses structures est reflétée dans la place qu'occupe le mouvement dans les deux films. Un examen des styles des deux films fait apparaitre les leitmotivs contrasté du mouvement et de la stase qui se font écho des positions dominantes et marginales des deux répertoires archivés dans les deux films. En fin de compte, le mouvement est entrevu comme indivisible du potentiel des films en tant qu'archives étant donné qu'il permet à ces derniers de préserver le mouvement des corps et qu'il rend possible leur reproduction ainsi que leur circulation dans l'espace et le temps.

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