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1 
Pathfollowing Control of Container ShipsZhao, Yang 25 July 2019 (has links)
No description available.

2 
Observation and Estimation of Nonlinear SystemsWei, Jianfeng 04 April 2006 (has links)
No description available.

3 
Toward a theory of observationCarney, Daniel Joseph, Jr. 06 November 2014 (has links)
Quantum mechanics is usually formulated in terms of a single Hilbert space and observables are defined as operators on this space. Attempts to describe entire spacetimes and their resident matter in this way often encounter paradoxes. For example, it has been argued that an observer falling into a black hole may be able to witness deviations from unitary, violations of semiclassical quantum field theory, and the like. This thesis argues that the essential problem is the insistence on the use of a single, global Hilbert space, because in general it may be that a physical observer cannot causally probe all of the information described by this space due to the presence of horizons. Instead, one could try to define unitary quantum physics directly in terms of the information causally accessible to particular observers. This thesis makes steps toward a systematization of this idea. Given an observer on a timelike worldline, I construct coordinates which (in good cases) cover precisely the set of events to which she can send and then receive a signal. These coordinates have spatial sections parametrized by her proper time, and the metric manifestly encodes the equivalence principle in the sense that it is flat along her worldline. To describe the quantum theory of fields according to these observers, I define Hilbert spaces in terms of field configurations on these spatial sections and show how to implement unitary timeevolution along proper time. I explain how to compare the observations of a pair of observers, and how to obtain the description according to some particular observer given some a priori global description. In this sense, the program outlined here constructs a manifestly unitary description of the events which the observer can causally probe. I give a number of explicit examples of the coordinates, and show how the quantum theory works for a uniformly accelerated observer in flat spacetime and for an inertial (comoving) observer in an inflating universe. / text

4 
State estimation for improved control in batch reaction and distillation processesMartinez, Claudio de Lima Miguel January 1997 (has links)
No description available.

5 
Coordinated control of the turbo electrically assisted variable geometry turbocharged diesel engine with exhaust gas recirculationGlenn, Bradley Charles 07 October 2005 (has links)
No description available.

6 
Actor observer bias : Påverkar könet hur vi attribuerar?Aronson, Sara January 2014 (has links)
Actorobserver bias är benägenheten för människor att attribuera sitt eget beteende utifrån omständigheter och andras beteende utifrån deras person. Vi tenderar dessutom att favorisera och vara mer förlåtande i attributionerna till de som tillhör vår ingrupp. Studiens syfte var att undersöka huruvida graden av tillhörighet till ingruppen, kön, påverkar hur vi attribuerar. Studien genomfördes med 102 deltagare, 51 kvinnor och 51 män. En konfliktsituation mellan ett par presenterades för deltagarna där den ena parten i förhållandet (X) beter sig illa mot den andra. Enkäten förekom i tre versioner med X som kvinna, man eller deltagaren själv. Det predicerades bl a att deltagare som upplever hög identifiering med sin ingrupp kommer attribuera övervägande externt då X hör till dennes ingrupp. Resultatet visade inget signifikant stöd för denna hypotes. Tendenser för att kvinnans beteende bedömdes hårdare kunde dock urskiljas. Betydelsen av detta, den eventuella inverkan av könsroller samt framtida forskning diskuteras.

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Speed sensorless control of induction motorsSevinc, Ata January 2001 (has links)
No description available.

8 
Design and Assessment of Cardiac SPECT SystemsLee, ChihJie January 2012 (has links)
Singlephoton emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a modality widely used to detect myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction. Objectively assessing and comparing different SPECT systems is important so that the best detectability of cardiac defects can be achieved. Whitaker, Clarkson, and Barrett's study on the scanning linear observer (SLO) shows that the SLO can be used to estimate the location and size of signals. One major advantage of the SLO is that it can be used with projection data rather than reconstruction data. Thus, this observer model assesses overall hardware performance independent by any reconstruction algorithm. In addition, we will show that the run time of imagequality studies is significantly reduced. Several systems derived from the GE CZTbased dedicated cardiac SPECT camera Discovery 530c design, which is officially named the Alcyone Technology: Discovery NM 530c, were assessed using the performance of the SLO for the task of detecting cardiac defects and estimating the properties of the defects. Clinically, hearts can be virtually segmented into three coronary artery territories: left anterior descending artery (LAD), left circumflex artery (LCX), and right coronary artery (RCA). One of the most important functions of a cardiac SPECT system is to produce images from which a radiologist can correctly predict in which territory the defect exists. A good estimation of the defect extent from the images is also very helpful for determining the seriousness of the myocardial ischemia. In this dissertation, both locations and extent of defects were estimated by the SLO, and system performance was assessed using localization receiver operating characteristic (LROC) / estimation receiver operating characteristic (EROC) curves. Area under LROC curve (AULC) / area under EROC curve (AUEC) and true positive fraction (TPF) at specific false positive fraction (FPF) can be treated as the figures of merit (FOMs). As the results will show, a combination of the SLO and LROC / EROC curves can determine the configuration that has the most estimation/detection information and thus is a useful method for assessing cardiac SPECT systems.

9 
Harmonic estimation and source identification in power distribution systems using observersUjile, Awajiokiche January 2015 (has links)
With advances in technology and the increasing use of power electronic components in the design of household and industrial equipment, harmonic distortion has become one of the major power quality problems in power systems. Identifying the harmonic sources and quantifying the contributions of these harmonic sources provides utility companies with the information they require to effectively mitigate harmonics in the system. This thesis proposes the use of observers for harmonic estimation and harmonic source identification. An iterative observer algorithm is designed for performing harmonic estimation in measured voltage or current signals taken from a power distribution system. The algorithm is based on previous observer designs for estimating the power system states at the fundamental frequency. Harmonic estimation is only carried out when the total harmonic distortion (THD) exceeds a specified threshold. In addition, estimation can be performed on multiple measurements simultaneously. Simulations are carried out on an IEEE distribution test feeder. A number of scenarios such as changes in harmonic injections with time, variations in fundamental frequency and measurement noise are simulated to verify the validity and robustness of the proposed iterative observer algorithm. Furthermore, an observerbased algorithm is proposed for identifying the harmonic sources in power distribution systems. The observer is developed to estimate the system states for a combination of suspicious nodes and the estimation error is analysed to verify the existence of harmonic sources in the specified node combinations. This method is applied to the identification of both single and multiple harmonic sources. The response of the observerbased algorithm to time varying load parameters and variations in harmonic injections with time is investigated and the results show that the proposed harmonic source identification algorithm is able to adapt to these changes. In addition, the presence of time delay in power distribution system measurements is taken into consideration when identifying harmonic sources. An observer is designed to estimate the system states for the case of a single time delay as well as multiple delays in the measurements. This observer is then incorporated into the observerbased harmonic source identification algorithm to identify harmonic sources in the presence of delayed measurements. Simulation results show that irrespective of the time delay in the measurements, the algorithm accurately identifies the harmonic sources in the power distribution system.

10 
Design and control of a pneumatically driven MRIcompatible teleoperated haptic interfaceTurkseven, Melih 27 May 2016 (has links)
This study presents methods for understanding, modeling and control of teleoperated pneumatic actuators for rehabilitation in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Pneumatic actuators have excellent MRIcompatibility as opposed to conventional electromechanical systems; however, the actuator and the system drivers cannot be colocated due to the MRIcompatibility requirements. The actuators are driven via long transmission lines, which affect the system dynamics significantly. Methods provided in this work produced accurate pressure estimation and control by accounting for the pressure dynamics in the lines, which has been neglected by previous work in this area. The effectiveness of the presented modeling and control methods were demonstrated on teleoperation test setups. This research also includes the design of necessary system components for the developed algorithms. An MRIcompatible optical sensor was developed for force feedback and its design was analyzed for high precision. Directions and opportunities for future research are discussed.

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