21 May 2013
In Jamaica, sexual acts between men are still punishable by law. Numerous incidents of violence against gay men and lesbians have prompted human rights groups to distinguish it as one of the most homophobic places on earth. There are many cases of gay Jamaican men seeking resettlement and refuge in Canada. While any transition to a new country and culture can be challenging for immigrants, there is limited research that speaks to the experiences of the gay Jamaican men. This paper is based on stories gathered from four gay Jamaican men who came to Canada as refugees and highlights issues of acculturation related to connection with Canadian culture, letting go of the home culture, challenges in support systems and the inability to feel comfortable, confident and settled in the new Canadian environment. The project resulted in a compilation of visual stories and audio clips that were placed on a website (http://queeryingjamaica.tumblr.com/). Using the tools available through social media, the stories provide a source of representation.
A qualitative field study about identity negotiations among 2:nd generation homosexual muslims in Comtemporary Berlin: Which shows that these individuals by their families cultural context and the educational (and lack of education) in Berlin are forced to live double life, in many ways) and in the margins of society. It also shows that God creates a safe space where they can be able to feel complete.
Pawlak, Wendy Sue
This dissertation examines the intersections among discourses of feminism, transgender studies, queer theory, film studies, and social activist practice. I address the question of how transphobia as a set of beliefs and behaviors is illustrated in four late-twentieth-century films, three produced in America and one originally released in Australia but later acquiring a significant following in this country. I define transphobia as the "fear of a transgendered person and the hatred, discrimination, intolerance, and prejudice that this fear brings" (Laframboise 2002) and transgender as a broad term that can apply to persons, behaviors, and filmic images, a "self-conscious politicization of identity that activates an investigation of gender relations within different s socio-spatial regimes" (Brooks 1) and "clearly disrupt[s] hegemonic notions of a stable trinity between sex, gender and sexuality" (Jennings and Lomine 146).I provide brief histories of feminist and queer theories to illustrate these fields' insufficiency in accounting for transgender experience and trace the establishment of transgender studies as an explicit field of study. Then, I examine works by transgender studies theorists and activists to explain the progression of thought that led to these writers' call for abolition of the binary gender system. In the following chapter, I trace the theoretical moves from a feminist theory of film to a queer theory approach to film, again pointing out the limited perspective that explicitly feminist analysis of film has frequently offered. Finally, I demonstrate the ways in which each film conforms to and/or defies heteronormative ideals of gender and sexuality and upholds the binary gender system. I suggest that ongoing efforts in transgender and other kinds of social activism might eventually bring about a postgenderist society wherein gender "roles" are no longer forced upon individuals, but may be adopted (or refused) by choice. To this end, I outline six criteria of what I term a positive film portrayal of transgender and explain how each film either meets or fails to meet these criteria, which generally focus on the degree to which the films allow their protagonists to maintain a gender identity that violates binary norms on a continual basis.
Osterbur, Megan E
18 May 2012
Gays and lesbians have long struggled for their rights as citizens, yet only recently has their struggle been truly politicized in a way that fosters mobilization. When and why social movements coalesce despite the many obstacles to collective action are fundamental questions in comparative politics. While examining social movements is worthwhile, it is important to examine not only when and why a social movement forms, but also when and why a social movement is successful. This dissertation tackles the latter of these objectives, focusing on when and why social movements have success in terms of their duration from the time of their formation until their desired policy output is produced.
06 August 2013
The majority of discussions of gay and lesbian experiences in the United States associate gay culture with urban areas. However, there is still a significant population of LGBT people living in the rural United States (Baumle et al 2009). Many of these individuals identify with rural spaces and seek to maintain “country” identities. As with rural spaces, there is an assumption that Christian identities directly conflict with those of non-heterosexual identities. This study examines the ways in which these individuals create and negotiate stereotypically conflicting identities regarding their sexuality, their rural identities and their religious identities. The goal of this project is to add to currently sparse literature on rural gay Christians and give an accurate portrayal of gay Christians in rural areas. I found that the sensationalized stereotypes of what it means to be a gay Christian in the country are often far cries from the actual experiences.
Identity, Culture, and Articulation: A Critical-Cultural Analysis of Strategic LGBT Advocacy OutreachCiszek, Erica 29 September 2014 (has links)
This study examines how LGBT activists and LGBT youth make meaning of a strategic advocacy campaign. By examining activist and advocacy efforts aimed at youth, this research brings to light how LGBT organizations use campaigns to articulate identity and, conversely, how LGBT youth articulate notions of identity. Through the lens of the It Gets Better Project, a nonprofit activist organization, this dissertation uses in-depth interviews with organizational members and chat-based interviews with LGBT youth to study the meanings participants brought to the campaign. Strategic communication has been instrumental in construction of LGBT as a cohesive collective identity and has played a vital role in the early stages of the gay rights movement. This research demonstrates how contemporary LGBT advocacy, through strategic communication, works to shape understandings of LGBT youth. Instead of focusing on the Internet as a democratic space that equalizes power differentials between an organization and its publics, this study shows that the construction of identity is the result of a dynamic process between producers and consumers in which power is localized and does not simply belong to an organization or its public. This research challenges the Internet as a democratic space and demonstrates that identity is a discursive struggle over meaning that is bound up in the intimate dance between producers and consumers of a campaign. In contrast to functionalist understandings of public relations that privileges the organization, this dissertation contends that a cultural-economic approach focuses on the processes of communication. A cultural-economic approach gives voice to the diverse audiences of a communication campaign and addresses the role communication plays as a discursive force that influences the construction of identities.
The Paradoxical Interrelationship of Church and State in Post-Communist Russia: The Rise and Manifestation of Power via the Prism of LGBTQIA RightsZhdanov, Alekcander 27 October 2016 (has links)
The Russian Orthodox Church is seeking to reestablish a leadership role in the spiritual health of the citizenry in post-Communist Russia via a concerted effort to forge an alliance with the Russian government, regardless of the secular constitution. Commencing with perceived preferential legislation, the Church has risen to heightened influence that is subsequently being used to disenfranchise non-traditional sexual communities. This paper offers an extensive cross-examination of legislation and intersectionality that highlights the incongruities of this alliance via international, federal, and religious documents, legal case law, polling data and more to purport that the Church encompasses a higher degree of complexity than was previously assumed, including non-religious self-identification. Ultimately, this paper concludes that the Church, in its current form, functions more as an agency of the State than as a religious entity. Lastly, this paper neither defends nor anathematizes the merits of any theological tenet.
Miguel, Francisco Paolo Vieira
28 April 2014
Dissertação (mestrado)—Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Departamento de Antropologia, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Antropologia Social, 2014. / Submitted by Ana Cristina Barbosa da Silva (email@example.com) on 2015-05-07T18:14:11Z No. of bitstreams: 1 2014_FranciscoPaoloVieiraMiguel.pdf: 2107632 bytes, checksum: 669fb343843914adeda78559d6190dc4 (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Guimaraes Jacqueline(firstname.lastname@example.org) on 2015-05-08T12:14:42Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 2014_FranciscoPaoloVieiraMiguel.pdf: 2107632 bytes, checksum: 669fb343843914adeda78559d6190dc4 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2015-05-08T12:14:42Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 2014_FranciscoPaoloVieiraMiguel.pdf: 2107632 bytes, checksum: 669fb343843914adeda78559d6190dc4 (MD5) / Esta dissertação tem como objetivo principal contribuir nos esforços de construção de uma Antropologia da (Homo)sexualidade em Cabo Verde, África. Tendo como foco central a homossociabilidade, o movimento gay e as experiências homoeróticas dos homens na cidade do Mindelo, esta pesquisa etnográfica junto aos crioulos procura problematizar não somente a vida (homo)sexual dos mesmos e suas repercussões, mas atentar também para o emergente movimento LGBT local. As perspectivas e as práticas dos homens crioulos, gays e não-gays, contribuem para compreender não somente os pontos de vista nativos, como para compreender mais uma experiência de elaboração cultural de um fenômeno universal como o homoerotismo. Busco defender que se o homoerotismo e o movimento LGBT possuem seus dilemas globais, eles esbarram na semântica específica deste arquipélago atlântico, produzindo o que chamei de um ―Sistema Hipocrisia‖, permeado por silenciamentos e contradições. ________________________________________________________________________________________ ABSTRACT / This thesis aims to contribute in efforts to build an Anthropology of (Homo)sexuality in Cabo Verde, Africa. Focusing the (homo)socialiability, the gay movement and homoerotic experiences of men in the city of Mindelo, this ethnographic research in conjunction with the Creoles aims to question not only the homosexual life of the Creoles and its repercussions, but also pay attention to the emerging local LGBT movement. The perspectives and practices of the Creole men, gay and non-gay, contribute not only to understand their points of view, as to understand another cultural experience of drafting a universal phenomenon as homoeroticism. I argue that if the homoeroticism and the LGBT movement have their global dilemmas, they bump the specific semantics of this Atlantic archipelago, producing what I have called a "Hypocrisy System", permeated by silences and contradictions.
Souza, Marcelo Henrique de
14 April 2015
Submitted by Marcelo Souza (email@example.com) on 2015-10-26T17:26:19Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DISSERTAÇÃO FINAL EISU - MARCELO HENRIQUE DE SOUZA.pdf: 1016204 bytes, checksum: 2d62cd891c078e727a49335a5d2867f0 (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Alda Lima da Silva (firstname.lastname@example.org) on 2015-10-27T17:43:47Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 DISSERTAÇÃO FINAL EISU - MARCELO HENRIQUE DE SOUZA.pdf: 1016204 bytes, checksum: 2d62cd891c078e727a49335a5d2867f0 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2015-10-27T17:43:47Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 DISSERTAÇÃO FINAL EISU - MARCELO HENRIQUE DE SOUZA.pdf: 1016204 bytes, checksum: 2d62cd891c078e727a49335a5d2867f0 (MD5) / Pensar na discussão sobre a importância dos movimentos homossexuais é uma questão emergente na sociedade contemporânea. A partir das experiências individuais na convivência social, os indivíduos são categorizados como identidades marginalizadas e, a partir dessa constatação, vão se agregando enquanto comunidades interessadas em discutir questões de interesses comuns. Assim, a intenção do presente trabalho é contribuir no sentido de ampliar essa discussão dentro da própria academia, pois é nesse espaço que há toda uma ebulição de ideias, que, nos séculos XX e XXI, proporcionaram a fomentação e formação de grupos acadêmicos LGBT. Para tanto, apresentam-se, nesta dissertação, aspectos históricos que explicitam a luta efetivada pela comunidade LGBT, tentando dar visibilidade ao grupo KIU - Coletivo Universitário pela Diversidade Sexual de Salvador. A metodologia utilizada é o estudo de caso, que pretende buscar um conhecimento mais aprofundado sobre o surgimento e a militância LGBT dentro da Universidade, a partir de relatos de militantes do KIU, na perspectiva de historicizar o surgimento da militância na UFBA, a partir desse grupo. Para a realização da pesquisa, foram feitas entrevistas semiestruturadas, a partir das quais buscou-se conhecer o engajamento político no movimento estudantil e acadêmico LGBT na Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA). O Coletivo KIU, atualmente, está voltado à formação de novos atores que possam dar continuidade a ações que, hoje, tornam-se mais amplas, incluindo, além de ações em torno da diversidade sexual, ações que contemplam arte, cultura e cidadania, temas cruciais para qualquer movimento que pretenda provocar alguma transformação social na busca por tornar o mundo um lugar mais favorável à convivência entre os diferentes e ao respeito às diversidades. / Thinking about the discussion of the importance of homosexual movements is an emerging question in the contemporary society. From individual experiences in the social living-together, the individuals are categorized as marginalized identities and, from this observation, are joint together as interested communities in discussing questions of common interest. Therefore, the intention of this dissertation is to contribute in the sense of extending this discussion within the academy, because especially in this space, there is an effervescence of ideas which in the 20th and 21st century favored the stimulation and the formation of the academic group LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender). Therefore, in this dissertation historical aspects are represented which explain the struggle of the LGBT community. By doing so, the group KIU – the university collective for sexual diversity of Salvador – is shown. The used methodology is “case study”, which intends to search for a deeper understanding of the upcoming and the militancy LGBT within the university from reports of activists of the KIU, in the perspective of historicizing the upcoming of the militancy in the UFBA – Federal University of Bahia – from this group. For the realization of the research, half – structured interviews were carried out, from which it was intended to get to know the political engagement in the student and academic movement LGBT in the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA). The KIU is currently concentrating on the formation of new people who can give continuity to actions which today become vaster, including, beyond actions as to sexual diversity, actions which consider art, culture and citizenship, which are crucial topics for any movement which intends to cause a bit of social transformation that makes the world a more favorable place for the living together between the different people and as to respecting diversities.
Nascimento, Daniel Braga
Este trabalho tem por objetivo analisar boas práticas trazidas pela doutrina internacional durante o processo de solicitação de refúgio em razão de orientação sexual e/ou identidade de gênero a fim de recomendação de aplicação das mesmas no Brasil. Inaugura-se o trabalho realizando uma revisão histórica do instituto do refúgio bem com sua internalização no Brasil através da Lei 9.474/07. Além disso, o estudo a explorar como se dá a caracterização da perseguição para esse tipo de refúgio. Costura-se, por meio dos critérios de concessão de refúgio por grupo social, religião e opinião política o embasamento das decisões que vem concedendo refúgio LGBTI. Na análise da valoração das narrativas e situações imperantes sobre a situação de lésbicas, gays, bissexuais, trans e intersex no país de origem, busca-se práticas que não violem direitos humanos e garantam direitos. Utilizou-se para tanto do método de pesquisa bibliográfico, buscando-se na doutrina internacional e nacional práticas que possam vir a garantir direitos durante o processo de solicitação de refúgio. Obteve-se como resultado a estruturação de boas práticas utilizadas em outros países. Concluiu-se através do presente trabalho que o processo de refúgio por razão de perseguição por orientação sexual e/ou identidade de gênero possui atravessamentos de diversas ordens e enfrenta desafios que merecem aprofundamentos teóricos e empíricos sobre como se dá a declaração do status de refugiado. / This work aims to analyze good practices brought by international doctrine during the process of requesting refugee’s status based on sexual orientation and / or gender identity in order to recommend their application in Brazil. The work is inaugurated by carrying out a historical review of the refuge institute and its internalization in Brazil through Law 9.474 / 07. In addition, the study explore how the characterization of persecution for this type of refuge occurs. Through the criteria of granting refuge by social group, religion and political opinion, the bases of the decisions that have been granting LGBTI refuge are sewn. In the analysis of the assessment of the narratives and situations prevailing on the situation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex in the country of origin, practices are sought that do not violate human rights and guarantee rights. It was used for both the method of bibliographic research, researching in international and national doctrine practices that may guarantee rights during the process of requesting refuge. As a result, the structuring of good practices used in other countries has been summarized. It was concluded through the present work that the process of refuge due to persecution due to sexual orientation and / or gender identity has crosses of several orders and faces challenges that deserve theoretical and empirical deepening on how the declaration of refugee status is given.
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