Bumblebees, Fireflies & Ants at Coworking Spaces; Inter-organizational Collaboration Patterns within Coworking SpacesKhalighi, Pedram, Babatunde, Adekunle January 2018 (has links)
Coworking spaces, an example of the sharing economy concept, refers to shared workplaces that mostly freelancers, entrepreneurs and other actors of the knowledge industry utilize for the purpose of flexible sharing of space, ideas and knowledge. Previous research reveals that the proximity of occupants sitting together in a shared office space does not necessarily lead to inter-organizational collaboration. Knowledge sharing and inter-organizational collaboration tend to be perceived by occupants and managers of coworking spaces as incidental or a secondary aim. In the same view, coworking spaces tend to be perceived as service providers rather than a community where collaboration can be fostered. A potential solution, in this case is, the initial understanding and categorization of occupant types and their evident collaboration approaches which may result in the managers and policy makers of coworking spaces knowing what conditions to put in place in order to foster collaboration.The novelty of this research and contribution to theoretical knowledge lies in the development of insect metaphors to simplify the understanding of coworking space occupant types and their corresponding inter-organizational collaboration approaches as it affects their willingness or lack thereof to engage in collaboration.The research data was gathered through semi-structured interviews with a selection of occupants across three selective coworking spaces in Malmö. The findings of this research indicate that there are correlations between occupant types, their collaboration approach and their willingness to collaborate. Therefore, the effort to promote collaboration at coworking spaces needs to be a responsibility shared between the occupants and the community managers.
A inovação social como processo e resultado da governança da colaboração interorganizacional: o caso do Canal FuturaOssani, Adriane 26 July 2013 (has links)
Submitted by Maicon Juliano Schmidt (maicons) on 2015-04-09T12:23:45Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Adriane Ossani.pdf: 1351397 bytes, checksum: 803686662d84c244db5eda2beb2b11e0 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2015-04-09T12:23:45Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Adriane Ossani.pdf: 1351397 bytes, checksum: 803686662d84c244db5eda2beb2b11e0 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013-07-26 / Nenhuma / Um dos grandes desafios que se percebe no mundo contemporâneo é a necessidade de serem geradas novas soluções que contemplem melhorias de qualidade de vida às populações marginalizadas pelo paradigma econômico atual. As inovações sociais surgem como forma de minimizar as diferenças e as desigualdades. Assim, esta pesquisa se alicerça na seguinte questão: como ocorre a governança da inovação social, através da colaboração interorganizacional? O referencial teórico está baseado em três eixos principais: a inovação social, a colaboração interorganizacional e a governança. Definiu-se, como objeto do estudo empírico, o Canal Futura - canal de televisão educativa que se denomina como um projeto social de educação que, além de produzir e veicular programas educativos, busca mobilizar pessoas e comunidades, através das Salas Futura, localizadas em comunidades de baixa renda, com o objetivo de promover a troca de saberes entre jovens, educadores e comunidades. A metodologia empregada foi o estudo de caso, com realização de entrevistas semiestruturadas e de observações diretas. Foram entrevistados tanto gestores dos projetos (Canal Futura e Sala Futura), como gestores das organizações mantenedoras do Canal e usuários. Com base nos dados, constatou-se que, no caso estudado, a colaboração interorganizacional possibilitou o surgimento de inovações sociais, de duas formas: como processo e como resultado. Como processo, através do estabelecimento de novas relações sociais, de novas trocas de informações e de conhecimentos, gerando assim, aprendizagem individual e coletiva. Como resultado, através do empoderamento e da transformação do indivíduo e, consequentemente, do território. Identificou-se que, no processo de desenvolvimento de inovação social, podem existir diversas redes de colaboração que possuem motivadores comuns, como a aquisição de recursos, a complementaridade de capacidades e o alcance de objetivos comuns. Para a obtenção da inovação social como resultado, destaca-se a importância da participação efetiva dos três setores (público, privado e terceiro setor). Como mecanismos de coordenação da relação entre os membros da rede, foram identificados dois modelos de governança: a governança através de uma organização líder (uma organização membro que coordena as ações da rede) e a governança compartilhada (a coordenação das ações é compartilhada entre todos os membros da rede). Por fim, identificou-se que não há um modelo ideal de governança, contudo, para a geração de inovação social através da colaboração, é fundamental a interação entre todos os membros participantes da rede e a existência de mecanismos de governança que possam ser adaptados às características e aos objetivos de cada rede. / A major challenge that sees the contemporary world is the need to generate new solutions, improvements that address quality of life to the marginalized populations by the current economic paradigm. Social innovations arise as to minimize the differences and inequalities. Thus, this research is founded on the following issue: how does the governance of social innovation through collaboration inter-organizational? The theoretical framework is based on three main axes: Social innovation, collaboration and inter-organizational governance. It was defined as an object of empirical study, the Futura Channel - Educational television channel that calls itself a social education which, besides producing and relaying educational programs, seeks to mobilize people and communities, through the rooms Futura, located in low-income communities, with the purpose of promote the exchange of knowledge among young people, educators and communities. The methodology used was the case study, with semi-structured interviews and direct observations. Interviews were held both project managers (the Futura Channel and Futura Room), managers of organizations as sponsors of Channel and users. Based on the data, it was found that, in the case studied, inter-organizational collaboration enabled the emergence of social innovations, in two ways: as a process and as a result. As a process, by establishing new social relations, new exchanges of information and knowledge, thus generating individual and collective learning. As a result, through the empowerment and transformation of the individual and, consequently, of the territory. It was found that, in the development process of social innovation, may be several collaborative networks that have common motivators, such as the acquisition of resources, complementary capabilities and reach common goals. To obtain social innovation as a result highlights the importance of effective participation of the three sectors (public, private and third sector). As coordination mechanisms of the relationship between members of the network, we identified two models of governance: governance through an organization leader (a member organization that coordinates the actionsof the network) and shared governance (coordination of actions is shared among all members of the network). Finally, it was identified that there is no ideal model of governance, however, for the generation of social innovation through collaboration, is the fundamental interaction between all participating members of the network and the existence of mechanisms of governance that can be adapted to the characteristics and objectives of each network.
The development and evaluation of virtual peer-to-peer workgroups as a platform for long-term inter-organizational collaboration in healthcareThomas, Daniel 13 July 2017 (has links)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of virtual peer-to-peer (P2P) workgroups as a platform for long-term collaboration in healthcare. Virtual peer-to-peer workgroups were developed and piloted by the Michigan Value Collaborative to increase knowledge and collaboration between providers across Michigan. The workgroups were designed to address barriers to change and long-term collaboration by allowing participants to share their improvement journey and provide feedback and ideas for improvement in a highly accessible platform. The pilot workgroups focused on heart failure readmission reduction initiatives as it is a much scrutinized metric and is penalized by public and private payers. Data on the workgroups were collected using pre and post-workgroup surveys filled out by participants. The results reveal that virtual peer-to- peer workgroups are effective in increasing knowledge and collaboration in the short term, but more study is required to judge their long term effectiveness in improving care at participating providers. Virtual peer-to-peer workgroups can serve as a foundation for increasing regional collaboration in healthcare as it is a very simple platform that does not require major financial or resource commitments.
Inter-organizational collaboration between university-linked innovation organizations - A case study of Drivhuset and STORMNortey, Vicentia January 2018 (has links)
The role of continuous innovation is imperative to creating and maintaining sustainablecommunities. The role of collaboration is also imperative to creating and maintainingsustainable communities. Researchers mean that the educational system should be an activeplayer in supporting government policies to promote local entrepreneurship and find it crucialto create collaborations among and within universities to achieve this. But what if the practiceof the solution is the complex phenomenon? The word “collaboration” is a multifaceted termthat has created a lot of ambiguities amongst organizations. This study therefore aimed tounravel the characteristics of inter-organizational collaboration between university-linkedinnovation organizations by studying the collaboration between two innovation organizationslinked to Malmö University. The outcome was depicted in a model as a suggestion to aframework of the collaborative efforts between university-linked innovation organizations.Whereas there are a number of pre-identified elements for successful collaboration, it wasfound that five distinct elements played a bigger role than others. These are committedmembers, access to resources, relationships & mutuality, diverse skillset and time& patience.These, alongside with a conflict-resolution strategy and a defined process map out thecornerstones of the suggested model.
Kwibisa, Namonda, Majzoub, Safaa
The increase in the complexity of social and societal problems that even a large actor cannot solve alone has caused pressure on many sectors, organizations and entities making the need for collaboration to be more urgent. This is because collaboration enables merging financial resources, human resources, and expertise needed to tackle complex problems. However, the increased failure of collaborations requests greater consideration and investigation of the challenges in collaboration. The purpose of this study is to investigate the challenges in inter-organizational collaboration at management and employee level. To fulfill this purpose, inter-organizational collaboration towards open Skåne 2030 strategy was used as a case study. The empirical data showed that there are challenges in both the management and employee level in inter- organizational collaboration. Some of these challenges are similar for both levels while others are different. Further, the study also found that political influence is a major challenge in inter- organizational collaboration. The study makes a contribution to the adaptation of the Thomson and Perry (2006), model of collaboration process. The adapted model in the study serves to enlighten collaborators that challenges in inter-organizational collaboration are inter-linked.Keywords: Inter-organizational collaboration, collaboration process, management level, employee level.
Value Creation Processes in Inter-organizational Collaboration for Waste-to-resource Initiatives : A case study of the construction industryDehlén, Matilda, Thomanitsch, Jan January 2022 (has links)
The world’s linear economic system, operating under the make-use-dispose philosophy, creates heavy environmental issues such as resource depletion and exuberant waste creation. One industry that is strongly affiliated with these issues is the construction industry. Responsible for around 25% of global waste creation, the industry is in need of changing and circular initiatives such as waste-to-resource ones offer pathways to such a change towards sustainability. For the materialization of these initiatives, inter-organizational collaboration is an effective tool that needs to be strengthened within the industry. It has shown its ability to create sustainable business models that are more aligned with the principles of the circular economy, yet, further research into collaborative value creation is needed. Therefore, this thesis investigates the processes of value creation in inter-organizational collaboration as well as how the value created can help facilitate waste-to-resource initiatives within the construction industry. A theoretical framework based on the Stakeholder Value Creation model and Collaborative Value Creation framework is being used to analyze empirical material stemming from semi-structured expert interviews with representatives of the construction industry. Based on the findings, the framework is adjusted by including additional value creating collaborative processes and enabling forces for the creation of waste-to-resource initiatives. Ultimately, this thesis lays out the processes creating value in inter-organizational collaboration within the construction industry as well as the waste-to-resource initiative enablers stemming from the different types of collaborative value. This is contributing to the theoretical knowledge of collaboration and value creation as well as allowing for practical application.
Att mötas över myndighetsgränser : En kvalitativ studie av samverkan mot brott i nära relation / To act across the borders of authorities : A qualitative study of intraorganizational collaboration against intimate partner crimeEricsson, Jesper, Stengård, Isabelle January 2019 (has links)
Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur tjänstemän hos socialtjänsten och polisen uppfattar samverkan mellan de olika organisationerna, mer specifikt samverkan som metod i arbetet mot brott i nära relationer. Studien ämnade även undersöka hur de uppfattar myndigheternas roller i ett sådant samarbete. För att undersöka detta genomfördes semistrukturerade intervjuer med tjänstemän från båda myndigheterna, i både förstadiet och efter genomförandet av ett samverkansprojekt mot brott i nära relationer. Studiens resultat visade att idén om att samverka mot brott i nära relationer har ett starkt stöd bland tjänstemännen hos båda myndigheterna. De faktorer som uppfattades som viktigast för en effektiv samverkan är en tydlig ansvarsfördelning mellan aktörerna, att förankra metoden i hela organisationen, en administrativ samordning och att samverkan får tillräckliga resurser. Resultatet visade också att tjänstemännen hos de båda myndigheterna hade en tydlig bild av den egna yrkesrollen, men att en osäkerhet hos aktören kan dyka upp när hen förväntas agera på ett vis som inte är i linje med den egna uppfattningen om rollen. / The aim of the study was to investigate how officials of the social services and the police perceived inter-organizational collaboration. More specifically inter-organizational collaboration as a method in the work against intimate partner violence. The study also aimed to examine how they perceive the authorities' roles in such cooperation. In order to investigate this, semi-structured interviews have been carried out with officials from both authorities. The interviews were conducted both in the preliminary stage and after a collaborative project against intimate partner violence. The study's result showed that the idea of cooperating against this type of problems has a strong support among the officials of both authorities. Factors that are perceived as the most important for effective collaboration are a clear division of responsibilities between the actors; to have the collaboration on an institutional level, instead of interpersonal, administrative coordination and ensuring that the collaboration has sufficient resources. The result also showed that the officials of the two authorities had a clear conception what constitutes as their professional role. That clear conception can create an uncertainty within the actor when he or she is expected to act in a manner that is not in line with his or her perception of the role.
Structural Challenges of Strategic Alliances throughout the Value Chain : A Case Study of the Lead Engineering Concept at the TRATON GroupMeindl, Leopold January 2020 (has links)
During the last two decades, strategic alliances have gained importance across many industries. This also applies the alliance of MAN and Scania as part of the TRATON Group operating in the commercial vehicle industry. After being created in 2015, the group has worked on developing a collaboration structure to leverage the benefits of working together. The thesis´ aim is to examine key challenges and benefits of the specific collaboration structure called Lead Engineering Concept as one approach of working together within the strategic alliance of the group. Moreover, it aims to investigate function-specific challenges occurring in different parts of the organization. This is supposed to create a holistic view of the strategic alliance of the TRATON Group and to formulate suggestions for improvement of the current collaboration structure. Applying the relational view as a theoretical framework, a lack of collaboration-specific assets investments, and the potential of the consolidation of synergy-sensitive resources could be identified. To complement the relational view, the dimensions of process alignment and sharing principles have been introduced, which aims to facilitate the discussion of challenges arising during the implementation of alignment measures. Lastly, the thesis concluded with suggesting six potential improvements of the lead engineering concept, namely (1) the integration of goals, (2) the sharing of principles, (3) the translation of high-level goals into function-specific directions, (4) the investments into collaboration-specific assets, (5) the consolidation of synergy sensitive resources, and (6) the definition of a common technical understanding.
Inter-organizational Symbiotic Relationships : Key Factors for Success / Samarbetsformer för industriell symbios : Nyckelfaktorer för framgångHållstedt, Ulrika January 2016 (has links)
This report focuses on governance mechanisms for industrial symbiosis (IS). The study takes an organizational approach on material and energy exchanges between different organizations (or different parts in the same organization) leading to increased regional resource efficiency. This project explores different strategies for governance mechanisms and analyzes how these affect trust. Significant factors for initiating and keeping a collaboration successful are also analyzed. Representatives from 24 Swedish cases of symbiotic arrangements are interviewed and ten themes affecting IS collaborations are identified. The themes are governance structure, shared vision, previous collaboration, local conditions, initiating a collaboration, activities to build trust, conflicts, transaction-based or goal-oriented approach, indicators and distribution of costs and benefits. Among the governance structures used are hierarchy (collaboration between different parts of the same organization), joint venture, strategic alliance and different types of agreements. Common is a 10-15 years agreement, sometimes combined with a strategic discussion about the development of the collaboration. Three factors particularly affecting collaborations are identified: strategic meetings, indicators related to the collaboration and fair profit distribution. The factor strategic meetings is about combining long term agreements with innovation. Long term agreements might be necessary when a project requires investments. Meanwhile, this can suppress innovation by supporting outdated solutions. The paradox of needing both long term agreements and continued innovation may be solved by the practice of having strategic meetings and contract surveillance. Another significant factor for successful collaborations is the use of jointly evaluated indicators. To jointly evaluate a project according to predetermined indicators gives all parties the opportunity to know when a collaboration is successful. The third significant factor is fair profit distribution. Unfair profit distribution may delay or stop a project. It may also decrease trust in an ongoing project. A fair profit distribution is a key factor for enabling long term relationships. / Den här rapporten studerar samarbetsformer för industriell symbios (IS). Fokus för den här studien är material- och energiutbyten mellan organisationer eller mellan olika delar i samma organisation som leder till regional resurseffektivisering. Val och implementering av samarbetsform analyseras i relation till förtroende mellan organisationer och lyckade samarbeten. Viktiga faktorer för att lyckas starta och bibehålla ett symbiossamarbete analyseras också. Representanter från 24 svenska fall av symbiotiska samarbeten intervjuas och deras svar analyseras utifrån tio teman: samarbetsform, gemensam vision, tidigare samarbete, lokala förutsättningar, att starta ett samarbete, aktiviteter för att bygga förtroende, konflikter, transaktionsbaserat eller målinriktat förhållningssätt, indikatorer och vinstfördelning. Bland de samarbetsformer som används återfinns hierarki (samarbete mellan olika delar i samma organisation), joint venture, strategisk allians och olika typer av avtal. Vanligt är avtal på 10-15 år, ibland kombinerat med en strategisk diskussion om samarbetets utveckling. Tre faktorer identifieras som extra viktiga vid symbiotiska samarbeten: strategiska möten, indikatorer relaterade till samarbetet och rättvis vinstfördelning. Strategiska möten handlar om att kombinera långsiktiga avtal med innovation. Långsiktiga avtal behövs ofta i symbiossamarbeten för att kunna göra investeringar. Samtidigt kan detta låsa fast utdaterade lösningar och försvåra innovation och utveckling. Att ha avtalsbevakning och en strategisk diskussion kring utveckling av samarbetet har identifierats som ett sätt att lösa detta på. En annan betydande faktor för lyckade samarbeten är gemensamma indikatorer relaterade till samarbetet. Att gemensamt utvärdera samarbetet enligt uppsatta indikatorer ger alla parter möjlighet att veta när ett samarbete lyckats. Den tredje identifierade faktorn är rättvis vinstfördelning. Orättvis vinstfördelning kan stoppa eller försena ett samarbete. Det kan också urholka parternas förtroende till varandra. En rättvis vinstfördelning kan däremot skapa förtroende och är en nyckelfaktor till ett långsiktigt samarbete.
Inter-Organizational Collaboration towards Sustainability Value Creation Processes by the Example of the NextWave InitiativeBuchmann, Luzia, Geist, Vivien January 2018 (has links)
This thesis aims to provide insights on how private-sector inter-organizational collaboration creates interaction and synergistic value towards sustainability. Value propositions are directed towards individuals, organizations and society at large. To achieve this purpose, an explorative, in-depth case study on the NextWave initiative is conducted to address the sustainability challenge of marine plastic pollution. An abductive research approach is applied, matching main theories of both private-sector partnerships and value co-creation with empirical data gathered through semi-structured interviews with NextWave members. The study looks at individual as well as collaborative activities leading to the cocreationof interaction and synergistic value. It is further analyzed, how these created values lead toexternal system change towards sustainability. Key findings are limited to the case of NextWave as the intent of the study is an initial exploration of the topic. The data leads the authors to an affirmative conclusion, delivering a number of activity and process examples that foster collaboration and promote interaction and synergistic value. That, in turn, allows for system change and a more sustainable development. Therefore, this thesis makes valuable contributions to the theoretical knowledge of collaboration and value creation. Additionally, a conceptual and analytical framework based on contemporary literature contributes to the body of knowledge as well as allows practical application.
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