Gouge, Dawn H., Stock, Tim, Nair, Shaku, Li, Shujuan (Lucy), Bryks, Sam, Hurley, Janet, Fournier, Al
12 pp. / This document is intended to help you develop an implementable IPM Plan for your school or school district. We have provided a modifiable template which can be downloaded at: http://cals.arizona.edu/apmc/westernschoolIPM.html#pubs.
Gouge, Dawn, Olson, Carl, Baker, Paul
8 pp. / Mosquitoes, Scorpions; Revised / In nature, termites function as decomposers that breakdown dead wood that accumulates in and on the soil. The beneficial products of this breakdown process are returned to the soil as humus. Drywood and subterranean termites are the most destructive insect pests of wood, causing more than $1.7 billion in damages and cost of control each year in the U.S. alone. Their presence in structures is seldom noticed until damage is discovered or the termites swarm within the building. Drywood termites are found in the southern tier of states, from North Carolina through the Gulf Coast, Arizona and into the coastal areas of California.
Gouge, Dawn, Lawaczeck, E., Snyder, J., Renison, Nancy
16 pp. / Bat IPM / Bats, order Chiroptera, have traditionally been maligned and misunderstood by the general public. Bats are, however, important components of the natural and urban landscape; they provide valuable pest control of public health and nuisance insects, and they serve an important role in the pollination of several of Arizona's native columnar cacti. In urban environments, particularly schools, bats are of concern due to their ability to vector the rabies virus. Consequently, the status of bats of bats in schools has become that of a pest. Integrated pest management (IPM) methods have traditionally been reserved for managing arthropods; however, the fundamental principles of urban IPM may be just as easily applied to mammals with equal success. The ecologically sensitive aspects of IPM make this a highly preferred approach in managing bats as an organism of considerable conservation concern.
3 pp. / This will be an overview of what IPM is and how to use it in a home garden.
Yamagiwa, Takayoshi Jose II
19 February 1998
Nominal Rates of Protection (NPR) were calculated to quantify the degree of pesticide subsidy in Ecuador from 1991 to 1996. Equilibrium exchange rates were computed first to determine the indirect and total NPR's in addition to the direct NPR's. The computed equilibrium exchange rates from 1987 to 1996 indicated a decreasing trend in Sucre overvaluation. The direct NPR's indicated a small tax on pesticides due to a tariff and customs tax, and the indirect NPR's indicated a decreasing trend of subsidization due to the reduction in Sucre overvaluation. In sum, total NPR's indicated that the subsidy on pesticides has decreased substantially. A demand function for pesticides was estimated to quantify the effect of price distortions on pesticide demand. Due to the limited degrees of freedom, a statistically significant function was not obtained. However, pesticide price, agricultural credit, and overvaluation of the Sucre were statistically significant in influencing pesticide demand. Policy implications were drawn based on empirical results and background information. Since the agricultural profitability of small farms producing outputs for domestic consumption is most affected by the current economic liberalization, the Ecuadoran government may need to find a means for supporting the profitability of these farms to protect national agricultural productivity. Policies that aid these farmers in the adoption of inexpensive integrated pest management (IPM) technologies would help achieve this end, while reducing the environmental and health problems caused by pesticide use. / Master of Science
Gouge, Dawn, Green, Tom, Lame, Marc, Shour, Mark, Hurley, Janet, Braband, Lynn, Glick, Sherry, Graham, Fudd, Murray, Kathy
4 pp. / Revised
Ellsworth, Peter, Palumbo, John C., Naranjo, Steven E., Dennehy, Timothy J., Nichols, Robert L.
4 pp. / This bulletin will provide a comprehensive update of the statewide guidelines for whitefly management in cotton (Last version, 4/96), including guidelines for crop and host management, scouting and decision-making, areawide impact, and effective chemical use. A new set of resistance management guidelines will be highlighted.
Diversidade e sucessão ecológica de insetos associados à decomposição animal em fragmento de Mata Atlântica de PernambucoMorais Cruz, Tadeu 31 January 2008 (has links)
Made available in DSpace on 2014-06-12T15:03:15Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 arquivo1214_1.pdf: 726757 bytes, checksum: c63626a726c7c35db01baf6f0c3a4705 (MD5) license.txt: 1748 bytes, checksum: 8a4605be74aa9ea9d79846c1fba20a33 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2008 / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior / A compreensão dos aspectos da diversidade e sucessão ecológica dos insetos envolvidos na decomposição cadavérica é importante, particularmente, na estimava do intervalo pós-morte (IPM) nas ciências forenses, apesar de estudos de decomposição em carcaças em ambientes abertos serem freqüentemente negligenciados em algumas regiões, mesmo fornecendo informações relevantes. Este estudo objetivou obter a riqueza e a diversidade dos insetos associados em carcaças suínas, Sus scrofa L, expostas em um fragmento de mata atlântica no nordeste brasileiro em duas estações, indicando as espécies importantes forensicamente, examinando comportamento da comunidade de inseto e testando o padrão de colonização da entomofauna durante todo os estágios de decomposição. Os invertebrados visitantes e colonizadores foram coletados diariamente e identificados. Foram coletados 10.039 dipteras que pertencem a 18 famílias (Sarcophagidae, Calliphoridae, Mesembrineliidae, Muscidae, Anthomyiidae, Fanniidae, Piophilidae, Phoridae, Stratiomyidae, Neriidae, Micropezidae, Tabanidae, Asilidae, Ropalomeridae, Drosophilidae, Chloropidae, Milichidae, Dixidae). As espécies Megaselia scalaris, Ophyra chalcogaster, Patonella intermutans e Hemilucilia segmentaria merecem atenção especial porque o adulto e formas imaturas foram encontrados em todas as experimentações. Este estudo preliminar da diversidade e da sucessão ecológica dos dípteros em uma carcaça de porco contribui para estimar o IPM em nossa região
Montgomery, Kellyn Paige
25 July 2011
This research on gender and tomato production in rural sub-county of Busukuma in Uganda explores the roles that distance and mobility play in adoption of environmentally friendly crop protection practices. Ugandaâ s National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) prioritized blight and bacterial wilt as significant detrimental crop diseases for tomatoes, an important high-value horticulture crop. Tomato farmers have also identified these diseases as primary constraints for crop production and have employed chemical pesticides to reduce crop losses. One focus of the Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP), which is managed by Virginia Tech, has been the development of an IPM package to lower the use of pesticides in tomato production while reducing the incidence of such crop diseases. Recommended practices increase yields, save money on inputs, and improve health conditions. Women are responsible for the majority of food production in sub-Saharan Africa; therefore, an understanding of womenâ s issues is critical for the success of agricultural projects, such as the IPM program in Uganda. This research seeks to determine problems women farmers face in adopting the farming practices recommended by the IPM CRSP. Gender-specific constraints make adopting IPM more costly and time-consuming for women. Surveys, interviews, focus group discussions and GIS analysis were completed to determine if adoption of the recommended IPM package is affected by gender constraints in mobility and distances to inputs. / Master of Science
Potential Economic Benefits from Plantain Integrated Pest Management Adoption: The Case of Coastal Rural Households in EcuadorBaez, Carolina 05 January 2005 (has links)
This thesis evaluates the potential of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) technologies for plantain to benefit the poor in Ecuador. First, a socioeconomic analysis of plantain producers in the Ecuadorian coast is presented. Second, adoption rates for different size farms are estimated for use of various improved management practices. Projected adoption rates are then used in an economic surplus analysis to estimate potential benefits of IPM technologies. Results indicate that most producer benefits will accrue to medium-scale plantain farmers. However, we find plantain farmers to be in general poor. Adopting farmers increase their demand for labor, benefiting mostly poor rural landless households. Urban consumers and rural poor households also benefit from the induced plantain price reduction resulting from increased production. / Master of Science
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